Peugeot 1900. Ref 1
Peugeot 1900. Ref 1

My museum visits to England 2003
Brooklands

Text and pictures  Björn Bellander
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Swedish version

Updated
2020-09-23

©Copyright
Björn Bellander

Page 1

Hawker Harrier

Links

Harrier 1

Harrier 2

Harrier 3

Brookland Museum

Hawker Harrier in it´s hangar. Ref 1
Hawker Harrier in it´s hangar. Ref 1
The four large air force producers have tried to manufacture VTOL fighter planes. The most important countries are USA, England, France and Russia. Only England has completed their one projects for a fighter into operative status for a longer time. This cost so much  money that McDonnald Douglas in USA had to take over and do the development during the years.
Already 1957 the designer started to test their ideas. The famous "ironbed" is widely known. The project was named P.1127. The purpose was that the fighter should be placed in USA, Germany and England of course.
It was the air plane manufacturer Hawker Siddeley Aviation which started to solve the problems. The project plane got the name Harrier. This is a name of a raptorial bird. This make it problematically to search on internet. The first vertical start was 1960. From this prototype 6 were build for evaluating. From this a new plane were built with swept wings and were in the air first time 1964. It was named Kestrel. Nine prototypes were put together. A new and stronger engine was mounted and named Pegasus. USA and England now showed a bigger interest and a test squadron was formed. After this the next development was moved to USA with the 8 surviving units. The fighter made service during the Falkland Islands war, Iraq invasion and lastly in Afghanistan. Up today 2009 the model is closed down from active duty and is started to show up in museums.
The fighter in the picture was placed in the Wellington hangar, a typical building left over from WWII. In the Brooklands area Wellington bombers were produced.


Page 2

Wellington bomber

Links

Wellington bomber

Vickers Wellington 1

Wellington at Brookland

  Vickers Wellington 1

Pictures 2

The rear place for double machine gun. Ref 1
 The rear place for double machine gun. Ref 1

Wellington bomber. Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Wellington bomber. Brookland museum. Ref. 1
During WWII there was in the inside of the race track area at Brookland an air plane factory. Here over 11500 bombers were put together of the type Wellington. The bomber that now is shown in the hangars had once been crashed in the Lake of Loch Ness, known for the fable about the sea monster. The whole crew had survived except the rear gun shooter. His parachute did not open up. 1985 the plane was salvaged and brought to Brooklands for rebuilding. This work must have come much longer today 2009. This type of plane was often used in the war before the four engines types took over. The Wellington type was instead used for submarine hunting, night fightings and at other theatres of war where fighters not were so active.
The main design was done during the middle of 1930 and head designer was Pierson. The main design type can be seen in the picture. The body was built of u-formed profiles, by al or steel. All this was brought together with rivets or an early development of pop-rivets. The problem was that if a hole had to be done for windows or other things, the power line was broken. The design was also not so good to withstand turning. Service personal were joking that it was impossible to measure control a plane. The body was then covered with plywood and on this Irish linen. The crew was able to fly home even if the cover had burnt and only if the wings still had area to keep the plane flying. It must have looked remarkable. This way of building is called geodetic structure. One thing was that it took longer time to build this compared other types of bomber like Avro Lancaster and others. The highest production figure during a month was 302 units in 3 factories. This type is well known for the night bombing of Berlin 1940 and the first 1000 planes mission over Cologne 1942. Here the fleet consisted of 600 Wellingtons flown by Polish crews. The last unit left the factory on the 16 of October 1945.


Page 3

Bugatti Type 15

Early Buggati

Bugatti museum
 

Info plate about Bugatti type 15. Ref 1
Info plate about Bugatti type 15. Ref 1The Bugatti Gulinelli car. Ref. 2
The Bugatti Gulinelli car. Ref. 2
The Bugatti car produced at Deutz. Ref. 2
The Bugatti car produced at Deutz. Ref. 2

Links

The Bugatti car type 15 in the museum. Ref 1
The Bugatti car type 15 in the museum. Ref 1
Bugatti Type 13 according to the car in the museum was primarily delivered to Madame Louise Alexander 1914. This type is the first in a series which ended in the unbeatable model Bugatti Type 13 Brescia, which was supplied 1920. From Brescia Bugatti sold a tourer for use on streets in 2000 units up to 1926.
Some more about Ettore Bugatti.
Ettore was born in Milan Italy. His father Carlo was an acknowledged sculptor artist and didn't die until 1940. Ettore had a younger brother who died 1916. Both brothers had inherit their father's artistic gifts. Ettore was although already at 14 years of age turned to the mechanical, when he bought a tricycle 1895. At age of 19 he got work at a tricycle factory and as a cause of this he made improvements and success in competitions. This showed that his constructions were of good quality. He started to sell his own designs as options.
Gullineli (1900) financed a construction for a 4-cyl car. Ettore got medal for this at the Milano Car Fair 1901.
 
Baron DeDietrich who for a long time had searched for a project to his factory in Niederbronn, signed a contract with Ettore who moved there. During 3 years Ettore made a base model. 4 cyl chain drive. It was sold as DeDietrich-Bugatti. But it was
not a financial success. From DeDietrich Ettore started cooperation with his old friend Mathis
1906 he ended the cooperation and Ettore moved to Deutz in Köln. Here he produced 2 models. Apparently he was not satisfied with his works situation. He built a car of his own 1908, in the basement where he lived during his free time. The Bugatti type 10 built in basement when working for Deutz. Ref. 2 (picture) It was called type 10 and is now owned by a private collector in USA.
The bygatti type 10 built in basement when working for Deutz. Ref. 2
 The bygatti type 10 built in basement when working for Deutz. Ref. 2

With this car in his box Ettore found a financier 1909 to start his own workshop. Ettore moved back to the Alsac province. At that time this was a part of Germany. In Mohlsheim he opened his firm in an old color factory in order to produce his own cars. Here became his homebuilt car a competition one, 1910, with the added name "Brescia" type 13.


Sid 4

Peugeot Voiturette 1900

Info tableau Peugeot. Ref 1
Info tableau Peugeot. Ref 1


Links

Peugeot bilder

Peugeot BeBe

Peugeot museum
Peugeot Voiturette 1900. Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Peugeot Voiturette 1900. Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Peugeot is the next oldest car badge in the world. The first one is as everybody know, Benz. Although Peugeot is dated already from 1810. At that time the company was producing springs, saws and those things that were modern for women, corsets. It was plate springs that made their bodies beautiful for men's eyes. In the beginning of 1900 this were mad by the bards from blue wale. The Peugeot family consisted of Arman, his cousins Eugéne, Pierre, Robert and Jules. They shared the production of, bicycles and motorcycles, while Armand took care of the car production. He made his first car attempts trying to sell a steam car running on three wheels 1888. The interest for buying this car was not what he had hoped and Armand understood that this was not the right sort of engine. He agreed to cooperate with Panhard-Levassor about getting a production license for Daimler's V2 engine. In his first car this was mounted in the rear. 1890. At that time advertising was done by driving a spectacular long tour. For Peugeot it was to follow a cycle competition Paris-Brest-Paris as a service car, 2040 km. The car was driven on roads at that time with an average speed of 24 km/h. He had sold 4 cars 1894. 1896 he had produced an engine of his own with 2 cylinders and it was mounted in type 14 and both car and engine was produced in his new factory. With this car he took part in most car competitions at that time. Anyway he didn't produce special race cars. This was not done until after WWI. In the year 1900 Peugeot was the largest car factory in Europe.
Ettore Bugatti  made his name known by offering a car construction on license 1910. He went among others to Wanderer and Peugeot. From these Peugeot bought a license. The car was a development of his car Type 10. The original for this car was shown at the Paris Fair 1908. Peugeot was ready to show it 1912 and production continued up to 1916. The demand for it was so big that this car took 80% of the capacity of Peugeot's workshop. The car was named BeBe.
1975 Peugeot bought Citroén and also the French production of Chrysler as Simca. Next was Rootes group with Hillman, Humber and Sunbeam Talbot.
About early car production one can think that it should have been in Germany. When both Benz and Daimler had succeeded to mass produce cars and parts. because of this Germany should have been the best country for this, but it was not the case. People were not interested by cars in Germany. It was easier to sell cars and parts in France. 


Page 5

ERA R10B

Info note  ERA. Ref 1
Info note ERA. Ref 1
ERA Hannuman. Ref 8
ERA Hannuman. Ref 8To second place. Running over Peter Spero nr 16. White ERA  is Patrick Lindsay. 14 Black Akfa Romeo 8C Monza. Ref 7
To second place. Running over Peter Spero nr 16. White ERA is Patrick Lindsay. 14 Black Alfa Romeo 8C Monza. Ref 7

Links

ERA Info 1

All ERA models

Goodwood Revivel

ERA E-type

ERA Story Wiki

The black R10B. Ref 1
The black R10B. Ref 1
Nationalism for racing in England showed in the beginning of 1930 that race people wanted to build a race car to rehabilitate English glory on the race tracks. England had not won any major race since Seagrave won French Grand Prix 1924. There was a rich Oxford graduated engineer Humphrey Cook who was eager to start a race car project. Now English Racing Automobiles, ERA, was established. This man Cook gathered Red Railton and Peter Birthon as designers and Raymond Mays as test driver. This happened 1933.
At this time the giant race cars like Mercedes, Auto Union. Maserati and Alfa Romeo struggled about the first places and Mercedes and Auto Union were fastest. It cost so much money that ERA decided  to go for the voiturette class. The smaller cars. Already 1934 the first car could be shown. It was built with a U-formed ladder frame and an updated 1500 cc 6 cyl. engine from Riley. With this they started in British Empire Trophy and during this year with great success. Well known names bought the car, like Prince Bira of Siam. He formed a team with 2 cars which were named Romulus and Remus. Later another car was bought and named Hanuman. Another well known driver bought one ERA R10B, Peter Whitehead. He drove also another car during the 50th and it was a Ferrari 860 Monza, which I later owned middle of 1960.  With this Ferrari I raced at Karlskoga 1967  against several ERA cars. The world is not big. Up to 1939 ERA cars developed into the models A, B, C.
Sorry to say the world went into war and the company workshops were needed to produce parts for aero planes. After the war ERA started up again developing a Mercedes like race car and it became model E and the 3 car got the names GP1-3. Although the consortium had not enough money to develop engines so success didn't occur. While the racing world changed rapidly ERA was standing still. ERA cars was still competitive in local races and mostly without great success. During the 60th and 70th the cars were used in veteran race. All cars which were built were still in use.
1953 the last model was sold to Bristol and from this they developed a LeMans car named Bristol 450. This had some successes. Now the carburator producer Zenith went in as owner and shortly afterwards Zenith was bought by Solex. Now ERA was changed to a research company and renamed to Engineering Research Association. Still shortened to ERA. In this costume they could slip a little with racing research and build a race model of the popular BMC Mini 1980 named ERA Mini Turbo. After this ERA disappeared in the thick London fog as a workshop of a Kit car developer with racing prototype on their program.


Page 6

Lorriane Dietrich 1912 "Vieux Charles"

Lorraine Dietrich 1912. Ref 1

Lorraine Dietrich 1912. Ref 1DeDietrich.gif.  Ref. 2
DeDietrich.gif. Ref. 2

Links

LeMans 1925

Lorriane Dietrich

Lorriane Dietrich 1912 "Vieux Charles". Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Lorriane Dietrich 1912 "Vieux Charles". Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Lorriane-Dietrich was a car and engine manufacturer which existed between years 1896 and 1935. Before 1896 they produced railway equipment. Factories were situated on several places like France provinces Alsaac and Lorriane. One should know that between 1871 and 1918 Alsaac was Germany. Together with the progress of the aviation Lorraine Dietrich went for designing airplane engines. Those racing cars that were common in the beginning of 1900 were large monsters, see picture, equipped with 4 cylinder engines and about 20 liters volume. These engines were built in two block and 2 cylinders each OHV forced by push rods from a low camshaft. If you look at Mercedes Bens museum you can find a picture of a design alike. DeDietrich built only large cars. The company was economical built up when railroads were built i Europe. At this time the governments were mostly ordered large orders and could also pay what it cost with good profit. Part of this money was invested in cars and engines development from 1896. DeDietrich bought a car and engine license from Amédée Bollée. This was the beginning. It had a front mounted 2 cyl. engine with sliding clutch and belt driven.  It was not many years until they had designed their own car. They let the cars often take part in competitions at that time and the roads did demand these large cars.
1902 DeDietrich employed a 21 years young engineer, Ettore Bugatti. He had made his name known as a good car designer. At DeDietrich he work on a four cylinder car with 4 gear gearbox and 25 hp engine. See picture. Anyway Bugatti was not satisfied as he was not allowed to build the types he thought was good to sell. He went instead to Mathis. Read more in this link Bugatti.
1907 DeDietrich took over Isotta-Fraschini shares and also Ariel Mors in England. During WWI he concentrated on airplane engines. 1920 he had reach such a level that he coul build a LeMans winning car both 1925 an 1926. The bodies for his luxury cars that were sold were built in Argenteuil. 1928 Family DeDietrich sold their part of the company and the name was changed to only Lorraine.
1930 DeDietrich airplane was sold to Sociéré Génerale Aeronautique and the factory buildings in Argenteuil was changed for airplane engines and military vehicles. In Lunevillé railway equipment was reentered. This last factory is still 2007 working under the name DeDietrich Ferroviare.

Rear gunners place. Ref 1
Rear gunners place. Ref 1

My museum visit to England 2003
Brookland All pictures

Text and pictures Björn Bellander 24 pics
To main site
  Swedish version


©Copyright
Björn Bellander

Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Map over area around Brooklands. Far down to the left the start grid of the air field.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Several trials have been mad by the four large airplane producing countries, USA, England, France and Russia to succeed with a VTOL fighter. Only England has completed their project to bring a plane to operative status. But they were forced by cost to let the development be done in USA by McDonnald Douglas. Most VTOL fighters had only a top speed of 1000 km/h except some Russin prototypes with over double the sound.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
During WWII there was production of bombers within the Brooklands area. Here they produced 11500 bombers of the type Wellington. The plane which is shown has once been forced to emergancy land in the lake of Loch Ness, known from the lake monster. Complete crew survived expect the rear gunner. His parachute didn´t open up.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
The design of this plane was done already in the middle of 1930 and main designer was Pierson. The type of construction can be seen on the picture. It consisted of U-profiles from al or steel, This surounded the airplane body. The profiles were riveted by an early sort of pop-rivets. The problem was that if any hollow was made the power lines of the body were deteriorated.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Info Bugatti type 13.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Bugatti Type 13 according to the picture from museum was from the beginning delivered to Madame Louise Alexander 1914. This model is the first in a serie of unbeatable Bugatti Type 13 Brescia 1920. From this a street model was sold in over 2000 units 1926. 

 

Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Info Alvis 12/50 1930.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Alvis 12/50 Sports Duck Back 1930.The car is equipped with a 4 cylinders OHV 1.6 l engine. This car was first registered 24/10 1930 and is a typical model that charmed the track and pit at the meetings of the members at Brooklands. The present owner renovated the car and mounted a close ratio gearbox. The last 5 years the car has been regulary been used. 
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Info Alvis Speed Twenty 1932.
 Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Alvis Speed Twenty 1932 Four Seater Tourer. This is a high prestande touring car. Compared to a racing car this has an engine with low rpm. It is capable to drive 90 mph and accelerate up to 60 mph in 17.5 s. This was good values 1932 for a 4 cylinders 2.5 l car for £700. It has got the name from RAC rating. Engine gave 87 hp. The car was produced during the time when the first Derby Bentleys were developed.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Another Alvis.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Info Peugetot Voiture 1900.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Peugeot is the next oldest car badge in the world. The first one is as everybody know, Benz. Although Peugeot factory is dated already from 1810. At that time the company was producing springs, saws and those things that were modern for women, corsets. Ettore Bugatti made his name known by offering a car construction on license 1910. He went among others to Wanderer and Peugeot. Peugeot bought a license.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Info ERA.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Nationalism for racing in England showed in the beginning of 1930 that people wanted to build a race car to rehabilitate English glory on the race tracks. England had not won any major race since Seagrave won French Grand Prix 1924. There was a rich Oxford graduated engineer Humphrey Cook who was eager to start a race car project. Now English Racing Automobiles, ERA, was estblished. This man Cook gathered Red Railton and Peter Birthon as designers and Raymond Mays as test driver. This happened 1933. 
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Record breaker with electrical drives.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Info Grand Prix car Lorriane Dietrich.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Lorriane-Dietrich was a car and engine manufacturer which existed between years 1896 and 1935. Before 1896 they produced railway equipment. Factories were situated on several places like Alsaac and Lorriane provinces. 1902 DeDietrich employed a 21 years young engineer, Ettore Bugatti. He had made his name known as a good car designer. At DeDietrich he work on a four cylinder car with 4 gear gearbox and 25 hp engine.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Info Aston Martin.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
Aston Martin Halford Special. 1923 Major Frank Halford realized that airplane engines were of a much better design than the car engines at that time. Halford was involved in several competitions at Brookland 1926 and also in British Grand Prix where he ended 4th. The construction of the car was advanced for it's time with 6 cylinder, DOHC, double spark plugs, double magnets and a turbo compressor. It was much trouble with the turbo so it was changed for a Roots compressor. Perhaps they didn't know about waste gates. Car and engine were destroyed 1930 but is rebuilt again by it's present owner. 
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Info Riley.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Brooklands Rileys were mainly cars for long distance competitions at Brooklands, Phoenix Park and Ulsters TT. This car has a rebuilt body from the producer and at Freddy Dixons workshop suited for Pat Fairfield who did the competitions. The car was sold and then driven by Mike Hawthorn's father Leslie. The sister car won Grand Prix of Germany 1932. Note that the Riley engines were partly used for ERA.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 The driver´s place in the Riley.
Brookland museum. Ref. 1
 Probably an early Alvis.

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