Museum entrance. Ref. 1
Museum entrance. Ref. 1

Härnösands Car museum
American cars
Text and pictures Björn Bellander 14 pages pictures current 2015, 16
Back  Swedish version  Museum website

since  060105
Updated
2021-06-12
© Björn Bellander

 

See also my other websites from the museum
American cars, Future exhibition cars, English cars, Separate engines, Russian cars German cars,
Veteran cars, Mopeds MC

Here I present the American part with cars in the museum. These cars shown are not all American cars on show. Calle Lundkvist who has chosen the cars has limited the year models from early 1950. This makes that the cars are 30 years older than the visitors. This is Calle's philosophy except for veteran cars.
Video

Thunderbird -57, Fairline 500, Plymouth, Corvette, Chevrolet -59, Chevrolet -58, Pontiac -66
Chrysler -62, Cadillac -65, Oldsmobile -59, Buick -50, Ford Edsel, Cadillac -61, Cadillac -58, Cadillac -62,
Lincoln -61, Links

Created 160328

Page 1

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Swedish version

Ford Thunderbird
1957

Ford Thunderbird 1962. Ref. 1
Ford Thunderbird 1962. Ref.1 Info Ford Thunderbird. Ref. 1
Info Ford Thunderbird. Ref. 1
 Links

Thunderbird

Thunderbird 57

Thunderbird story

Ford Thunderbird 1957. Ref. 1
Ford Thunderbird 1957. Ref. 1


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Swedish version

Ford Fairline 500

Ford Fairline 500 1965. Ref. 1
Ford Fairline 500 1965. Ref. 1

Links

Fairline 500

Ford Fairline 500. Ref. 1
 Ford Fairline 500. Ref. 1


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Swedish version

Plymouth Valiant Links

Plymouth

Chrysler story

 

Plymouth Valiant. Ref. 1
Plymouth Valiant. Ref. 1
When Walter P Chrysler had come so far that he was main owner of his company Chrysler Co. Now he created several new car badges and bought other which was near to be bankruptcy.

Now car buyers could find DeSoto and Plymouth in the sellers windows 1927, while Chrysler put it's hands on Dodge and saved it from disaster. The coming luxury car from Chrysler got the name Imperial.

Now it was important to have lots of money. In such a situation everything could be done. Specially during depression round 1930.

A new engine had been constructed. It had 4 cylinders and pressurized lubrication. The engine was mounted on rubber just as the car body. Braking was on 4 wheels. It had oil filter and air cleaner.

1929 Chrysler offered automatic gearbox. Wheels had also a new type of rim. It had the quality for the tires not to come loose, when puncture happened. This rim the J-type profile is today standard over the whole world.

Maxwell 1925 senare Chrysler. Bild från till salusida.
Maxwell 1925 senare Chrysler. Bild från till salusida.
The first car Chrysler made had still the name Maxwell, but when this company became part of the Corporation and production started 1925 the mark Maxwell was gone and one could only
read Chrysler in front.

The first model of Plymouth was presented with the new engine. It was produced at Maxwell. It had 4 cylinders 1928 and was sold in 100000 copies and became a hard concurrent for Ford.

1933 Plymouth presented the workhorse of all engines. It was the 6 cylinder side valve engine, 3,3 liters cylinder volume. Almost all volume cars in America had this engine type up to 1955, when V8 engine with 157 ps was presented.

Plymouth now sold so many cars that the badge had the third place on selling list, but GM with Buick sold a few more.

Now up to WWII the models of Chrysler started to be old fashioned and the same happened for Plymouth. But all new Chrysler models like Dodge, Plymouth and DeSoto that came out on the market 1946 - 47, became very popular.

After 2001, time for Plymouth as a badge was over. Chrysler had tried with different kind of  taking out, but no interest. The last models were named Prowler and Neon.


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Swedish version

Chevrolet Corvette

Info Chevrolet Corvette 1960. Ref. 1
Info Chevrolet Corvette 1960. Ref. 1

Links

Corvette

Chevrolet Corvette 1960. Ref. 1
Chevrolet Corvette 1960. Ref. 1
Om Corvette

Harry Earl was designer and engaged at General Motors. He was engaged already 1927. He talked much to produce sport cars. During WWII he worked in England for GM. Here he learned about all the well known English sport cars which were produced.

1951 Nash introduced a smaller compact car. They had produced this in cooperation with Nash-Healy and the chariot was designed by Pinin Farina.

Harry Earl turned on this and started to convince the lead of GM that it was time to produce a sport car in USA. By some reason this project was named "Project Opel". Anyway this led to a hand built prototype car. This car was shown on all car fairs with the name Corvette.

The reception for this in USA was overwhelming and for this reason GM decided to start production 1953.

The chariot was mould in the new material armed plastic. The same as Volvo used for their unsuccessfully car, Volvo Sport.

The first Corvette series number was 300 and was as bad as the Volvo. The chariot fastenings points could not hold. Doors opened during driving and so on.

GM had not any acceptable engine for the car. They chose the Nash 6 cylinder overhead valve engine. This Corvette got a rigid rear axle and a standard front end. With this the car got a bad road holding ability and was easily driven away by the small Morgan car. GM tried to mount double carburettor and Paxton compressor. The only selling face was a violence appearance. Selling decreased.

This went on up to 1955, when Ford presented their first 2 seat sport car. It had the small V8. 1954 the first V8 came from Chevrolet. The pressure, caused by the car from Ford, made GM to develop a new construction for the Corvette. The Chevrolet V8 and the buyers could also chose a manual gearbox.

Now the Corvette model started to be sold in more copies up to 1963, when the new model Sting Ray was presented. Last production year 1962, 14531 Corvette were produced and sold for $4038.


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Swedish version

Chevrolet 1959

Info Chevrolet Impala 1959. Ref. 1
Info Chevrolet Impala 1959. Ref.

Links

59 restauration

Chevrolet Impala 1959. Ref. 1
Chevrolet Impala 1959. Ref. 1
 
Read about early Chevrolet history among veteran cars.


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Swedish version

Chevrolet 1958

Info Chevrolet Impala 1958. Ref. 1
Info Chevrolet Impala 1958. Ref. 1

Links

Chevy 1958

Chevrolet Impala 1958. Ref. 1
Chevrolet Impala 1958. Ref. 1
 


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Swedish version

Pontiac 1966

Links

Pontiac

Pontiac Bonneville 1966. Ref. 1
 Pontiac Bonneville 1966. Ref. 1


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Swedish version

Chrysler 1962

Links

Chrysler story

Imperial 1962


 

 

 

Chrysler Imperial crown 1962. Ref. 1
Chrysler Imperial crown 1962. Ref. 1


Page 9

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Swedish version

Cadillac Seville

Links

Henry M Leland

Charles F Kettering

C F Kettering
Intressant webbsida

 

Cadillac Seville 1965. Ref. 1
Cadillac Seville 1965. Ref. 1
Cadillac

When people in Sweden during the 1940 th saw His Majesty the King and Prince Bertil or persons in the Swedish industry, driving Cadillac cars. There is two things one can be astonished for. First one can't wonder over the comparison with the so called "cockroaches", the first taxi cars in Stockholm. Has this small car developed to this luxury car. Secondly the finest car today is not specially expensive. Price 1940, 19500 Skr. There were several other much more expensive and smaller car.

Noble traditions.

The name Cadillac has not so much to do with the origin of the car, instead the region where the car was produced. The Frenchman Cadillac was one of them who explored the regions around the great lakes.

C Kettering. Ref 49.
C Kettering. Ref 48.
To the construction of the car are also the names Henry M Leland and Charles Kettering connected. The origin of the car is a page in the pre history of General Motors. Leland sold the rights to the name Cadillac to General Motors 1908.
From the beginning the name of the firm was Leland & Faulconer. They started to build a single cylinder engine surrounded by a water mantel by copper 1902. It was ready for production the same year. Compare the Swedish bomber engine Breguét 1912.  The engine was offered to Henry Ford and was mounted into a Ford chassis 1902. The car was then named Cadillac. It became later an immediate success. It is said to have been the first silent running car.

How the self-starter came to.

Then Cadillac built during the first years more cars than all other car builder in Europe together. (Not DeDion). The success was huge. It should be greater.

Packard had invented the steering wheel and Cadillac was bound to construct the self-starter through Charles Kettering. The story tells this. 1910 the young Charles Kettering sat one day in his office with Leland. He tells us.

Continue page 13


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Swedish version

Oldsmobile

Info Oldsmobile. Ref. 1
Info Oldsmobile. Ref. 1
DeSoto. Ref. 1
DeSoto. Ref. 1

Links

Kort om Curved Dash Olds

Early cars story

Malmo Tekniska museum

Oldsmobil 88

DeSoto story

Oldsmobile 1959. Ref. 1
Ransom Eli Olds

Ransom Eli Olds. Ref 49.
Ransom Eli Olds. Ref 49.
Ransom was the first generation child after his parents who had immigrated from Dorset in England. He was one of fourth sons and born 1864. His father was named Pliny Fiske Olds (1828-1908) worked as a black smith and married to Sarah Whipple. He had settled in Geneva Ohio. The family had four sons and 2 daughters. Ransom was the younger and his older brother was Wallace born 1856.
In this text I use the following names: Ransom=Ranny= Olds

Lansing and Detroit near "the Great Lakes". Ref 49.
Lansing and Detroit near "the Great Lakes". Ref 49.
At the age of 22 1886, the family moved to Lansing Michigan. Ohio and Michigan are situated in connection with the three great lakes on the border to Canada. It was in this area all car factories established. His father continued with his business and brought it in line with the needs in the area. Ransom had both in Geneva and Lansing done missions for the farmers. It is said that he by time didn't like horses and his most wish was to be spared from going behind a horse wagon. His father opened a firm named P.F.Olds and son (Wallace). Later Ransom took over Wallace place by paying him $1000. Ransom didn't go to school for it's days. Instead he educated according time went on.

In the company Ransom worked eagerly and created a horseless wagon. At this time it was steam engine that was important. He succeeded 1887 to produce a wagon with 3 wheels. It was possible to drive it in 30 km/h.

Ransom Oldssteam car.. Ref Se link "Early cars story". Ref 49
Ransom Olds steam car. Ref. See link "Early cars story". Ref 49
Next version was a gas driven vehicle with four wheels. This one was bought by an English firm for transferring to India. This transport was not succeeded as the steamer probably sank on it's way. Ransom was a good mechanics. He had learned the job during his time when he worked with his father. He got his first patent 1886.

It was about when producing the gas engine, which he had developed by himself. The engine was meant to be mounted as a help engine for boats. During the 1880 about 2000 of this type was sold and the company earned lots of money. This type of engine was tried in a horseless wagon already 1887.
His father Pliny Olds didn't believe in this project but he didn't stop it. Now it was time to start a company for production of the horseless wagons. The old firm was abandoned and Ransom started Olds Motor Vehicle Company in Lansing 1890.
Olds första bensindrivna bil. Ref se länk "Early cars story".
Olds first petrol car. Ref. see link "Early cars story".
"Ranny" visited the Chicago Fair 1893 where he saw a petrol/kerosene driven engine. He understood that this was a solution which could be used. An intensive work started now in order to develop the gas engine in order to change gas for petrol/kerosene. He had a ready solution for such an engine 1896. For this construction he searched for patent the same year. His activities of course cost much money and Ransom understood that he could not afford all that money.

Fredrick L. Smith. son til Samuel.  Ref 49.
Fredrick L. Smith. son til Samuel. Ref 49.
It was a cooper and lumber merchant, Samuel L. Smith in Detroit. He invested in Olds Motor Works which now moved to Detroit where a new factory building was set up. This became the first factory in order to build cars in Detroit. The meaning was that the Olds runabout 1901 should be build here and it was equipped with Ranny's engine. The car got the name Olds Curved Dash. He had orders for 300 and planed to sell it for $650. The weight was 650 pounds and it was advertized as $1 per pound. There were also other prototypes made to show different models.

Now it happened that the factory was on fire
Curved Dash Olds at Motala museum. Ref 1
Curved Dash Olds at Motala museum. Ref 1
and most of the production locals were destroyed. Several different rumours about that all prototypes and drawings had burned but it is not true because these had been stored in basement where they were protected. The production now started in the way to get sub production in surrounding companies and during this year 400 cars were produced. During the time when the factory was rebuild with help of the insurance money.

All this made that Ransom was overstrained and had to slow down on his intensive work. In order to be able to do this a smaller factory was build in Lansing and Ranny took the lead of this.

The selling of the cars now went on without trouble 1905 and the production was 5000 cars a year. The last car rolled of the line 1907.

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Swedish version

Buick Special 1950

Info Buick. Ref. 1
Info Buick. Ref. 1

Links

Buick Special

Durant

Buick Century

Buick History

Sparreholms museum

Teknik pa Farfars tid

 

Buick Special 1950. Ref. 1
Buick Special 1950. Ref. 1
Buick Motor Company has a long story and can be referred back to 1890.

Engines were sold to the farmers around. The man behind the name was David Buick. His company changed name several times before Buick Motor Company got it's present name.

David was born in Scotland 1854 and moved to Detroit 1880. He was a clever engineer and worked within plumbing. He invented how to protect pipes with china cover.

He sold this to be able to start up car production and was tremendous eager to replace horses with an engine. He was already producing engines as he had sold them to farmers already 1890. He started carefully but he had not sufficient with money and was forced to sell his business to his economical backups such as Benjamin Briscoe (read about Chrysler) and the banks.

The new owners started to move the factory to the former locals of Flint Wagons.

David had a new model ready and it was tested by David's son Thomas. In the same time the banks and his board forced him to get the best businessman to take over the lead. It was William Durant.

This man owned a patent for a spring system for horse wagons. He was very impressed of the system of Buick springs and accepted the lead offer at once.

Durant took the first car to New York Auto Show 1905 and took the lead himself in the exhibition case. Then he returned to Flint Works with several orders. 1908 Buick produced 8820 car under the Durant's lead. Buick became the largest car producer in America this year.

Durant then created the holding company which later should be General Motors. David Buick became just a spectator and could only see how Buick grew to a large car factory and died miserably poor.


Page 12

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Swedish version

Ford Edssel

Links

Ford Edsel

Ford Edsel. Ref. 1
Ford Edsel. Ref. 1


Page 13

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Swedish version

Cadillac 1961

Cadillac 1962. Ref. 1
Cadillac 1962. Ref. 1Cadillac 1958. Ref. 1
Cadillac 1958. Ref. 1

Links

Hela Kettering story

Kettering, Delco, Freon

Sparreholms museum

 

Cadillac 1961. Ref. 2
Cadillac 1961. Ref. 2
Cadillac 1958. Ref. 1
Cadillac 1958. Ref. 1
Cadillac 1952. Ref. 1
Cadillac 1952. Ref. 1

Continue from page 9

"I was driving over the Bella Isle-bridge in Detroit and got to see a lady who tried to manually turn the crank of her car. She didn't have the strength to turn it. A god friend of mine tried to help her. But the nervous lady had put the ignition in high position. My friend got a backlash and the crank hit him in his face. He died of his wounds."

C Kettering in his workshop. Ref 48.
C Kettering in his workshop. Ref 48.

Leland became very touched and Kettering started to work with the problem to construct an electric starter for  engines. This became also a generator when the engine start rotating. The self-starter had come to the world 1911 and was a standard equipment on many cars from 1912. The invention was the cause of the world wide producer DELCO.

Kettering and engine knocks.

Charles Ketterring didn't only invent the self-starter. He also solved the knocking phenomena in the engine which was caused by low octane petrol. Thanks to this invention the modern cars petrol economy was solved. and the oil companies could deliver petrol with equal quality and the right octane.

It was also Kettring who invented the way to paint the cars, instead of painting by hand with common oil paint.

This invention led also to the world wide company duPont and the development of  Ouen enemal.

Kettering became the leader of GM technical department 1919. From this time Cadillac brand is only a small part in the production of GM, but the classical badge was added as the finest car of all cars from GM.

End

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Swedish version

Lincoln Continental 1961

Info Lincoln Cintinental 1961. Dallas shooting 1961. Ref. 1
Info Lincoln Cintinental 1961. Dallas shooting 1961. Ref. 1
Dallas shooting. Ref. 1
Dallas shooting. Ref. 1Dallas shooting 1961. Ref. 1
Dallas shooting 1961. Ref. 1
Info  Ford contra Lincoln. Ref. 1
Info Ford contra Lincoln. Ref. 1

Links

Lincoln

Lincoln story

Lincoln Continental. Ref. 1
Lincoln Continental. Ref. 1
Lincoln Continental 1961. Ref. 1
Lincoln Continental 1961. Ref. 1
Lincoln Continental 1961 changed. Ref. 1
 Lincoln Continental 1961 changed. Ref. 1


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Swedish version
 


 
   

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Pictures from the following owners have been used in
bjorns-story.se with the necessary agreements:   
Referens 1: ©Björn Bellander 
 bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 39: © Hasse Carlsson Signalhornet

Reference 48:©Access from website
Reference 49: ©Picture from Wikipedia


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