Spare wheel Diamond T. Ref 1

Torsby Vehicle Museum cars
Text and pictures Björn Bellander  Pictures current 2008. 2011
Official website. 11 pages
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  Swedish version

Updated
2017-03-25

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Björn Bellander
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See also the following websites about Torsby Vehicle Museum.
Fryken truck Fryken truck gallery,  Vehicle museum cars gallery,  Vehicle museum MC,
Vehicle museum MC gallery

Buick, Fiat, Rugby, Chevrolet, Volvo PV4, Mercedes, Willys, Opel, Triumph, LT-car, Diamond T, Links

Page 1

Created 140113

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Swedish version

Buick Club Sedan  serie 68 1934 8 cyl.

 

Info at museum. Ref 1

The Buick when shown at Gothenburg fair 1978. Ref 39

Links

Buick Century

Buick History


Ullared museum

Buick Since 1934

 

Buick Club Sedan 1934. Ref 1
 
Buick Motor Company has a long story and can be referred back to 1890.

Engines were sold to the farmers around. The man behind the name was David Buick. His company changed name several times before Buick Motor Company got it's present name.

David was born in Scotland 1854 and moved to Detroit 1880. He was a clever engineer and work within plumbing. He invented how to protect pipes with china cover.

He sold this to be able to start up car production and was tremendous eager to replace horses with an engine. He was already producing engines as he had sold them to farmers already 1890. He started carefully but he had not sufficient with money and was forced to sell his business to his economical backups such as Benjamin Briscoe (read about Chrysler) and the banks.

The new owners started to move the factory to the former locals of Flint Wagons.

 David had a new model ready and it was tested by David's son Thomas. In the same time the banks and his boarder forced him to get the best businessman to take over the lead. It was William Durant.

This man owned a patent for a spring system for horse wagons. He was very impressed of the system of Buick springs and accepted the lead offer at once.

Durant took the first car to New York Auto Show 1905 and took the lead himself in the exhibition case. Then he returned to Flint Works with several orders. 1908 Buick produced 8820 car under the Durant's lead. Buick became the largest car producer in America this year. Read more about the Rugby car.

Durant then created the holding company which later should be General Motors. David Buick became just a spectator and could only see how Buick grew to a large car factory and died miserably poor


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Swedish version

Fiat Topolino 1953

Museets info. Ref 1

 

Links

Fiat bilar

Fiat 503 data

Fiat story

Ceirano Battista

Vincenso Lancia early story

Ansaldo car

OM car

Mefistofeles

 

Fiat Topolino 1953. Ref 1
 
For a long time I search in books and internet about the birth of Fiat. It seemed to bi impossible to find the real startup for this company.

Ceirano Battista. Ref 49But, suddenly the name   Ceirano Battista 1860-1912 showed on my screen and here I had the solution. This man who was the oldest of three brothers had travelled to Turin about 1890 to get education. With his brothers John and Matthew the rented a small place in order to produce cycles. Here another 2 men worked, who later should be famous racing drivers. Felice Nazzarro and Vincenso Lancia.

These men knew the construction of a car at this time and also another person Aristide Faccioli. He designed a car in which they mounted  a 633 cc engine. This car became a certain amount of success.

But now the real birth for Fiat. There was a car, 4 competent persons and they covered the branch from design up to production.

Now a man shows up. A man with money. Giaovanni Agnelli and Carlo Biscaretti. Carlo had more money. They realized that it was possibilities to build up a new industry.

These two men take over the Ceirano's business and also the patents which Faccioli owned for the car. The name Ceirano was still left as he continues his work up to 1924, before a name change was made.

Agnelli now create Fiat 1899. The first thing to do was to start producing Ceirano's first car, with the change for engine to a 2 cyl. boxer 679 cc. The car was presented on the market 1899. On this theme FIAT continued to develop cars. A car with engine mounted in the front and 4 cyl came already 1901.

FIAT started also with lorries. 1903 and 1905 they started the ball bearing business RIV. Large cargo ships, large ship engines 1910, airplanes 1915 and railroad materials. Other companies were bought like Ansaldo and OM.

Fiat was not afraid to make copies of other producers. Mainly from Mercedes.1902 FIAT introduced an engine with pair casted cylinders and self working inlet valves.

Fiat Mefistofeles. REf 19.The only way to get more power was to have larger cylinder volume. This went on till the famous racing car Mefistofeles model was produced. It's engine hade 4 cyl. and 18.2 litres.

Not FIAT had not found it's place among all models they made. This should not come until series building of cars started. Beginning of this came 1919 when a 1.5 litres model 501 was presented.

To enlarge the company FIAT offered licences for other producers in Europe. One factory started in Austria, Simca in France made FIAT cars named Simca and also NSU.

FIAT became the largest car producer in Europe an went also close to the American factories. later it was also understood after WWII that people needed small cheap cars and FIAT had such a car in the popular Fiat 500 Topolino.

Fiat 500 Topolino 1938. Ref 49FIAT has survived all crisis and depressions and has cooperation agreements among others with Chrysler and the Russian Lada is from the beginning a complete factory sold to Russia.


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Swedish version

Rugby Touring Model 6, 1926

 

Museum info. Ref 1

Rugby Touring 1926. Ref 1

Links

Rugby bilder

Rugby Durant

Star England

Star automobile

Durant motors

Durant cars

William C Durant

Rugby Touring 1926, Ref 1
 
Rugby car badge

The car Rugby is a part of the story about William Durant 1861-1947.

Durant created the first part of General Motors and during this time he also merged several well known car badges.

There were Cadillac, Oldsmobile, Buick, Oakland and Chevrolet.

He was a difficult person to cooperate with. Chrysler happened to start his business work with Durant.

This behavior should strike back on Durant and 1920 he was forced out of GM for the second time (first 1909).

Durant was a wealthy person and had no difficulties to start as a new car producer.

He named his new company Durant Motors. He organized this firm as good as with GM.

This meant that he should offer the whole line of different car types and price ranges.

All production was done through sub delivers. This was as long as the volume was not too big.

Among all his models there were Durant, Flint, Eagle and Star. Every model should be a concurrent to the matching GM car.

Star was a model that was exported to Europe. It had an 6 cylinder engine and was one of the cheaper models from Durant's segment. All 6 cylinder engines were produced by Continental and was presented on the market 1926.

In England there was already a registered badge Star. It existed between 1898 and 1932. Therefore the Star car instead got the name Rugby as the export name.

Durant Motors company sold cars between 1921 and 1933, when the company went bankruptcy. After this Durant went over to act with exchange business on Wall Street. At 75 years of age he was personally bankrupt.

Now he lived for a small pension together with his wife. He got a stroke 1942 and was partly invalid. In this condition he owned a bowling hall up to 1947 when William C Durant dies 85 years of age, the same year an Henry Ford.


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Swedish version

Chevrolet Standard six 1935

Museets info. Ref 1

Förarplatsen Chevrolet 1935. Ref 1

 

Links

Chevrolet

Chevrolet story

Louis Chevrolet

History of Louis Chevrolet
 

 

Chevrolet Standard 1935. Ref 1
 
Hallo if you are interested in Chevrolet.

Let's start with knowledge about Switzerland. this country is organized in cantons. In one of these clock manufactures had by time assembled. In Neuchatêl a man was born 1878, second son to Joseph-Félicien, clock manufacture. He got the name Louis-Joseph Chevrolet.

Louis was not going to be a clock manufacturer. Instead he was interested for cycle competitions and the mechanical things around. He worked at a mechanical workshop 1895 till 1899, when he moved to Paris.

Perhaps he was not so lucky here because he emigrated already 1900 to Montreal Canada where he stayed one year before moving to NewYork. Here he got work at DeDion's American company.

He got employed at FIAT America as a racing driver and was involved in developing a front wheel drive car in Philadelphia. He also drove competitions for Buick. William Durant was the leader for this mark.

We have now reached 1909 and Louis, who didn't have any conventional education in cars, started also to develop engines, at Buick. This was the beginning for the 6 cylinder Chevrolet engine, which always has supplied overhead valves. This cylinder head was lubricated by dripping oil from a felt lying on the rockers.

Louis started his own company 1911, named Chevrolet Motor Car Co together with Durant.

Several people, working with Durant, had different views about how to construct cars. This was also the case with Louis. He quite and sold all his shares in Chevrolet Car.

Durant continued and sold Chevrolet cars and earned so much money that he could buy himself into the lead of General Motors again 1917.

The company which Louis had started became now the most important source of income for Durant. Louis Chevrolet who lost the chance to be a millionaire, started instead a new company, Frontenac Motor Co, in order to produce trim parts for Ford cars. Louis disappeared now from the front of car history and kept his name only as the creator of car badge Chevrolet. He died 1941.

The car Chevrolet within GM went ahead with great success and not even the depression could stop the success of the badge.

1916, 70000 Chevrolet were sold. 1927 when Ford changed between A and B models, Chevrolet hade the highest figures. 1929 came a new 6 cylinder engine and 1 million cars were sold. 1934 GM had reached 10 millions and Chevrolet was the most common car sold and 1939 GM reached 15 millions.


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Swedish version

Volvo PV4 1927

Museets info. Ref 1

 

Links
 

Volvo ÖV4, PV4

Pictures for Volvo early testcars

 

Volvo ÖV4 1927. Ref 1
In what way did Volvo start their production of a car.

After the principal declaration it was decided that Gustaf should take out drawing basis for a car. With these drawing basis Assar should sell the idea to SKF in order to get money. Gustaf who was employed at AB Galco. This company had such production that they should let them produce the test series. Anyway he had to continue with his ordinary work. Now he changed his living apartment at Rådmansgatan in the south side of Stockholm for a construction office. Here together with some selected engineers like Jan G Smith the construction drawings were made.

Today no one knows their construction principles, except simple and tested.

Probably is that Gustaf Larsson had examined other cars, mostly with the help of Jan Smith. He had worked some years in USA and there collected basic data. Gustaf had knowledge from his working in England. Jan had put together a scrapbook in which he had collected important principles for car production. This book now can be seen at Stockholm Technical Museum. This was close to stealing ideas.
At this time Chevrolet had established i Sweden and several ideas must have come from this car. This car was mounted in Stockholm. The rims with which the test cars got were delivered from Chevrolet. It was important to save money.

As far as up to now they worked with money from Assar and Gustaf. In June 1925 the chassis drawings were ready and Assar's work started to convince SKF to invest money for building a test series. There was no doubt that a marked for Swedish cars existed. 1925 Sweden imported almost 14500 cars for a value of 35 millions Skr.

SKF doesn't give money for the test series.

Jan Smith orginalritning. Ref. Wikipedia.With the drawings under his arm Assar Gabrielsson went up the head office of

SKF. As he was marketing director for Sweden, it was no problem for him to introduce his ideas. Note that SKF was still a subsidiary to Gamlestaden. Perhaps it was this cause that the board decided not to give money for a test series of cars.

Assar and Gustaf make the investment for the test series themselves.

Volvo ÖV4. Ref. 40Here could this dream stopped if not Assar had so much money. He could pay the introductory phase himself. This was what he and Gustaf decided. It would be Volvo ÖV4 under test. Ref. 1better to have a car to show up. With  the help of provisions and own loans they started to order a series of 10 cars. These were to be put together at Galco under the lead of Gustaf Larsson.

About these 10 prototypes it was decided that the cars should be painted in different colors. Some of the test cars got later nicknames. One, the black, was called Jakob and another with oval rear window got "Orre kojan". The official designer MasOlle lived in Dalarna County. Note that the car hade not yet got the name Volvo. When talking about the cars the worker just said GL or Gustaf Larsson.

The eventual concurrent ceased ther production.

May be the rival for Volvo AB, Thulinverken (Teve) may be mentioned. They had already 1925 produced  a new car after the AGA car. It was constructed by Per and Hugo Weiertz. The Thulinverken leaders had produced 12 prototypes 1927. This model could have been a serious concurrent for Volvo on the market but Thulinverken hade no money to start production and the project was laid down. Instead Thulinverken started to produce different coach works for various kinds of car types. For ex. fire cars and ambulances and others.

Read more in my website about Volvo.
 


Page 6

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Swedish version

Mercedes Benz 170VA 1939

Museets info Mercedes Benz 170VA 1939. Ref 1

 

Links

MercedesBenz Museum

Mercedes Benz museum 2

Sinsheim museum

Ladenburg

 

Mercedes Benz 170VA. Ref 1
 
Carl Benz, 1844-1929,earned his living by production of gas motoren.

Carl Benz 1844-1929, earned his money by building gasmotoren.  These were manufactured in Mannheim factory.

During this time he was intensively working to carry out his idea about the self-running wagon. For this he couldn't use gas engines. He developed for this purpose a small 4-stroke petrol engine. It gave 0.4 ps at 400 rpm.

The chassis that Benz constructed had only 3 wheels. He didn't succeed to develop a mechanism good enough for steering a four wheeler.

With this engine cycle Benz did the first documented drive. July the 3rd 1886 in Mannheim. This date is considered as the birth of cars. All museums that will call themselves first class have a copy of Benz car.

The original is put at Deutsche Museum in München. Several rumours are saying that his wife Clara took the car for a ride. If true, it's not the first time because it should be documented.

Read more about Mercedes in my website.

See a short videofrom from the first trial. Ref 4.


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Swedish version

Overland Whippet 1927

 

Museum info. Ref 1

Overland Whippet 1927 driver's place. Ref 1

Links

Willys

Knight engine

Sleeve valve engine picture

Maxwell Automotive

Stearns Automotiv

Russel Car Company

Chalmers Automotive

Durant

Motormuseum Torsong

Overland Whippet 1927. Ref 1
Several old car marks got birth from a energetic contractor when he bought a car producer which had economical problems. This was the way for John Willys who 1908 bought Overland Automotive of Standard Wheel Company.

This company became the next biggest car producer after Ford in America. This went on from 1912 up to 1918. Remember that all production for civilian market went down tremendously when war started. This was not bad for Willys because he earned much money from the military production.

John Willys used all his money to develop his company and products. When he earned much money he had to place them by buying other companies, who had interesting products. He also bought smaller companies who had developed special cars.

In this way he bought several car producers and put his own production of different Willys cars there. Such a place was for Willys Knight produced in Cleveland by Stearns. There were several different car factory here. Here the marked got the sleeve valve car. This type was patented by Knight. Stearn had earlier bought a license for this engine type. This engine characterized by high moment and silent running. It was rather expensive to produce. For this it was sold as a luxury car.

Then some companies were established in Canada  like Russel Cooperation and New Process Gears. Even Maxwell Automotive came under the wings of Willys. All John's companies became now so big that it was reconstructed as a Holding company. All parts became their own economical unit, but free to cooperate.

Duesenberg came also in Willys holding company and also Auburn and Cord.

The main important product was though the 4 cylinder Overland and Whippet. You can find a Whippet at Torsby Car museum. But in the whole the goal was to produce a 6 cylinder engine. The car on the picture is a 4 cylinder Overland Touring from 1923-24. A six cylinder car can be seen at Arvika car museum with the remarkable registration number S 1. I was living i Grums some kms nearby and could often see this car at the end of 1940th. Why remember this, my parents telephone number was number 1.

As all companies which grow to fast without a good connection to market and relationship to it's size. Willys Holding started to decline during the end of 1920th. Several companies were sold to get money. Factories were bought by Holding Units and then rented by Willys. Compare the selling of factory buildings in all countries all over the world during 1970 an 80th. Normally these were rented by former owner. For example ABB in Vasteras.

Well how did the 6 cylinder manage? The banks engaged Walter P Chrysler to make everything profitable. He was also like Willys interested to take over investing objects for his own earnings. Specially the 6 cylinder engine which was not ready developed. Of course it was several tours before Willys created his own company. This was later bought by GM with the 6 cylinder Willys engine.

Willys Overland Motor Company was reorganized, 1936, which still was a large producer. They got now together with Ford order to produce the famous JEEP. The construction company Bantam had not the capacity to produce so many units. You can see a Bantam at Sparreholm and Rydaholm museums Sweden. This made that Willys was bought by Kaiser-Frazer together with the license for Jeep.

1955 it was decided that the remaining of the production from Willys with tools should be moved to Brazil where the last cars of the mark Willys were put together. Later models from Willys like Aero were also done here. Ford continued the Brazil Willys adventure since they had bought the rests of Willys Overland. In America the name Willys disappeared when Kaiser was reorganized to Kaiser Jeep Cooperation. Everything ended up when the Chrysler Concern bought Kaiser and put their hands on the Jeep license. Chrysler was for a while Daimler-Chrysler before it was sold and became just Chrysler again.

Today the memory of Willys is hidden in all these sales at Chrysler, which fate in 2010th economical crises is unsure.

 

 

 


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Swedish version

Opel Olympia P4 1190 1937

 

Museum info. Ref 1

Links

Opel 8/40

Opel Olympia

Opel history

 

Opel Olympia P4 1937. Ref 1
Adam Opel is a name which most car enthusiasts know about. But that he was one of the men involved in creating cars. That may not be known.

Adam Opel lived between 1837 to 1895. The first car from Opel was build in cooperation with Friedrich Lutzmann 1899. It had a bad sales that's mean none was sold and their agreement was canceled after 2 years. Then one of Adam's sons made an agreement with French car producer Darraq about delivery of chassis with 2 cylinder engines. Opel mounted car body on this 1901.

Either this car got enough with buyers and this project was also canceled. Now Opel went in for a car of their own. It was named Opel Doctor vehicle 1902. It became popular and Opel production started.

But we start from the beginning.

Adam Opel was a son of a black smith. He produced different kind of locks. Adam started also with this profession. When he was old enough he went to Liege in Belgium and continued the to Paris. He had got to knoe about a new invention. Sewing machine. This kind of device consisted of many small forged parts. This suited his knowledge perfect. This was the reason why he moved to Paris. here he could learn about this new wonder 1859.

He was back in Rüsselsheim 1863. He started to produce his own sew machine. It took long time ato produce them. In this year he also married Sophia. This was the reason why he named his product Maria 1870.

It was not easy to ell these machines. Old tailors went after him and threw stones. They were afraid to loose their jobbs.

But the production raised and a new production local was built. He had produced 50000 units 1899. Many firms started to produce this kind. For example NSU and Huskvarna.

In the end of 1800 it was very popular to manufacture cycles. Adam had visit England to study this kind of production. He decided to cease with sew machines and instead put money for cycles 1887.

The cycle type in this time was the so called "High wheeler". The Opel brothers thought that this type was the future and they took part in many competitions.

Adam Opel had on the other hand the feeling that high wheelers were highly dangerous and after his travel to England he came home with new ideas. The production started . But Adam Opel died an his sons took over the company. Adam Opel Ag became the largest cycle Opel mc at Ziegenhagens museum. Ref 1producer in Europe 1920. They produced 4000 cycles a day and they started also to manufacture motorcycles.

The factory of Opel was destroyed in a fire 1911, but was rebuilt again and got also new production equipments. Opel became the largest deliverer of vehicles. But now WWI started and Opel change to vehicles to tow guns.

Between 1901 and 1919 several different vehicle models were developed and they got the standard appearance for it's time. The first real popular Opel car were those aimed for "ordinary people".  It got the nickname "Tree frog" 1924. Opel had installed a production line of the most modern type. Now Opel could lower the price for these cars.

Opel had noe a market share in Germany for 37 %.

General Motors became interested for Opel 1929 and it's modern production. GM bought 80 % of Opel and the rest  20% 1931. Note that we are in the bost bad economic time. The depression. !1934 Opel presented a new car  named P4 according to the picture. With this model the production raised to 100000 pro year.

In America now the first self-supporting Opel. It was called Olympia. The name came from the olympic games in Berlin 1936.

With our car, 1935-1937 model P4, we have reached the end of this little tale. If yoy want to know mor study my links.


Page 9


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Swedish version

Triumph Renown 1950

Museum info. Ref 1

Driver's place for Triumph Renown. Ref 1

Links

Triumph Cycle

Triumph Renown

Standard Motor Co

Triumph Motor Co

Triumph Super 7

Lea Francis

Triumph Renown 1950. Ref 1
Triumph heritage is from the beginning a German firm founded by Sigfried Bettman, who immigrated to England from the German Empire.

Here he opened an import export firm 1883. This was, 1885, named Triumph Cycle Company. The factory was placed in the industry town of Coventry.

1902 Triumph produced their first motorcycle which had an Belgian engine. Triumph has a very jerky history and went bankruptcy during the middle war period. Bettman disappeared from the board 1933 and Jacob Sangster bought the company 1936. The mark Trumpf-Adler office machine was a cooperation between Triumph and Adler.

Up to WWI Triumph produced even motorcycles for export to Germany. They were sold during different names till then the company TWN was formed. 1918 Triumph was the largest producer of motorcycles in England.

The board decided 1919 to start production with cars. Bettman was forced to buy the car company Dawson Cars. In this company the production of  a 1.4 litres Triumph 10/20. This car was constructed by LeaFrancis. Triumph had to pay royalty for every car that was sold. Later during 1920 Triumph constructed a car of their own, named Triumph Super 7. It was sold in many copies till 1934.

Now the company name changed to Triumph Motor Co. Thou the company was to small to be a concurrent for the larger serial producing companies. For this reason the decides to start with mor luxurious cars. Till now Triumph had bought used engines, which were delivered by Coventry Climax. Triumph now started to produce their own engine constructed by Donald Healy. He worked at Triumph as experimental manager.

Bettman was forced out of the board 1933 and Jack Sangster bought Triumph 1936.

The selling was reduced considerably 1939 and the company was announced for buying. it was decided to sell cycle and motorcycle productions. WWII came as cold douche an even the car production was stopped. Furthermore all production locals were destroyed by the German bombing.

The company Triumph which after the war only existed through it's name was now bought 1944 by Standard Motor Co and became a sub deliverer 1945. The meaning was that a new car should be a rival to Jaguar SS1, the coming past war Jaguar car.

Standard Motor Car had formed already 1903 by R.W. Maudslay and constructed a new 6 cylinder engine. For this they got some special orders.

1905 year Motor Show at Crystal Palace a reseller offered himself to buy their total future production. It was Charles Friswell. This changed. With Friswell as co owner this change the presumptions. Already 1912 Friswell sold his part of ownership in Standard to Sigfrid Bettman. The first commercial car was now realized and sold for £195 and 1600 were sold before WWI. The company was then sold on that time stock exchange 1914.

During WWI several different airplane types, like Sopwith Pup.

The past war production was done in a new modern factory, but profit decreased drastically. The new trend after war was small cheap cars for public and not big luxurious cars. A standard chassis was produced and sold to other car factories like Jaguar, HiIlman, Avon, and Jensen.

Reginald Moudsley retired 1932 from his company which he had created 1902.

Several different of car types were now offered with names like Flying Standard Nine and ten. The design was like all English cars from this time with sloping rear end of the car body. The model types then increased with Flying Standard Twelwe, Fourteen and Sixteen. Short before WWII the year production had reached 50000 cars.

During WWII they produced military vehicles and also the well know fighter Mosquito, which was mainly built up by wooden material. Even aircraft engines like Mercury Bristol and Beufighters.

Triumph Motor Co was sold 1944. The main reason was to produce a past war car. It was for the purpose to sell one standard simple car and one sporty. The sporty one got the name Triumph 1800 Roadster. It became so popular that the trademark Triumph became more known than Standard.

The new car with modern design, so called  Razor Edge, got the name Triumph Renown. One similar car was sold as Triumph Mayflower.

Just after the war aluminum plate s were cheaper than steel and the cars first were produced in wooden car body and then covered with aluminum plates. The costs were quickly changes and the cars became expensive. The production of Renown was ceased 1954 after 15491 copies. The design was yet stile leading.

Now we have reached the end of this article, which wish to show how the car Triumph Renown came about.

If you want to know more read my links.


Page 10


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Swedish version

LT-bilen 1919

 

This is probably car no 3. Compare the windshield and colour wit car no 2. Ref 48

Info at the museum. Ref 1

Engine and rests of the chariot on show at the coming "Lindstrom Works" in the museum. Ref. 1

Info at museum. Ref 1

Lindströms works. Ref 1

Registraition paper for car no 2. Ref 1

One surface-ignition engiine produced by Simon Resarewhen he worked in Karlstad. Ref 49

 

Links

LT-bilen

Alcometall

Österby gjuteri

Dirigold

AGA welding

Torsby Fordonsmuseum

US dirigold patent part

Solbergs Mekaniska

Johnsson Metall

 



 

 

LT-car no 2. Only the driver in the front seat behind the steering wheel. In back seatplace for 2. Ref 1
Chosen text from paper Signalhornet 7-8 1978. Ref. 39.

Once upon a time there was a grocer in city of Torsby. The year was 1909 or earlier.

His name was Anders Rudolf Lindström. 1884-1932. One can have the feeling that he was not sufficient with this and thought that it was not his task i life.

In spare time he planned to produce something which should be alike a self rolling vehicle. In his storeroom he was working with assembling his first vehicle.

It was built up with iron wheels made by a blacksmith in Fernsbol. We don't know much more about this rolling vessel. It was not just nothing more than a horse wagon.

It is said that during the first test it carried a tremendous sound on the Torsby streets. Furthermore the engine stopped unfounded when climbing uphill. The grocery errand boy had to push.

This first car became the main groundwork for his next trial.

During WWI Lindstrom started a workshop. He understood that this was his main task in life. He was not afraid to tell people what his goal was, a self rolling vehicle. In this way he was just the same type as the locomotive driver Hockenstrom in Bollnas. None of them where much in a harry.

Some time after 1919 Lindstrom build a workshop. It's place was just behind job center house today. The work shop stayed in place till 1965.

An important man for Lindstroms car building had moved to Torsby, Simon Resare. He had started to produce small boat engines. He was also an educated joiner and foreman.

Lindström got good contact with this man and he got also a helper in his works with Gottfrid Hansson.

Anders Lindström was not the man who worked with the production. It was a luck that Gottfrid had moved to Torsby and could take over the lead of car production.

Now a car was growing in the old workshop. The engine which Anders had made drawings for, was made at Solberga Works in Forshaga. All which during the second part of 1900 have worked at machine shops may remember the well known Solberga drilling machine.

The assembling of the engine which Resare was responsible for, had 2 cyl. in a V and was air cold. It gave 20 ps. This was the cause for the the car got a virtual cooler, made of standing small copper pipes. Gottfrid designed the car body. According the customary of the time it was made of veneer sheet.

The car had place for three persons. Power for driving was over cardan to the rear wheels. Some uncertainty about this is about the third car, which had a 4 cyl. engine and was water or air cold.

The frame was constructed by 2" pipes with crossovers. Lindstrom's workshop had no gas welding. Instead the frame had to be brass brazed. For this they used a blowtorch. Gas welding was not common until 1916, when Gustaf Dalén started a welding school at AGA in Stockholm. Gottfrid tells that they made the cooler from brass pipes, but it was just a virtual one. The third car may also been air cold?

The interior equipment was made by a saddler firm owned by Fritz Bergman. The engine was tested secretly inside the works. All this work took 2 years.

The 79 years old Gottfrind Hansson told Bengt Hansson who has written the article in motor magazine Signalhornet 1978.

"When we was going to drive the car out of the works, I was really nervous and drove backwards against a tree. We had to cur down it and some smaller trees in order to drive the car out. Then we had free way".

The car was named to LT-car. The letters came from Lindstrom- Torsby, but people cold it "Slow Production".  In Swedish "Langsam tillverkning".

Whole this project had of course got much interest in Torsby and around. Even the country councilor Emil Rylander had got a promise to buy the first ready made car for 6000 Skr. He was the most interested person to get the car ready made. When the first car was delivered Lindstrom had orders for 50 cars.

Now Lindstrom had been tired of building cars and instead continued to work with ordinary things in his shop. Among this building car body. In county of Varmland it is supposed that there is a Stoewer 1910 equipped with a Lindstrom car body.

The project with the LT-car was sold to two men, who had started a firm in Örebro, Alcometall 1922. There were  two engineers Carl Adolf von Malmberg and Carl Molin. They had returned from USA where they had got a patent for an alloy which was called Dirigold. It was used for table sets, household utensils and others. But even for handles and equipment for cars.

They bought the n:o three car for a small sum of money and also employed Simon Resare. They needed a good foreman. Here it was the meaning that the third car was to be built. It got a 4 cyl. engine. The car became though not ready made because the two engineers sold their firm and chose to start in USA 1925 instead. There was more money to earn in USA.

In any way Alco metal had a good living of their product range. They owned the rights for the alloy in Europe up to 1939. In this company Johnsson & Hill was involved. Later named Johnsson Metal, which started 1940.

The spin off today from AlcoMetal is Alco Propeller which is living today, 2014. They produce propellers and turbine parts and is working on the international market. In cooperation with  Österby Foundry. Today the owner structure is so difficult that any connection with the LT car is hard to see.

Simon Resare now moved back with the car to Torsby 1925 and made it ready in the old works of Lindstrom. The ready car n:o 3 was sold to Julius in Kallnas in Norway. He sold it later to Joan Bye in Grue-Finnskog. This next last owner changed it against 2 horse harness and 2 halters from Fritiof Hakansson in Flisa. Here all information ends, mostly for Fritiof's bad memory and age.

This was the way that Sweden developed. From a local artful and stubborn men, who had crazy ideas, several large international companies were created. The LT car has it's place in Swedish industrial history. Compare names like Hult, Ljungström, Nobel och Sven Wingquist.


Page 11


Back

Swedish version

Diamod T

Car on show in the museum. Ref 1

Spare wheel on Diamond T. Ref 1

Links

Diamond T

Olds Museum

Oldsmobile Wiki

Winton Motor Cars

REO Gold Comet

About Oldsmobile



 

 

Diamond T at the museum. Ref 1
 
Ransom Eli Olds

Ransom Eli Olds. Ref 43.Ransom was the first generation child after his parents who immigrated from Dorset in England. His father was named Pliny Fiske Olds (1828-1908) worked as a black smith and married to Sarah Whipple. He had settled in Geneva Ohio. The family had four sons and 2 daughters. Ransom was the younger and one older brother was Wallace born 1856.
In this text I use the following names: Ransom=Ranny= Olds

Lansing and Detroit south of "the Great Lakes". Ref 43.At the age of 22 1886, the family moved to Lansing Michigan. Ohio situated in connection with the three great lakes on the border to Canada. It was in this area all car factories established. His father continued with his business and brought it in line with the needs in the area. Ransom had both in Geneva and Lansing done missions for the farmers. It is said that he by time didn't like horses and his most wish was to be spared from horse wagons. His father opened a firm named P.F.Olds and son (son Wallace). Later Ransom took over Wallace place by paying him $1000. Ransom didn't go in schools for it's days. Instead he educated according time went on.

Olds Motor Works now moved to Detroit where a new factory building was set up. This became the first factory in order to build cars in Detroit. The meaning was that the Olds runabout 1901 should be build here and it was equipped with Ranny's engine.

The car got the name Olds Curved Dash. He had orders for 300 and planed to sell it for $650. The weight was 650 pounds and it was advertized as $1 per pound. There were also other prototypes made to show different models.

Curved Dash Olds at Motala museum. Ref 1Now it happened that the factory was on fire and most of the production locals were destroyed. Several different rumours about that all prototypes and drawings had burned but it is not true because these had been stored in basement where they were protected.

Ranny had a cooperation with Samuel L Smith. He was a cooper and lumber merchant in Detroit, and put money in Olds factory.

 

Samuel Smith's son Fredric had 1902 taken over the lead in Detroit. Fredric and Ransom were not agreed and this ended up with that Ransom left his membership in Olds Motor in Detroit. In big companies it is said that a leader had resigned on his own demand. Anyway Fredric was president and he had naturally forced Ranny to resign. Ranny sold all his shares and withdraw to Lansing.

With this money he started a new car production under the name REO Motor Car Company. This was the initials in his own name. Olds had all basis to be able to start a new production and 1905 till REO Royale Eight 1932. Ref 491909 he succeeded to sell several cars of different models. In order to put Fredric REO runabout 1905. Ref 43.on press he also sold a runabout for $650. Ransom's old company in Detroit, Smith-Olds Motor Works was already 1908 sold to the new car producer General Motors. Olds now let his employers run the work in Lansing and instead he worked with banking. He only interfered when his company 1934 almost was bankruptcy.

1936 he withdraw from Reo, which changed to produce larger trucks.

The company REO was later bought by White Trucks and REO was merged into Diamond T. Ref 43.Diamond T in order to win effects for common REO Buss. Ref 43.productions. Volvo trucks show up as a partner in White in the end of 1990. During the WWII there were no production problems but after the war the companu was in trouble. During a period they produced garden machines and marine engines and had also other types of  activities.

Olds creation which ended in a restructured company in scrap (recycling) line of business. May be a hard word but Nucor Corporation works with recycling of iron scrap. (Interesting site). The recycling for Nucor 2007 represent a recycled SUV car every fourth second.

The Ransoms car mark Oldsmobile was laid down by General Motors 1990.

Wonder if Ransom Eli Olds, who died 1950 is sufficient what became of his creation.


Other Car MC museums in this website

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Chaparral carmuseum
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Falkoping MC Museum
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Pictures from the following owners have been used in
bjorns-story.se with the necessary agreements:   
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander   bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com Reference 4: ©Sinsheim Auto Museum www.museum-sinsheim.de
Reference 39: © Hasse Carlsson Signalhornet
Reference 48: ©Access from website
Website about Torsby Vehicle museum
Consist of 11 pages.

© Copyright Björn Bellander 2006-