is word where NOR which means PASSAGE between in this case three
lakes. This was also the cause. There were Large Strait Lake, Dike
Lake and Great Norn. There was also a level difference of 30 m. This
was the condition to generate power for iron production. Here the
water flows from Great Norn over Dike lake and Great Sundsjön
From the beginning there were two Finnish immigrants, Lars Larsson
Nilsson, who got permission 1628 from Gustav II Adolf to start a
hammer and a foundry near lake Norn. Why they must have permission
was that the state must have control how much wood from forest was
taken. because there were many foundries around.
The foundry was built just at the south part of Great Norn/Dike
Lake in the area of Hult. Sweden had a large immigration from
Finnish families during 1600. As many as 14 foundries were started
in the community of Söderbärke.
There are just little knowledge about the two men and their work
in Norn. Waterpower and forest could they get in sufficient amount.
About blowers and Hans Steffens.
In a furnace a system of pressurized air was pressed into the
lower part of the to get a higher temperature. In order to
succeed with this blowers were used. Early kind were produced by
skin and were very expensive. May be their living time wasn't so
In Falun they had also this problem. The King in Sweden was
dependent of copper as money had large experience of this blower
It was yet another immigrate. This time from Germany, Hans
Steffens. He was an inventor of the time. The King sent him to Falun
to solve this blower problem. He made the blowers of wooden
The King became so sufficient with the result that he rewarded Steffens
with 8 tons of copper. This was a fortune. Using this money Steffens
bought Norn 1637 and Thurbo 1639, further up in the water system. He
also built a new foundry 1709 between Dike Lake and Great Straight
Lake on the place which the Foundry of Norn is situated today.
Probably it was a mould timber furnace from the beginning. Compare Ängelsbergs
foundry. Norn has since been renovated at least once. Compare also
the lower part of Norn furnace.
Between the Finnish immigrants and Steffens, Göran Bagge and
Gouvert von Freden, owning hammers in Thurbo, bought Norn 1630.
Now it was running.
Steffens was an active manager and
expanded Norn with a bar power system and refining iron to be
forgeable in what was called French Forge.
The King admired him and gave him tax exemption from duty and
authorized him as mining manager. Thurbo part was leased out to
brother-in-law Anders Angerstein and in Norn Hans Neuman became
administrator, Steffens became later Lord Mayor in Hedemora.
Hans Neuman and others.
Hans was also an immigrant and came from Germany. He had started
business activities in Stockholm. He was invited to Norn and
when Steffens died he took the opportunity to marry the widow. In
this way he became the owner of Norn and Thurbo.
To be sure to get ore
Neuman bought a mine in Nisshyttan and now he could start another
Now there were 4 of them between the short distance of Great
Strait Lake and Dike Lake. He also wanted that a road had to be built
from Hedemora, but this was never realized and yet today there is
nothing else than a forest type of way to Norn. The iron could only
be transported by boat or wintertime through horse and sledges.
Hans Neuman got a notably life. He was captured prisoner by
Dutch pirates 1661, when he was travelling with the Swedish merchant
ship Christina. He died in prison arrested on the Gold Coast in
Now several new owners followed, sons and marriages up to
1702. The last were brothers Abraham and Jacob Momma. They were
Söderhielm time - Tersmeden.
Through marriage with the last owner's widow Cederberg, Lorentz
Niclas Söderhielm became the Norn owner. He was educated as military
but asked to retire because of injury. After some time he was sole
The son Lorentz Petter married Ulrika Tersmeden who died after 14
years and 11 children 1760. This year Lorentz Petter took over the
lead of Norn after his father's dead. He now married Ulrika's
cousine Christina Cedercreutz. Now another 8 children were born. The
family Tersmeden had a firm lead over Norn.
Petter moved 1772 to Engelsberg iron work. After a while he
became the owner. To take care of his large family of children a new
part of the manor was built with 17 rooms. The iron work was one of
the most modern at this time.
Norn was now under the lead of administrators and an inspectors,
but the ownership was still in Söderhielm - Tersmedens hands up to when it was sold to the new
Larsbo-Norns AB 1874.
Talking about Larsbo-Norn AB.
About the family Smede there are papers as far back as 1300 in
the area around Rehn and Elbe. Claus tor Smede is the first known
named 1490. They worked with business in Stade.
The family moved to Flensburg in the beginning of 1500. Here they
started a business house. Flensburg was a part of Denmark but had
large independence. Part of the family were then spread in Denmark
and one part moved to Sweden.
The business house went bankruptcy 1602 and two sons Herman and
Gesche moved to Sweden. Herman tor Smede became soon the head of the
family. Gesche's headstone can be seen at the church of Säter.
Herman (1610-1667) got work in the Swedish iron industry and was
responsible for several iron units among them Larsbo. 1751 he was
knighted Tersmeden and Larsbo was the main manor for this family.
moved from Larsbo 1794 and bought Hinsebeg. Larsbo was left in the
family and led by an administrator till 1874. Hinseberg is today
owned by the state and is used as a prison for women.
Now 1848 a
new law about stock companies was stated. 1872 Larsbo-Norns AB was
established. This company included Larsbo, Norn, Vikmanshyttan,
Turbo, half part of Ramnäs and Prästhyttan.
Several reorganizations followed for this company. This ended for
several that they were destroyed more or less when production moved
between the works. This company was a stock company and opened for
1920 was a year of crisis for many of them. At this
time it was owned by Scanis-Vabis. This company went bankruptcy and
was bought by Barken Timber Saw through Billerud. The reason was
that when old iron works no more could generate money it's value was
dependent on the forest area they owned.
The end for Norn.
The center of the company
Larsbo-Norns was Norn and it's large forest areas. Yet the time up to
1900 gave no profit. All money had to be reinvested. The stock
holders didn't want to keep it and fired the lead 1901 and new
interests entered when Henrik and Reinhold Gahn disappeared.
Between 1880 till 1910 several new important inventions appeared for
iron production. Bessemer and Thomas process.
These were much better than all other way to refine forgeable
It also gave possibility for large production which demanded
big producers. Now Avesta and Borlänge were established and the
small works on countryside could not compete.
All railways were very important and when decision that
Wikmanhyttan should get a connection instead of Norn it was the
death stroke. Norn ceased production 1916. Left were only the labor and
they got work in forest and the new built power station.
to save the supply of iron Scania Vabis bought both Bruzaholm and
Larsbo-Nord/Vikmanshyttan 1918. Any production was probably never started either
in the foundry and the hammers. The eventual activities for these
two disappeared when Scania Vabis went bankruptcy 1921.