Que for entrance Sanday morning. Ref 1 Museum of science and technology Stockholm
Airplanes Cars MC Turbines
Text and pictures Björn Bellander Pictures current 2010. 31 pictures.
Back Swedish version Official website
© bjorns-story.se
Ref. 1 Björn Bellander
Created 2011

Technical museum in Stockholm Sweden has several different parts and catch people's interest by arranging popular exhibitions like space technology. Furthermore they have a standing exhibition in their machine hall with cars and other machine equipments. Here I show pictures of old cars, motorcycles, airplanes and also the the Swedish radial turbine. 2016 I saw The Detroit car at Arvika museum. The two Swedish aeroplanes are moved for renovation. The museum are going more and more to be a playground for children.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
In the large exhibition hall several different old airplanes are shown from the early 1900. What my picture shows is one Thulin reconnaissance, Thulin LA equipped with water kit. Thulin made several models and one with three engines, Thulin H. These types were not lucky most because the engine power was too low. The rotation types which Thulin made were not powerfull enough with their 100 hp. Under one pontoon you can see another early plane which was the first to fly between Copenhagen and Malmö by Robert Svendsen as pilot. This Voisin plane was given to the Swedish navy and that's why it is preserved. It was also on show in the place Gärdet Stockholm early 1910. Look in my webside about Enoch Thulin.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
It was a Bleriot XI which was the first plane that Enoch Thulin bought. He bought this plane with his partner Sundstedt from a shoe producer Oscaria in Örebro. This plane was in a bad condition. It was moved to Cederström's hangar at Malmslätt in order to be renovated. From the beginning it had been bought by Cederström and was christened the name Nordstiernan. After this Hugo Sundstedt had made the Oscaria owner to buy it for advertising. Thulin started to copy the plane, but later got a license to build this type just before the outbreak of WWI. When visiting Paris he also bought one Morane Saulnier which was modern. Bleriot XI copies was then sold as a trainers and the Morane was sold for defence. It was the AGA chief Gustaf Dahlén who paid everything. Notice the four blade propeller in the background which is glued but mainly cut in one piece by Palle Mellbom the Thulin's joiner.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Junkers J1 was the first real passenger plane. The first version 1931 had only one engine and the pilots had to crawl throug the front window to enter their seats. A small "Brooklandwindow" was the only thing that prevented pilots from oil and air pressure to enter their faces. You can see this plane at Luftfahrtsmuseum in Hannover. See also my website about Svedino museum.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
The Voisin was hangin far back and could not be photoed.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Detroit Electric was founded from the Anderson Carriage Co., later christened to Detroit Electric cars 1911. This company normally sold on special orders succeeded to survive the depression 1929, but no more than they had to begin with transport cars. It was made for town transports. Bank manager K.A. Wallenberg owned one in Stockholm. The bankruptcy happened 1938 and the company was removed from the register 1942. Today the Malaysian car factory Proton has taken over the name and now produce modern celectrical cars constructed by Lotus Cars. Their cars can drive 160 km on one charge. About Andersson you can see one in my website Svedino museum.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
The late Lotus history is the following. The company was bought 1986 by General Motors. 1993 GM sold their share for 30 million pounds to Romano Artolio, owner of the name Bugatti. 1996 most parts of Lotus was sold to the Malaysian car producer Proton. This company put much money in electric cars and Lotus Cars make their constructions. For this project Proton has taken over the name Detroit Electric. Lotus in England make their living as a construction firm for cars, just like Porsche. 2021 Chinese comoany Geely is owner of Lotus.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
The both gentlemen Hildebrand and Wolfmüller gave us the word motorcycle when they got patent for their motorized two wheeler and called it a motorrad. The engine was a watercooled with 2 cylinders lying besides each other making work beat every other turn. It's crank worked direct on the rear wheel. The inlet valve was atmospheric and the exhaust valve was controlled from the rear wheel. The cycle was popular in the beginning and about 2000 were produced before interest disappeared. The production ceased 1919 at the end of WWI.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Steam engine for a car 1902 - 1925 produced by Stanley Motor Carriage Co. Cars that had a steam engine were rather common 1900. Stanley was the leading producer of steam engine cars and they used kerosene. The prime advantage to use such an engine instead of explosion motor were that they were strong at low speed and didn't need a gearbox. This engine has two cylinders with a power of 20 ps.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Steam engine according to the previous picture. You can look at a Stanley steam engine car at my webbsite about Sparreholm museum and also Haynes museum in England.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Markis Albert DeDion and Trepardoux started to build steam cars. These were equipped with a rear end of their construction and got the name DeDion. Treparoux didn't like the new engine and left the company when petrol engines were introduced. They had 1 cylinder and were mostly mounted in 3 wheelers. This was a good solution for the road at that time. This engine was the first type of so called high rpm engine with 2000 rpm. 137 cc. They were used between 1896 - 1902. Then De dion changed to 4 wheel vehicles. DeDion existed up to 1927 with private vehicles but produced transport cars up to 1950. About DeDion read  more at Arvika museum.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
1900 a company was founded in Malmö in order to produce bicycles. It was AB Scania. The company was a name change of Swedish Humber AB. 1901 they started with cars constructed by Thorssin & Svensson. 1911 Scania Vabis was established and a factory was opened in Södertälje to produce special oredered cars mainly to be used as taxi. The production was gradually changed to make transport vehicles. The company was the largest private car maker in Sweden and sold about 1100 cars.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
AB Scania-Vabis was established 1911 through merging of two car producers and became the largest producer in Sweden during 1910 with a production of 100 car pro year. In Malmö and Södertälje there were production of elegant cars for the court, private persons, companies and taxi use. The showed car was owned by AB Stockholm Brewery and used as a manager car. The car has a 4 cylinder engine and powered 30-36 ps. The gearbox has 4 gears which act through a handle outside the chariot. Scania Vabis changed to transport vehicles like lorries. See my site about Scania Vabis.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Detail picture from the 4 cylinder engine in the previous car picture.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
The brewery car on a street in Stockholm. Surely photo is taken outside a licensed brewery house.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Scania 1901 - 1902. This car was the first produced car by Scania in Skåne and is the oldest from three preserved test cars. It was called a light walk carriage and inspired by French Aster car models. It had a watercooled engine and a planetary gearing in two steps. The engine powered 6 ps.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Thulin Type A 1924. Was produced by the reconstructed company after the bankruptcy of Thulin. Management AB Teve, Landskrona. Thulin's company had to start with other products after WWI. A car was build by copying the German car AGA. 500 copies was produced between 1920 and 1925. It was not a success because of the price. It had a four cylinder engine giving 25 ps. 1927 Volvo started their production of cars. Read more in my website about Thulin. This car is on show at Arvika museum.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
The four cylinder 25 ps engine in the Thulin car.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Front end on a Thulin car. Note the time typical spindle and steering arm. Almost like a Ford. See also all points of lubrication. There is no shock adsober.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
The oldsmobile Curved Dash was the first American motor car to be produced in a large series. More than 11000 models were manufactured between 1901 ans 1909. It had a single cylinder engine. Power 4.5 ps at 600 rpm. It was started with a handle. The slow turning engine was certainly audible. One explosion for each telephone pole became the vehicle's hallmark. Read more at Malmö Technical.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
The Swedish artist Prince Eugene Eugene Bernadotte owned one Olds 1903.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Victoria Combination 1899 - 1900. France. Before the car had found it's form, several different solutions were tested. This car is inspired by a horse and wagon. Steering is "Waist steering". The original engine was one cylinder De Dion. In 1910 a bigger 2 cylinder engine was mounted. Note the steering handle.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
 Leon Bollee 1897 from France. This was a popular and reliable car which was produced in large number between 1895 and 1899. Two passengers had two places in front seat and the driver had his place in back seat. This 3 wheeler had a lying aircold four stroke engine giving 2 hp. It's place is outside the rear wheel. The power is linked over to the rear wheel with a belt. Only one control stick handle three gears, brake, and clutch. Speed was max 60 km/h.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Gustaf Eriksons first car 1897 - 1902 was built at Surahammars Factory and it's sister wagon factory in Södertelje. It was the first type of car in Sweden with internal-combustion engine. It was constructed by Gustaf Erikson who worked at Surahammar factory. The meaning was that it should be the first series produced car. It was an expremental car and was equipped with several different engines. When the car was on demo for the Sura board 1898. it was equipped with a 4 cyl engine running on paraffin. At the mc museum Surahammar there is a simple copy and also an original 1903 car. Read at Surahammar mc museum.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Erikson car from 1900-01 car in reality seen at Technical museum Stockholm. It wa equipped with a 2 cyl petrol, watercold boxer engine. Another can be seen at Scania Vabis Museum Södertälje.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
The placement of engine and the handle to start the engine.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Photo of the Erikson car from behind. Note the very "efficient" brake working by usage like horse wagons on rear wheel.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Two Swedish inventors brother Fredrik and Birger Ljungström constructed the double rotation turbine. About these two men I tell you in my website about Grängesberg Railway museum pages 8 to 10. This picture shows it's principle. The following pictures also shows it's most complicate construction.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Here you can more closely study the way it's built. Right and left side rotate to the right and left way. A very significant machining. Also take in consideration the material expansion.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
Slices blade system for a Stal turbine from 1920. This type was constructed in the end of 1800 by the two Swedish inventors Birger and Fredrick Ljungström. This type of steam turbine has been built in several thousand copies and are used all over the world to generate electricity and power for the propeller in steam ships. It can generate over 5000 kW.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
This picture will show how the tightening are made. The principle is that each tightening will lower the leakage pressure to an acceptable level. It took many years before the construction was ready for the market. Very interesting to study and understand. The first produced type was sold to England and used for London Subway during 50 years.
Technical museum Stockholm. Ref. 1
When I after 3 hours went home it was still que to enter. One cause was that just at this opportunite they had a special exhibition for Nasa Air Space parts. The Swedish astronaut had also been there.

Other Cars MC museums in this website

Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti 2000
Bugatti 2018
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz 2000
Mercedes Benz 2018
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
Munktell museum
Museum joerney 2018
My ArtGlas collection
NSU 2018
Otto Walz 2018
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Peugeot 2018
Porsche 2000
Porsche 2018
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum 2000
Sinsheim museum 2018
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volvo Industrial museum

Other sites
Military service
Travels (in Swedish)
My Heritage (in Swedish)

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the necessary allowance:
Referens 1: © Björn Bellander  bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
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