Tryckeriutrustning.
Deliverer of printing machines. Ref. 1
Eskilstuna museums
Faktoriet, Steam-, engine-, machinehall
Text and pictures Björn Bellander. Pics current 2004, 2012, 2016
Back Official website  Swedish version
See also Munktellmuseum, Air engines.

since 060110
Updated
2021-06-16
© Björn Bellander

 
In this exhibition hall there are mostly steam engines, normally coupled to a generator, diesel engines which also were used with a generator. From the beginning this hall was the place for hammer black smith machines 1912-1960. The hall was opened for exibitions and museum 1979 and most olld work machines are produced by Munktells Works, placed on the other side of the Eskilstuna river. All are drivable and this is shown some times a year.

Page 1

Created 20160228

Back

Swedish version

Steamer 500 ps

Ångmsakinhallen.
Overview steamer. Ref. 1
Ångmaskinhallen.
Overview steamer. Ref. 1
Ångmaskinhallen.
Overview steamer. Ref. 1
Ångmaskinhallen.
Overview steamer. Ref. 1
Ångmaskinhallen.
Control system for steam valves.Ref. 1

Links

OFWJ

Steam cylinder. Ref. 1
 Steam cylinder. Ref. 1
The biggest steamer shown in this exhibition hall is this one. It was delivered to Öbergs file factory in Eskilstuna, produced by Bolinders in Stockholm. The steamer gave 500 hk at moderate 130 rpm. 1918 it got a new owner and was built up at Lerdal sawmill. Here it gave the wellknown sound from steam up to 1970. It was rebuilt 1954 and a generator was added, produced in Schwitzerland 1902. The transmission between steamer and the generator are with ropes produced by manilla.

Generator. Ref. 1
Generator. Ref. 1

Page 2

Back

Swedish version

Saddle tank loco

Tillverkare.
Deliverer of loco no 1. Ref. 1
Data info.

Data loco no 1. Ref. 1
Prins August.

The loco no 1 at railway museum. Ref. 1

Leverantör.
Deliverer of NKJ no 1. Ref. 1
Info.
Data info for loco no 1. Ref. 1
Info.
Data info for swedish built loco no 1. ref. 1
Info.
Info loco no 1. Ref. 1
Lokhytt.

Control place for the steamer engine. Ref. 1

Links

Ostra Sodermaland Jvg

Kloten

Klotenverken AB

Klotenjarnvagen

Oxelosund Flen Vastmanland

Sadeltanklok.
One of the first 7 engines which were oredered from England. Note the brake wooden blocks.
The story about how the railroads built in Sweden were are connected to the development of life through the Swedish agriculture society over to the building of railroads in order to sell the ore for the wars in Europe and for this building up and create the company of Gränges.

All this started with the Crimea war 1853 to 1856 Everybody know that wars need much iron and copper and all this was bought from Sweden. The war ships were now started to be built from iron. Also remember that in America they were fighting their civil war. 1861 - 1865. This war came direct after the Crimea war. 1870 - 1871 started the French German war and this covered all Europe.

Then we have the 2 Boer wars in South Africa between the colonial powers of England and the South African trial for freedom 1880 - 1881 and 1899 - 1902 and then WWI and WWII.

All these wars were fought by the colonial powers of that time and their largest iron deliverer was Sweden.
Sweden was underdeveloped concerning transportations. There were only horses and wagons between the loading places and the channels.

The English investors clearly understood this and were very positive to invest money in transportation systems, when Swedish mine owners asked for money to build railroads.

In England they had already in the beginning of 1800 built their first railroad and had found that this system was much more better than horses and channels. This idea was already tried in Falun copper mine. But with rails of wood. What they also knew was that ore in large quantities could be found.

The three most interesting places for railroads to be built were Köping, Nora and Norberg, except for Kiruna in north of Sweden. The best delivery station for England was Gothenburg. The shortest way was Köping - Hult. The rail end station was a harbour in lake Vänern.

With such a railroad it was easy to transport ore to England. This country needed large amount for their wars and wanted also the possibility to stop export to other countries. The plans for this railroad took long time and also was prolonged by a bankruptcy and for this reason was not started to be built until end of 1850.




It was a heavy resistance to build these expensive railways. People had difficulties to understand what they were good for. Few people knew about railways. How to get the money back. Compare with the discussions about building high speed train 2009 in Sweden.

Around 1850 the rearming of Germany had started and for exporting ore for Germany and England the interest showed up to a railway from Örebro/Köping. In this way the mine owners could get a cheaper transport to the sea over lake Mälaren.

The complete main idea was to build a railway from river Dalälven and down to Lake Vänern. In the same time the Swedish government was planning the Swedish main railways. These railways were the government duty and the local railway up to privacy.

Note that during this primary time King Carl XV reigned in Sweden and remember that the four class societies had the power. The state decided how much iron every blast furnace was allowed to produce. The reason for this was that the output of forest in Sweden and Finland was so large that it was on the way to end up. 1 ton of iron needed 8 m³ charcoal.

But if there are possibilities to earn money there are always people showing up. In Sweden we had not the money and knowledge to build railways but we had the ore. England had the knowledge because they had already 1830 built there first railway for transportation of goods. Locomotives, wagons and rails had at this time been developed to be useful up to 1850.

The pressure to get cheaper tranports for the ore became more important and close ratio railways were built in several places, like Nora-Ervalla and Norberg-Ängelsberg. Engines were bought from England and a Swedish industry started to develope to produce railway materials. Coming Scania-Vabis in Södertälje.

The ore from Grängesberg was hard to sell as it was contaminated with phosphorus and the blast furnaces could not purify the ore. At this time 1855 two Englishmen, Gilchrist and Thomas (Thomasprocessen), had succeeded to purify the ore.

This was a secret and the mine owners was not informed. Now the plans for buying mines came up and also organizing to build the  railways. All this to be able to buy mining areas cheap.

Kloten a small blast furnace near Grängesberg was bought and the new owner had order to buy as many mines as he could in the area.

All this planning was the result of the discussions between Tham and Ernest Cassel in England. When Cassel  later visited Sweden did the organizers discuss how, in longer term best and cheapest organize the railway transportation and were railways should be built. They figured out that the best harbour should be in Oxelösund because it could mostly be open all winter and it was short way to the sea. In addition they had plans to build 2 coke furnaces in this place.

This was delayed because of iron custom fee was not free as for ore.  Now the railway consist of 4 companies and those took care of the railway between Grängesberg and Oxelösund. The companies were Frövi - Ludvika 1873, Örebro - Köping 1867, Oxelösund - Flen - Västmanlands railroads 1878. The year when this started to work. In the merged company the English investors were large stockholders. 

Now the goal was to bring all these to a working company. In order to look for their interests, the English investors started an English holding Company.



The Swedish Association Ltd. was placed in England and their Swedish contact became Swedish Central Railway Ltd. This holding company was administrated by Kloten Ltd and Tham was director.

Now several companies were put together, buying of stocks, several fusions and leasing contracts.

1896 everybody accepted to have a central management under the name TGO, Traffic company Grängesberg - Oxelösund. TGO handled an amount of stocks was 21 116 000 Skr. This was an enormous sum of money at this time.

All this was organized 1900 in one management.  The railroad was divided in two district, south and north of Eskilstuna. The north part was still under English  ownership. The Swedish Central Railway Ltd. The problem was now to get this under Swedish ownership.

This was made possible by good times in first part of 1900 and 1931 the company TGOJ was established for the whole line Ludvika - Oxelösund. The complete rail line was now 340 km. The port of Oxelösund was completed and the transportation on sea was done on cargo ships of Gränges own. The future seams to be good.

Page 3

Back

Swedish version
 

Links


Svensk Elektrobil

Luth & Rosén

Elbil.
One of the electric drive lorries constructed by ASEA in the late 20th and started to be produced by ASEA 1943. They were used during WWII for local short transportations. Just the same type is renovated and drivable by Aros Motor Society in Västerås.

Electrical lorry 1943.
Museum info.

The car is the type (Swedish  Electrocar) which during WWII among all places were driven around the streets of Eskilstuna. As it was lack of petrol, it was important to produce another kind of drive system, to take care of shorter transports between works and villages. For this reason Bolinder Munktell had started Eskilstuna brewery and transport was with electro lorries.

The origin for this ASEA-car goes back to 1925 when ASEA had drawings and a prototype ready. This vehicle was shown 1927 in the lorry version. It could carry up to 2.5 tons a had a max speed of 25 km/h.

In the beginning of 1940 a department within ASEA started to put electrocars together. A Volvo frame was used. In Eskilstuna the company Luth & Rosén took care of the rest. There is no knowledge how many lorries this company delivered. Today there are only a handfull of these cars left.

Faktory museum is the owner of this vehicle. This lorry is able to load 850 kg with a max speed of 30 km/h. Note the different info. The lorry is renovated into drivable condition much thanks to the service works of ABB in Eskilstuna. The new batteries, delivered by Tudor, consist of 12 V batteries with togehter 840 Ah. This is enought to drive the vehicle 45-50 km. After this the car batteries are loaded during the night. Furthermore this the car has a 24 V electrical system which is renovated.


Page 4

Back

Swedish version

Aggregat.
Diesel unit. Ref. 1





Links


Diesel.
Diesel unit. Note the gas tubes with compressed air, used to start the engine.


Page 5

Back

Swedish version
 
Collected pictures

Munktells had delivered the first printing press for paper Aftonbladet and naturally continued with this kind of machines.



Links

Seller of printer machines. Ref. 1
  Seller of printer machines. Ref. 1
Printer machine. Ref. 1
Printer machine. Ref. 1
Kurvor.
 Printer machine. Note the curve not easy to calculate.Ref. 1
Tryxkpress,
 Printer machine. Ref. 1
Tidningstryck.
 Printer machine. Ref. 1
Tidningstryck.
 Printer machine. Ref. 1
Tidningstryck.
 Printer machine. Ref. 1
 Infoabout printer machine. Ref. 1.
Infoabout printer machine. Ref. 1.
 Steam machine. Ref. 1
Steam machine. Ref. 1
Info plate.
 Info.Steam machine. Ref. 1
Info.
Steam machine. Ref. 1
 
Dieesel machine. Ref. 1
 Dieesel machine. Ref. 1


Other Cars MC museums in this website
Back

Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti 2000
Bugatti 2018
BiancoRosso
BMW
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
Ladenburg
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz 2000
Mercedes Benz 2018
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
MotorTechnica
Munktell museum
Museum joerney 2018
My ArtGlas collection
NSU 2018
Otto Walz 2018
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Peugeot 2018
Porsche 2000
Porsche 2018
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum 2000
Sinsheim museum 2018
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
SSK-series
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volkswagen
Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

Other sites
Military service
Travels (in Swedish)
My Heritage (in Swedish)

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the appropriate allowance:
Reference 1: © Björn Bellander bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com

Reference 49: ©Bild från Wikipedia.
Best viewed in Internet Explorer 6.0 or later.
Best in resolution min 1024x768. No. of colors 256.
Videos are tested in Windows Media Player and Nero Player.

© Copyright Björn Bellander 2006-