Archimedes boat engine. Ref 1
Archimedes boat engine.

Torsby Vehicle museum motorcycles
Text and pictures Björn Bellander Pictures current 2008, 2010, 21 pages
Back  Swedish version Official website

Updated
2021-06-15

©Copyright
Björn Bellander

 

See also my following websites
FrykencarFrykencar gallery,  Vehicle museum carsVehicle museum car gallery,
Vehicle museum MC gallery  LT-Car

Ariel,  EBERex VilliersExcelsiorNVIndian ScoutRex JapPanther,  Husqvarna
Scrapcorner 1BSA M20BSA WM20BSA SloperSarolea M25FNRoyal EnfieldRex JapHeinkelScrap partsSpare partsLinks

Page 1

Created 140113

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Swedish version

Ariel 500 HS 1955

Ariel HS 500. Ref 1
Ariel HS500.Ariel 1954. Ref 1
Ariel 1954.

 

Links

All models

Private Ariel site

Ariel history

Ariel Owner Club

 

Ariel. Ref 1
Ariel. Ref 1
Ariel 1902-1970

One of the most successful marks in England. In the beginning of mc history the development went ahead like stepping in stairs.

For Ariel it started with bicycles 1870. At that time James Starley invented the wire spoke wheel. This was a necessary invention for motorcycle progress.

Benz used it on his first 3 wheeler 1886. Next step was the invention of rubber tire which hadn't go applicability until 1898.

 The wire spoke wheel was produce by Starley's company, which later became Ariel. Their first motor bicycle came 1901 as a three wheeler with DeDion engine.

Ariel went of course bankruptcy as all other firms, but was saved by Charles Sangster. He got Ariel on feet again with a 2 stroke motor, 3 geared box and kick start.

Charles son Jack took over and continued with Jap engines until a famous designer named Val Page was employed. He brought with him a concept for a four cylinder engine which was called Square four.

This type was kept together with twins as far as to the end of 1970 when discontinuing was inevitable in spite of a possibly contract for the English defence.

Ariel got constructions from BSA who had taken it as war booty. With these Ariel made their models Arrow and Leader.


Page 2



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Swedish version

EBE 1920-tal

Museum info EBE. Ref 1
EBE info.Museum info. Ref 1
EBE Info

 

Links
 

EBE Monark

Rolf Gülich

Storvik Odds ends

Grafors collections


 

 

EBE 1920. Ref 1
EBE 1920. Ref 1

EBE

In city of Åmål Sweden one could 1923 see one EBE 500 equipped with side wagon driving around. It was a lady Selma Danielsson who used her mc all year around. But it was not for the EBE 500 that the motorcycle industry should made it's name.

EBE is motorcycle history because a man from Gävle, KG Lindqvist, designed a small help engine for bicycles 1917. The name became EBE.

He got help from the director of SEM in Åmål to start up production. The engine was a four stroke one and it had also free coupling. This was not common at this time 1917.

This help engine for cycles was so interesting that the 2 Swedish princes Carl and Bertil bought one each.

This happened during the WWI and the company went bankruptcy 1921. They started again 1922.

Now Lindqvist had a new type of frame and this was very light. Only 47 kg.

EBE Sport at Eds MC museum. Ref 1
EBE Sport at Eds MC museum. Ref 1
1924 Lindkvist had a new engine with 175 cc and this type was bought by Princes Carl and Bertil, 1926, also.

The EBE Factory won several competitions with their mc. The driver was Lindqvist son Henry. He was very able for driving. He won both a Swedish record and one Scandinavian record. Another driver  had bought a cycle and he had also good success in his competitions with his EBE.

EBE factory could not survive only with motorcycles. They also worked with machine production such as feathers for cars, lorries and busses.

All this for no use. The factory went bankruptcy 1929.

The owner KG Lindqvist was not sorry for that. He started up with other projects, such as boat engines like the Triumf. 1933. His both sons took over and started the Both the Lindqvist engine factory and the name today is Componenta.


Page 3

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Swedish version

Rex Villiers 1927

Rex at MC Museum Sura. Ref 1
Rex at MC Museum Sura.Rex at Eds MC museum. Ref 1
Rex at Eds MC museum.Rex Speedy. Swedish MC.  Rfe 1
Rex Speedy. Swedish MC.

Links
 

Svenska Rex MC

Rex V Twin

Rex Acme

Rex Villers. Ref 1
Rex Villers. Ref 1
Rex 247 Sverige 1908-1957

The bicycle factory REX in Halmstad Sweden used Moto Sache engines in the beginning, but serial production was not started until 1923 when they changed to Villiers and JAP engines. During WWII an electrical variant was produced. Later during the 50th small motorcycles and mopeds.

Rex Acme was the English version. It was produced by the brothers William and Harold Williamsson. The first made small cars in Coventry but went over to motorcycles 1904. They used engines from other producers like JAP. Telescope front spring was used already 1906. 1908 they leaned the cylinder unit in order to lower the height of the motorcycle.

As a thank you for their work the border fired the two brothers for their work 1911 and started to mount own produced engines. The company ceased mc production 1933.

During a few years there were popular to mount two exhaust pipes from one port. But it showed that the cycle had a better run with only one pipe. Royal Enfield had such a model. The owner found that it was better with only one working pipe but kept the none working one.

The name Rex could be found in several European countries like Sweden, Germany, Italy and Rex Acme in England.
 

Page 4
 

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Swedish version

Excelsior

Exelsior perhaps English model. Technical museum Helsingborg. Ref 1
Exelsior perhaps English model. Technical museum Helsingborg. Excelsior. The American model. Ref 1
Excelsior. The American model. Technical museum Helsingborg.

Links

Thomas Bayliss

Excelsior Motor Co

Excelsior motorcycles

Welbike

Models

Excelsior. Ref 1
Excelsior. Ref 1
Excelsior GB

This badge, Excelsior England, has developed through the well known process that a company first started with bicycles 1874.

The company was established 1874 by John Thomas Bayliss. He merged early with Penny Farthing Bikes and changed name to Excelsior. This company now produced both cars and motorcycles 1896.

They were early involved in competition together with oldest mc companies in England.

Again they changed their name Excelsior to Bayliss motor Company for the export cycles. The reason for this was that the name Excelsior already was registered in USA Germany and Belgium.

1935 a very popular model was produced named Manxman. Don't mix this with Norton Manx. This cycle was offered with 250 cc or 350 cc engine.

1940 they were involved the mini mc for parachute troops which became very much discussed, if it was god or only for trouble.

The production of mc:s ceased 1965. After this a transitory stage started when only spare parts were made.


Page 5

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Swedish version

NV 1948

Museum info. Ref 1
Museum info. Ref 1

Links

NV. Ref 1
NV. Ref 1
No commenets  

Page 6

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Swedish version

Indian Super Scout 1930.

Museum info. Ref 1
Museum info. Ref 1Indian Scout at Eds MCmuseum. Ref 1
Indian Scout at Eds MCmuseum.

Links
 

Indian history

Hall of Fame
 

Indian. Ref 1
Indian. Ref 1
Indian 1901-1953

There were three mates that came together. Hendee, Hedström and Henshaw. This was the necessary mix of persons to start with engine driven cycles.

They wanted to see what such a thing was good for. They got together. Hendee wanted to build, Hedström designing and Henshaw was a helper.

These three was happy with the design and started to take orders before it was on wheels. This happened in Springfield 1901. The selling went on good. Perhaps in America in those days everything were able to sell and specially motor vehicles.

For a long time they ordered engines from Thor factory, but soon they realized that there were more money in manufacturing if they had their own engine.

This happened 1907 when the V-twin was announced. The development went on and soon the front wheel had a plate spring.

The competition team pushed everything forward. Electric starter and also electric light came before WWII. Indian should become the only bike mark that could give Harley Davidsson a match as far as up to 1953.

Despite many attempts, with joining of Royale Enfield, Vincent and Matchless, to start again there were not any continued existence.

The Indian mark is so loved by people that production of parts has been started for all models.

Buying an old Indian is no spare part problem.


Page 7

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Swedish version

Rex Jap 500 1936

Museum info. Ref 1
Museum info. Ref 1

Links

Svenska Rex MC

Rex V Twin

Rex Acme

 
Rex. Ref 1
Rex. Ref 1
Rex 247 Sweden 1908-1957

The bicycle factory REX in Halmstad Sweden used Moto Sache engines in the beginning, but serial production was not started until 1923 when they changed to Villiers and JAP engines. During WWII an electrical variant was produced. Later during the 50th small motorcycles and mopeds.

Rex Acme was the English version. It was produced by the brothers William and Harold Williamsson. The first made small cars in Coventry but went over to motorcycles 1904. They used engines from other producers like JAP. Telescope front spring was used already 1906. 1908 they leaned the cylinder unit in order to lower the height of the motorcycle.

As a thank you for their work the border fired the two brothers for their work 1911 and started to mount own produced engines. The company ceased mc production 1933.

During a few years there were popular to mount two exhaust pipes from one port. But it showed that the cycle had a better run with only one pipe. Royal Enfield had such a model. The owner found that it was better with only one working pipe but kept the none working one.
The name Rex was very common in Europe countries. Sweden, Germany, Italy and in England with the name Rex Acme.

The mark was introduced by two brothers Williamsson 1899. They first produced cars but changed to motorcycles 1904.

They introduced a new front fork with telescope spring system and several other inventions. One cycle with sloping cylinder came 1908 in order to get the driver in lower position. The company was taken over by George Hemingway and the brothers were fired.

A new engine of their own was no produced, nut they still used other marks like JAP. They bought Acme in Coventry and changed to REX Acme 1922 and 1927 they offered 15 different models.

The depression put the power out from this company and it was taken over by  Mills-Fulford side wagon producer. 1932 mc production ceased.
 
Rex-Acme used Blackburne, JAP, MAG, Villiers, Sturmey-Archer, and Barr & Stroud.


Page 8

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Swedish version

Panther

 

Links

Panther Classic

Panther mc

Panther short story
 

 

Panther. Ref 1
Panther. Ref 1
Panther 1900

Johan Phelon and Harry Rainer merger together about a mac patent. The idea was that the engine cylinder head took the place of front frame pipe.

This is a distinctive mark for a Panther motorcycle. All these cycles had this frame patent. Harry Rainer was killed in a traffic accident 1903 and he was replaced by Richard Moore.

He hade constructed a r gear unit which worked with two chains and a coupling. The company was called P&M and the cycle was developed slowly with improvements.

The badge had it's own 500 cc engine. It was produced in Cleackheaton and 1914 they got Royal Flying Corps as a client.

Royal Flying Corps was later to be RAF. The cycle was known for it's strong design and became a natural side carriage cycle.

Panter offered many different engine sizes, and even bought engines were mounted like Villiers. As all producers they had a failure in a V-twin named Panthette. This investment almost forced the company to shut down.

One very popular model was a 250 cc which was sold as Red Panther for a very attractive prize. After the war the engine size was stabilized till 650 cc. Still the cylinder head replaced the fron frame pipe.

The production was reduced considerable in the 1960 and the last Panther was delivered from the Cleackheaton factory 1967.


Page 9

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Swedish version

Husqvarna

Museum info. Ref 1
Museum info. Ref 1

 

Links

CD:s for diffferent Husqvarnas

Husqvarna factory museum

Husqvarna museum

Husqvarna. Ref 1
Husqvarna. Ref 1
Huskvarna 1903 -

Husqvarna 1000 cc almost identical to a Indian or HD, technically from the 30th. The company started to sell bicycles and later they put in a small engine.

Already 1920 they had their own 550 motor and later a 1000cc. With this they went into competitions. It was a success mostly due to the brilliant designer Folke Mannerstedt. Huskvarna won several World Championships.

During the 30th they brought in line with what people wanted. Cheap 2- stroke bikes were sold. With successful models of these types Huskvarna managed till end of 50th. With the help of world known drivers like Bill Nilsson, Håkan Carlqvist and Torsten Hallman, Huskvarna became a Cross machine with a high reputation.

Huskvarna was bought and all products that didn't suit Electrolux were sold. The motorcycle part was bought by Cagiva in Italy 1986.

 

Sorry to say all these kind of fusions are leading to that the mark disappears from market some time later. In this case Huskvarna, as a company, ended all production and lots of good engineers and workers went out of job. The end result of the fusion with Electrolux, became only a short time higher book-keeping finances for Electrolux.

For some time Huskvarna only produced freezers and alike. The best ad at that time was "Do as Electrolux buy Huskvarna". Several of the designers and drivers started their own production. Husaberg! They had difficulties with money and had big problems to economically fight the Japanese dragoons.

The bad luck for Huskvarna was that they had an extremely wide production program and among these product they had freezers. Eletrolux was also a freezer producer and had to invest overflow money.

Today in the honorable workshops of Huskvarna city it is only a very nice museum. Pity, Sweden might have had a mc producer with a high standard.


Page 10


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Swedish version

MC collection
scrap corner

 

 

Links

 

 
MC-collection. Ref 1
 MC-collection. Ref 1

Page 11

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Swedish version

BSA M20 1953

Museum info. Ref 1
Museum info. Ref 1

 

Links

BSA models

Private  BSA

MC Museum Sura

 
BSA M20. Ref 1
BSA M20. Ref 1
BSA 1903-1990

Birmingham Small Arms produced  10000 rifles a week and 145000 machine guns before WWII.

This was the latest result what William III in the end of 1600 century understood that he needed a war industry independent of foreign countries. Already 1903 the first bike was built, although it had an Belgian Minerva engines.

These bikes were green which became the BSA color. Till WWII several different models were sold with increasing volumes. Names as Sloper, Blue Star and the M-Range. The last well known for it's use by AAA as support bike on the English roads.

During WWII they delivered lots of model M20 for the defense.

BSA took as war booty over the MC designs from Adler, but didn't use the information. Instead Ariel got it in their hands.

After the war BSA started with a cheap machine and sold ca 500000 till 1963. This was a copy of the DKW 2-stroke bike converted to inch and mirrored. Well known are all A-models like A10, A65, Gold Star, Rocket, Spitfire and so on. The declining production from BSA forced action together with Triumph and Norton. This turned out to be a failure when the employers wanted to decide themselves.

Four years later all were fired and a national company NVT started to produce spare parts for these English bikes.

Some new production were aimed but with foreign engines in the end of 1990.


Page 12


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Swedish version

BSA WM 20 1942

Museum info. Ref 1
Museum info. Ref 1

 

Links
 

BSA WM 20. Ref 1
No comments, BSA WM 20. Ref 1

Page 13

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Swedish version

BSA Slooper

Museum info. Ref 1
Museum info. Ref 1

 

Links
 

BSA Sloper. Ref 1
Read page 11, BSA Sloper. Ref 1

Page 14

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Swedish version

Sarolea M25 1928

Museum info. Ref 1
Museum info. Ref 1

 

Links

Sarolea

Sarolea Classics

Private Sarolea

Another private Sarolea

Sarolea. Ref 1
Sarolea. Ref 1
Sarolea 1850-1956

Sarolea was founded 1850 as a company working with parts for weapons and bicycles by Joseph Sarolea.

He died 1894 but was succeeded by a very energetic man who managed the firm till 1949. During the time between the wars several models were announced on the market. These had 350 to 600 cc.

They returned after the war but at that time the will to fight for selling was gone and the joining with FN was established.

The last type was a 2 cyl 600 cc named Atlantic. Very handsome. During this time Sarolea as a mark disappeared in the middle of 1950.

In Sweden there was Fleron that was the main importer with it's founder Axel Löfström.


Page 15

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Swedish version

FN

FN. Ref 1
FN.

Links

FN History

FN History 2

FN Story 3

FN. Ref 1
FN. Ref 1
FN 1902-1965

FN was a company which was established just nearby Sarolea in the Belgian town of Herstal.

Here they started to manufacture, what all other firms did, bicycles and motorcycles. The bicycle from FN had the curiosity to be driven by a prop shaft instead of a chain. This bicycle was on the market 1898.

The first real motorcycle came 1901. It had a 133 cc motor and was driven by a riveted leather strap for "chain".

The engine capacity was successively increased from 133, to 188, 300, 347 to a four cylinders engine with 748 cc. By this reason it was called Type 700.

FN is known for its unusual front spring construction which came after the WWI. They had bought it from Switzerland.

1959 FN produced their own mopeds with several different names. For ex. the sport model Rocket. Together with Sarolea they designed a type S.

1967 the last moped left the production line of FN.


Page 16

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Swedish version

Royal Enfield 1980

Museum info Royal  Enfield. Ref 1
Museum info Royal Enfield. Ref 1

 

Links

Royal Enfield Story

Royal Bullet

Royal Enfield. Ref 1
Royal Enfield. Ref 1
Royal Enfield 1890-

It took more than ten years for Royale Enfield to establish starting in the last tenth years of 18 hundred.

All was ended in bankruptcy 1907. This is one way for other companies to procure something cheap which match the buyers own interests. This was also done by Alldays and Onions. This is a name that indicate an import company.

1910 Royal started to produce cycles with, as most did, an imported engine. In this case Motosacoche and later JAP-motors. WWI brought of course side car models with a Vickers machine gun mounted.

Time between wars was a consolidation period and several model were for sale. The time for depression in the 30th showed of course a declining sale although Enfield hade reserves to handle this period.

Just like BSA during the 50th Royal had a cheap 2-stroke 150 cc bike. But mostly they produced 350-500 cc bikes.

For WWII Enfield produced a military machine and also a lightweight model which could follow the paratroopers in their gliders. After war shows both up and downs.

The most known model was the Bullet. This bike was later sold to Indian army and in this way it was preserved to the motorcycle world as a retro machine.

Note that it is named only Enfield because India could not accept the name Royal.

Today you can get a newly manufactured Royal Enfield to be bought all over the world.

 


Page 17

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Swedish version

Rex Jap

Links
 

Rex GB 
Rex Jap. Ref 1
Rex Jap. Ref 1
Rex Acme GB

Rex Acme was the English version. It was produced by the brothers William and Harold Williamsson 1899.

They first made small cars in Coventry but went over to motorcycles 1904 and used engines from other producers like JAP.

Telescope front end was used already 1906. 1908 they leaned the cylinder unit in order to lower the height of the motorcycle.

As a thank you for their work the border fired the two brothers for their work 1911 and started to mount own produced engines. The company ceased mc production 1933.
Now Rex started to produce their own engine but still used other marks like JAP. Rex merged Acme 1922 and changed name to Rex ACME and had 1927 15 different models. The depression killed the company and it was taken over by Mills-Fulford side car producer. 1932-33 the production ceased.
Rex-Acme used Blackburne, JAP, MAG, Villiers, Sturmey-Archer, and Barr & Stroud.

Page 18

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Swedish version

Heinkel 1960

Heinkel Kabine info. Ref 1
Heinkel Kabine info. Ref 1


Links

 

Heinkel story

Heinkel Tourist

Heinkel Kabine

Privata Heinkels

Heinkel Club

Heinkel Kabine 1960. Ref 1
Heinkel Kabine 1960. Ref 1
Heinkel Kabine T153S. Irish made. 1951-1965

Ernst Heinkel, 1888-1958, formed his company 1922 in Rostock for producing airplanes. He had earlier worked for Albatross. Well known fighter plane during WWI.

He developed several successful types of airplanes. About this you can read as much as you like on internet. After WWII when war material were forbidden to manufacture in Germany by German owned companies, he started to make two stroke engines and delivered among others to SAAB the three cylinder variant.

This despite that his works had been moved and blown up by the Russians. Heinkel manufactured also mini cars and scooters 1950.

The production from Heinkel of small cars and scooters characterized that they had mostly 4-stroke engines. For ex. Heinkel Tourist 1953, and Heinkel Kabine.

The idea was that the unit must be as light as possibly and for this reason didn't need any big engine. Max 200 cc. The scooter was sold in large numbers, while the small car was not popular enough so he lost money on that production.

In the middle of 50th Heinkel was again allowed to produce airplanes in cooperation with the Americans. F104-Starfighter. When this happened Heinkel sold the production rights of Heinkel Kabine to Ireland. That company had big difficulties to maintain the quality and their license was withdrawn.

At this time the Vereigente-Flugzueg-Werke was formed, VFW, 1965, to Weserflug and Focke-Wulf, and 1980 this company was then joined with Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm.

Ernst Heinkel was not popular in the Nazi party and all his works were confiscated by the Nazis. They could do that because Germany had established planned economy. 

By this reason he was one of the first that started with airplane production 1955 on license for an Amercan fighter F104 Starfighter.

This was a short story about Heinkel. Those who want to read more search my links or on the internet. Of great interest is his book "Stormy Life".

 


Page 19

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Swedish version

Scrap parts

 

 

 

Links

 

Spare parts. Ref 1
Spare parts. Ref 1

Page 20

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Swedish version

Spare parts

Archimedes 12 ps. Ref 1
Archimedes 12 ps. Ref 1

Links
 

Scrap parts. Ref 1
 Spare parts. Ref 1

Other Cars MC museums in this website
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Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti 2000
Bugatti 2018
BiancoRosso
BMW
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
Ladenburg
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz 2000
Mercedes Benz 2018
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
MotorTechnica
Munktell museum
Museum joerney 2018
My ArtGlas collection
NSU 2018
Otto Walz 2018
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Peugeot 2018
Porsche 2000
Porsche 2018
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum 2000
Sinsheim museum 2018
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
SSK-series
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volkswagen
Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

Other sites
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Trainmuseum Sweden
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Pictures from the following owners have been used in
bjorns-story.se with the necessary agreements:   
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander  bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Website about mc part of Torsby Vehicle museum
Consist of 20 pages.

© Copyright Björn Bellander 2006-