One early waterwheel driving one hammer. Ref 1
Foundries and mines in Bergslagen
Driving with mc to Sura works museum
Text and picture Björn Bellander. Pictures current 2010
Back Swedish version Look also in Picture gallery.
© Björn Bellander
Ostra Silvberg mine
Sala Silver mine
Sura works museum
Akers Styckebruk foundry
On Sura axle forgotten on the country side. Ref 1
One Sura wheel 1908, far away from a railway line. Ref 1
Wagon from 1875 produced at Atlas Works. Ref 1
The first type of railway wheel is what you meet when entering the factory museum entrance of Surahammar. The first wheel type is shown on the picture above. This wheel started to be produced by order from Swedish railway department 1866. The design was called Mansell wheel and was a construction from England. It was aimed for private traffic and should give the wagon soft and silent travel. Because of this, teak wood was built in the wheel center. This was a good solution in England, but the climate in Sweden made the wood either dried and shrink or got wet and expanded. This caused serious accidents. Of course this design could not carry hig load and the movement of wheel surface destroyed the forced fit of the wooden parts. The wheel became too elastic. If you visit Lapphyttan or look in Picture gallery. The wagon is produced 1875 at Atlas works and equiped with spokes. The teak design was only produced during one year, before Surahammar had solved the production process of the spoke wheel design.
About this I will try to tell you after my visit at the factory museum with guiding from Mats who told me about the production and much more.
The frist design with teak wood at Scanis Vabis museum. Ref 1
Kolström river had some water falls and it was this that gave
Surahammar power. Already 1500 was this water power
used to activate a hammer.
The hammer which refined the puddle iron. In fron stands the transport barrow
including a mixed and heated lump to be pounded in the hammer. The hammer got
power from the water wheel shown on the small picture. The lump was hammered
till they had got a 0.5 m long and a 125 mm square lump. These were then used in
the rolling mill, to make delivery form for later production.
The wheels demanded a possibility to be soft. Ref 1
Wheel model produced in cooperation with Sandviken. Ref 1
Info about wheel smith. Ref 1
Now in the 1860 when railways were progressing in Sweden. Surahammars
Works got on direct request from railway department manager C. O. Troilius to
start producing railway wheels. This made that a production started and work to
follow the demands which the department demanded. This also signified changing
from the puddle method to Martin and later according the Bessemer process. The
development for iron process changed quickly and 1907 the puddle method was
closed. 1873 Sandviken started to deliver wheel rings of steel from Bessemer
iron. This proces made it possible to reduce cost anad raised the amount
of iron produced dramatically in the world. The first lucky Bessemer
installation was mde in England 1865. The iron became now cleaned directly.
This bar was bent in a fixture fro further refining.
The 8 preformed spokes were put in a fixture. In center the axle support was pressed in place. Then the spokes and center support were welded together. See the small coke comtainer.
Next mission was to get the wheel ring pressed on the spoke and center part and then weld fill the empty v-rooms between spokes with iron and get it welded together. For this there was a special device. Note that the on by Krupp 1852 invented method to press fit a work ring, not yet were used. See link.
In order to get the wheelring in place. It was hammered.Ref 1
To keep this production running weveral iron works around Surahammar were bought. There were Lisjö, Svanå and others. These had large forest areas where timber were fetched. Svanå had one Lancashire oven and this production of iron was used fro the wheel center. This oven is in good stand.
Furthermore there were a need for several preheating ovens
for keeping the parts warm enough.
Keeping the parts warm in this oven. Note the worker has not his ffet fully in his wooden shoes.En varmhållningsugn. The heat! Ref. 1
All transports within the production were made mostly by horse and wagons. Mostly there were farmer around which got this missions. The development went on and the works needed more heavy transports year around. A railroad was built between Surahammar and Lisjö to get all timber and other stuff which Lisjö delivered. This railway bank is today partly instead the road to Lisjö, after removal of the rail. One locomotive was ordered from Kristineham mechanical works and it was named Vaulunder. The cost was 11000 Skr and had production number 17. The railway was in use from 1876 to 1926.
Works wagons were bought from Kristinehamn - Sjöändan railway. It was three types of wagons. One for transporting animals, one for person transports and on for cargo. The timber on the picture comes from Lisjö and are for sure 200 years old. Around Lisjö there are still very old pines.
Funeral wagon. Ref 1
Info plate fro funeral wagon. Ref 1
Horse cover used with funeral wagon. Ref 1
All what were delivered from the factory were sent by
railway. For this there was a large switching system for cargo wagons. This was
handled by locomotives. These pictures shows the types.
The railway depot in the museum, which was built only for
locomotive Vaulunder and wagon types. Here there are one person wagon for horses
and also the funeral wagon for Surahammar. These are in extensive condition.
Both wagon are produced by
Nordbergs wagon factory in Stockholm. All other 8 wagons are on deposit at
Swedish Royal stable and it is not possible for general public to see them.
Surahammar factory had 9 horsewagons for person transports and one Vabis car produced 1903. Reda the story in MC-museum webbsite. The first car is on deposit at Technical museum in Stockholm. It was built in 8 copies all equipped with railway wheels. They were used to control the railway line to Norberg.
Other Car MC museums in this website
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum|
MC museum Hedemora
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Skokloster car museum
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sagen Technical museum
Swedish Air force museum
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Volvo Industrial museum
Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se
with the apropriate permission:
Reference 1: © Björn Bellander bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Responsible for the collection is Surahammar Community. To visit this museum call Surahammar Community or visit MC Museet.
Webbsida som avhandlar Surahammars Bruksmuseum 8 pages
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