Bosse, Uffe, Björn och Tord Fika på Mercedes museum.
Bosse, Uffe, Björn och Tord. Coffee break at Mercedes museum. Ref. 1
Museum joerney 2018
NSU motor cykel museum.
Text and picture Björn Bellander. Pictures current 2018
Back Official website Swedish version

since 060110
© Björn Bellander

Mercedes museum 2018, Bugatti museum cars before WWI, Bugatti museum Bugatti cars, Bugatti museum cars WWI-WWII, Sinsheim museum 2018, Porsche museum 2018, NSU museum 2018, Besok Otto Walz, Peugeot museum
Bugatti museet (over 600 pictures), divided in 3 websites.

Musei joerney 2000: Sinsheim museum 2000, Mercedesmuseet 2000, Porsche museet 2000Bugatti museet 2000, Ziegenhagen museet 2000
Contents in this page of NSU museum.
Page 1 is from the beginning of this visit. Page 2 NSU museum, mc:s 1900-20, Page 3 Wankel engine and cars. Sid 4 Kettenrad and MC 1920-35. Sid 5 Race mc. Sid 6 MC 1936-45. Sid 7 MC 1950-60. Sid 8 Entance hall. Sid 9 Cycles and help engines. Sid 10 Other mc brands.
Search register mc- model on this page.
Search links for museums in bjorns-story.

Page 1

Created 20180425


Our living near NSU
Rogers entre lobby.
Gasthaus Roger outside Löwenstein in a wine region.  Ref. 1
 Vår bokning av bor på Rogers resturang.
Breakfast on the first day, we took table. Ref. 1
Andra kvällen satt vi allstå här och ber för att schnitzeln skall vara god.
The second night we sat at our VIP table and ordered the schnitzel. Ref. 1
Schnitzeln såg lite tunn, till vi kom på att man kunde gå till det småvarma med grönsaker att fylla på.
The plate of schnitzel looked a bit thin out, until we figured out that we could go to the Kylie table with vegetables, to replenish. Ref. 1 Bosse och Uffe hade bestämmt att det var slut med öl. Nu skulle det vara husets rödvin.
Bosse and Uffe had decided that they were finished with beer. Ref. 1
NSU Museum building
Tvåtakts museet i Neckarsulm. Ref. 8
Zweirad Museum in Neckarsulm. The white building is the modern extension. On the right the old Castle. Ref. 49

Tord had arranged the tour so great that we just needed to stay overnight at two different Gasthaus. Two nights at each. The first was located in a small village/town of Germany, Löwenstein, just outside. Here we wrote in at ordered rooms. It was Gasthaus Roger. We came in good time when we only had visited one museum, which was Sinsheim. With the help of the splendid Tomtom, we were guided straight to Löwenstein. This Hotel was just outside the village/town. We had only driven about 5 miles. from Sinsheim.
We had time so it became 45 min rest before entering the restaurant. It is hard to go in  a museum.
Here we sat down at an appropriate table and started dividing over what the menu offered.
Beer was ordered immediately. If you say beer you get normal beer, but Uffe would have dim, and it took a while before we found the word in german. In Germany is all food "pork" both up and down. You just have to know how it is cooked. We took what was the most expensive. For us it was a party. Maybe you can suppose a little reasoning about Sinsheim Museum should have been chatting, but I don't remember taht, after two large glasses of beer.
Here we sat and talked sure in two hours, and the restaurant room began slowly be empty, waiters went around and picked so we went back to our rooms. We had been up legs since 03.00 in the morning and now it was 20.00. All Electronics was put on charge and then we fell asleep pretty quickly about 21.00.
The next day, on april 20, would we go to NSU Museum in Neckarsulm and Porsche in Stuttgart/Zuffenhausen.

Page 2


Visit at the NSU museum



Teutonic gruppen


Gertrude Eisemann. Ref. 1
Gertrude Eisemann. Ref. 1
Martin Geiger. Ref. 1
Martin Geiger. Ref. 1
Alwin Boldt. Ref. 1
Alwin Boldt. Ref. 1

Christian Schmidt NSU founder

Heinrich Stoll NSU founder

NSU history

Gottlob Banzhaf

German crown prince

Neckarsulmer fabriken 1904. Ref.1
Neckarsulmer factory 1904. Ref. 1
Neckarsulmer fabriken 1925. Ref. 1
Neckarsulmer factory 1925. Ref. 1
NSU Werke AG. 1955. Ref. 1
NSU Werke AG 1955. Ref. 1
Huvudentren bakvägen till museets ingång.
Entrance through the old castle. Ref. 1
We came away from the Rogers well in advance. TomTom, which already at home in Sweden were fed with information needed only to be plugged into the cigarette lighter. We slipped out in brilliant sunshine, went through Löwenstein where everyone already were  at work. Stuck in a moment behind a garbage truck and an off road, but it solved. Then over a watershed mountain in Germany. and out on the autobahn. It was only 5 miles in total, so we came up with Nekarslum quite soon. Now had to find its way to the Museum of the city with all the narrow streets. We ended up at the back and got a free parking. It was a park that we went through and on the way fickjag try with my fragile German by asking some road workers ' Wo ist der Eingang das museum ". Itwas understood a and the man waved his arm. We were on the back and went through according to picture the old castle wall with gun ports, and all sorts of defence equipment.
Yes on the front were the actual parking lot but we came not there for the connecting road was blocked off for road work.
Now began that delirious feeling that we would see something really interesting again. Tickets were bought by a kind Lady for €5, which may be considered to be very cheap. Sinsheim cost €19.
The Museum is partially located in the remains of an order's houses named Brothers of the order of  German House of St. Mary. Here stood a castle in 1150 's.

MC 1900 - 1919

Strickmaskin. Ref. 1
 En stickmaskin som tillverkades kring 1873
The mechanic Christian Schmidt and Heinrich Stoll founded workshop 1873, to produce knitting machines. Image Ref. 1. It was first added in Riedlingen but soon moved to Neckarsulm, 1884, which was found had advantages for their production. But Christian died in 1884. NSU began about 1886 to produce motorcycles and 1892 this had ovetaken the knitting machines and the name was changed to NSU (Neckars um Sulm).
1905 the farst car was made. Successor became his brother-in-law Gottlob Banzhaf had other ideas and began with bikes.
1901 bought from Switzerland a Zedel 211 in cc engine which was mounted on a bicycle and became the first NSU. During the period between the war was Europe's largest motorcycle manufacturer. Put earned money during the 50 's on the Wankel engine. Petrol crisis, costs was high and sales were poor by prestige model Ro-80. 1969 Volkswagen bought the company and merged with Audi. After it moved all production to Ingolstadt where Audi was concentrated.

NSU 1907 1/4  hk. Ref. 1
NSU 1902 1/4 hk. NSU began in 1901 with the serial production of motorcycles. Compare a Swedish mc Blomster1902. Ref. 1
2,5 hk NSU 1905. Ref. 1
The oldest mc at the Museum with 2.5 hp. Model Feldberg. 1901 had imported engines from Zedel in Switzerland. 1903, it had its own engine ready. Ref. 1
Feldber 1905. Ref. 1
This mc was stored between 1908 to 1988 on the upper floor of a barn in Ellwangen. Ref. 1 
1905 3,5 hk motor i närbild. Ref. 1
1905. Neckarsulmer, Feldberg model seen in close-up on the engine. Exhaust valve was governed by two kamm lifters, over a push rod. This is Feldberg model. Ref. 1. (See also next picture).
1905Neckarsulmer 2,5 hk. Ref. 1
1905 Neckarsulmer. Before it changed its name to NSU. The model was called the Feldberg. It was first completed in 1903 with 2.5 HP. The model was manufacturedwith some developments until 1910. Ref. 1
NSU 1907. Ref. 1
1907 NSU racing machine. Driving in ovals were popular during the first decade. NSU delivered this machine for competitions. NSU also helped drivers with racing machines. Ref. 1
1907 NSU närbild motor. Ref. 1
1907 close up picture of NSU engine. Vakuum constrolled inlet. 243 cc 2 hk. Ref. 1
1909 Neckarsulmer 2,5 hk. Ref. 1
1909 Neckarsulmer 2.5. This V2 model came in response to the trend of V2 engines. This model was designed for export to England.Ref. 1
NSU från 1909 6 hk. Ref. 1
1909 came this Neckarsulmer 6 ps touring model. It had a lengthened wheel distance, telescopic acting front fork. Due to the V2 engine it was called for Doppelzylinder. The first owner was the Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Preussen. Under his exile in Holland, he was faithful to the brand NSU Ref. 1. (See also next picture).
Kronprins Friedrich Wilhelm von Preussen. Ref. 1
This man is the Crown Prince of Prussia, and was the first owner. Fled after WWI to Holland.
1912 NSU V2 3hk.Tillverkad 1911-1916.  Ref. 1
1912 NSU V2 3 hk.Manufactured 1911-1916. Ref. 1
1912 Neckarsulmer 3,5 hk. Ref. 1
1912 Neckarsulmer 3.5 HP. American William Stiff ran this  1909 model, between Los Angeles and New York. (See also next picture).. Ref. 1
2 hk 1910. Ref. 1
1910 2 hk. Also manufactured with V2 engine. Ref. 1
1912 Neckarsulmer 3,5 hk. Ref. 1
1912 Neckarsulmer 3,5. Detalij picture of engine. Note wakuum valve. Ref. 1
 1915 NSU 3,5 hk militär. Ref. 1
1915 NSU 3.5 hk military. Kick start, oil pump and front forks according to American model. Wanderer and NSU were the major suppliers to the German armed forces during WWI. Ref. 1
NSU 1919 .Ref. 1
1919 NSU 4 HP. After WWI NSU was the main supplier to the German armed forces. This motorcycle was developed from a military model from the war and was delivered to the police, 1919. Then it was out on the civilian market. Ref. 1

Page 3


Cars and Wankel engines.


NSU type 32

NSU Wankel Spider

NSU Ro 80

NSU 5/15

NSU 8/24

NSU Cars

Wankel engines and cars.

1954 had Felix Wankel presented its idea of vridkolv engines for NSU. NSU began development during 1956 to 1963 and  had a ready-made rotation engine to mount in a car. It became the NSU Spider which mounted in their base car NSU Sport Prinz. The body had been designed by a body company. The engine was a 500 cc and gave 50 HP and was placed in the back. Spider was offered on the market from 1954.

Wankel engine was offered to license on the market and everyone bought such, other than BMW. NSU had during the early 1930s worked with Porsche for a folkbils project. This shows nothingin this museum. Read about it in the Porsche Museum. Instead, the idea was taken up in the 50 's with a car equipped with a wankel engine. a project that would lead to the NSU came into insolvency and was sold to Volkswagen and VW named K70 was produced.

About Wankelmotorn. Other NSU cars.

Princip Wankel motor. Ref. 1
NOTE rotation counter-clockwise. The last part of the exhaust gas escapes A. black part. At the same time begins to flow, black arrow (A). Ref. 1
Princip Wankel motor. Ref. 1
Flow pressed out during the next inlet. At the same time, compressed gas in B. Ref. 1
Princip Wankel motor. Ref. 1
The compressed gas is ignitioned by two spark plugs B. Principle there were two cylinder rooms. Ref. 1
Princip Wankel motor. Ref. 1
Gas expands and forde the toror to revolve round C. The following part is compressing new gas. A. An so on. Osv. Ref. 1 
NSU Prinz motor 1965 -11967. Ref. 1
NSU Prinz TT engine engine 1965 -1967. 1085 cc 4 cyl. 55 ps 4 gears. Ref. 1
4 cyl Prinz motor uppskuren. Ref. 1
4 cyl NSU TT 55 hk 1288 cc 65 ps 1972, engine opened. Ref. 1
NSU Prinz III 1958 - 1961 2 cyl. 583 cc 23 hk. Ref. 1
NSU Prinz TT III 1958 - 1961 2 cyl. 583 cc 23 ps. Ref. 1
NSU Prototyp 1951 Wankel 251 OSL Prototyp. Ref. 1
 NSU first ready made Wankel. Mounted in NSU Spider. Ref. 1
Spider motorn med en kammare, 500 cc och 50 hk. Ref. 1
Spider engien with one chamber, 500 cc och 50 ps. Ref. 1
NSU Spider med wankel med en kammare på 500 cc. 1964 - 1967. Ref. 1
NSU Spider with Wankel engine, one chamber and 500 cc. 1964 - 1967. Ref. 1
NSU Ro 80 motor med 2 kamare om 50 cc.1967 - 1977. Ref. 1
NSU Ro 80 enigne with 2 chambers and 1000 cc. 1967 - 1977. Ref. 1
Ro 80 motorn uppskuren vid kammarna. Ref. 1
 Ro 80 engine opened to show chambers. Ref. 1
2 cyl Prinz motor. Ref. 1
The piston 2 cylinder enginge for Prinz. There were two variants. 23 and TT modell with 55 ps. Ref.1 
Motorinstallation i Prinz. Ref. 1
Engine instalation in Prinz. Note camshaft system. No pushrods. Ref. 1
En titt med i standard Prinz motorrum. Ref. 1
 A look in standard Prinz engine room. Note enginemounted rear. Ref. 1
NSU Prinz std. Ref. 1
NSU Prinz Std 23 ps, which was palced in the entrance hall. Ref. 1 
NSU 1914. Ref. 1
NSU 1914 8/24. Built between 1911-1925 and had an 2,1 litrs engine, 18-22 Kw. Ref. 1 
NSU 1914. Ref. 1
NSU 1914 5/15. Built between 1914-1925 and had a 1,23 litrs engine. Delivered with different bodies. Ref. 1 
Neckarsulmer design ikon 1967-1977 NSU Ro 80. Ref. 1
Neckarsulmers design ikon 1967-1977 NSU Ro 80. 2 chamber Wnakel enginer with each 497 cc, 115 ps, 180 km/h. 37395 produced. Ref. 1

Page 4


NSU Kettenrad

MC:s 1920 - 1935.

NSU Kettenrad


Kettenrad story

Walter Moore

Heinrich Kniepkamp. Ref 49
Heinrich Kniepkamp. The designer of  Kettenrad. Ref. 49

Engineers at NSU

Otto Reitz. Ref. 1
Otto Reitz Ref 1
Walter Moore. Ref. 1
Walter Moore. Ref. 1
Albert Roder. Ref. 1
Albert Roder. Ref. 1
Ewald Praxl. Ref. 1
Ewald Praxl. Ref. 1

Ewald Praxl

Albert Roder

Otto Reitz
NSU Kettenrad. Ref. 1
NSU Kettenrad Ref. 1
NSU Kettenrad. 4 cyl, 1500 cc, 36 HP. Most commonly used with an Opel engine. Heinrich Kniepkamp 1939 developed avehicle for towing, transportations for light loads, such as machine guns and ammunition and others.1941 was in serie production at two factories and were also manufactured after WW2 until 1948 in 550 ex., 3 years after the end of the war. The Steering worked so that partially ruled by the driver with the front wheel. It was also linked to a braking feature on the bands, which meant that the inner band of the curve ran more or less depending on the steering. Reportedly it was very useful for farmers. All tractors had been seized by the Russians after the war.

NSU MC production 1919 - 1939.

NSU concentrated on the manufacture of standard, competition-related  and racing motorcycles. It went this way as they had access to talented engineers who created the basis for this.
The leader of this engineering gang was Otto Reitz, who was behind the racing model 250 cc from 1926. To his relief, he had Franz Islinger, Karl Scherrer, Paul Rüttchen and others.
With the new cylinder head that became the way to victories. Behind the Super sport model were the designer Walter Moore who had previously been employed by Norton in England, created the engine for victories. In the solo class were NSU riders Huth, Soenius, Steinbach. 1935 had private drivers access to SS model. 1938 it came a SS model with a compressor that was developed by Walter Moore and Albert Roder.

MC 1920 - 1935.

NSU 251 S 1928. En motor med överliggande ventiler och kamaxel. Ref. 1
NSU 251 S 1928.An engine with overhead camshaft and valves. Ref. 1
Denna motortyp blev alldeles för dyr för att kunna säljas i tillräckligt antal pga depressionen. Dock vannden lätt i på den tidens tävlingar. Ref. 1
This type of engine was far too expensive to be sold in sufficient numbers because of the depression. However, the light on the competitions. Ref. 1
NSU Block 1922 2 hk. Ref. 1
1922. The model was also called for "pony". It was built with belt drive. Was built while waiting for the Otto cycle engine with new block by Reitz. Two speed. Ref. 1
1923. NSU 3 hk. Ref. 1
1923 NSU 3 ps. This was the first new construction after WWI. A simple and robust machine without extra options. The exhaust was directed backwards. New type of belt drive and kick start. Ref. 1
1926. NSU Modell 502 S. Ref. 1
1926. A sport version of 502 s. Owner was a racing driver. However, it was sold as a touring machine. Note the new type of front fork with friction dampers Ref. 1
1927 NSU 502 T. Ref. 1
1927 had teh belt drive model got chain, but mostly the same construction.  With is mc the serie with V2 engines was ended. Ref. 1
1927 NSU 251 R. Ref.1
1927 NSU 251 R. This was a one cylinde engine modell. Ref. 1
1928 NSU 501S. Ref. 1
 1928 NSU 501S single cyl. 18 ps, block emgine. The sme cycle wa also delivered with 251 cc engine. Ref. 1
1929 NSU 301 T. Ref. 1
1929 NSU 3101 T. Luxurus model built with chrome nickel frame. Ref. 1
1934 NSU 201 OSL. Ref. 1
1934 NSU 201 OSL. From 929 Walter Moore was the leading engineer. He was very inspired by english constructions. Ref. 1

Mopedkonstverk på våning 1. Ref. 1
Moped art one level up. Ref. 1

Page 5


History about racing cycles.


Konigswellen motor


Gertrude Eusemann. Ref. 1
Gertrude Eisemann. Ref. 1
Franz Islinger. Ref 1
Franz Islinger. Ref. 1
Karl Sherrer. Ref. 1
Karl Scherrer. Ref 1
Paul Rütchen. Ref. 1
Paul Rüttchen. Ref. 1
Werner Huth. Ref. 1
Werner Huth. Ref. 1
Hans Soenius. Ref. 1
Hans Soenius. Ref. 1

Short history about race cycles.

Already in the beginning of NSU history, at Neckarsulm time, was competition active in Germany and abroad in the motor cycle sport.
Initially offered to racing models, that barely differed from standard bikes.
Focussing on the brave trust of drivers, who ran the so-called mountain trials. Later also included chubby bane competitions.
Placement in the very first Tourist Trophy 1907 became 5th place for Gertrud Eisemann, who already had set a record in 1905, to run the 600 km long route between Berlin and Eisenach.
Initially offered racing models, that barely differed from standard bikes.
NSU also helped drivers from abroad, who drove at Brooklands in England, as well  as in France, Italy and Russia.Even in USA were drivers supported when they were winners. Here it was normally 1000 cc cycles.

Motor cycles for competition.

1936 NSU 351 SS
1936 NSU 351 SS. a copy of the English school in Germany, developed by the designer Walter Moore, who came from Norton and took employment at NSU. Ref. 1
Königswelle. Ref. 1
Image from Wikipedia showing the NSU Königswellen engine. Ref. 49
1936 NSU motor med Königswellen top. Ref. 1
NSU 1936 500 engine which was fitted with Königswellen motor according to figure. The bikes were  also called for Six-Days Super sport. These bikes were dream machines at 30 's also got a "nickname" Bullus NSU. They were run by factory driver Tom Bullus who was an Englishman.. Ref. 1
1935 - 1938 ökades volymen från 601 cc till 709 cc för Supersport modellen. Ref. 1
1935-1938 volume was increased from 709 to 601 cc cc Super sport model. For sidovangs class was increased to 1000 cc engine volume. The run of His Schumann and Hermann Böhm. Ref. 1
1932 NSU 500 SS. Ref. 1
1932 NSU 500 SS. 22 hk ohc 130 km/h, pressure oil lubrication 4 gears. Ref. 1
 1950 NSU kompressormaskin. Ref. 1
1950 NSU 500 cc 2 cyl. compressor machine. The peace terms decided that Germans were not allowed to participate in motorcycle races until 1951. This machine at 85 ps had thus only to compete in Germany. It was withsolo and sidvagns machine. Ref. 1
1952 NSU Rennfox. Ref. 1
1952 NSU Rennfox. 1952 got Germany once again participate in the International Motorcycle competitions. Otto Dalker ran a NSU machine 1952, which was built on a 4 cylindring engine which had been rejected. With it he became German champion. Ref. 1
1954 NSU Rennfox "Blauwal".  Ref. 1
1954 NSU Rennfox "Blauwal" R11. In his last "wind" cladding. Fully clothed in a special aluminium alloy, chrom molubden  in the frame and engine unit in electron did competitors discouraged. This took Rupert Hollaus world champion 1954 and also the German champion. Ref. 1
1953 NSU Rennmax R22-5305. Ref. 1
1953 NSU Rennmax R22-5305 Delphin. With this first race won the World Cup 1954 Rupert Hollaus in Floreffe/Belgium. The aero dynamical problems you had with Blauwal corrected also with this model and top speed increased by 10 km/h Ref. 1
Standard motorn till Max. Ref. 1
The standard engine to the model Max. Study the engine and see that the camshaft is not powered by a chain but like Mannerstedt excam. Ref. 1
Den 2 cyl dohc motorn. Ref. 1
 This engine came with a single camshaft 1954 and a fully encapsulated valve systems.. Ref. 1
Den utvecklade tävlingsmotorn dohc. Ref. 1
The developed dohc engine with double camshafts. The engineers behind this design was Albert Roder and Ewald Praxl.Ref. 1
Hastighetsrekord gjordes av Wilhelm Her och Herman Böhm. Ref. 1
Herman Böhm and Wilhelm Herz took speed records with the new twin engined 350 and 500 cc. Ref. 1
1950 NSU Fox Rennmaschine. Ref. 1
1950 NSU Fox Rennmaschine. 98 cc 7.5 hk 100 km/h. 1 cyl 4-stroke
ohc, steel pressed frame. There were 2 models. Th Junior had not ohc. Ref. 1
1956 NSU Geländemax. Ref. 1
1956 NSU Geländemax, which means cross cycle. This was developed by the competition Supermax tto the Geländemax. Ref. 1
Rekord maskiner. 1954. Ref. 1
1954. Record machines in speed. NSU Baumm. They were equipped so that the driver was lying in full length. There were 3 sizes. Motors at 50 cc, 100 cc, 125 cc single cylinder 10 HP, 15.5 HP, 20 HP, 10000, 11000, 11000 rpm. Top speed was 196, 222, 243 km/h. Last run 1955 then crashed Baumm and died. Ref. 1

Page 6


Motor cycles 1936 -1945


NSU Quick 98

Motor cycles 1936 - 1945

1936 NSU 201 ZD Pony. Ref. 1
1936 NSU 201 ZD Pony. At this time they got out more HP if you chose two stroke. CF. equiv. 201 1935. This could compete against 4-stroke machines and cost only half. Ref. 1
1938 NSU-D Pony 100. Ref. 1
1938 NSU-D Pony 100. A bike that was easy to manage had kick-off and took the people's motorization. Note the suction inlet on the side of the cylinder. Ref. 1
1936 NSU Quick 3 hk. Ref. 1
1936 NSU Quick 3 HP, 98 cc, max 55 km/h and 0.18/mile, chain in oil bath. This volume cycle was in production until 1953. About 250000 copies were manufactured. Ref. 1
NSU Quick motor 1936. Ref. 1
This engine from 1936 was mounted in the 250000 bikes until 1953. Like a lot of Husqvarna's 98-118 cc engines. Ref. 1
1937 NSU OSL 601. Ref. 1
1937 NSU OSL 601.En cyl, 4-takt, 24 hk, 80 km/h. Produced from 1938 to 1941. This bike was the model military model. Ref. 1
1951 NSU Prototyp 251 OSL. Ref. 1
1951 NSU prototyp 251 OSL. 242 cc singel cyl, 4-takt, 10,5 hk 100 km/h. This engine was equipped with a hydrostatic valve systems. As hydraulic valves on a car engine. It came not in series production. Ref. 1 

Page 7


MC 1950 - 1960

Motor cycles

Motor cycles 1950 - 1960

1949-1954 NSU Fox 98 cc. Ref. 1
Volume machine was this from 1939-1954 NSU Fox 98cc 6 ps, 85 km/h. Albert Roder had developed the framework was done by pressing 2 plates which were welded together. This could be a large series production. Note the front fork. A type that Huskvarna later came with.. Ref. 1
1951 NSU Konsul 350 cc. Ref. 1
1951 NSU Konsul 350 cc 4-takt 18 ps, 110 km/h, push rods. The development went in parallel paths for different versions. Note the front fork on this. Already  one had block engines, while in England, separate gear boxes kept afloat for many years. Ref. 1
1947-1952 NSU 251 OSL. 242 cc singel cyl, 4-takt 10.5 hk 100 m/tim. Ref. 1
1947-1952 NSU 251 OSL. 242 cc singel cyl, 4-takt 10.5 ps 100 km/h. With this prewar construction began after the war with production until 1952.. Ref. 1
1957-1964 NSU Maxi 174 cc. Ref. 1
1957-1964 NSU Maxi. 174 cc singel cyl, 4-takt. 12.5 ps 110 km/h. Maxi was a simplified Supermaxi and weighed much less. Of this type included the oil filter. The seat was the beginning of a sofa. Note also the front fork development. Tube frame was completely out of time. Ref. 1
1954-1956 NSU Specialmax. Ref. 1
1954-1956 NSU Specialmax. 247 cc 4-takt 17 ps, 126 km/h. Max was now called Specialmax because of all of the updates were made. Brakes were improved with the casting of aluminum 14 liter fuel tank could also get several different colors. Ref. 1

Page 8


NSU entréhall

Freiherr von Drais

NSU Museum entrance hall consists of 2 parts. First room is to pay the modest fee of €5. Then appear immediately 2 bikes, an old car, NSU Prinz, a few motorcycles that partially halted on transport crates, as well as modern bikes with engines. Here we go around and looking. We had  in our mind that there needs to be much more, but nothing is visible. Within ourselves we slowly become a little discouraged. "Is it  no more"? But there was a way out ... and so it was.

Entrance hall. A treasure room, before you enter the main museum.

En sparkcykel. Ref. 1
A scooter. This was von Drais idea, but became a construction without continuation. Not until 1873 was a mechanical workshop built for the manufacture of knitting machines. This product started 1886, developed entirely in wood, as a modern bike.. Ref. 1. See next picture.
 En cykel helt gjord i trä. Ref. 1
A bike completely made of wood which was a side product of the knitting machine manufacturer NSU 1886. It was built entirely of wood. 1909 they had come so far with bicycles and it's final technology was completed. The bike was, however, for the ordinary citizen not possible to own, money and roads prevented it; only after WWI a mass fabrication started and cycle conquered the German people. Ref. 1

 Friherre von Drais
 Freiherr Karl von Drais. An inventor of technical things. However, he further developed his scooter. He died forgotten, penniless and alone, in Karlsruhe 1851. I have no detailed knowledge of von Drais. Ref. 1
Dressin. Ref. 1
A trolley named Condor from 1900. Development based on the need for rail construction and then one could sell trolleys. The brothers Scheffer from France had a firm subcontractor to the watch industry started with motorbikes and later this trolley. Swede Eriksson's engine sold in several ex was mounted on a trolley.Compare Erikssons trolley at Scania in Södertälje. Ref. 1
Cykel med ett speciellt bakhjul. Ref. 1
 Cycle wwith a special rear wheel. Ref. 1
Bakhjulet med blaekrarna. Ref. 1
Leaves the spokes of the rear wheel. I have seen a similarat Falköping mc museum. Ref. 1
Motorn som var dold på de andra bilderna. Ref. 1
At first I thought it was just the leaf spokes as much as it was remarkable, but on the other side was revealed propulsion in the form of a two stroke engine, Sach 1987 using nicely designed and assembled. An engine in its first performance had a major impact on the help engine development after WW2. Compare history about  Saxonet 1936. Ref. 1
Cykel med el. hjälpmotor. Ref. 1
Cycle of electricity. the booster. Ebike worked so that the traction was applied to when the pedals were working and struck off at speeds above 20 km/h. All electric drive system was of Japanese construction from Sanyo. Ref. 1
Bakhjulet med el motorn. Ref. 1
This type of design were first in Japan. Raised in Switzerland 1982 and was taken up by Sachs Saxonette 1992.  Elektra, which produced it. Nickel cadmium battery was the modern type.

Page 9


Cycles with help engine

BMW museum

Hugo Ruppe

Schnuerle scavenging

Cyclemaster story

Hjorteds moped museum

Cycles equipped with help engine.

1931 NSU Motosulm. Ref. 1
1931 the NSU Motosulm. This was the NSU's contribution to motorize Germany. Advanced engine cost a worker, Reichsmarks and 228 served 140 Rm/month. The engine was sold in 1931 to the 9000 buyers. Biggest competitor was Fichtel & Sachs. Ref. 1
Opel hjälp motor. Ref. 1
1922. On the staircase wall, there are a number of auxiliary engines. Here an Opel single cyl, 4-stroke, 140 cc, 1.6 HP 45 km/h. The engine was mounted in the center of the pedal and drove with yet another chain. Ref. 1
Gnom hjälp motor. Ref. 1
1921. By the French engine manufacturer of rotary engines during WWI made this engine with single cyl, 4-stroke, 62.5 cc 1 HP. The engine was mounted in the Center pedal. Note vakuum valve. Ref. 1
1924 Austro Motorette. Ref. 1
1924. Austro Motorette booster. 2 cylinder, 2-stroke, 144 cc, 2.5 HP, 2 switches. Uncertain if this engine was used as auxiliary engines on bicycles. There are 2 cyl, then one can see the 2 spark plugs. Ref. 1
1914. Hjälpmotor med drivhjul mot däcket. Ref. 1
Help motor with drive wheel against the deck, sk tires scrbber. Came the first time 1893 originating from the Italian Enrico Bernadi. Licensees then became English Wall Auto Wheel 1909. It was later bought by United States firm that became Briggs & Stratton.. Ref. 1
Den tyska däcknötar motorn. Ref. 1
Tire scrubber drive that first came the 1893 and avändes of at least 2 manufacturers 1914 and 1920. A similar design had Hugo Hilltop on his bike. Ref. 1
Flottweg cykel med hjälpmotor. Ref. 1
1922 single cyl, 4-stroke 106 cc 1 HP 50 km/h. Flottweg help engine. Here we meet at something interesting. He invented the 4-stroke engine, Nicolaus Otto, his son Gustav Otto founded 1911 Gustav Otto Flugmachinen werke. This later became the BMW 1916. At the end of WWI, he started the Otto Werke GMBH. This 1922 saw this moped named Flottweg, the light of day. The framework later became known as Lady framework. The drive towards the front wheel over a chain. See links. Ref. 1
Sach Saxonette. Ref. 1
1936 Sach Saxonette from Fichtel & Sachs. Here we meet further interesting links. It was in this engine we used Adolf Schnuerles policy on placement of the gates. This had worked with Hugo during her employment the hilltop of DKW. The increased engine power. See link. On this basis, the company designed the Sach this in rear wheel built-in motor. It had 1.2 cc, 60 HP and was enough for 30 km/h. It sold very well. Licenses went to several manufacturers, among others. Wanderer. DKW took out its own model, but came not to production due to WW2 and was lying. (cont.)
Saxonette motorn från 1940. Ref. 1
Saxonette engine from 1940.
Saxonette motorn från 1940. Ref. 1
This engine became after the war interesting for the Commission for building in the countries occupied by Germany. It transferred the design to a company in Holland. But it was slow. In the Netherlands it became Berini, on detours, in England and Germany, Cyclemaster in Rubineck. Read the link Cyclemaster. Ref. 1

En skolklass på besök. Ref.1
When we were on the way to second floor we became involved in this lively gang. Ref. 1

Page 10


Other mc brands

Brough Superior

Torsångs museum

Opel i Ziegenhagen

Gnome & Rhône


Other mc brands at NSU museum.

rough Superior 1939. Ref. 1
 1939 Brough Superior. This is the Rolls Royce of motorcycles. It was produced without regarding to costs. One of the most famous owners was T.E. Lawerence of Arabia 1935. Ref. 1
1974 Münch 4. Ref. 1
Friedel Münch (1927-2014) built from the NSU Prinz TT engine a bike. It was built during the ongoing development in small series and had in early time 55 ps and ended with 88 HP. Ref. 1
1928 Böhmerland. Ref. 1
1928 Böhmerland. 603 cc single cyl. 4-stroke 16 ps 95 km/h. The longest of all known motorcycles. 3 seat version. There was also a model for 4 people. Only 1000 copies manufactured between 1924 and 1939. Ref. 1
Mars MA 1000 Sport. Ref. 1
1928 Mars MA 1000 Sport. 948 cc boxer 7.5 hk. Ref. 1
Mars 1000 Sport. Ref. 1
1928 Mars MA 1000 Sport. Boxframe with Maybach engine. Ref. 1
1914 pope. Ref. 2
1914 Pope 998 cc 4-takt 15 ps 120 km/h. American. Read about Colonel Pope in the Torsong link. Ref. 1
Moto Major 350. Ref. 1
1948 WW2 Moto Major 350. There were many engineers with experience in aircraft structures after WW2. In this case from Italy, engineer Angelo Blatto. Many companies were looking for suitable new ideas. On the 3rd floor there are several attempts for this. The bike does not have a front fork of the normal average but turn in the hub. Ref. 1
Moto Major 350. Ref. 1
This picture shows the steering system. Moto Major 350. Ref. 1
This bike had a designer who was involved in developing spring systems on aircrafts. Ref. 1
Moto Major 350. Ref. 1
This led to the wheels with a rubber ring that made both. It was the Pirelli and Fiat that bumped the ideas. Aerodynamics were also in vogue and typical bodies of this type were built. They had no access to plastics to shape it so the limitation governed by material al., and sheet metal. The tests did not confirm this design advantages. Ref. 1
Okänt namn men troligen Moto Major. Ref. 1
This motorcycle has no name on it but front fork controls is the same type as the Moto Major. The engine is probably the same 350 cc 4-stroke at 14 ps. Ref. 1
Framgaffeln styrning enligt Moto Major. Ref. 1
Compare this with Moto Major, with a difference of suspension similar to today's shock absorbers. In addition, it is the spoke rims. Ref. 1
1923 Schmid 175. Ref. 1
Carl Schmid had certainly thought about everything as a motorcycle driver was subjected to. Wind, rain and dirt from the road surface. 1923 he left in Switzerland a patent application for a motorbike built of sheet metal and self-supporting. It was approved in December and Carl built his mc. He rode for many years with no problems to and from his work.Ref. 1
Schmid 175. Ref. 1
 Front fork on Schmid with its control and suppression. His ideas came much later to use by NSU. Ref. 1
1928 Ascot Pullin. Ref. 1
1928 Ascot Pullin single cyl, 4-stroke 497 cc 20 ps. Cyrill Pullin was a designer who insatiably worked with new ideas. This bike was built with lots of equipment that later became standard. He went on to construct a helicopter tested in 1937. Ref. 1
1909 FN. Ref. 1
1909 FN. 4 cyl, 4-takt 496 cc 4 ps, kardan. The Belgian company FN, Fabrique Nationale Herstal was founded in 1889. This made it was most war material. In addition, cars and motorcycles. 1911 was 2600 mc produced that was exported to the whole world. Ref. 1
1910 Wilkinson GB model 4. Ref. 1
1910 Wilkinson  model 4 (GB). 4 cyl, mixed top, 676 cc 6 ps, 3 gear. 75 km/h. A remarkable mc today that was produced to capture new customers. However, it was probably not good for the road system for this attempt. Ref. 1
1928 Windhof (De). Ref. 1
1928 Windhoff (De). 4 cyl 748 cc, 22 ps, oil cooling.The system of cooling and lubrication needed 6 litres of oil. Windhoff was before it started with mc, a company that manufactured radiators. Ref. 1
Ludwig Rüb. Ref. 1
1894-1897. Ludwig Rüb was Shoemaker, and worked together with Alois Wolfmüller and Heinrich Hildebrand. Ludwig came to know a draughtsman Haab. By him he understood that Wolfmüllers idé with glowing pipe for ignition was not good and went over to an electric ignition system. Accordingly, it would be the first 1896 which produced a mc series. Bosch then developed this ignition system. Ref. 1
1929 Opel Motoclub. Ref. 1
1929 Opel Motoclub. Singel cyl 4-stroke, 496 cc, 16 ps, 135 km/h. 1928 Opel got license to manufacture one of Ernst Neumann-Neander, who made mc with steel frame. He made a unit frame in which different sizes of engines could be mounted from 150-1000 cc. In Ziegenhagen, I have seen a similar Opel mc. Ref. 1
 1903 Adler 2 hk. Ref. 1
1903 Adler 2 HP. 1888 had Heinrich Kleyer, who acted with high vehicles and gas engines, started with mc production. It was common at that time in the late 1800 to start manufacturing sewing machines, bicycles and typewriters. The last thing since he purchased a license from the United States. See the link about Torsång. Ref. 1
1932/33 Gnome&Rhône CV2. Ref. 1
1932/33 Gnome & Rhône. The firm consisted of the German company Gnome who had alcohol engines manufactured in France 1900. After WWI, it was merged with the French company Rhône 1919 and now sought a new source of revenue in motorcycles. They had a license from A.B.C. in England to manufacture a boxer engine that was used in the MC. Read link A.B.C. Ref. 1
1923 Ner-a-Car (US). Ref. 1
1923-down-a-Car. 1921-1926. American J. Neracher built  himself a mc by using a sheet metal frame. The engine was a 293 cc two-stroke and had friction drive to the rear wheel. It was built under license in England, then in various versions.One with cc 4-stroke Blackurn 347. It had not so good road holding. The English built was chain-driven and a developed front fork. The mc type was used until 1954. Ref. 1
1922 Megola. Ref. 1
1922 Megola. 1921-1925. A really odd construction, built in 300 ex, in Munich. It had a 5 cylinder radial engine mounted in the front wheel, so designed that 4-stroke cylinder head could be removed without removing the spokes. The name Megola consists of 3 persons first 2 letters in their names. Meixner, C (g) ocerell, and Landgraf. The start enginemade by pushing or kicked on a spoke of the front wheel when it stood on its support. They had success in competitions due to its top speed of 136 km/h. Ref. 1
Stock R 119. Ref. 1
Stock R 119. 1924-1933. Singel cyl, 119 cc, 1,5 ps, 50 km/h. If most of the smaller mc's covered cylinder volumes from 119-298cc. Models 173 to 298 came 1929. The engine was a two stroke of there own design with 3 ports and shaft drive. 119 cc 1925 had license built engine from Evans and belt drive. Ref. 1


Search links using name (for. ex. mc-brand/year/model):

A Adler 1903 Ascot Pullin 1928 Austro Motorette 1924  
B Brough Superior 1939 Böhmerland 1928 Herman Böhm Speed record Alwin Boldt
C Carls Schmid framgaffel Carl Schmid 1923 Cykel med bladekrar Cykel med elmotor
Cykel helt i trä      
D Dressin Condor von Drais sparkcykel, Karl von Drais  
E Gertude Eisemann Gertrude Eisemann    
F FN 1909 Friedal Münch    
G Gnome Rhône 1932-33 Gnom hjälpmotor 1921 Martin Geiger  
H Hildebrand Wolfmüller 1896      
I Franz Islinger      
K Kettenrad Heinrich Kniepkam Kronprinsen av Preussen  
M Megola 1922 Moto Major 350 MotoMajor det. Moto Major framhjul
Moto Major variant Moto Major variant det Mors MA 1000 1928 Mors MA 1000 det.
Monterad hjälpmotor Flottweg Monterad hjälpmotor det. Monterad hjälpmotor Motor 1936
Walter Moore      
N Ner-a-Car 1923 NSU Motosulm 1931 NSU Fox 1939-54 NSU Konsul 1951
NSU 251 OSL 1947-52 NSU Max 1957-64 NSU Specialmax 1954-56 NSU 201ZD Pony 1936
NSU-D Pony 100 1938 NSU quick 1936 NSU OSL601 1951 NSU Prototyp 251 OSK 1951
NSU Max Std motor NSU Max singel kam NSU Max DOHC NSU FK Rennm. 1950
NSU Cross 1956 NSU RennFox 1952 NSU Rennfox 1954 NSU Rennfox 1953
NSU 351 SS 1936 NSU Königswellen motor NSU 500 1936 NSU 500 SS 1932
NSU 500 1950 NSU 502S 1926 NSU V2 1927  NSU 251R 1927
NSU 501S 1928 NSU 3101 1929 NSU 201 OSL 1934 NSU 251S 1928
NSU Pony 1922  NSU 1923 NSU Prinz TT 2 cyl motor NSU Prinz TT 4 cyl. motor
NSU Prinz III motor NSU Spider med Wankel NSU Ro80 NSU Ro 80 motor
NSU 2 cyl Prinz motor NSU installation 2 cyl motor Motorrum 2 cyl, NSU Prinz std NSU bil 1914
NSU Ro80 NSU MC militär 1915 NSU 1919 NSU 1915
NSU 1912 det  NSU 1912 militär NSU 1912 NSU 1910
NSU 1907 NSU 1909 NSU 1902 NSU Feldberg
NSU 1905 NSU 1907 NSU fabriken 1904 NSU fabriken 1925
NSU fabriken 1955      
O Opel Motoclub 1929 Opel hjälpmotor 1922    
P Pope 1914 Ewald Praxl    
R Rekord maskiner Paul Rüttchen Albert Roder Otto Reritz
S Stock R119 1924-55 Sachs Saxonette 1936 Sachs Saxonette 1936 Det.  Sachs hjälpmotor
Hans Soenius Karl Scherer Spider motorn Spider motorrum
Spider med Wankel Stickmaskinen    
W Wilkinson 1910 Windhoff 1928 Första wankel motorn Wankel motor princip

Other Car MC museums in this website

Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
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Bugatti 2018
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Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
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Hannover air museum
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Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
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Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
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My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz 2000
Mercedes Benz 2018
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
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Munktell museum
Museum joerney 2018
My ArtGlas collection
NSU 2018
Otto Walz 2018
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Peugeot 2018
Porsche 2000
Porsche 2018
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum 2000
Sinsheim museum 2018
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volvo Industrial museum

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Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
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Pictures from the following owner have been used in with the necessary permission:
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander bjorn.bellander(at)
Reference 2: ©Foundation Prestige Bugatti Paul Kestler
Reference 3: ©Auto-Salon-Singen
Reference 4: ©Sinsheim Auto Museum
Reference 5: ©Classiccar Collection
Reference 6: ©Mercedes Benz

Reference 49: ©Picture from Wikipedia
Reference 57: ©Aros Motorveteraner Fjäderbladet
Reference 58: ©Wikipedia - Oldmachinepress
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