Overview of Åg Factory. Ref 1 Foundries and mines in Bergslagen
Driving mc to Ågs foundry.

Text and pictures Björn Bellander. Pictures current 2012
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since 060105
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2017-05-17
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Ags factory
 

Overview Åg foundry. Ref 1

Map over Åg foundry. Ref 1

Tourist info. Ref 1

The nearby lake water control. Ref 1

Works environment. Ref 1

Map over Åg lake. Ref 1

About Åg. Ref 1

 

Åg furnace. Ref 1

Transport part along Isla creek. Ref 1
The main part of Isla creek. Ref 1
Picture from the small black smith was in work at the showing day. Ref 1
At this show day coffee and bred was serverd.  Ref 1
The area outside the furnace today. Ref 1
Preheating ovens. Ref 1.
Iron emptying place. Ref. 1
Stair up to coal area. Ref. 1
The bridge up for coal to top of the furnace today. Ref 1
Coal area today. Ref 1
The funace top where ore, coal and others were added. These kept stored around. Ref 1
Masugnens topp med de olika malmbingarna. Ref 1.
Top of the funace today. Ref 1.
Old bridge for transporting coal. Ref 1
Actual picture when working on top of the furnace. Note the balance. Ref 1
Invitation paper for the yearly meeting of Åg. Ref 1
At Isla creek there were some smaller streams and these were the outlet from the Åg lake. Here since ancient time a farmer timber saw been built by farmers in Östansjö village. Further more there was a mounting pasture with the name old pasture.

The main condistions were in place for a small community. Falu Coppermine invested money in mining. They had since long time started Vintjärns mine. This mine sent it's ore by wagonload to the foundry of Svartjärn. Here the iron became pig iron.

This furnace was not big enough to take all ore because of water supply was not big enough to generate power long time to this furnace.

Now it was decided to build a new furnace which should be a complement to Svartnäs. It became Åg. The Rhe building was ready 1828 and was in use for 99 years up to 1927.

The owners in Östansjö sold there ground and the area around and a smaller furnace was built 1826. All ore was transported to Åg by wagonload during winter from Vintjärn mine. All this ore was rusted to pig iron. This was then transported to Svartjärn which was the main furnace to Åg.

This was an expensive and time-consuming way but the best with the time being production. Åg had more water than they consumed for power and suggestion came to build a hammer. But this was instead made in Korsa. Now it was possible to raise the production 1838 to 175 days a years and 1700 tons of pig iron 1850.

But the whole furnace was on fire 1844 to the ground. It was rebuilt again in a year and the works was developed. Among all a new rust oven of Westman type was built. Air gas was taken from the foundry.

Another fire destroyed the works 1899, but Åg was built up at once. Now the leading group was updated and a manager was hired. Furthermore a school was started for the workers children and also and also a parish hall started.

The most important for a furnace at this time was that it could be in use year around. This was limited by the water supply. To make it better the water level in Åg lake was raised and water from around area was controller carefully. A railroad was also built from Vintjärn in order to be sure of ore supply. During warm winters it happened that no ore could be transported at all. All the horse wagons used the nearby lakes.

This showed to be a good investment. The foundry could now, modern and updated, be in use for 322 days 1890 and production was 4000 tons. The next investment was a new rust oven, which could take fine graded ore, of Wiborg's construction. This was built 1910 and reached as most 5900 tons 1913.

This became maximum for this small scaled iron poduction. In Europe the industry developed quickly and this demanded other type of iron and in much more larger amount. During the end of 1800 in Sweden the so called small scaled "works dead".

New works put effort in more large scale. This can be studied when Avesta works was built for large scale in the beginning of 1910.

The small works of Åg went on with fighting spirit and no one that worked there could ever what was going on. The demand for iron kept high because of all wars in the world. American civil war, Frech German war, Boer wars and WWI. Sweden delivered iron for all these. The development for others works which were placed better for transport made more tons of iron.

Ågs works was closed 1927 and al were astonished. In order not to cause discussion it was decided that nothing should be tear down. It was like "We are soon going on again". Everything was left as is and today there is an interesting goal for visits were that time of iron production can be studied.

Those children who experienced this download, arrange is once a year a meeting at Åg works and all other interested. At this oppotunity many aold workers come back an tell us about their workplace..

Pig iron balance. Ref 1
View from the slag heap. Ref 1
Loadnning the furnace hound. Ref 1
Loading the furnace. Ref 1
Emptying the furnace. Ref 1
Train arriving with ore or loading oir iron. Ref. 1
Tansport brige upt o the rust oven. Ref 1
Stored ore. Ref 1
Difernt storing places for rusted ore. Ref 1
Delivery of pig iron. Ref 1
Emptying the furnace. Ref 1
Another view from slag heap. Ref 1
Storeing room. Ref 1
Bottom part of rust oven. Ref 1
Left transport tools. Ref 1
Openings in rustoven. Ref 1
Rustoven. Ref 1

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Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the apropriate permission:
Reference 1: © Björn Bellander  bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
 
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