Karmansbo history. Ref. 1
Karmansbo history. Ref. 1
Foundries and mines in Bergslagen
Driving with mc to the Karmansbo forge
Text and pictures Björn Bellander. Pictures current 2008 Back Swedish version
since 060105
Updated
2018-03-03
© Björn Bellander
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About Karmansbo

The faundry

The ore

You find Karmansbo in the lower left part of the map. You can start from Kolsva and drive 10 km heading to Skinnskatteberg. You see the sign Karmansbo environment. You don't need to pay any entrance fee other then voluntary, in an old milk jug. It is easy to do this because a real blacksmith, a member of the society, takes care of guiding. The first you see is an old sledge which coal were transported to the forge. Many forges used coke or hard coal for heating. It was a rule from the Swedish Iron office that decided how much wooden coal was allowed to take from forrest around. This forge is today put in order to be able to show as demonstration how to work. This is done once a year first Holy Day in July. Several of the hammer is in a terrible condition. Only one hammer is put in order for use. The rolling mill can be driven for demonstration. Before the time of rolling mill plate iron was forged and this was the main product. To use a rolling mill was the new way to get rid of coal in the iron. The old was was mad in a hammer. This was known in the whole world. When the rolling mill came into use the buyer demanded that it must be seen on the product and then some blacksmiths had to hammer on the plate iron.
Karmansbo i nedre vänstra delen. Ref 1
Karmansbo i is situated in lower left part. Ref 1
Kolsläden. Ref 1
Coal sledge. Ref 1
En gammal mumblingshammare. Ref 1
One old mumblingshammer. Ref 1
Gamla smeders markeringar. Ref 1
Markings made by black smiths. Ref 1
Den berömda räckhammaren. Föregångare till valsverket. Ref 1
One famous hammer which is the forerunner for a rolling mill. Ref 1
Lancashire vällungn demonstreras. Ref 1
Lancashire oven is demonstrated. Ref 1
Smälthammare användes för att slå ihop göten före valsningen. Ref 1
A heavey hammer to hammer the casting together before rolling. Ref 1
Blåsmaskin. Ref 1
Blast unit. Ref 1
En docka framför en vällugn. Ref 1
One doll before a Lancashire oven. Ref 1
Del av valsverket. Ref 1
Part of the rolling mill. Ref 1
Info om Holms-jätten. Ref 1
Info about the Holms-giant. Ref 1
Holms-jätten som blev sheriff i Amerika. Ref 1
Holms-giant who became a sheriff in Amerika. Ref 1

Click for translation. Ref 1
Click for translation. Ref. 1

At my visit my guide demonstrated how a blacksmith worked in front of the Lancashire oven, using those help tools they had. For all forgers and foundries thare are one or more blowing machines. All got the power from the stream Hedströmmen. For demo the blower i coupled to an electric motor  in order to demonstrate all machines in Karmansbo. This forge survived up to 1958 and this show th high quality their product had.
There are many stories of course from this kind of places which during several hundred years produced iron. One about the large man called Holms Giant. All youngsters must beat him in holiday night. They never succeeded, instead they were sent into the ditch side. In order to lubricate the links they used a black forrest snail. All who have seen a western movie remember the bucket hanging under and rear of the stage coach. It was for storing snails or grease to lubricate the wheel axles. This you didn't know.
Karmansbo was earlu and partly owned by the family Örnclou and therefore the product had a sign as an eagle. This sign was known all over the world.


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Reference 1: © Björn Bellander  bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
 
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