Inlet to museum shop. Ref 1
Inlet to museum shop. Ref 1

My museum visits to England 2003
Duxford

Text and pictures Björn Bellander
To main site
  Swedish version

Updated
2020-09-23

©Copyright
Björn Bellander
Page 1

Duxford official site

Links

Avro Vulcan

RAF museum

You Tube

Pictures

Duxford museum is in fact a remembering foundation for the very air field where Royal Air Force had it's first place for bombers and fighters which flew together over Germany. It was also the air field that during The Blitz that had the task to chase or shoot down the attacking German bombers. The area consist of several hangars. First main hangar, side hangars and air planes place outdoors. Furthermore a hangar containing the American air forces and a hall for ground forces like tanks, cars and other mobile vehicles.
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To see this living museum you need a full day. We were unlucky to visit the place the day after a memorial ceremony the day before with several older fighters flying. Under this ceremony a Hawker Hurricane had crashed and the plane had been totally destroyed and pilot was killed. This happened on some distance from the onlooker. They say that it is a greater loss of a WWII fighter than a pilot. A new pilot can be educated easier, a fighter plane cannot be rebuilt. This is of course an attitude which a Swede cannot accept. But you should know that in England these fighters were their rescue. They are taken care of more than they do for a pilot.
It was not able to get an overview photo of Avro vulcan. Ref 1
It was not able to get an overview photo of Avro vulcan. Ref 1
The bomber in my first picture shows the delta wing nuclear carrying bomber. It had a crew of five. It was assumed to fly at 15000, so high and fast 0.92 mach that no
SAAB Draken utställd bakom en hangar på Duxford. Ref 1
SAAB Draken utställd bakom en hangar på Duxford. Ref 1
fighter could eliminate it. For these reason it had no  protection against a flying enemy. The bomber could in it's later versions fly  for 7400 km. Sweden had for this kind of threat developed J35 Dragoon to meet the challenge from Russia. (picture) Ok, it could be used against an Avro Vulcan too. Sweden gave away one Dragoon to England when it was changed for J37 Viggen. The J35 was placed a bit in background behind the main hangar. Of course this plane had not so big interest for the spectators.
Vulcan has only one big area for carrying nuclear and conventional bombs. As a luck Vulcan never acted with a nuclear bomb and the model was put into reserve when it became clear that not any such bombs would be used. The bomber was active from 1956 to 1981 and in action used as a conventional bomber, specially during the Falklands war. This especially for the long flying range. When the British nuclear submarines were in service Avro Vulcan had no more any tasks and was moved to second line bombers. Soon during the 60th and 70th fighters were developed to fly both higher and faster than a Vulcan and the act as a deterrent was over. It was easier to  develop fighters to stop a huge bomber.

Page 2
 

Avro Lancaster

Links

Lancaster 2

Lancaster Manchester

RollsRoyce Vulture

Napier Sabre

Bristol Hercules

Packar Merlin mounted in Avro Lancaster. Ref 1
Packar Merlin mounted in Avro Lancaster. Ref 1
Bristol Centaurus, mounted in Vickers Warvick. Ref 1
Bristol Centaurus, mounted in Vickers Warvick. Ref 1


Short Stirling

Wellington

Handley Page Halifax

Vickers Windsor

Vickers Warwick

Lancaster as test bed

Tirpitz 1

Tirpitz 2

Sinking story





Lancaster bomber at muesum. Ref 1
Lancaster bomber at muesum. Ref 1
The four Merlin engines giving it's 1460 hp each. The brakes are free and the bombers from 617 squadron starts to roll along the strip. Our unit is no. 16 of the 19 Lancs in a long row of full loaded bombers on the way for Germany. We are carrying a special bomb in our hollow and the task is to drop it exactly 50 m above the water of the Rhine just before the moon will show. The height is determined by two flash lights which were mounted on outer end of the wings or body. Their light point on the water had to go together in a point when the right height had occurred. The distance to the wall had to be exact. Everything goes according the rules and several big round containers "the Dam Busters" are jumping on the water and smashes the dam wall and sink. Several are jumping over or sink long before but it is enough if just one is ok and the dam wall is destroyed.  Huge amount of water is rushing  down the valley and kills more than 1200 workers and destroys several industries. Up to now several bombers have been shoot down by the German night fighters and before we are home another 8 planes are lost and all their fellows which for ever are gone. One of our other tasks was to put the German battleship Tirpitz out of action which rode for anchor in an Norwegian fjord outside Tromsoe just beside the mountain wall.  This time our bomb room was rebuilt to carry a 10 ton heavy special bomb. This had to be dropped just outside the ship. We could not fly so near that the bomb would hit the Tirpitz. The amount of bombs made that the water disappeared and the battleship turned around and lay on side.  There have been movies made of these two missions. The  rests of the battle ship Tirpitz was sold in the end of 50th and 60th as tooling steel. It was consequently called Tirpitz steel and was just the same as SS2541. These steel plates were up to 380 mm thick. When I started to work with tools for plastic details at the works of Gustavsberg the question always was "Should we use Tirpitz steel for this?"
These were the two most spectacular bombings that were made 1943 and 44. This made the Wellington and Lancaster famous in England. The Lancaster was also the bomber that flew and dropped more than 600000 ton explosive bombs on the German industry.
Long time before the English board for air protection already 1936 had ordered through specification development of a heavy 2 engine bomber. Already at this time they were certain that war would outbreak. As there were not so strong engines at that time Rolls Royce had built together the Kestrels V12 to X type and in this way got 24 cylinders and an estimated  power of 1780 hp from a volume of 42 liters and called it for Vulture. Two Kestrel were mounted together with one crankshaft and the blocks were faced against each other. That's why it became the name X. There were also other types of constructions as Napier Sabre also a X configuration and was used in torpedo boats. Bristol made a 14 cylinder star engine with sleeve configuration and got about 2400 hp. It was called Hercules. Swedish air force had ordered this type but the 14 cylinders for the coming B18 could not be delivered because of war. The X-type engine was very complicated and lots of problems had to be solved. The two engine bombers named Manchester were almost not approved for service. Instead they decided to build in 4 Merlin type engines and the bomber got longer wings and 4 times 1289 hp. This made a lucky combination and the plane was on duty 1942. Only the engines were changed during the war for more powerful versions. From this time, now with the name Lancaster over 7300 units were build and it became the most well known of the 5 different types of heavy bombers that existed. 3249 were shot down and 24 units survived 24 missions. Today only 2 surviving air born planes are left, except several planes on static show in museums. After the war Sweden bought an early Lancaster for testing SAAB A32 Lansen engine that was on developing in Finspång under the name Dovern. See also the link Lancaster as test bed.

Nb. Even the Germeny had projects with multi cylinder engines. One was He 177 This did proceed so far that the bomber was used for some missions. Other prototypes came from Junkers, BMW, Messerschmidt, and Dornier. The engine for He177 was made of two blocks that were casted together form two Mb 601 to a unit with 24 cylinders and the new name MB 606. This became also very complicated and got lots of problems, specially with cooling and were easy to get on fire. For this bomber the specification said that it should also be used as a dive bomber. The plane was not in service until this demand had been taken away. For this reason the time and the allied bomb campaign stopped further development. Info from Ernst Heinkel's book "Stormy Life".
Other bombers were: Wellington, Short Stirling, Handley Page Victor, Vickers and Windsor. See Links. An interesting multicylinder engine can be found at Sinsheim in Germany. It is a Russian 42 cylinder diesel marine engine, very impressing.

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Short Sunderland

From Biggle´s adventures. A serie paper.
From Biggle´s adventures. A serie paper.

Links

Picture gallery


Sunderland fight submarines

Other flying boats

Boeing 314

Howard Hughes

Martin 130

Sikorsky S42

Dornier video

Russian ground effect flying boats

Sunderland at museum. Ref 1
The dream for all young boys was Biggles and also mine, has been involved everywhere. For a mission in Guardiana South America, Biggles, Bertie and Algy were sent by their boss Raymond by Imperial Airways flying boat Short Silent to Georgetown and there they of course met von Stahlhein...Ref 1

From Biggles adventures.
From Biggles adventures Ref 1.
This happened in fantasy in a uncertain year. The work to  develop and produce the Sunderland MK I S.25 was 1937 but Imperial Airways had already started to  fly with the earlier model S.23. In order to return to reality the Sunderland  airliner in the museum is a MK V which was the last model equipped for submarine reconnaissance. The pilot dived down as the front gun turret shot at the marines in order to prevent them to make their gun ready to shoot back. Then the Sunderland dropped depth-charge that exploded at the depth of ca 20 m and the saga of the submarine was finished and over.
These large flying boats were developed during the time before WWII when countries like England, America and Germany needed to have fast transports around their empires. Specially for post. There were no large air fields during early 30th so the only way was to start and land on water. Another reason was envy between the countries because in America really big liners were built by Sikorsky, Martin, and Boeing. These were flown mainly with post to South America, Hawaii, Honolulu the Philipines and other long distance places. The Russians did develop after the war enormous flying boats which used the ground effect. These needed enormous with power.
Well WWII started and all of these flying boats went to air forces. They were used for transporting cargo. The Sunderland were used as reconnaissance after submarines. Sometime they got in contact with German fighters.
This type had no wheels and if it had to come up on ground the service men put a wagon in front and rear to be able to bring it up. Normally it was lying along side a quay and when it did always 2 men had to stay on board to take care of water pumping and others. The plane on exhibit was built 1944 and was updated later to MK V version with 4 Pratt& Whitney engines giving 1200 hp each. For the long routes. There were extra wing tanks containing no less than 11600 liter. Because of long flying times it had small rooms with beds and this was necessary as flying time could be 13 hours for the 7 in crew. This was a short time compared to the American planes which could be in the air for 30 hours. This specific plane had service in England, Canada, Norway and also used as a transporter to Berlin during blocade. Over 700 planes of all models were built up to 1959. The museum plane was used on all continents before it came to Duxford as the last seaplane which still was air worthy.

Page 4

Links

MIG-21/1

MIG-21/2

MIG-21/3

MIG-21 Fishbed

MIG-21 Fishbed/Mongol

Video

Mig 21 på museet. Ref 1
Mig 21 på museet. Ref 1
It is 1972 and above Hanoi 3 B52 Stratofortress are circulating at over 30000 feet. The Mig-17 and Mig-19 cannot reach this level to fight them. Major Vu Xian Thu had been educated in a Mig-21 at 921 squadron. This type had been delivered direct to this squadron by cargo boat from Russia. Major Vu got information where to fly for the best position in order to let the heat searching robot go. His fighter could only act for 45 min and the robot had to be left in the distance of 2 km. The robot went away and the B52 was blown into pieces. The crew was killed of course. Now Vu must disappear fast and reach his home baseto be secure, otherwise he had met the same destiny from the American escort plane F-15. Because of the short action time this was his only chance.
Mig-21 had been projected already 1950 and flew for the first time 1956. Mikujan had count upon the plane should be supersonic and could reach mach 2. That became not the case as they didn't got the right jet engine which was promised. To solve this an afterburner was installed and was heavily time restricted and used too much fuel. The peculiar cone in the front could be drawn front and back to give the jet just enough with air. The pitot pipe which is missing on the picture was in the beginning placed under the air inlet and later over. The fighter was started to be delivered 1959 and it was typically Russian where not refinement were needed and nothing extra done in other places. Furthermore it was not equipped with computers everywhere to help the pilot. It became a plane that served the capability of the pilot. The fighter was aimed to be a defense attack plane. That's why the short action time. This construction was good for all the surrounding countries to Russia who hadn't any developed flying aid system. This made that many countries like VietNam, Cuba, Finland, Burma, Cambodia, Nord Korea and additional 42 countries bought it. Mig-21 was produced in 11500 units and factories could be founed in China, India and Czechoslovakia, this from 1959 to 1985.
Mikoyan-Gurevich Mig-21 as the manufacturer was named, had factories among other places even outside Moskva. Those who want to study a plane can find it on many places in west on static display.

Page 5

Links

Gerhard Fieseler

Om Fieseler

Robert Lusser

Fritz Gosslau

Willy Fiedler

Argus motoren

Heinkel 280

Heinkel 219

V1 flying bomb 1

V1 flying bomb 2

German robots crashed in Sweden

 

Del av V1 startramp. Notera det runda hålet för tryckluften som sköt iväg roboten. Ref 1
Part of a V1 startramp. Note the round hole for air pressure which puched the robot awa. Ref 1
Robert Lusser had been employed for the second time at Heinkel 1938. He came from Bayrische Flugzugwerk where he had been involved in construction of the early plane Bf 108 which later became the famous Bf 109 even called Messerschmidt Bf 109. Now he was supposed to lead the development of two different air plane types. He 280 which was the first jet plane and He 219 which was aimed to be a 2 engine night fighter. These were not accepted by Edward Milch and Udet at RLM. Ernest Heinkel was furious for this because Lusser had not followed Heinkel's instructions. Lusser was immediately fired. Lusser was lucky because Gerhard Fieseler needed 1942 one highly educated aeronaut for his project Fi-103. Gerhard was warned by RLM that Robert Lusser was an obstinate man, but he became employed anyway for the development of the coming V1 robot bomb. This construction was the united idea from two firms, Argus and Fieseler. Argus which constructed the puls jet engine which Paul Schmidt had invented in the beginning of 1930. Fritz Gosslau worked at Argus and had the puls engine on his table. They tried to make Luftwaffe interested  to construct a flying bomb. This was not accepted until the failure of Germany bombing and the total destruction from the Allied bombings. Now Fieseler and Robert Lusser were contracted for this. Lusser took care of the flying part which was not so difficult for this man with his long experience. The big problem was to navigate it to the goal with the help of a gyrocompass and a magnetic compass. The height was easy to get with a simple system of flaps in the end of the unit getting input from atmospheric pressure. The range of the robot was counted down by the revolutions of a small prop in the front of the robot. All these necessary values were stored. To get the robot on it's way they had a ramp and help of compressed air or rockets. The ramp was carefully directed to the goal, which was London. V1 robots became never rid of all it's child problems and only 50% reached it's way out over the Channel and several crashed or was destroyed in another way. About 30000 V1 were produced and from this sum about 9200 reached London and 6500 fell down in Antwerp.
After the war Robert Lusser and his fellow constructor Willy Fiedler were employed in von Brauns rocket team in America. It was about 6500 German aero technicians who got this offer and all of them accepted gladly. Fritz Gosslau worked as chief engineer at Dürkopp and 1954 at Heinkel Flugzeugwerk. About 20000 were moved to Russia, forced or by own will, to develop robots with the jet principle. Gerhard Fieseler had after prison at the Americans a much more modest life. He started a hotel in his hometown Kassel where his manufacturing plants had been situated and from this level he brought up a new factory to produce machine part for the German industry. At the age of 91 the grandson Gerhard of General August von Goeben died.
If you speak to younger persons from England they don't know what a V1 was. The common names in London at that time were the Buzz Bomb or the Doodlebug.

Page 6
 

Info MIl-24. Ref 1
Info MIl-24. Ref 1Data info. Ref 1
Data info. Ref 1


Links

MIL MI-24

MIL MI-24 Hind

Mil 24 at the museum. Ref 1
Mil 24 at the museum. Ref 1
The Russian manufacturers of military equipment had no feeling for design. This helicopter was very successful and is so even today 2009. This type has been used with great success in 21 local wars and civil wars. The most known is when Russia went into Afghanistan 1979 - 1989.
The type was constructed and produced by Moscow Helicopter Factory, Mil. This stands for Mikhail Leont'yevich who started the design 1966. The background was that the American helicopters transported troops and combined this as an attack machine in Viet-Nam.
In Afghanistan the Russians soon learned how this type of helicopter should be used. In the beginning of the war the Thalibans were happy to see them because it was easy to combat them. Yet the hull was well protected against hand weapons and machine guns. The hull could stand for 12.7 mm bullets as well as the titanium reinforced rotor blades. The cockpit was protected for 37 mm canon bullets. With all this the unit weighed 7 ton. The two turbo prop jet engines gave the helicopter a maximum speed of 300km/h.
In the beginning it was used to bring troops to fighting line, but as time went on it was better to use the MIL-8 for soldiers and MIL-24 to protect the transport and attack the enemy on ground. This had the Taliban-Mujaheddin difficulties to fight against. The MIL-24 had a "wing" on which different kind of guns and rockets could be assembled. This made MIL-24 hard shoot down from ground.
The type was in service from 1969 and sold to many countries with internal problems. About 2000 units were produced in different versions.

Page 7
 


Links

Napier Sabre

Bristol Hercules

Rolls Merlin 61

FIAT A-14

leRhone 80 hp

Isotta Fraschini

Liberty V12

Liberty pics

Merlin 61. Ref 1
Rolls-Royce Merlin.
The famous fighter engine Merlin was used in different version almost in every English and American fighter during WWII. This included Spitfire fighters, Lancaster bombers and Mosquito nightfighters.  Merlin engine was mounted in most of the Brookland build Lancasters including Hawker Hurricanes and Vickers Wellington III bombers. Merlin 61 was in service at RAF from July 1942 and in Spitfire IX but was also used in Vickers F.7/41 (type 432) experimental plane for action on high level. The engine on picture at museum has unknown history. Data: 27 litre DOHC, four valve/cyl. and double compressors. The output was in the beginning 1565 hp on sea level and 1200 hp 30000 ft. The RAF Hendon museum is the engine owner. Ref 1
Liberty engine used in DH-4. Ref 1
Liberty V12.
The worlds first mass produced flying machine engine. This showed the power of the fast growing American industry. In order to build up the production of military airplanes during WWI, licenses were bought from European military machines and engines. The English DH-4 was a day time bomber that was chosen. The engine was a liquid cooled one that was very fast constructed by the motor industry. The base construction was made at Packard Motors but it was later manufactured at five other producers. Lincoln (was in early stage a mark of it's own) Ford, Nordyke; Marmon and General Motors. This main model had 12 cylinders in V at a output of 440 hp. Even 6 and 8 cyl. models were made. Totally were 15600 units built up to war end. DH-4 was the only American plane on the west front. Ref 1
80 hk leRhoneengine at museum. Ref 1
80 hp Le Rhone air engine was one of the most common in France constructed air engines from the early part of WWI. The first radial rotation engine from Sociétié des Moteur le Rhone came 1910 and even though the company was overtaken by another producer, Gnome 1914, both constructions continued to develop parallel to each other. The success for the rotation principle in which the cylinders were fixed to the propeller, did rotate around a crankshaft mounted to the aircraft body. This way gave a minimum engine weight comparing to the power output. The system gave also good cooling. This construction did not survive long after the war according to the balance problem which was built in the construction when engine rotated. Le Rohne/Gnome engines were also built in Sweden, Russia, England and USA. The 80 hp engine which normally gave 90 hp were mounted in many of the aircrafts built in these countries. This type had 9 cylinders, air cooled with 4" bore and 5.5" piston stroke. About 93 hp at 1200 rpm and it had a weight of 109 kg. Ref 1
Bristol Sea Fury engine, Centaurus. Ref 1
Bristol Centaurus was an 18 cylinder sleeve valve star engine. It was developed with heavy problems but gave at last over 2400 hp. As always there were different versions and power. The production was complicated and for this reason the Griffon engine was preferred. This was mainly based on the Rolls Royce Merlin. 1944 when the Bristol type came in production it was mounted in Hawker Hurricane Tempest. This was a combination best suited to hunt V1-rockets. A Napier Sabre which is a H configured engine with 6x4=24 cylinders. It had a power output of 5500 hp. At Sinsheim museet there is a Russian 42 cylinders diesel with 6x7 cylinders. The Napier was the most powerful one during WWII. Sweden had in early stage of the Bristol engine ordered the 14 cylinder version but when it became on spot they could not deliver. That's why the Swedish B18 bomber got a copy produced engine of the Twin Wasp which only had a power output of 1065. The spin off effect of this in Sweden 2009 is the company Volvo Aero. Ref 1
FIAT A-14 V12. Ref 1
Fiat A-14 was the biggest and most powerful engine, produced in 500 copies during WWI. The power output was 725 hp. It was water cooled, had 12 cylinders in V forms, 57.6 liters cylinder volume and weighed 800 kg. The engine was first in service 1917. Ref 1
Isotta Fraschini. Ref 1
This engine had 6 cylinders mounted in blocks and had SOHC and valves. It was also produced by Alfa Romeo.
This engine type was mounted in most Italian airplanes during WWI.
The Italian company Isotta Fraschini produced engines both for the navy and Italian Air forces.
Isotta-Fraschini V-4 aircraft engine. Ref 1

Page 8
 

Links

Blitzen story

 

Churchills orginal for his speech in lower houset. Ref 1

Churchill's original speech in the House of Commons after that the Blitz had been stopped 10th of May 1941. Ref 1


Page 9
 

Merlin engine mounted in Spitfire. Ref 1
Merlin engine mounted among others in Spitfire. Ref 1


Links

Airshow Spitfire Focke Wulf

Supermarine Spitfire

Link from Airlines net

Spitefire. Ref 1
Spitefire. Ref 1
Now we have reached 1945 after the war. Sweden was on the way with J29 Flying Barrel and a version for reconnaissance. This program was of course heavily late because of that the fighter version had to be ready first, 1955. Developing program for aircrafts are always late. Sweden needed a substitute. Now the possibility occurred  to buy used aircrafts of this type for a low price. Sweden bought 50 units equipped with the latest Griffon engine giving 2050 hp and could reach a height of 14000 m and a maximum speed of 735 km/h. The plane was unarmed and had instead 3 cameras with pre installed exposure values. With this plane Sweden was far ahead of surrounding countries. Even Russia had not yet got air planes that could stop Swedish spy photographing over the Baltic countries and Cola peninsula. Sweden did this often as long as the Russians had not developed anything that could stop it. As a luck this was stopped in time, almost. Everybody knows that the Russian shoot down the radio spying DC3 and one Catalina.
This reconnaissance aircraft (not the type in picture) had the ID of PRXIX and equipped with a 5 blade prop. Only early models of Spitfires had props made of wood.

BAC 167 Strikmaster. Ref 1
BAC 167 Strikmaster. Ref 1

My museum visit to England 2003
Duxford Collected pictures

Text and pictures Björn Bellander 43 pictures
To main site
  Swedish version

All pictures according Ref 1


©Copyright
Björn Bellander

Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Vulcan had only one large bombarea. It was meant to put an nuclear bomb here or conventional bombs. As a luck it became nothing of the nuclear type used and the Vulcan model was put aside as no such a war was actual. The air aircraft was on duty from 1956 to 1981 and the only opportunity it was used was in the Falkland war. This only because of the long range of the plane. When the English nuclear subbmarines was on service the Vulcan had no more task and was used as a conventional bomber.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Way to the museum shop.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
1936 a bomber was ordered through a specification development of a heavy 2 engine bomber. Already at this time the cabinet was certain that war would come. As there were not any strong engines at that time Rolls Royce had built together the Kestres V12 to X type and in this way got a 24 cylinders and an estimated power of 1780 hp from a volume of 42 liters and called it for Vulture. Two Kestrels were mounted together with one crankshaft and the blocks were faced against each other. That's why it became the name X-type. There were also other types of constructions as Napier Sabre also a X configuration and it was used in torpedo boats.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Mig-21 had been projected already 1950 and flew for the first time 1956. Mikujan had count upon the plane should be supersonic and could reach mach 2. That became not the case as they didn't got the right jet engine which was promised. To solve this an afterburner was installed and it heavily restricted flying time and used much fuel. The peculiar cone in the front could be drawn front and back to give the jet just enough with air. The pitot pipe which is missing on the picture was in the beginning placed under the air inlet and later over. The fighter was started to be delivered 1959.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Mosquito night fighter.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Buccaneer S2. Low-level strike aircraft in Royal Navy and Royal Air Force service 1962 -1998. Buccaneers served with Royal Navy until 1978, when the last of the large aircraft carriers were phased out. Meanwhile, RAF, after the cancellation of the TSR-2 and the F-111, ordered the Buccaneer for long range strike and reconnaissance duties in 1968.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
The Russian manufacturer of military equipment had no feeling for design. This helicopter was anyway very successful and is so even today 2009. This type has been used with great success in 21 local wars and civil wars. The most known is when Russia went into Afghanistan 1979 - 1989.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
These large flying boats were developed during the time before WWII when countries like England, America and Germany needed to have fast transports around their empires. Specially for post. There were no large air fields during early 30th so the only way was to start and land on water. Another reason was envy between the countries because in America really big liners were built by Sikorsky, Martin, and Boeing.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
80 hp Le Rhone air engine was one of the most popular in France constructed air engines from the early part of WWI. The first radial rotation engine from Sociétié des Moteur le Rhone came 1910 and even though the company was overtaken by another producer, Gnome 1914, both firms continued to develop parallel to each other.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Storch Fi-156 was another part of Gerhard Fieseler´s life. See SK-10. The time is now around 1935-36. Germany had a fast military development and RLM (Reichluftministerium) started a design competition about the best STOL airplane. Together with his designers, Mewes and Bachem, Fieseler Flugzeugbau brought out the Fi 156 and their competitors were far behind. They were Messerschmitt Bf-163 and Siebel Si 201.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Fiat A-14 was the largest and most powerful engine, produced in 500 copies during WWI. The power output was 725 hp. It was water cooled, had 12 cylinders in V forms, 57.6 liters cylinder volume and weighed 800 kg. The engine was first in service 1917.
Isotta Fraschini.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
This engine had 6 cylinders mounted in blocks and had SOHC and valves. It was also produced by Alfa Romeo.
Isotta-Fraschini V-4 aircraft engine. (not shown) This engine type was mounted in most Italian airplanes during WWI. The Italian company Isotta Fraschini produced engines both for the navy and Italian Air Force.

 

Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Produced first time 1936. 3 BMW 132, 725 hp and max speed of 264 km/h. Total production was 5500. The first version, 1931, had only one engine and the pilots were forced to crawl through the cabin window from the front. A small "Brookland window" was put in front to prevent the engine oil to hit the pilots
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Photo towards the cockpit in Concord.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Passenger area in Concord.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Right engines outlet on Concord.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Engine installation in a small passenger plane. Unknown ID.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Probably Hawker Hurricane during restauration.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Hawker Hurricane.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Engine installation Hawker Hurricane.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Probably one of the carrier based Gloster Gladiator aircrafts. They carried torpedoes. The were during the war totally old fashioned but had no enemies over the sea. The type was responsible for the sinking of Bismarck.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Bristol Centaurus was an 18 cylinder sleeve valve star engine. It was developed with heavy problems but gave at last over 2400 hp. As always there were different versions and power. The production was complicated and for this reason the Griffon engine was preferred.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Now we have moved to the American hangar. This is the light 2 engine night fighter bomber B25 Mitchell. This was the aircraft that attacked Tokyo for the first time and started from carrier Hornet. Later General Dolittle became famous for leading this attack. The aircrafts had only petrol for flying over sea to China to land there. Several of the crew were killed but some could take themselves to China forces and escaped to be prisoners. This attack had only a psycological effect. See internet B25 Hornet.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
One detail picture from a Tormado hangar based fivhter. It is very interesting how the engineers have solved how to raise the wings.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
North American P51 Mustang has a marvelous history. The base situation during the days of the Blitz forced an order to an American factory to build a new modern fighter. This was during 1940 when a question went to some procucers to deliver a fighter aircraft. Most of them were to busy for American defense. North American had time but didn't want to follow the specification. Instead they offered a construction of their own which they had started to build earlier. They offered a new prototype in 120 days. This plane rolled out after 102 days and everybody were happy. No one saw that the engine of the plane was missing. A new type of wing profile had been constructed, wich allowed laminar flow. This solution gav the plane the possibility to make closer radius. This was important to come behind the enemy.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
The American carrier based Chance Vought F4U Corsair. It was equipped with the strongest double row star engine at that time giving over 2000 hp, while other fighters only had about 1500hp.The bent wings were done to give it strength when landing and also to work as a dive bomber. The Japanese pilots had great respect for this type. It was normally equipped with a 4 blade propeller.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Me 109F was produced during the time 1935-1945 in over 35000 copies. Equipped with many versions of DB600 12 cyl V-engine which had the valves pointed downwards. The power reach in the end 2000 hp. Me 109 was produced in Regensburg and Hungary. One modell of Me-109 had a gun through the prop center. This arrangement was not lucky. Last months 1945, 2969 aircrafts were produced. Thanks to the movie Battle of England thare are several planes left.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Gloster Meteor was the first jet fighter in England. It was later than the German MB 262 and was not in service until after the war. Althought some of the test planes forced in action against the V1 rockets. See Hurricane Tempest.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
After the war America was late in the development of jet ariplanes. For this over 6000 German engineers had been invited to move over to the american fly industry for these constructions. Such a plane was Loockheed Shooting Star 80. This was started already 1943 but was not a priority till after the war. USA had no capacity to build it. Then the Korea war came and this type was pushed on to fight the Russian Mig-15. Later Ernest Heinkel was the first in Europe to build fighters for USA.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
A machine gun to be mounted in fighter/attack plane.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
The air force in Sweden realized on the ground of the big problems they had with the J21 to try to buy planes from England. 50 Spitfires were bought as night fighters and some P51 Mustang. Through good contacts in England Sweden was the first country that was allowed to buy Vampire. 70 units of the serie J28A was delivered from 1946 to 1956 equipped with the Goblin Engine. Then even J28B was bought having the much stronger Ghost engine for 310 copies. There was also a two seat trainer.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Robert Lusser became employed for the development of the coming V1 robot bomb. This construction was the united idea from two firms, Argus and Fieseler. Argus which constructed the puls jet engine which Paul Schmidt had invented in the beginning of 1930. Fritz Gosslau worked at Argus and had the puls engine on his table. They tried to make Luftwaffe interested to construct a flying bomb. This was not accepted until the failure of Germany bombing and the total destruction from the Allied bombings. Now Fieseler and Robert Lusser were contracted for this.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
An early Hawker Hurricane. You can see this because it has a 2 blade prop.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
The history of the Swedish J35 Dragoon started with that Sweden realized that it was necessary to have a fighter aircraft that could fight the high level flying bombers that were developed in Russia. The Dragoon could fly upp to 13000 m and reached super sonic speed. It could land on war field and roads, and had a short start and landing distance. About 800 and 600 m. The designer was Erik Bratt at Saab. The project started already 1949 this was before the J29 started to be delivered 1951. J35 flew for the first time 1955 and was placed on the wings 1960. The different versions reached F and production ceased 1974.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
We have moved to the American hall. This is the two engined night/fighert/bomber B25 Mitchel. This was the type that attacked Tokyo the first time, startiing from a hangar ship Hornet. The general Dolittle became later famous for this campaign. The aircarfts had onlepetrol for one way and had to rech China in order to land there. Several men in the crews died, other weent to prisoners and the third part could flie back. This attack had only psychological effect. Look in internet searching B25 Hornet.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
This picture shows how Duxford works is renovating an older aircraft
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Rhe wing part for plane in former picture.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
American F15, which was developed to match the Russian Mig 21
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
In the American Hall there were many aircrafts. Here part of the B52 and further away a low level attack plane.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Liberty V12. The worlds first mass produced aircraft engine. This showed the power of the fast growing American industry. In order to build up the production of military airplanes during WWI licenses were bought from European military machines and engines. The English DH-4 was a day time bomber that was chosen
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
The impressing wing for B-52 Stratofortress wit the outer fouble monted rea engines. Today 2009 are there much more stronger engines that 2 had been enougnt for thisa plane insted of the 10 equipped.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Tornado. Low level attack plane used i Iraq.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Rolls-Royce Merlin. The famous fighter engine Merlin was used in different version almost in every English and American fighter during WWII. These included Spitfire fighter, Lancaster bombers and Mosquito night fighters. Merlin engine was mounted in most of the Brookland build Lancasters including Hawker Hurricanes and Vickers Wellington III bombers
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
American fighter Republic P-47 was on duty before the P51 Mustang. It had the same engine as Chance Vought. The aircraft was big and heavy and had a too short range to follow the bombers over Germany. Name was Republic P47 Thunderbolt. Note the four blade prop that was needed for the strong engine. Normally this shows a engine power of over 2000 hp.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
One part of the famous Berlin wall.

Other Cars MC museums in this website
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Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti 2000
Bugatti 2018
BiancoRosso
BMW
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
Ladenburg
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz 2000
Mercedes Benz 2018
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
MotorTechnica
Munktell museum
Museum joerney 2018
My ArtGlas collection
NSU 2018
Otto Walz 2018
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Peugeot 2018
Porsche 2000
Porsche 2018
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum 2000
Sinsheim museum 2018
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
SSK-series
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volkswagen
Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

Other sites
Military service
Travels (in Swedish)
My Heritage (in Swedish)

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Links for other military sites in this website.
Pansarmuseum SverigeBrooklands museum England Duxford museum England
Sinsheim Air part Robot museum Sweden  Soderhamns Air museum

Thulinroom Landskrona Svedino Flygmuseum  Hassleholm vehicle museum  Malmkoping vehicle museum Hannover Latzen Air museum  Swedish Submarines

Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the apropriate permission:
Referens 1: © Björn Bellander 
bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
 
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