cover 19 pages. Pictures up to date year 2000.
Björn Bellander since 060105 Update: 2018-01-30
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The visitors main entrance of Mercedes Benz 2002
This is what you first see of the head office of Mercedes Benz in Stuttgart. It is very tight on the road to this place. Furthermore the office is placed close and under a motorway. We couldn't see any road signs. We had to drive after our feeling and atmosphere. There were lots of old and new Mercedes cars, Smarts and ordinary ones in the overcrowded parking along the road up to this picture. It must be here. There was not any reception room. We had to take a chance. Bosse parked a little impudently on a turning place for busses. Behind a gate it was a guard. That one we can ask. We were left in the car a little worried. Some rumors about police. But we could trust in Bosse. The visitors parking place was inside the gate and the turning place was for internal busses to the museum. Well driving in for parking, to the left of the gate along more or less expensive and testing Mercedes cars in the level of dream status. At the end we parked our buss in the sunny day. Rolling out of the buss a bit stiff and went toddling back to the buss stop. Everything was free and the transport was on it's way every 15 minutes. Together with a gang of Japanese, we went through the main factory guard, into the exciting Mercedes area. It took only 7 minutes.
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Der "Dreirad". Photo from Sinsheim museum.The car is a copy. Ref. 4Carl Benz "Dreirad Patent Motorwagen"
Carl Benz 1844-1929, earned his money by building gas motors. These were manufactured in Mannheim factory. During this time he was intensively working to carry out his idea about the self-running wagon. For this he couldn't use gas engines. He developed for this purpose a small 4-stroke petrol engine. It gave 0.4 ps at 400 rpm. The chassis that Benz constructed had only 3 wheels. He didn't succeed to develop a mechanism good enough for steering a four wheeler. With this engine car Benz did the first documented drive. July the 3rd 1886 in Mannheim. This date is considered as the birth of cars. All museums that will call themselves first class have a copy of Benz car. The original is put at Deutsche Museum in München. Several rumours are saying that his wife Clara took the car for a ride. If true, it's not the first time because it should be documented.
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Note the lower bearing for the balance wheel built in the cross bar is
made of wood.
Benz "patent dreirad motorwagen" engine 1886
Overview of the three wheeler. Ref. 6Next page 4 Former Last
Benz Viktoria 1893. Ref. 6Benz Viktoria 1893
Benz biggest problem with his first car was the steering. He was forced to build a "dreirad". Benz solved this problem on his model Viktoria. He developed a system with kingpin steering. This gave the front wheels the ability to turn with different angles. This is the system that all cars have even today. The solution was to let the kingpin lean in two directions. Everybody has heard about camber and caster angles. For this Benz got patent and it forced other car builder to make varying advanced solutions. The new way of steering was demonstrated by Freiherr Theodor von Liebieg 1894, when he drove from Reichenberg in Bohemia via Mannheim to Reims and back. This was of course only an advertising gimmick in 2 ways. Theodor had to proof the economical possibilities of the car and for Benz so he could get investment money. For people it proofed the security of the car. In spite of this the marked was not ready to buy cars. Only a few Viktoria were sold. Possibly it was depending on wheels. Rubber air wheels didn't come until 1898.
Engine was 1 cyl., with bore of 150 and stroke of 165 giving 2915 cc. It had 5 ps at 700 rpm. Because of unbalance an engine could not allow higher rpm than 700. It was DeDion that solved that problem. Top speed was 35 km/h (on roads of that time) and petrol consumption was 2 l/10km. Cooling system had room for 160 litres!!
Benz production figures was only 69 cars between 1885 and 1893.
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Daimler belt driven car. Ref. 11894 Daimler Belt-Driven Car
Benz had monopolized the front wheel construction. Daimler had to produce
The car was equipped with a 2 cyl engine with 762 cc and had bore of 67 and stroke 108. Power figures at 700 rpm was 2.5 ps and top speed 20 km/h.
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Benz Velo.Photo from Sinsheim museum. Ref. 4Velo 1894-1899
In spite of all economical stubborn, Benz engine continued to evaluate motor wagons. During this time his "gas motor" factory almost become bankrupt. Large efforts was made to get more money. No one believed in Benz car idea should give buyers. The first try gave the sceptics right. The uncertain running "Dreirad Patent Motorwagen" had a price of 4000 RM. It was to much money. Not even his second car, Victoria, were met with any interest to speak of. At last his third try gave a demand. He sold 67 cars 1894, 135 1895, 181, 1896. Velo was the first serial produced car. It weighed 280 kg and had an engine of 1045 cc which gave 1.5 ps. The price was 2200 gold marks. Totally he manufactured till year 1900 ca 1800 cars of different models. This made Benz to the worlds largest car producer.
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1902 Benz Spider
This car has a fantastic history. It was buried many years under a heap of coal in Ireland. In which way it was found there is no report. It was renovated at the Mercedes museum 1969.
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Opposite of Daimler Benz had not realized the importance and the worth of advertising value of racing cars. Yet he build this 2 cyl 2714 cc, 10 of at 1000 rpm and top speed of 50 km/h.
1899 Daimler Race Car "Phoenix"
4 cyl., bore 106, stroke 156, 5506 cc, Power at 950 rpm 27 ps and top speed of 80 km/h. Only 5 ex. of this car was build. This car in the museum is a model of 1902 car. It belonged to Count Zborovski. The engine kept under 32 years a circular sawmill running. After restoration 1954 it came to the museum 1969.
This car is from the beginning an order of Emil Jellineck. The demand was that it should have a 4 cyl engine. He competed later with it in Tour de Nice. It was high fashion at that time to compete under pseudonym and Jellinek put in his application for the competitions as Mercedes. It was in fact his daughter's name. The car with monsieur Mercedes won the competition. The car was developed 1900 with longer wheelbase and lower point of gravity. Jellineck liked this design so much that he put an order of 26 cars worth 550000 gold marks. But he claimed to be reseller for Austria-Hungary, France and United states. The car should also have the name Mercedes. After this all Daimler cars was sold under the name of Mercedes. This name became a hit. Later when Benz and Daimler were united, 1926, was the name Mercedes-Benz created.
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Mercedes Simplex 1903, 1905, 1907,|
Benz Parsifal 1903
The remaining pictures of Simplex are from 1905 and
1907 and are on stand at Sinsheim museum. Simplex had a very high standard of construction and terribly expensive. The car from 1907 was bought by the American agent and priced in today's value 4 million mark. Completely impossible to sell. After 3 years in selling hall it was put away and was stored. 1944 it was bought by Marianne Wing for 500 dollars as a gift to her husband. He kept the car till 1985 when it was sold to an American collector. He couldn't handle the old technique so he donated it to his church. They later sold it to the present owner. He has lend it out to Sinsheim Museum. The engine in this 1907 model had 4 cyl. 9500 cc power of 70 ps. 1905 model had 4 cyl., 6800 cc and power output of 45 ps.
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Mercedes Grand Prix car. Ref. 6
1906 Mercedes Race Car
Daimler (read Mercedes) had no good suitable engine for a race car. See Phoenix Contra Benz 1899 race car. This car is an expression for this. Maybach who made large engines, in the first hand for air ships had to let Daimler take his 6 cyl. motor. Although Maybach considered that 1 cyl is best 2 cyl. are acceptable, 4 cyl are to many and 6 cyl are not worth discussion, was this his first 6 cyl. engine. Bore 140, stroke 120 gave a volume of 11083 cc and with a power output of 120 ps at 1400 rpm. This gave a top speed of 150 km/h. Note that bore is bigger than stroke. On the engine picture you see the inlet side on the T-block motor. Look also how they have tried to prevent the front beam not to twist through the double friction absorbers with two bars down to the axle. There is no talk about these cars success. One can imagine that the construction was not a good one. Not until 1914 Mercedes came with a successful race car. In that car they took advantage of the construction refinements from the car of 1906. Se 1914 Grand prix Car.
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Lightning Benz at Mercedes Benz museum. Ref. 61909 Benz Race Car "Lightning-Benz" World record for speed was taken 1909 at Brooklands by Victor Hemery, when he drove Lightning-Benz to a top speed of 202.68 km/h. Already 1911 the American Bob Burman put a new record of impressive 228.1 km/h. This record kept till 1919 mostly because of first world war. From the beginning Blitzen Benz was build for 1908 French Grand Prix, but was rebuild as a record breaker car 1909. Engine was 4 cyl, 2 block according to Benz principle with enormous 21504 cc and highest power output at 1600 rpm and for that time impressive 200 ps.
Study the car and note the double acting friction absorbers. There are drive chain
The engine volume on 21 litre had overhead valves in 2 T-blocks and 2 sparkplugs/cylinder. You can see the pushrods coming up from the low placed camshaft.
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Mercedes successful race car was built for 1914 Grand Prix of France. Observe that this is still a Daimler. Jellineck. The competition model took the first, second and third places. The driver of the wining car was Lautenschlager. This car was later taken to England by count Zborovski. He sold it in England to the Robinson brothers. 1932 it was put away (nailed in) in a barn at Kelvedon farm Essex. 1961 it was brought out by Mann and Sears and a renovation was started
This engine was a masterpiece. What to say about 4 valves/cyl. overhead cam (single) and the beautiful designed inlet pipe with over pressure valve. Much copper, (it looks like that), may be because it was easier to do than casting. Steering gear looks even like all modern type till the servo was incorporated. There was no compressor until after the war.
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Mercedes Benz 1928. Black Prince. Ref. 41928 Mercedes "Schwarzer Prinz"
From the beginning this was a S-type which was delivered to Czechoslovakia. 1934 the car was modernized. It was very common to update bodies for the most expensive cars. Besides a 3500cc, 6 cyl. SS-engine, at 135 ps, the car got a very handsome roadster body. The work was done by a well-established body builder in Prague. Firma Ulec. The long front fenders and even the impressive motor hood caught easily the eyes of looking people. Neither fender or motor bonnet was surpassed by any Mercedes when this was done. Compare Mercedes 500 K Special Roadster. It was not delivered until 1936. Still today "Schwarzer Prinz can reach over 200 km/h. You can see this car at Sinsheim Museum.
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Mercedes Benz Cabriolet B and C1934, 1936
8 cyl. 88x108 5018 cc. Without compressor 110 ps with 160 ps, top speed 160
km/h, priced 22000 RM.
A small investigation.
Cabriolet A had no rear side window and only a simple backseat area.
Cabriolet B hade rear side window and normal backseat area but it was placed over the rear axle. One was sitting higher up than the driver.
Cabriolet C had nothing compared to A and b, but spare tires in the front fenders or inside/on the rear deck lid.
Sport/special roadster vas strictly 2 seated, with the possibility for seats in the rear deck lid. Spare tire o the rear lid.
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Mercedes Benz Special Roadster. Ref. 11938 Mercedes Benz 540K Special Roadster
This Mercedes model is principle worth all money in the world. Only 25 cars were built and 5 are still known to exist. Yet you should know that different models was sold with this type of body. Bodies with straight door and spare wheel in different places, hard top, fixed head coupe, and Maharadja style, so it is uncertain what Mercedes museum mean with the 25. The model could be ordered from 1936. Sure is that the car you can see at Mercedes and Sinsheim museums are one of them. One model with straight doors are to be found at RossoBianco-museum. A Maharadja type is shown at Bugatti-museum in Mohlsheim. I have also seen one at Åhlholms museum in Denmark. This museum is closed and cars are sold out.
The backseat lid can be opened for another 2 seats. Another site showing "Mighty Mercedes" is C.F.Mirbach Historical Cars.
5400 cc, 8 cyl. gave 115 ps without compressor and 180 with. Its max speed was 170 km/h. Till 1938 it was delivered with 4 gear then 5. Uncertain if any 5 gear was delivered before the war.
NB. According to the book Mighty Mercedes it was only the first samples that were equipped without side windows and hollow doors. It was then equipped with straight doors and side windows.
This car can be found at Sinsheim museum. (Ref. 4)
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Mercedes Benz 600 Pope car. Ref 1Mercedes-Benz Typ 600
8 cyl bore 103, slag 95, 6332 cc 250 ps
Typ 600 was built between 1964-1981. It was manufactured with the latest technic and with what you say regardless of cost. Buyer was of course larger companies, government and royale families. Among all I can mention shipyard managers drove around with type 600 between ship launching of oil tankers. One reason was of course space and refrigerator. These histories (without telling any details) I was told during my time working at an engine supplier.
This particular car is called landaulet. It was delivered to Pope Paul VI. The uncertain suspicions is that he got it free for advertising purposes, otherwise it hadn't come back to Mercedes museum. The special thing was that the driver was sitting isolated from the backseat. Only the normal window between. Pope was sitting in a armchair a little higher up, and had a roof hatch over. Just for Pope to be able to raise and bless the people. Places for 4 bishops (security guards round him in much simpler chairs. Note also the high up coupe part. MB 600 is an impressing car and was manufactured in 2677 ex.
Not yet, the second hand price on this type, has reached what to be paid for pre-war cars. This means that the real Mercedes enthusiasts can afford a used MB 600. Possibly they will never afford to support the car. But why not, a 600 in garage. Sometimes it is enough to sit behind the steering wheel saying: "Now I have only this and that to do". You can see 2 Mb 600 at Hoting Museum.
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Silver arrows 1937 – 1954
Something about 300 SLR. One of the first road race cars which was equipped with aerodynamic. The car had wings in front and air brake which was activated hydraulically by foot pedal. The construction was though not good because of the air turbulence. It was used very rarely. The engine with its desmodromical valves system is something for a connoisseur to admire.
When Mercedes withdraw from racing 1955 a winged proverb was created "but if they ever come back we should know what to expect".
…and now the are back again wining with Finnish drivers...
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Mercedes Benz 196R. Detail engine. Ref. 1
Read about Auto Union, the car that meet Mercedes with resistance.
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Janne Berg. A good guy, became tired after 3 hours in the museum. Lucky was that the cafeteria was open.
One was able to look in the big hall. There on the wall a DB601 V12 was mounted. An engine that was produced for more than 30000 aircraft and totally more than 50000? ex. The engine that was installed in all Messerschmidt and also was license produced in Sweden (Trollhättan) for aircraft J21 with rear mounted propeller. Of this engine there is one ex. at Eskilstuna Munktells, also at Skokloster (sold to Simrishamn) motor museum.
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Other Car MC museums in this website
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum|
MC museum Hedemora
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Skokloster car museum
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sagen Technical museum
Swedish Air force museum
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Volvo Industrial museum
Pictures from the following owners been used
with the necessary authorization:
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 2: ©Foundation Prestige Bugatti Paul Kestler
Reference 3: ©Auto-Salon-Singen www.auto-salon-singen.de
Reference 4: ©Sinsheim Auto Museum www.museum-sinsheim.de
Reference 5: ©Classiccar Collection www.carclassic.com
Reference 6: ©Mercedes Benz www.mercedes-benz.se
Website about Mercedes Benz cover 19 pages.
© Copyright Björn Bellander 2006-2013