Bosse, Uffe, Björn och Tord Fika på Mercedes museum.
Bosse, Uffe, Björn och Tord. Break at Mercedes museum
Museum joerney 2018
Mercedes museum Stuttgart.
Text and pictures Björn Bellander. Pictures current 2018
Back Mercedes website Swedish version

since 060110
Updated
2019-03-08
© Björn Bellander
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Mercedes museum 2018, Bugatti museum cars before WWI, Bugatti museum Bugatti cars, Bugatti museum cars WWI-WWII, Sinsheim museum 2018, Porsche museum 2018, NSU museum 2018, Besok Otto Walz, Peugeot museum
Bugatti museum (over 600 pics), devided into 3 websites.

Museum joerney 2000: Sinsheim museum 2000, Mercedesmuseum 2000, Porsche museum 2000Bugatti museum 2000, Ziegenhagen museum 2000
Contents in this website about Mercedes museum 2018.

Sid 1 Presentation of museum. Page 2 How to get there. Page 3 Daimler and the first engine. Page 4 Benz first car and others. Page 5 Wilhelm Maybach. Page 6 Daimler-Maybach early vehicles. Page 7 Daimler-Maybach rail vehicles. Page 8 Maybach Transport cars and lorries Page 9 Benz o Daimler engines after 1900. Page 10 Period up to 1918, Page 11 Air plane engines. Page 12 Sportcars/ luxury cars. Page 13 Luxury cars sid 2. Page 14 Sportcars 300-series. Page 15 Development projects. Page 16 Race cars. Page 17 Grand Prix/Formelcars. Page 18 Streamliners.

Museumlinks in bjorns-story.se.
Page 1

Created 20180319

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Swedish version

Ich glaube an das Pferd. Ref. 1
Ich glaube an das Pferd. Ref. 1. Gamla platsen för besökare. Ref. 1
Gathering place old museum before 2006 for visitors. The gate to the right was the entrance for park area. Place for the photographer is the new large traffic circle.

Mercedes Benz

Mercedes Benz museum in Lyrestad
Swedish text
Mercedes Benz anläggningar i Stuttgart. Ref 49
Mercedes Benz works in Stuttgart. Left building is the museum. Ref. 49.

The museum looks like just new but was opened already 2006. Most museum object were moved here from the old museum. The old museum was opended 1936 and since then changed severeal times.

The new building is has a very architectonic new type of design. Visitors start thier look on the uppermost floor and then walk round the doubble helix run. The museum objects are of course shown in chronological order starting with the oldest history.

The building is very large and one can suppose that it is used for much more than just a museum. The building is built as a cloverleaf and one can chose between 3 different visitors run. During this walk one can on every floor change run.
In the center of the museum their is a large atrium and from the side walk way, one can look down and see all objects shown in the different cloverleaves.

All these spaces have much place not used. I imagine that during our walk without knowing deviated several times from the proper way. Therefore we may have missed several objects.

The museum is placed on the old visitors parking place.(see pic). There I parked together with Aros group year 2000 at my former visit. At that time a buss moved us to the museum place at the factory area. Hard to recognize today.
This time 2018 we found the right parking garage and started our run among the oldest objects..

This shown in museum entrance.

Bilen är ett övergående fenomen. Ref. 1
The car is a temporary phenomenon. Just as this stuffed horse was on a temporary show. It is possible that this horse has an important historical meaning. Ref. 1

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Swedish version





In this way we arrived at the musem.

On the 21st of April our car rolled into Mercedes visitors basement garage in Stuttgart. It is always exciting to drive down in a basement garage. One has no control of the area and don't know the way out. In these large basements garages it is important to find a place close to the museum entrance. One never succeed and it is always a long walk before the sign MUSEUM is found. Then there is always an elevator. Next problem is to press button for museum floor. We didn't because there was another long walk through a sale local for all kind of Mercedes stuff, before we arrived to something that must have been    a registration desk. Here there was another elevator which took us to the uppermost floor where visitors were supposed to start their run through the museum. After passing the horse we found a large hall and in the middle there was a lighted circle with an old engine and 2 old cars. Around the side walls several Mercedes old object were placed.
Now the Merceedes-Benz adventure could start.

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Swedish version

Grandfather´s clock. Ref. 1
Info. Grandfather´s clock. Ref. 1

Grandfather´s song


Museum website about the engine

Daimler and the clock

The engine story

The two "Wheeler"

Gottlieb Daimler. Ref. 49
Gottlieb Daimler. Ref. 49

Daimler story in England

The first enginge type by Daimler and Maybach.

Daimler "Grandfather´s clock. Ref. 1
Daimler "Grandfather´s clock 1886. Ref. 1

Gottlieb Daimler was born on the 17 th of Marz 1834 in Schondorf. He was educated to weapon black smith and spent some time in France. Between 1857 and 1859 he studied at technical high school in Stuttgart. After some years as technican in France and England, he got employment as drawer in Geislingen. In the end of 1863 he became supervisor at an machine factory in Reutlingen and there he met 1865 Wilhelm Maybach.

1872 he was technical responsible at the gas motoren factory in Deutz and learned about the four stroke principle of Nikolaus Otto. 1882 he left the company after meaning differences with the company board.

Daimler installed a trial workshop in his greenhouse at his own villa in Canstatt. Here he decided that from the four stroke principle develope engines by using petrol as the only fuel.

Together with Wilhelm Maybach, he 1884 succeeded to construct an engine, which for it's appearance was named the "floor clock": The construction had lower weight and less volume than the gas motoren. With this engine Daimler and Maybach had succeeded to created an engine which was able to be mounted in a wagon.

The cost for these trials soon emptied Daimler's whole fortune and he was forced to get business partners. Together with Duttenhofer and his partner Wilhelm Lorenz, he started on the 28 th of November 1890 ”Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft” (DMG). Now as Duttenhofer wanted to produce stationary engines Daimler instead worked for vehicle production which fascinated Daimler. Because of this they could not continue to be partners.

1891 Wilhelm Maybach left the company (DMG) because of unacceptable terms. At this point Daimler made a coup. He continued to construct engines together with Maybach, but all patents still belonged to the company. The further more Daimlers forced relation with Duttenhofer and Lorenz led into the end that he was eliminated as a stock owner.

When the economy of the company was worse because of lack of  technical development, DMG tried 1895 to pursuade Maybach to rejoin the company. Maybach claimed that Daimler also should rejoin.

Economical reasons forced DMG at last to offer both to rejoin. The Phönix-engine which Maybach constructed was asked for abroad and a group of English industrial investor were ready to pay 350 000 marks for the necessary licenses.

Maybach became technical leader for DMG and  Gottlieb Daimler was placed in the border and worked as counsellor and inspector. After rejoining by Daimler and Maybach DMG got an important boom. Gottlieb Dimler never saw this tremendous development. On the 6 th of Marz 1900 he died by a heart desease.

According Otto's four stroke patent Benz and Daimler succeeded to construct the first working engines independent of each other 1886. It is the daimler model which is shown in the museum. Patent was given on the 3 rd of April 1885. This first model was used in their "kick cycle" which was built for testing.

The Daimler engine was the first one which used petrol (of that time). It was a single cylinder giving 1,1 ps or 0,8 Kw. Cylinder volume was 462 cc and run with 650 rpm. It was a long-stroke engine, but any figure is not given. The shown engine is not the very first.

The plate connected to the crankshaft is a part of the clutch and it's function use the conical surface. Almost as in a modern motor saw..

Daimler accumulated some hundred of patents connected to the engine. Among them he developed the spray carburator, a principle used in all type of carburators. Many engine producers bought licens for this idea to produce and develope. Among these were Ettore Bugatti.


The development of the engine.
Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach were highly educated engineers. Once Daimler took care of the orphaned 18 year old Maybach. Daimler was such a person that  put demand on his employer and also the working situation. Now Daimler left the gas motoren factory 1882 because of disagreemets with the gas factory border.

He ow moves to Canstattwhere he settle in a house at Taubenheim strasse. At this lot there was a garden house which Daimler rebuilt to a development works. In this house the genius duo Daimler and Maybach worked with development and research.

The goal for Daimler was to use petrol as fuel to the engines and finallly was to produce an engine to be used both on land, sea and in air. Airplanes was not not known yet. In the air there were Colons to be used.

The englishman Watson owned a patent which was important and Maybach used it. The patent was essential for the ignition of the engine.
This invention gave possibility to get a higher rpm. It built on a not controlled hot tube ignition. In the green house at Canstatt Daimler and Maybach construct an engine with this hot tube together with Otto's four stroke principle. For this Daimler got a patent with the no. DRP 28022. 

Their first engine execution 1883 was a boxer type runing with 600 rpm. This was an increase with 120 to 180 rpm. From this small trial engine they developed what was to be known as the "Floor Clock". In Sweden it should be called the "Mora clock", but in English it bacame "Grand Father's clock". All depends on the straight cylinder position. This became one of the milestones in engine history.

This very greenh house is remembered in the "Hütte" outside the musem. It has got the name "Canstatt Hütte". Here for sure much bier is served together with wellknown German dishes.

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Swedish version

Info Benz patent motorwagen. Ref. 1
Info Benz patent motorwagen. Ref. 1
Benz patent. Ref. 1
Benz patent.
Benz patentskrift. Ref. 1
Benz patent petition.

Links

Benz Ladenburg

Columbia elektroauto

First test tour. Video Ref. 4

Simplex cars

Automuseum Carl Benz

Info Benz Viktoria 1893. Ref. 1

Info Benz Viktoria 1893. Ref. 1

Benz Motor Velociped också med namnet Velo. 1894. Ref. 1
Info. Benz Motor Velociped was also named  Velo. 1894. Ref. 1

Info Benz Omnibuss 1895. Ref. 1
Info Benz buss 1895. Ref. 1

Info Benz Dos-à-Dos 1899. Ref. 1
Info Benz Dos-à-Dos 1899. Ref. 1

Carl Benz

Benz Velo

The chain inventor

Benz first and second car.
Not that four inventins were necessary for cars to be developed. The development of the chain 1880, air rubber wheels 1888, ignition system and the carburator. They were made by the Swiss Hans Renold, the Englishman/Scot John Boyd Dunlop, Bosch (Watson) and the carburator which had sevaral inventors among them a Swede. Leonardo da Vinci made sketches in the Roman times on an idea for a chain.

Benz Patent motorwagen 1886. Ref. 1
Every museum with self-respect has a copy of Benz first "car" equipped with petrol engine. The car on picture shows a later performance. May be the long drive vehicle type of Bertha. Spoke and rubber protected wheels. Note the inventinon air rubber wheel 1888. Ref. 1

Benz worked with gas motoren. These types were too heavy to be used in wagons. Producing such engines was what Benz earned money, but all this was used to develope a fuel driven engine. He had chosen four stroke principle, when two stroke solutions at this time were too heavy.

He was very interested to develope valve mechanism and to find material which could withstand enough high rpm. This was the way to get power. With higher rpm there were problems with ignition and that was what must be solved. The engine Benz built gave only 0,75 ps and 400 rpm and used a cylinder volume of 954 cc.

But this output was enough to make a vehicle on wheels running. Carl Benz had more ideas about engines. He also build a wagon in which it was mounted.
He chose to build a 3-wheeler with alying engine placed in the rear, equipped with a large horizontal flywheel. The 3 wheel solution was chosen because he knew that a horse wagon type steering was not technical good.

The key for steering should come with his next car construction. October 1885 he started to test his 3 wheeler, and the first documented drive happened on the 3 rd of July 1886 in Mannheim.

On the 29 of January he left his patent petition. This date is a historical occurrence. It was a research for patent of a gas motor drive vehicle. The name petrol was not yet in use. His patent no. was DRP 37435 and became the birth of a self running vehicle and  named "The Patent Motor Vehicle". Every motor museum own a copy in more or less original appearence. The real original of the "Patent Motor Vehicle" can be seen at Deutsche Museum i München.
Benz Dreirad, fetalj. Ref. 1
Benz Dreirad 1886 Detail. Ref. 1
Benz Dreirad Detalj. Ref. 1
Benz Dreirad Detail. Ref. 1
Benz Dreirad. Detalj. Ref. 1
Benz Dreirad. Detail. Note the open crankcase. Note that this engine has been running, compared to next picture. Photo 2018. Ref. 1
Tre hjulingens motor. Ref. 1
Benz encylinders motor. Foto 2000 från gamla museet. Photo 2000. Ref. 1
Carl Benz married Bertha on the 20 th of July 1872. Bertha was the type of person that understood what was going on and had distinct opinions. She became also the one that carried out the first long time drive. It was with the third patent car. The drive was 100 km and went from Mannheim to her mother in Pforzheim. This model had reinforced wooden wheels with spokes and a stronger engine. This drive started in the dawn. During this drive there were of course many problems, maybe most depending on the road condition. Five days later she drove back to Mannheim. The rumour about this drive was quickly spead and Benz car got known for power endurance and reliability. Betha is often mixed with daughter Clara for this tour. There are no document saying which one, but the most probably truth is Bertha  because the road has got the name Bertha.
Benz Viktoria 1893. Ref. 1
Benz Viktoria 1893. Ref. 1
Benz biggest problem with the first car was steering. He forced himself to build a "dreirad". This problem was later solved on the next model called "Viktoria".  He devloped a system with "kin pin" steering. This gave the front whell to steer with different angles. This is the system which is used on every vehicle today. The solution was that the wheel could turn with different angles.  For the community this proofed the security of the car. (cont. next picture)
Benz Velo 1893. Detalj. Ref. 1
Benz Viktoria 1893. Detalj. Ref. 1
All car interested people have heard about camber and caster angles, without  generally knowing what it means. For this Benz got patent and other car producers had to make other more or less advanced solutions. The new type of front end was demonstrated by Freiherr Theodor von Liebieg 1894, when he drove from Reichenberg in Bohemia over Mannheim to Reims and back. This was of course just for publicity in two ways. Theodor proofed the economical possibilities of the car to get investment money. (cont next picture)
Benz Viktoria. 1893. Ref. 1
Benz Viktoria. 1893. Ref. 1
In spite of all this the market was not ready to buy cars. Only few Viktoria were sold. Possibly it may depend on the wheels. Air rubber wheels was not invented until 1888 and in common use beginning of 1900.
The engine was a 1 cyl. with bore 150 stroke 165. Cylindervolume was 2915 cc. It gave 700 rpm and 5 ps. Depending of unbalance it was not possible to reach rpm over 700. (cont. next picture)
Carl Benz familj me Benz Viktoria på utflyckt till Heidelberg 1894. Ref. 1
Carl Benz familj driving a Benz Viktoria excursion for Heidelberg 1894. Ref. 1.
It was De Dion who solved the problem with unbalance. Max speed was 35 km/h and petrol consumptionwas 2 litres/10 km on the road that days.  Cooling system contained 160 litres!! Benz production figures was only 69 cars between 1885 and 1893.
Theodor Liebig och Stransky ute och kör sin berömda långtur från Reichenberg till Gouendorf 1894. Ref. 1
Theodor Liebig and Stransky out on their famous long tour from Reichenberg to Gouendorf 1894 driving a Benz Viktoria. Ref. 1
Benz Velo 1894. Ref. 1
Benz Velo 1894 - 1899. Ref. 1.
In spite of several economical disappointments Benz bullished kept his line when developing enigne wagons. During this time his gasmotoren factory was near to be liquidated. There were great effort made to get new money. Most people believed that the coming motorwagon from Benz could be sold in the future. (cont. next picture)
Benz Velo från försäljare J.P. Hess. Det första bilen i Syd-Afrika 1896. Ref. 1
Benz Velo from salesman J.P. Hess. The first car in South-Africa. 1896. Ref. 1.
The first production trial gave all sceptics right. The unsure running "dreirad patent motorwagen" with a price at 4000 RM was to expensive. Not even the follower Viktoria got any notable interest. Not until Benz third trial an enquiry rose. This was the model Velo.
(cont. next picture)
Benz leverans bil byggd på Velo, 1900. Ref. 1
Benz delivery car built on a Velo 1900, 1900. Ref. 1.
67 cars were sold 1894. 135 1895, and 181 1896. Velo was the first serial produced car. It weighed 280 kg and had an engine with 1045 cc giving 1, 5 ps. Cost 2200 gold marks. Totally up to 1900 about 1800 cars were produced in different models. This made Benz the world biggest car producer.
Benz Omnibuss 1895 med plats för 8 personer. Ref. 1
Benz Buss 1895 with 8 places, build on a Benz Velo. Ref. 1
Benz Omnibuss för 8 platser. 1898. Ref. 1
Benz Buss with 8 platser. Note the large front wheels which indicat it's built on a Viktoria. Foto from 1898. Photo from 1898. Ref. 1
Clara och Thilde i en Benz Velo framför Richard Benz med en Benz Pheaton 1895. Ref.1
Clara and Tilde driving a Benz Velo in front of  Richard Benz driving a Benz Pheaton 1895. Ref.1
Benz Dos-à-Dos 1899. Ref. 1
Benz Dos-à-Dos 1899. Note the typical front end from 1893, equipped with several levels of springs and kig  pin steering. Ref. 1.
Detalj bild av Benz typiska konstruktion av framvagn efter 3-hjulingen. Bild från Bugatti museet. Ref. 1
Detailed picture of Benz typical front end construction 1893. Picture from Bugatti museum 2018. Ref. 1
Benz Dos-à-Dos 1900. Ref. 1
Benz Dos-à-Dos 1900. A variant of Velo. Ref. 1
Benz Dos-à-Dos. BIlen ingick i Mercedes museet samling redan 1947. Notera däcken som uppfanns av Dunlop redan 1897. Ref. 1
Benz Dos-à-Dos. This car could be seen already in Benz museum 1937. The car is from 1900. Note the rubber wheels which was invented  by Dunlop 1888 , although they were not in common use until beginning av 1900. Ref. 1

About Carl Benz and his companies.
Carl Benz was born on the 25 th of November 1844 in Karlsruhe. Despite of  small circumstances Carl got education in gymnasium and studied then with technical machinery. His father died already July 1846. Carl started working as a locksmith and showed good result  both as designer and supervisor.

In August 1871 he started, together with a mechanics August Ritter a new company Carl Benz und August Ritter, Mechanische Werkstätte, in Mannheim. They had different opinions what to do and Benz bought out Ritter from the firm. To get money for this Benz loaned money from his coming wife out of her dowry. From 1878 Carl Benz worked starting with a two stroke engine brought from a gas motor, to redesign it to a Otto engine. His goal was to desing an engine for vehicles without horses.

Christmas 1879 it was run for the first time. Now he understood the possibilities and he founded a new company 1882 and named it Gasmotoren factory Mannheim. Benz who had loaned much money had only 5 % of the shares. This meant that his influence was restricted concerning design questions. His fellow finance people didn't understood that the goal was to design an engine to run a vehicle. They only saw what the marked sought for. The importance was to make safe business and that was gas motoren for the industry.
He now contact new co-financiers 1883 and Max Rose och Friedrich Wilhelm Esslinger were enlisted. Later 1883 the company Benz & Cie Rheinische Gasmotoren-Factory Mannheim was founded and the two stroke engine system Benz was introduced.

His partner were of course by understandable reasons sceptical to his ideas and Benz was forced to search for new partners in Julius Ganss and Friedrich von Fischer 1890. With firm stubbornness the idea with stationary petrol fuel engines for diferent kind of vehicles became successful. 1906 the company ”Carl Benz Söhne” was founded in Ladenburg. 

Benz later devided the company and let the children take care of stationary engines and took himself care the development of vehicle engines. 1912 the company was founded which was going to be a factory to produce cars, at the same time he let his sons take over the lead. On his 80 th birthday the famous inventor was honoured by admirers from the whole world.

Carl Benz refused up to three years before his dead a merging with Daimler AG, but 1926 this was done and named Daimler-Benz AG. 1926 to 1929 Carl Benz is still active in the new Daimler-Benz AG. On the 4 th of April 1929 the car technical pioneer died in his house at Ladenburg.

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Daimler reitwagen info. Ref. 1.
Info Daimler Reitwagen 1885. Ref. 1

Wilhelm Maybach. Ref. 49
Wilhelm Maybach. Ref. 49

Spray caburator

About Wilhelm Maybach

Wilhelm Maybach was born on the 9 th of February 1846 as a son to a carpenterin  in Heilbronn. Within the time of three years both his parents died and when Wilhelm was 10 years he was orphaned. 1856 friends to the family put an ad in ”Stuttgarter Anzeiger” and a brother society took care of him. Here Wilhelm Maybach also went to school.

Gottlieb Daimler  met Wilhelm Maybach 1864 at the  machine factory at the brother's society  – and it became a life long close friendship.
First Wilhelm Maybach follows with Daimler to Karlsruhe and 1872 to Deutz Motorenwerke. Here he worked as a drawer but already in January 1873 he was promoted  to principle designer.

When Daimler November 1890 founds Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG) together with Max Duttenhofer and Wilhelm Lorenz, the meaning was that Wilhelm Maybach should be principle designer. But because of unsatified working terms Maybach leaves DMG already in February 1891. What happende after this is a clever emergancy solution. Maybach went on working with his car idea and was sectrety financed by Daimler.
 
At Hotel Hermann in Cannstatt he develop with his small team crucial inventions such as belt drive, Phönix-engine and a spray needle carburator 1885. This carburator is used for decades within car industry.

When opinion divergences escalate Gottlieb Daimler leaves Gasmotoren-Factory Deutz October 1882. Wilhelm Maybach also leaves and follow Daimler to Canstatt, in order to develop the light high rpm petrol fueled engine.

The English industrialist Frederick Simms enter into a license manufacturing agreement with DMG and exert pressure which make that Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach can rejoin DMG in November 1895. Now Maybach had to make technical progress to get reliable products and built up the competitive power of DMG.

They started an impressing development work and the designs which were created at Hotel Herrman became one part of the serial production. The most important result was the drive belt car, which was the first car in a larger series. When principle superviser Max von Duttenhofer of the board passed away in August 1903, things changes and Maybach slowly got a worse position within the company.

In April 1907 he leaves very bitter DMG in order to with his sons start to produce those legendary cars with the name of Maybach. On the 29 th of December 1929 Wilhelm Maybach passed away (same year as Carl Benz) in Canstatt att 83 years of age. Here one of the pioneers of car technic is buried at the Uff-cementary, just close to Gottlieb Daimler's grave.

Daimlers "sparkbil" från 1885. Ref. 1
This vehicle (copy) was designed by Wilhelm Maybach during the lead of Gottlieb Daimler. It is considered to be the first motorcycle. Got the name of kick- or reitwagen. Picture from may visit at Sinsheim 2000. Ref. 1
Daimlers test motorcykel 1885. Ref. 1
Their patent engine with 0,5 ps 1885. Because of cost reasons trials were first made with this two wheeler. On the 10 th of November 1885 a test was made for 3 km. Picture from my visit at Sinsheim 2000. Ref. 1
Daimler Ridvagn. Ref. 1
This original Daimler Reitwagen/cycle. Ref. 1. The cycle was destroyed in a fire 1903 inside locals of Daimler.
Daimler ridvagn. Ref. 1
Daimler  Reitwagen/cycle. Design drawing 1885. Ref. 1

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Swedish version

Earlier Daimler vehicles

Motorkutsche


Daimler Motorkutsche info. Ref. 1
Info. Daimler Motorkutsche. Ref. 1

Info Daimler Motor-Quadricycle. Ref. 1
Info. Daimler Motor Quadri-cycle. 1889. Ref. 1

Info Daimler rembilen Vi-á-Vis 1896. Ref. 1
Info Daimler belt car Vi-á-Vis 1896. The car with 3 inventions. Ref. 1

Daimler Motorkutsche 1886.
 Cars from DMG, after 1900-1905, were named Mercedes. See below.

Daimler Motorkutsche. Ref. 1
Daimler Motorkutsche. Ref. 1

Daimler motorkutsche. Detalj. Ref. 1
Daimler motorkutsche. Detail. Ref. 1
Daimler Motorkutsche. Detalj. Ref. 1
Daimler motorkutsche. Detail. Ref. 1
Daimler Motorkutsche. Detalj. Ref. 1
Daimler motorkutsche. Front end. Detail. Ref. 1
Baimler Motorkutsche. Detalj. Ref. 1
Daimler motorkutsche. Detail. Ref. 1
Daimler rembilen Vi-á-Vis 1896. BIlen med 3 nya innovationer. Ref. 1
Daimler Vi-á-Vis belt car 1896. This car had 3 inventions. Ref. 1. Benz owned the patent front steering therefore Daimler must produce another solution. The belt driven car is example for this.
Daimler rembil. 1898. Ref.

Daimler belt car. Ref. 6. Picture from my visit 2000.
Daimler och Maybach ute med rembilen 1896. Ref. 1
Daimler och Maybach out driving the belt car 1896. Ref. 1.
Daimlers rembil. Foto från mitt besök år 2000. Ref. 1

Daimler belt car. 1892. Photo from my visit 2000. Ref. 1
Baimler´s rem bil med anställda Ernst Moeais och Whilhelm Baauer samt Paul Daimler ca 1897. Ref. 1
Daimler belt car including employees Ernst Moeveas, Whilhelm Bauer and Paul Daimler 1897. Ref. 1
The first car with 4 speed transmission. The belt drive gave a soft gearbox. Note that the front beam is mounted in the middle and turns around this point when steering. Same principle as a horse wagon.
Daimler's rembil under blomsterfestival i Enlgand 1895. Ref. 1
Daimler belt car during a flower festival in England 1895. Ref. 1
The car is equipped with a 2 cyl engine, 262 cc, bore 67, stroke 108. Power values at 700 rpm was 2.5 hp. Max speed 20 km/h..

Daimler Motor-Quadricycle.

Daimler Motor-Quadricycle. 1889. Ref. 1
Daimler Motor-Quadricycle. Note the two cycle forks which were used because of Benz front steering patent. Ref. 1. Note that the rubber wheel only are homogenous. The air rubber wheels which were invented 1888  and were not in common use until end of 1890.
Daimler Motor-Quadricycle. Detalj. Ref. 1
Motor-Quadricycle engine installation. Ref. 1.
 1888 invented  the Englishman/Scotchman John Boyd Dunlop the first rubber wheel.
Damler Strassenwagen. Ref. 1
Daimler Strassenwagen 1889. Ref. 1
Daimler Strassenwagen. Ref. 1
Daimler Strassenwagen. 1889.
Daimler Stahlradwagen 1889. Ref. 1
Design drawing Strassenwagen 1889. Ref. 1

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Rail vehicles and other types.

Info om rälsbundna fordon. 1887. Ref. 1
Info about rail veicles. 1887. Ref. 1

Daimler Motor-Lokomotiv. 1918. Ref. 1
Info. Daimler Motor-Locomotive. 1918. Ref. 1

Rail vehicles.

Det första rälsbundna fordonet 1887. Ref. 1
The first rail bound vehicle 1887. My photo looks curious as the left side wheels are not seen. As the rail is not seen, the wheel must be missing. Wonder in what angle I held the camera. Compare a picture in the link. Ref. 1

Daimler och Maybach vid presentationen av denna railcar. Ref. 1
Daimler and Maybach at the presentation of this railcar. 1887. Ref. 1
Railcar med valfri placeringa av föraren. Ref. 1
Railcar with drivers sets on both sides. 1897. Ref. 1
Motor lokomotiv. (dragare) 1918. Ref. 1
Motor lokomotiv. (puller) 1918. Ref. 1
Daimler tågsätt genom en partk i Wien. 1892. Ref. 1
Daimler loco and passenger wagons through a park in Vienna. 1892. Ref. 1
Daimler Motor-lokomotiv. 1896. Ref. 1
Daimler Motor-locomotive. 1892. Ref. 1
 

Wagon equipped with engine water sprayer.

Motorsprutaggregat för brandbekämpning. 1892. Ref. 1
Engine water sprayer unit. 1892. It is only the sprayer pump which use an engine.
The wagon is still moved with help of horses. Note driver's place. Ref. 1
Motor sprutaggregat för brandbelämpning. 1892. Ref. 1
Engine drive water sprayer unit used for fire fighting. 1892. Ref. 1
Testning av sprutaggrefat. 1895. Ref. 1
Test of sprayer unit. 1895. Ref. 1
Patentskrift för sprutaggregat för brandbekämpning. 1889. Ref. 1
Patent paper for water sprayer unit for fire fight. 1889. Note that it is only the water pump which use the engine. The wagon is still moved with horses. Ref. 1
 


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Daimler last och transportbilar.

Daimler Motor-Lastbilar 1898. Ref. 1
Info.Daimler Motor-Lorries 1898. Ref. 1

Daimler varustrnsportvagn 1899. Ref. 1
Info. Daimler pickups 1899. Ref. 1

Daimler transport cars and lorries.

Daimler Last o transportbilar 1898. Ref. 1
Daimler lorries and transport cars 1898. Note the text Canstatt, where Daimler and Maybach started their work. Note brake on rear wheel. Ref. 1

Daimler leveransvagn 1899. Ref. 1
Daimler delivery wagon 1899. Ref. 1
% tons lastbil 1899. Ref. 1
5 ton lorrie 1899. Ref. 1
5 tons, 2 cylinders lastbil 1892. Ref. 1
5 ton, 2 cylinder lorrie 1892. Ref. 1
5 tons lastbil 1899. Ref. 1
5 ton lorrie 1899. Ref. 1
2 Daimler lastbilar för 500 kg och den i mitten för 2 ton, under test av Kejserliga armén. 1899. Ref. 1
2 Daimler 2 tons lorries to the right. Lorrie to the left is 0,5 ton, all during a test for der Kaiserlich armé. 1899. Ref. 1
Daimlers 1,5 tons lastbil byggd 1900. Ref. 1
Daimlers 1,5 tons lorrie build 1900. Ref. 1. Note brake system rear.

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Swedish version

Engines

Benz boxermotor med 2 cylindrar, 5 hk.1899. Ref. 1
Info. Benz boxer engine with 2 (4?) cylinders. 5 ps 1899. Ref. 1

Daimler V2 1,5 hp motor. Ref. 1
 Info. Daimler V2 1,5 hp engione. 1899. Ref. 1

Daimler 5 hp 4 cylinders radmotor. 1894. Ref. 1
Info. Daimler 5 hp 4 cylinders straight engine. 1894. Ref. 1

Gustaf Ericsson D2 motor 1902. Ref. 1
Gustaf Ericsson D2 engine 1902. Ref. 57.

Benz o Daimler engines after 1900.

Benz boxermotor med 2 cylindrar, 5 hk.1899. Ref. 1
Benz boxer engine 2 cylinders, may be 4 cyl?, 5 hk.1899. Also called contramotor. Both cylinders activate ignition when in top. Only one makes working stroke as it has compressed fuel air mixture. Gustaf Ericsson (in Sweden) made just the same type, which more modern is called boxer engine. Note there is an open crankcase and inlet valves are controlled by vacuum. Ref. 1
Daimlers 2 cyl radmotor, som blev konkurrenten till DeDions motor. Ref. 1
Daimlers 2 cyl V-engine, became the competitor to DeDions. Ref. 1
Daimler 5 hp 4 cylinders radmotor. 1894. Ref. 1
Daimler 5 hp 4 cylinders straight engine. 1894. Ref. 1

I mitten av 1800 talet utveclades Tyskland från ett bondeland till indstrisamhälle. Ref. 1
In the middle of 1800 Germany was developed from a farmers land to an industrial community. Picture shows production at Krupp inustries during production of rail wheels. These type of industries were just what car production needed. Ref. 1.
Efter Fransk-Tyska rkiget började den tyska tunga industrin att utvecklas. Ref. 1
After French-German war 1870-71, the German heavy industries were developed. An important part was the creating of German navy. Ref. 1.
Företagen blev stora koncerner som handlade över hela jorden. Ref. 1
The companies became large concerns which sold their products over the whole world. International rules were created for this trade and Germany became the largest trade nation. Car industry was an important part in this.trade. Ref. 1.

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Swedish version

Period up to 1918

Mercedes-Simplex 60 hp Transport limosuine. 1904. Ref. 1

Info. Mercedes-Simplex 60 hp Transport limousine. 1904. Ref. 1

Benz 20/35 hp Landaulet 1909. Ref. 1
Info. Benz 20/35 hp Landaulet. 1909. Ref. 1

Mercedes 75 hp Doppelpheaton. 1908. Ref. 1
Info. Mercedes 75 hp Doppelpheaton. 1908. Ref. 1

1902. Meercedes Simplex 40 hp. Ref. 1
Info.1902. Mercedes Simplex 40 hp. Ref. 1

1906. Mercedes 35 hp. Ref. 1
Info. 1906. Mercedes Phönix 35 hp. Ref. 1

Simplex 1904

Simplex 1907-1911

Wagner's opera Parsifal

Period up to 1918

Limosuine somanvändes som buss och hämtning av kunder. 1904. Ref. 1
Limousine bodies were used as tranport of  customer beginning of 1900. DMG, Daimler Maybach Gesellschaft  got the name of Mercedes in the beginning av 1900. Even called Mercedes Simplex 60 hp Reise Limousine. 4 cylindrar, 9236 cc, 60 hp, 1400 rpm, 80 km/tim. Equipped with different bodies they were used for family transports. Normally owners had a chauffeur, but he type also developed as a sport car aimed for the children of the upper class in order to drive themselves. Hotels used this model to fetch customers at railway stations and harbours. Just this red car was owned by Emil Jellineck, who had bought it 1904. Ref. 1

The blue to the right is of of the same type but, than the one above, produced by Benz. It had a body name Landaulet. It means that the passengers compartment was closed. Name Benz 20/35. The first figure show tax classification which show the volume of the engine, even called the fiscala number. One german fiscal hp correspond to 16 cc volume. The second figure shows the actuell effect of the engine. This system was common from 1909.
Engine 5195 cc (317 cu inch), 35 hp, 1400 rpm, 75 km/h.
Meercedes Simplex 60 hp Transport limosuine. 1904. Ref. 1.
Benz 20/35 hp transport Landaulet. 1904. Ref. 1.
Mercedes 75 hp Doppelpheaton 1906. Ref. 1.
This is a top of the line model produced between 1907 - 1911. It has a 6 cyl engine and could be ordered with several different bodies. Simplex cars were very high level designs, but tremendously expensive. The first car which was bought 1907 by the american agent had a price i todays value 4 miljon. For this reason complete unsailable. After three years in car shop it was storaged. 1944 the car was bought by Marianne Wing for $500 as gift to her husband. He kept the car till 1985 when it was sold to an american collector. But he couldn't handle the old technic and donated it to his church and they then sold it to the present owner. The engine in this 1907 model was 6 cyl 9500 cc, 70 ps. the model 1905 had 4 cyl 6800 cc and 45 ps.
Mercedes (DMG) 75 hp Doppelpheaton. 1907-1911. Ref. 1
Mercedes (DMG) 75 hp Doppelpheaton. 1907-1911. Ref. 1. 6 cyl. 10180 cc 75 hp, 1300 rpm, 95 km/h.
Mercedes, just a Benz, had for engine desings developed a system of 2 cyl blocks and valves placed in what was called a T. (T-block). These blocks were built together till 2, 4, and later 6 cyl engines.  Quotable was that the engine had pressurized lubrication. Benz also sold one model 1903-1906 named "Parsifal" Benz 12/18 hp. This car had been on stand at på Paris Motor Show 1902. One concurrent to Simplex.
3160 cc, 18 hp, 1400 rpm, 60 km/tim.
Note. Parsifal was an Opera by Wagner. It describs the blood which was collected into the holy Graal. The blod came from Jesus when he was stung by a javelin, The Graal was kept in the castle Montsalvat in Spain by the Holy Knights according to th legend.
1906. Benz 18 hp Doppelpheaton. Ref. 1
1906. Benz 18 hp Doppelpheaton. Ref. 1.
This model was named by Benz after the legend about Parisfal. 1906 became the name Parisfal free to be used.
1902 Mercedes Simplex. Ref. 11902 Mercedes Simplex. Ref. 1. This year the first cars came with engine in front. Rear wheel drive. Also geared front and reverse. Among all different model the Benz Spider is worth to mention. The most important model was though Mercedes Simplex. This was ment to be handled easily. The car had steering wheel and pedals, 4 front drive gear and one reverse. One could chose between chain drive or cardan with differential. Transmission transfer over a clutch consisting of a plate and springs. This system handled with a pedal.  For the first time the cars had low pressurized tires. Colling used water and a honneycomb cooler. 1902. Mercedes Simplex 40 hp. Ref. 1
1902. Mercedes Simplex 40 hp. Ref. 1.
4 cylindrar, 6765 cc, 40 hp, 1100 rpm, 80 km/h.

Mercedes Phönix 1906. Ref. 1
Mercedes Phönix 1906. Ref. 1.
4 cylindrar, 5319 cc, 35 hp, 1200 rpm. This car model is from the beginning an order from Emil Jellineck 1902. The demand was that he wanted an engine with 4 cyl. He competed with it in the race Tour de Nice. It was popular at this time to compete under a psedonym and Jellineck. He signed up to the race with the name Mercedes. (forts nästa bild)
Mercedes Phönix 1906 Detalj. Ref. 1.
The name was actually his youngest daughter's name. The car with "Monsieur Mercedes" won the competition. It was then developed with longer wheelbase and a lower center of gravity. Jellineck liked this design and ordered 36 cars worth 550000 gold marks. (cont. next picture)
Note Swedish Prince Bertil competed with Bugatti under the psedonym "Monsiur Adrian.
Mercedes Phönix 1906. Detalj. Ref. 1.
But ... he demanded to be reseller for Austria-Hungary, France and America. Furthermore the car must be named Mercedes. This name became very popular. After this all Daimler cars were sold with the name Mercedes. Later when Benz an Daimler merged 1926 the named  Mercedes-Benz was created.

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Swedish version

Air plane engine
 
Info Flygmotorer. Ref. 1
Info air plane engine. Ref. 1.

Info luftskeppsmotorer. 1909. Ref. 1
Info Colon engines. 1909. Ref. 1

1935. Mercedes-Benz flygmotor DB600. Ref. 1
Info. 1935. Mercedes-Benz air plane engine DB600. Ref. 1

Info Mercedes-Benz DB600 1937. Ref. 1.
Info Mercedes-Benz DB600 1937. Ref. 1.

Mercedes-Benz flygmotor DB603, 1944. Ref. 1
Info Mercedes-Benz air plane engine DB603, 1944. Ref. 1

DB600

DB601

DB603

DB605

DB610

Airplane engines.
The airplanes on pictures were produced by other companies.

From 1908 and forword several German companies, among them DMG and Benz Cie, developed engines for flying vehicles. With the otbreak of WWI these companies customized their production for war economy. Germany became leading producer of engines for use in war. Because Germany lost WWI this production ceased up to 1930. At this point those companies had been merged. Text from info picture.

When an agreement to start production of war material and this kind of engines came when National Socialists came in power. Daimler developed the type DB600 which was a V12 engine for airplane use. It was built in large series from 1935 and was the base of all  following air engines. When the country changed to a total war production 1942, Daimler-Benz increased the equipments for airplane production. Their factories production of this, was first hand targets for allied bomb attacks.

Messerschmidt Me109 G Hannover flygmuseum. Ref. 1
Messerschmidt Bf 109 G Hannover airplane museum. This plane was in different developmnet stadiums active already 1939 and was equipped during WWII with all various DB engines expect DB610. Ref. 1
Messerschmidt Bf-109 G

This type was produced during 1935-1945 with over 35000 ex. Equipped with Mercedes DB605 12 cyl V-engine. This engine war mounted with valves pointing downwards. See exhaust pipes. Effectivly the engine reached 2000 ps. See also my text from Mercedes museum 2000. The main factory was placed in Regensburg and in Hungury.
Spitfire had positioned it's weapon inside the wings and for a long time a propeller made of wood. One model of Bf-109 was equipped with a machine gun shooting through the propeller centrum. This was able to be done when the propeller was geared over a gearbox and not in the direction of crancshaft. This arrangement was though not successful.
The airplane flow on all fronts and had only Focke-Wulf as it's superior. When P51-Mustang was delivered, only Focke-Wulf could give it a match.
Last months 1945 2969 planed were produced.
At this time the ME-262 was flying, and the war was almost over. One website about the development of Me-109.
Bf-109 was repoduced in several countries among them Czechoslovakia and Spain even after the war. Thanks to the film Battle of England there are several survivors.
All interested airplane freaks, can see how the last version of Me109 G looks like. Picure in link.
Note for example the compressor which has a larger diameter and it is a bigger bump on the airplane body.
 
See also that the engine is upside down, which means thet the crancshaft is on top. A round window behind cock pit, is the place for fuel tank.
Also that landing gears are folded outwards. This is unusual.
One interesting website is Israel's Air Museum

Dornier 335. 1945. på Smithsoniam museum USA. Ref 49
Dornier Do 335 Pfeil equipped with 2 DB605 engines. Ref 49

Dornier Do 335 was the las propeller plane designed.
Do 335 belongs to the group of most high point developments for piston equipped planes of the history. It was the fastest massproduced piston engined fighter plane ever produced and could reach 846 km/h horizontal. At this pont the official record was 755 km/h. It was equipped wit 2 1800 ps DN605 engines in this unic konfiguration consisting of one in front and one in rear. This was patented  1937
 by Claude Dornier. With these 2 big engines and full equipped, the plane weighed 9600 kg. This made it a rather heavy fighter. In this inovative design there was also a catapult system for the security of pilot, which except shooting out the pilot seat also dropped the tail rudder  This prevented the pilot to fasten in the rear propeller. Text from Wikipedia. See link.

Flygmotor till luftskepp. 1909. Ref. 1
  Air engine J4L for colons. 1909. Ref. 1
Mercedes colon engine J4L. After the first motorized colon 1868 and the following trials in the end of 1800 the engines were modernized by DMG, specially on behalf of Count Zeppelin. J4Lengine was used up to 1908. Other engines were LZ6 and LZ8 for passenger colons. Text from info.
  Helmuth Hirth ha landat hos Benz med sin Benz FX utrustade Albatross hos Benz i Manheim 1913. Ref. 1
Helmuth Hirth has landed with his Benz FX equipped Albatross at Benz in Mannheim 1913. Ref. 1
Mercedes flygmotor DIII 1915. Ref. 1
Mercedes flygmotor DIII 1915. 6 cylinders, 14778 cc, 170 hk, 1450 rpm. 1914-1917. 268 kg. Ref. 1.
This engine was produced in 12000 units. DIII och and it's development version was registered for the largest production of engines during WWI. The reason for thsis was the big military need and the broad use of this advanced design. The engine was equipped with steel liner and overhead camshaft with vertical pushrods. Intersting is inlet and outlet valves, also the connections for the valves, which can be studied in this picture.
 Mercedes-Benz DB600 1935. Ref. 1
 Mercedes-Benz DB600 1935. Ref. 1. V12, 33929 cc, 1000 hp, 2400 rpm, 1935-1938, 545 kg.
På gamla museet var DB600 monterad på väggen i cafeterian. Foto 2000. Ref. 1
 Mercedes-Benz DB600 1935. Ref. 1.
 Mercedes-Benz DB601 1935. Ref. 1. V12, 33929 cc, 1100 hp, 2400 rpm, 1937-1943, 610 kg.


The picture to the left is from the old museum. Here this engine was mounted on the cafeteria wall. Phto from my visit year 2000. Ref. 1
Mercedes-Benz DB603 1944. Ref. 1.
 Mercedes-Benz DB603 1944. Ref. 1. V12, 44522 cc, 1800 hp, 2700 rpm, 1941-1944, 910 kg.
The Mercedes museum don't show much of the WWII war production. For that reason I show several pictures from other museums which are objects of Daimler design. Below 2 from Sinsheim which show  the Daimler DB 610 engine.
An air engine 1942. 24 cyl 67,8 liter 2000 to 2700 ps at start. Developed to 2870 ps and named DB 610. For principle 2 DB 605 V12 engines were combined with 2 crankshafts. All warring contries used multicylinder solutions. All had problems. For ex. English Hawker Tempest´s engine with 24 cyl mounted in H.configuration using slide cylinders system.
DB610 had in the beginning large operating problems with oil leakage and fire. Germany didn't get enough good material to the engines. This much depend of lack of ore from Sweden. The engine was mounted in Heinkel bomber Greif 177. These must be withdrawn from active duty and was instead used for transport. The German war advertising called it "the America Bomber". Note BRM designed a racing engine with 16 cyl in H configuration after the war.
Mercedes Benz DB610 flygmotor 1942. Ref. 1
 Mercedes Benz DB610 air engine 1942. 24 cyl 67,8 litres, 2000 to 2700 hk at start. Was developed to 2870 hp and named DB610. Picure from my visit at Sinsheim 2018. Ref. 1.
Mercedes Benz DB610 flygmotor 1942. Ref. 1
 Mercedes Benz DB610 flygmotor 1942. 24 cyl 67,8 litres, 2000 to 2700 hk at start. Developed to 2870 hp and named DB610. Picure from my visit at Sinsheim. Ref. 1.

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Swedish version

Sport/Luxury cars
 
Mercedes 10/40 hp SPot-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1
Info Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1

Framvagnen till Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1
Front beam for  Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1

Förarsätet till Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1
Front seat Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1

Bakvagnen till Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1
Rear end for Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1

Info 1930 Mercedes Benz Typ SS. Ref. 1
Info 1930 Mercedes Benz Typ SS. Ref. 1

1928. Mercedes-Benz 27/170/225 hp Typ SSK Sport-Zweisitzer. Ref. 1
Info. 1928. Mercedes-Benz 27/170/225 hp Type SSK Sport-Zweisitzer. Ref. 1

Mercedes Benz 7,1 liter 1929 SSK. Foto 2001 på Köpings museum. Ref. 1
Mercedes Benz 7,1 liter 1929 SSK. Foto 2001 at Köpings museum. Compare with model above 1928. Ref. 1.

Info. 1936 Mercedes-Benz 500 K Special-Roadster. Ref. 1
Info. 1936 Mercedes-Benz 500 K Special-Roadster. Ref. 1

1936 Mercedes-Benz 540K Special-roadster. Ref. 1.
1936 Mercedes-Benz 540K Special-roadster. Ref. 1. 8 cyl, 5018 cc, 100 hp, 3400 rpm, 160 km/tim, 1924-1939, 342 built. This photo is from my visit at  former Rosso-Bianco museum 2000. Today placed at Lowman museum Holland.

1938 Mercedes Benz 540K Special Roadster. Ref. 1. Foto från mitt besök på Sinsheim museet 2000.
1938 Mercedes Benz 540K Special Roadster. Ref. 1. Photo from my visit at Sinsheim museum 2000.

Sportcars/Luxury cars page 1.

Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. Ref. 1
Mercedes 10/40 hp Sport-Zweisitzer. 1923. 4 cyl. 2614 cc, 40-65 hp, 2800 rpm, 110 km/h, 1922-1924, weight 851 kg. Ref. 1. This car is very alika the Grand Prix cars from 1914.
The compressor cars, which were of the Ferdinand Porsche design. They were primarly aimed to be used for sport cars competitions to be concurrents against Alfa Romeo and Bentley. They could with small changes be used for competitions on public roads. Because of the success, the son's to rich people wanted to own the same type. It was possible to order such a car according individual orders. Porsche put so much time on these cars that he at last was accused to neglect other models. The engine was equipped with a single overhead cam and Roots compressor which got power from the crankshaft. (cont. next picture)
Mercedes-Benz. Biplace Sport, 38/250 SSK, 1929. Ref. 1.
Mercedes-Benz. Biplace Sport, 38/250 SSK, 1929. Ref. 1. 6 cyl, 7065 cc, 170-235 CV, 200 km/h. Picture from Bugatti museum at my visit 2000.
This was a design type which he later partly used on Auto Union competition race car. The car in this picture is equipped with the largest engine with 7,1 litres. 42? cars were built including some earlier models. Of these there are 20 survivors. This model was driven by Caraciola and Karl Ebb during the 30 th. One car came to Sweden during 1940 where it changed owner several times. It was found in miserable condition at a scrap dealer by Bertil Lindblad in the middle of 1950. Se link Köping museum. He used 20 years to restall it to the original condition. Once they were unlucky during a show drive, when clutch failed. After that the clutch face was changed to a more modern material.

1928. Mercedes-Benz 27/170/225 hp Typ SSK Sport-Zweisitzer. Ref. 1.
1928. Mercedes-Benz 27/170/225 ps Typ SSK Sport-Zweisitzer. 6 cylinders, 7065 cc, 170 - 225 ps, 3300 rpm, 192 km/tim, 1928-1932, 35 built. Ref. 1.
1928. Mercedes-Benz 27/170/225 hp Typ SSK Sport-Zweisitzer. Ref. 1
1928 Mercedez-Benz SSK. 27/170/225 hk, 7.065 liter, 6 cyl. Ref. 1.
Ferd. Porsche moved from Austria where he had worked at Lohner and developed an electric drive wheel. He now replaced Paul Daimler at Mercedes and worked with the SSK cars equipped with compressor. (cont. next prcture)
1928. Mercedes-Benz 27/170/225 hp Typ SSK Sport-Zweisitzer. Ref. 1
1928. Mercedes-Benz 27/170/225 hp Typ SSK Sport-Zweisitzer. Detail. Ref. 1.
The model bvecame very popular by all rich sons during the preiod between wars. The reason was of course the car was an easy winner in competitions. The factory car won several Grans Prix competitions with drivers lika von Brauchitsch, Hans Stuck and others.


1930. Mercedes Benz Type SS. 6 cyl, 7065 cc, 200 hp, 2300 rpm, 3300 rpm, 190 km/tim, 1928-1933. Ref. 1
1930. Mercedes Benz Type SS. 6 cyl, 7065 cc, 200 hp, 3300 rpm, 190 km/tim, 1928-1933. Ref. 1.
I stepped up on the podium in order to photo the next 2 pictures, and the guard started to close up.
Info 1930 Mercedes Benz Typ SS. Ref. 1
1930 Mercedes Benz Typ SS. Detail. Ref. 1
Info 1930 Mercedes Benz Typ SS. Ref. 1
 1930 Mercedes Benz Typ SS. Detail. Ref. 1


1936 Mercedes-Benz 500K Special-roadster. Ref. 1
1936 Mercedes-Benz 500K Special-roadster. Ref. 1. 8 cyl, 5018 cc, 100 ps, 3400 rpm, 160 km/tim, 1924-1939, 342 built.
1936 Mercedes-Benz 500 K Special-Roadster. Ref. 1
1936 Mercedes-Benz 500 K Special-Roadster. Ref. 1. Detail.
1936 Mercedes-Benz 500 K Special-Roadster. Ref. 1
1936 Mercedes-Benz 500 K Special-Roadster. Ref. 1. Detail.

Den svarta 540K på
BiancoRosso  museeum. Ref. 1
Picture to the left.
Mercedes Benz 540 K Special Roadster 1936.  Photo from my visit 2000.
Gosh. You may say what you like about other more or less nice luxury bodies. No one beats Mercedes 540 K Special. A really show stopper. Straight 8 cylinder engine, 5400 cc, with manuell connection of compressor (through accelerator). It was only allowed to work for a few minutes. You could also order hard top as option. More about Mercedes see Mercedes museum. Prize not possible to pay. RossoBianco-museet

1938 Mercedes Benz 540K Special Roadster. Ref. 1. The red one.
Photo from my visit at Sinsheim 2000.
Denna Mercedes är en modell som är värd i princip hur mycket som helst. Endast 25 ex byggdes varav ca 5 finns kvar.
8 cyl, 5400 cc, 115/180 ps. Together with Bugatti Royale this type of car is a really Show Stopper. Of the Sinsheim exhibition, only 25 ex. produced until the war. The hollowed doors without windows only in the first series. Later it became straight doors with windows. Such a car you can see at Lowman museum. A roadster was standing at Åhlholm museum Denmark but I think it is sold to Mercedes? See also Bugatti museet.
The luggage cover could be opened to get another 2 places. The engine was a 5400 cc and 8 cyl. and gave 115 hk without compressor and 180 included.
The max speed was 170 km/h. Up to 1938 the car was delivered with 4 gear and later with 5 gear. Unsure if any car was delivered with 5 gear before war.
Note. According the book Mighty Mercedes only first delivery year cars were equipped with  hollowed doors. The model later got straight doors with windows. When surfin on different websites it is uncertain with this information.

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Luxury cars page 2.
 
1937. Mercedes-Benz 540 K Cabriolet B. Ref. 1
Info. 1937. Mercedes-Benz 540 K Cabriolet B. Ref. 1.

1937. Mercedes-Benz 770 "Grosser Mercedes" offener Tourenwagen. Ref. 1
1937. Mercedes-Benz 770 "Grosser Mercedes" open Tourenwagen. Ref. 1

Luxurus cars page 2

1937. Mercedes-Benz 540 K Cabriolet B. Ref. 1

1937. Mercedes-Benz 540 K Cabriolet B. Ref. 1. 8 cylindrar, 5401 cc, 115 - 180 ps, 3400 rpm, 170 km/tim, 1936-1939, 419 built. Ref. 1

A small investigation about cabriolet models.

1934, 1936 Mercedes Benz Cabriolet B och C
88 cyl. 88x108 5018 cc. Without compressor 110 ps including 160 hk, max speed 160 km/h, price 22000 RM.

Cabriolet A had no rear side window and only a simple backseat area.
Cabriolet B had rear side window and normal backseat area but it was placed over the rear axle. One was sitting higher up than the driver.

Cabriolet C had nothing compared to A and B, but spare tires in the front fenders or inside/on the rear deck lid.

Sport/special roadster was strictly 2 seated, with the possibility for seats in the rear deck lid. Spare tire on the rear lid.


1937. Mercedes-Benz 770 "Grosser Mercedes" offener Tourenwagen. Ref. 1.
1937. Mercedes-Benz 770  "Grosser Mercedes" offener Tourenwagen. 8 cylindrar, 7655 cc, 150 - 200 hp, 2800 rpm, 160 km/h, 1930 - 1938, 117 built. Ref. 1.
Mercedes museum has not a collection of their top of the line cars produced.
For this reason I have collected picture of Daimler cars which I found are missing. Pictures are taken from my visits at Bugatti and Sinsheim museum 2000 and 2018.
Mercedes Benz 1936. Ref. 4.
Mercedes Benz 1936.
Cyl volym 2600 cc, 45 ps.Model 260 D Pullman Diesel Sinsheim visit 2000. Ref. 4
Mercedes Benz 1932. Ref. 4.
Mercedes Benz 1932.
8 cyl, 4900 cc, 110 ps. Model named Nürnburg. Sinsheim visit 2000. Ref. 4
Mercedes Benz 770 K 1938. Ref. 4.
Mercedes Benz 770 K 1938.
8 cyl, 7600 cc, 230 ps. All 770 was ordered for delivery to "die Reichskanzlei" or as gifts to head of states. Sinsheim visit 2000. Ref. 4 
Mercedes Benz 500 K 1934. Ref. 4.
Mercedes Benz 500 K 1934.
8 cyl, 5000 cc, 100/160 ps. Sinsheim visit 2000. Ref. 4
Mercedes Benz 770K 1943. Ref. 4.
Mercedes Benz 770K 1943.
8 cyl, 7600 cc, 230 hk. Göring ordered this type of car. Sinsheim visit 2000. Ref. 4
   MB 710 SS 1930. 180/250 hk. Ref. 1
MB 710 SS 1930. 180/250 ps 7,020 liter 6 cyl.
First delivered 1928. Engine was moulded in aluminum, which made this model to a fast sport touring car. First owner was MD for Paris Daily Mail. After one owner in USA the car cam back to Europe and is now placed in Sinsheim. Sinsheim visit 2018. Ref. 1
 Mercedes Benz G4 1938. Ref 1.
Mercedes Benz G4 1938. Ref 1.
8 cyl, 5400 cc, 110 ps. Main production idea for this car was delivering to higher military officers and/or their staff on duty. Several though was used by Reichzkansli. One was given away to Benito Mussolini and one for Franco to celebrate victory in France. The car on exhibition was placed in Czekoslovakai. After the war it was rebuild to a fire car. One Sinsheim enthusiast saw that and this car was saved. Only 38 ex. was produced. Bugatti visit 2000. Ref. 1
  Mercedes Benz 540K Special Coupe "Maharadjas delight". Ref. 1
Mercedes Benz 540K Special Coupe "Maharadjas delight".
Front fenders have not the right design to be a Special Roadster. Most likely a slight rebuild cabriolet C with detachable top, for delivery to India. Wrong rims. Compare picture 168-179 and 177 in the book Mighty Mercedes. No engine therefore the high front. Bugatti visit 2000.  Ref. 1

  Mercedes Benz 540K Special Coupe "Maharadjas delight". Ref. 1
Mercedes. Torpedo, Type 400, 1927. 6 cyl, 3920 cc, 70-100 cv, 130 km/h. This is one of the early compressor car by Porsche. Sinsheim visit 2018. Ref. 1
1928 Mercedes SS "Schwarzer Prinz" . Ref. 4
1928 Mercedes SS "Schwarzer Prinz"
From the beginning this was a S-type which was delivered to Czechoslovakia. 1934 the car was modernized. It was very common to update bodies for the most expensive cars. Besides a 3500cc, 6 cyl. SS-engine, at 135 ps, the car got a very handsome roadster body. The work was done by a well-established body builder in Prague. Firma Ulec. The long front fenders and even the impressive motor hood caught easily the eyes of looking people. Neither fender or motor bonnet was surpassed by any Mercedes when this was done. Compare Mercedes 500 K Special Roadster. It was not delivered until 1936. Still today "Schwarzer Prinz can reach over 200 km/h. You can see this car at Sinsheim Museum. Sinshaim visit 2000
A small investigation about the Mercedes Benz signs S, SS, SSK and SSKL.
Mercedes had during the war always used compressors for the air plane engines. The reason was to get better effect on higher altitude. Paul Daimler presented a Mercedes model 10/30 Knight 1919. When Ferd. Porsche replaced Paul Daimler 1923 he continued this concept. One model got the added letter S for sport. The car was used by the owners mostly as a competition car and also for driving on roads. Now another S was added for a new model. This SS car was both competition and driving, and also more snug for driving on roads. The main thing ws to drive to the competition track.
Another mor elaborated competition car came an cot the letter SSK, which stood for Super sport Kurz.
Last on model mainly for factory drivers  was the SSKL, which stood for  Super Sport Kurz Licht (light).
Prices were very high and production was limited. For S 146, SS 111, SSK 29 and SSKL 4.

Note that the Mercedes name was used up to 1926. This year Benz and Daimler were merged and became Mercedes-Benz. The reason for merging was caused by Carl Benz witdraw and his sons didn't want to take over Benz. Carl Benz then died 1929.
 
  Mercedes 770 1938 conv. Ref. 4
Mercedes 770 1938 conv.
Of the serie 770 only 205 units were built between 1930-1943. Pre to buy varied up to 38000 Reichsmark. Cost for  the shown car no onknows as itwas ordered by Reichskanslie and was used only parades by government. Extra option was a mine secured floor and shoot proofed doors, windows and side windows. On photoes during parades  it can be seen that side window never are closed. Users were Paul Hindenburg, Adolf Hitler, the Kaiser of Japan, and two Popes Pius XI and Pius XII. Hitler sent as a gift one copy to Stalin and one  to Field Marshal of Finland Carl Robert Mannerheim. This car was after the war sold to USA. In order to avoid condensation on windshield, when the cabriolet was used, warm air was taken around exhaust pipe and blown on the 3 cm thick windshield outside.
The engine was a 7,7 litres straight 8 cyl with compressor, which gave 230 ps. The weight of the car was 4,5 ton and it could drive 140 km/h. But the speed was limited to 80 km/h because of the tyres. Another car was delivered 1943, to be used by Himmler.
Sinsheim visit 2000. Ref. 4
Mercedes-Benz Typ 600. Ref. 1
Mercedes-Benz Typ 600
8 cyl bore 103, slagstroke 95, 6332 cc 250 ps.
Typ 600 was built between 1964-1981. It was manufactured with the latest technic and with what you say regardless of cost. Buyer was of course larger companies, government and royale families. Among all I can mention shipyard managers drove around with type 600 between ship launching of oil tankers. One reason was of course space and refrigerator. These histories (without telling any details) I was told during my time working at an engine supplier.  (cont. next box)
This particular car is called landaulet. It was delivered to Pope Paul VI. The uncertain suspicions is that he got it free for advertising purposes, otherwise it hadn't come back to Mercedes museum. The special thing was that the driver was sitting isolated from the backseat. Only the normal window between. Pope was sitting in a  armchair a little higher up, and had a roof hatch over. Just for Pope to be able to raise and bless the people. Places for 4 bishops and security guards round him in much simpler chairs. Note also the high up coupé part. MB 600 is an impressing car and was manufactured in 2677 ex.
The second hand price on this type, has no yet reached what to be paid for pre-war cars. This means that the real Mercedes enthusiasts can afford an used MB 600. Possibly they will never afford to support the car. But why not, a 600 in garage. Sometimes it is enough to sit behind the steering wheel saying: "Now I have only this and that to do". You can see 2 MB 600 at
Hoting Museum. Mercedes visit 2000. Ref. 1
 

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  Swedish version

Sport cars 300 series.

1955. Mercedes-Benz 300SLR "Uhlenhaut-Coupé". Ref. 1
1955. Mercedes-Benz 300SLR "Uhlenhaut-Coupé". Ref. 1

1955. Merceds Benz 300 SL Coupé. Ref. 1
1955. Merceds Benz 300 SL Coupé. Ref. 1

Sportcars in 300-serie.

Mercedes-Benz developed this race car with a hard top in the version 300 SLR. It was supposed to make it's first race start of competition season 1956. But it was never used because Mercedes decided to stop racing already 1955. The cause was the terrible accident at LeMans with many death victims. Instead this Uhlenhaut Coupé served as the Test Chief's Officier Rudolf Uhlenhaut company car. It's nickname shows this. The frame hade designed to only charge with traction and compressive forces.
(Text from Info)

1955. Mercedes-Benz 300SLR "Uhlenhaut-Coupé". Ref. 1
Mercedes-Benz "Uhlenhaut Coupé" frame. Ref. 1
Space frame. Ref. 1
 
Mercedes.Benz 300 SL Coupé. This car was based on the successful racing vereion from 1952. Al. frame pipes had only the weight of 42 kg. It was very torisonal. The design didn't allowed normal car doors because of the mounting of the high side pipes. With these upwards opening doors it got the popular name "Gullwing". Engine was a straight 6 cyl., 2996 cc, 215 hp at 5800 rpm, 259 km/h. 1955-1957 600 were produced. (Text from info)
Mercedes-Benz 300SL. Ca 1955. Ref. 1
Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Cabriolet. ca 1955.
Mercedes-Benz 300SL. Ca 1955. Ref. 1
Mercedes-Benz 300SL. Ca 1955. Ref. 1
Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Coupé. ca 1955.
 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Coupé. ca 1955.
2017 Mercedes-AMG SLC 43 Roadster. Ref. 1
2017 Mercedes-AMG SLC 43 Roadster. Ref. 1
 2017 Mercedes-AMG SLC 43 Roadster. Ref. 1
 2017 Mercedes-AMG SLC 43 Roadster. Ref. 1
2017-2018. Mercedes-AMG SLC 43 Coupé i El-utförande. Ref. 1
2017-2018. Mercedes-AMG SLC 43 Coupé i El-engine. Ref. 1

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  Swedish version

Developement projects
 

Development projects

Lithium Ion battery.
The development of high performance battery, is the key to reach zero emission angines. Mercedes-Benz has research with the very promissing Lithium-Ion technology. To be used in standard cars this technology has several advantages comparing Nickel-Metall-Hydride texhnology. There are an improved effectivity when charging and using current,  better cold start characteristica, higher energy density and notable lower battery weight. When Mercedes-Benz mounted S400 Hybrid 2009 with a 120-volt Lithium-Ion battery, the company became the first car producer to use this technology for a production car. The compact module is built with 35 separate battery cells, which have an energy density of 882 Wh - enough for consumption at start and stop use for the electrical engine in a car. (Text from info)
Piezoe injector.
One important unit inside the common-rail of the fourh generation diesel engine system are those maximum developed Piezo injectors. These works with supplying fuel to the combution chamber of the cylinder. In contrast to former system the opening control of the injector needle now handels by using piezoe ceramics. This change the structure of the cristal  in micro seconds when using current. The physical move is very small. Therefore several Pizoe cristals are mounted in serie. This serie affect the physical movement of the needle direct and can be contolled for the neccessary length in a few thousands of a millimeter. In this way the consumption can be controlled after the driving situation. (Text from info)
A compact electrical motor works with 13000 rpm and gives an effect of 70 kW and a continuous effect of 59 kW. Max available moment of 290 Nm can be used from zero rpm. The latest internal combustion engines can only give max moment at medium rpm or at specific rpm of the engine.
See picture of a syncron motor to the right. (Text from info)
Elmotor. Ref. 1 
  Fyra cylinder Dieselmotor OM  654 i Mercedes E 220 d. Ref. 1 2016 Four cyl. Dieselmotor OM654 for Mercedes E 220 d.
This diesel engine family OM654 is the beginning of a technical break from Mercedes-Benz. Excellent performance and emission control gives premium diesel fuel a safe roll i diesel engines in the fight for global objectives. The new fully built engine in aluminum four cyl. diesel from Mercedes-Benz, will be mounted in the new E-class 220, spring 2016.
(Text from info)
2016 Mercedes-Benz 9G-Tronic Hybrid-Automatisk gearbox.
The third generation gearbox develop from the original automatic 9G-Tronic Plus gearbox. The torque converter, clutch and electric engine are mounted inside the innovative drive-unit. The compact design is the result of integration of clutch, torsion dampfer and torque converter locking of the clutch through an electric engine rotor. The recently developed torque converter with it's powerfull and effective hydraulic system offer the user exceptional softness when used in hybrid mode.
(Text from info)
2016 MB 9G-Tronic Hybrid växellåda. Ref. 1
2016 MB 9G-Tronic Hybrid gearbox. Ref. 1

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  Swedish version

Race cars/Grand Prix cars

1955 - 1934

1955 Mercedes-Benz 2,5 l W196R. Sströmlinje formade tävlingsvagnar. Ref. 1
Info 1955 Mercedes-Benz 2,5 l W196R. Strömlined race cars. Ref. 1

1955 Mercedes-Benz Racersportvagn 300SLR. Ref. 1
Info 1955 Mercedes-Benz Racer sport car 300SLR. Ref. 1

1955 Mercedes-Benz 2,5 l Formel bil W 196 R. Ref. 1
Info 1955 Mercedes-Benz 2,5 l Formel bil W 196 R. Ref. 1

1952 Mercedes-Benz Racersportvagn 300 SL. Ref. 1
Info 1952 Mercedes-Benz Race sport car 300 SL. Ref. 1

1939. Mercedes-Benz 230 S Offroad sport bil. Ref. 1
Info 1939. Mercedes-Benz 230 S Offroad sport car. Ref. 1

1939 Mecedes-Benz 1,5-L formel bil W165. Ref. 1.
Info 1939 Mecedes-Benz 1,5-L formel car W165. Ref. 1.

Mercedes-Benz 3 L Rennwagen W 154. Ref. 1
Info 1938 Mercedes-Benz 3 L Rennwagen W154. Ref. 1.

1937 Mercedes-Benz 750 kg Rennwagen W 125. Ref. 1
Info 1937 Mercedes-Benz 750 kg Rennwagen W 125. Ref. 1.

1934 Mercedes-Benz 750 kg Rennwagen W25. Ref. 1
Info 1934 Mercedes-Benz 750 kg Rennwagen W25. Ref. 1


Tävlingsbilar/Grand Prix bilar page 1. 1955 - 1934.

Mercedes-Benz went back to racing track and Grand Prix races with their streamlined W196R. Juan Manuel Fangio and Karl Kling took the car to first and second place in the new Formel 1 formula, first race on the 4 of July 1954 Reims. Fangio ended this season as World Champion. The Argentinean drove a developed type of this version 1955 on the Italian Grand Prix 1955 and conquered once more the World Champion title.
(Text from info)
1955 Mercedes-Benz 2,5 l strömline formade tävlingsvagnar. Ref. 1
1955 Mercedes-Benz 2,5 l  W196R. Ref. 1. Streamlined racing cars. Ref. 1. 8 cyl. 2497 cc, 290 ps, 8500 rpm, 305 km/h.
1955 Mercedes-Benz racersportvagns 300 SLR. Ref. 1
 1955 Mercedes-Benz sport racing car 300SLR. Ref. 1, 8 cyl, 2982 cc, 302 ps, 7500 rpm, 300 km/h.
Stirling Moss and his map reader Denis Jenkinson drove this 300 SLR to victory at 1955 Mille Miglia. Their time was record breaking and not yet beaten (2019). The cars started in Brescia with one minute between and car 722 got the staring time 7:22 a.m. The victory with 300 SLR established that Mercedes-Benz should win world champion title for sport cars 1955 which was added to their formula 1 title.
(Text from info)
1955 Mercedes-Benz 2,5 l Formel bil W 196 R. Ref. 1
1955 Mercedes-Benz 2,5 l Formel bil W196 R. Ref. 1. 8 cyl, 2497 cc 290 ps, 8500 rpm, 275 km/h.
Mercedes-Benz entered the Formel 1 championship 1954 oand 1955 with two verions of the W196R. The stremalined variant was chosen for high speed tracks such as Reims, Berlin and Monza. The classical fomel car with open wheels was chosen for most other tracks, as it could better handle the curves. The car was changed with brake drums inbord or outboard for diferent tracks. This gave the car superior characteristics. The type also got different record breaking bodies to beat speed record. 
(Text from info)
 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL was the first new designed competition car after the war. The nickname Gullwing got it as a side effect because of the way to open the doors. This because of frame design. Along the door a broad pipe connection between front and rear went in lever part where doors normally have it's place. November 1952 Karl Kling and Hans Klenk drove this 300 SL to the most spectacular victory of all, Carerra Panamericana race in Mexico. (Text from info)  1952 Mercedes-Benz racersportvagn 300 SL. Ref. 1
1952 Mercedes-Benz racersport car 300 SL. Ref. 1. 8 cyl, 2996 cc, 170 ps, 5200 rpm. 230 km/h.
1939 Mercedes-Bnez 230 S Off Road sport bil. Ref. 1
1939 Mercedes-Bnez 230 S Offroad sport car. Ref. 1. 6 cyl. 2291 cc, 55 ps, 3500 rpm, 130 km/h. 
During 1930 Mercedes-Benz developed 2 seat cars in the 230 S Offroad. The car on the picture was driven by a team from German Post Network in Brandenburg Offroad Rally 1939. Post Network was engaged in this popular competitions during 1930 th. They used the competitions as advertisments for the post and letter service which were offered. (Text from info)
German racing cars dominated the Grand Prix competitions races en the end of 1930 th. This causing the Italian motorsport kead to counteract participation in races. The formula 1939 were the engines restricted to 1,5 litres. In these classes were there no German cars which could take part. As an answer Mercedes-Benz developed W165 in only 8 months and with such a car Mercedes-Benz took both first and second place in Tripoli. This was the only race these type of cars ever made. 
(Text from info)
 1939 Mecedes-Benz 1,5-L formel bil W165. Ref. 1
1939 Mecedes-Benz 1,5-L formel car W165. Ref. 1. V8, 1493 cc, 254 ps, 8000 rpm, 272 km/h.
1938 Mercedes-Benz 3 L Rennwagen W 154. Ref. 1.
1938 Mercedes-Benz 3 L Rennwagen W 154. Ref. 1. V12, 2962 cc, 453 ps, 8000 rpm, 285 km/h. Ref. 1. 
W154 was the last model to complete victories in the 3 litres formula established 1938. It stipulated a reduced cylinder volume and marked the end of 750 formula, which was the maximum weight of the racing car. W154 won six of nine Grand Prix competitions and took 3 races with first three places. Rudolf Caraciola, won his third European Championship title. (Text from info)
Mercedes-Benz rejoin motor racing 1937 with a new the developed  W125, after a unsuccessful season 1936. The new Silber Arrow won it's first race in Tripoli Grand Prix. This victory followed by another six victories in twelwe races and gave Rudolf Caraciola his second Eurpean Championship title.
(Text from info)
Mercedes Benz W125 1937. Ref. 1
1937 Mercedes-Benz 750 kg Rennwagen W 125. Ref. 1. 8 cyl, 5663 cc, 592 ps, 5900 rpm, 320 km/h. (upper car)Ref. 1 
W25 was the first Silber Arrow. It was for the first race painted white at the Nürnburg Ring competition 1934. When inspected by race officials it weighed 1 kg to much according the fomrula rules. The mechanics had now to grind away the white coating to get the weight down. The race car now was shining of the polished aluminum. The team could roll out a proved car to the starting line. This car took the first win and after that it was nicknamed Silber Arrow.
(Text from info)
Info 1934 Mercedes-Benz 750 kg Rennwagen W25. Ref. 1.
1934 Mercedes-Benz 750 kg Rennwagen W25. Ref. 1. 8 cyl  3364 cc 354 ps, 5800 rpm, 280 km/h. Ref. 1.  

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  Swedish version

Grand Prix cars page 2.

1924 - 1900

1924 Mercedes 2 L Rennwagen Targa Florio. Ref. 1
Info 1924 Mercedes 2 L Rennwagen Targa Florio. Ref. 1

1914 Mercedes Grand Prix Rennwagen. Ref. 1
Info 1914 Mercedes Grand Prix Rennwagen. Ref. 1

1909 Benz 200 Hp Rennwagen "Blitzen Benz". Ref. 1
Info 1909 Benz 200 Hp Rennwagen "Blitzen Benz". Ref. 1

1908 Benz Grand Prix Rennwagen. Ref. 1
Info 1908 Benz Grand Prix Rennwagen. Ref. 1

1900 Daimler Phönix 23 hp Rennwagen. Ref. 1
Info 1900 Daimler Phönix 23 hp Rennwagen. Ref. 1

1900 Benz 14 hp Rennwagen. Ref. 1
Info 1900 Benz 14 hp Rennwagen. Ref. 1

Competition cars/Grand Prix cars page 2. 1924 - 1900.

1924 Mercedes 2 L Rennwagen Targa Florio. Ref. 1.
1924 Mercedes 2 L Rennwagen Targa Florio. Ref. 1. 4 cyl, 1986, 126 ps, 4500 rpm, 120 km/h.
With this 2 litres car Christian Werner won Targa Florio 1924. It was a demanding competition on the island of Sicily. Because the red colour of the car the public helped it avoiding difficulties on the road. All because they thought it was an Italian car. When the public saw a red car arriving the local motor sport fans kept away and waved it forwards. Other blue or white cars were from France or Germany, the fans didn't keep away.
(Text from info)
In order to meet the stipulated Grand Prix rules, Daimler Motoren Geselschaft developed a brand new competition car equipped with 4483 cc engine for the 1914 Grand Prix season. Christian Lautenschlager, Louis Wagner and drove there cars to victory in first three places in the French Grand Prix.
(Text from info)
1914 Mercedes Grand Prix Rennwagen. Ref. 1.
1914 Mercedes Grand Prix Rennwagen. Ref. 1. 4 cyl, 4483 cc, 105 ps, 3100 rpm, 180 km/h.
1909 Benz 200 Hp Rennwagen "Blitzen Benz". Ref. 1
 1909 Benz 200 Hp Rennwagen "Blitzen Benz". Ref. 1. 4 cyl, 21504 cc, 200 ps, 1600 rpm, 228 km/h.
Blitzen Benz was the first European car reaching speed record 200. The car was equipped with a massive 4 cyl engine, called Blitzen. It's most famous drive was in Florida. 1911 Bob Burman succeeded to reach 227,2 km/h at Daytona Sand track. This proved that the car was the fastest in the world - even faster than an airplane. The car was called "Lightning Benz" in English.
(Text from info) 
1908 Benz Grand Prix Rennwagen. Ref. 1.
1908 Benz Grand Prix Rennwagen. Ref. 1. 4 cylindrar, 12060 cc, 120 ps, 1500 rpm, 163 km/h.
1908 Benz & Cie increased their activities in international motorsport. The company showed a brand new developed car on competitions including French Grand Prix. Return to the race track was successful. Benz driver Hémery och Hanriot took second and third places - behind a Mercedes in French Grand Prix 1908. Benz was the only team which had 3 cars taking the flag.
(Text from info)

The 23 hp strong Daimler Phönix was their most powerfull competition car 1900. It's high center of gravity, the heavy engine and short wheelbase, which next year was extended for the next variant, made it hard to control this car during competition. After one serious accident during La Turbie race on Marz 1900 in Nice, Maybach understodd that he must build a better race car, It became the first Mercedes.
(Text from info)
1900 Daimler Phönix 23 hp Rennwagen. Ref. 1.
1900 Daimler Phönix 23 hp Rennwagen. Ref. 1. 4 cylindrar 5507 cc, 27 ps, 900 rpm, 80 km/h.
1900 Benz 14 hp Rennwagen. Ref. 1
 1900 Benz 14 hp Rennwagen. Ref. 1. 2 cyl, 2714 cc 14 ps, 1000 rpm, 65 km/h.
Cooling of an engine in a race car was one of the bigger problems on the early competition cars. This Benz had still an open cooling system. This means that it was no overpressure. The water was cooled by flanged rows mounted on cooling plates where the water was vaporized behind the drivers seat. Although it was not effective, it was god enough for the engines producing 14 ps out of it's contra engine.
(Text from info)

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 Swedish version

Stream Liners

1937 Mercedes-Benz Stromlinlenrennwagen W25. "Avus"  Ref. 1

  1937 Mercedes-Benz Stromlienen rennwagen W25. "Avus" Ref. 1

MB Record stream cars 1

MB record T80

MB record T80 Wikip

MB record cars

T80 World record car

Stream Liners

Car no 36. Ref. 1
  1937 Mercedes-Benz Stromlinien rennwagen W25. "Avus" nr 36. Ref. 1. V12, 5577 cc, 5800 rpm, 370 km/h.
Mercedes Benz developed this streamlined version of W25 racing car special made for Avus race track outside Berlin. Manfred von Brauchitsch drove this no 36 W25 along the long straight and through the new high banked curve. Herman Lang won the competition in a similar car with a average speed of 260 km/h. This speed was unbeaten up to 1958. (Text from info)
1939 MB T80 Chassie och motor. Ref. 49
1939 MB T80 Chassie and engine. Ref. 58
MB T80 Karossens bärande del. Ref. 49
MB T80 carrying structure of the body. Ref. 58
1939 Mercedes Benz T80. Ref. 1
1939 Mercedes Benz T80 Ref. 1.
This record breaking car was built in the end of 1930 th by Ferdinand Porsche. An airplane engine was chosen from the DB600 series. The end version became a DB603 with a cylinder volume of 44,5 litres given an effect of 3000 ps at 3200 rpm. This should give a top speed of 596 km/h. The engine was fueled with special petrol. The name 603 is unsure because DB603 was not yet ready to be used in the Messerschmidt Me109.

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Reserve

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Pictures from the following owner have been used in bjorns-story.se with the necessary permission:
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 2: ©Foundation Prestige Bugatti Paul Kestler
Reference 3: ©Auto-Salon-Singen www.auto-salon-singen.de
Reference 4: ©Sinsheim Auto Museum www.museum-sinsheim.de
Reference 5: ©Classiccar Collection www.carclassic.com
Reference 6: ©Mercedes Benz https://www.mercedes-benz.se/passengercars/the-brand/history/events.module.html

Reference 49: ©Picture from Wikipedia
Reference 57: ©Aros Motorveteraner Fjäderbladet
Reference 58: ©Wikipedia - Oldmachinepress
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