2-row sleeve valve engine for fighter aeroplane. Picture from  Duxford. The largest engine of this type with over 2000 hp I have found. Ref 1

Köpings Museum
Text and pictures Björn Bellander

since 060105
© Björn Bellander
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Created 090327
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Page 1

Mercedes 1929

Photo from my visit 2001 Ref 1

SSK Mercedes på Bugatti museet. Ref 1


SSK clutch



Mercedes Benz SSK 7.1L 1929. Ref 24

The compressor equipped sport cars were the construction of Ferdinand Porsche and they were mainly used in sport cars competitions and the adversaries were mostly Alfa Romeo and Bentley. They were not only used for competitions and could also be used for road driving.  Because of all the successfully competitions many sons of the high class people at that time wanted one that looked the same. That 's why they could order different trims of the car. Porsche put so much time in them that he finally was accused for neglecting job on other car models. This is one cause that he started to work at Steyer and then for Auto Union. The SSK cars had a single overhead cam and a Roots compressor which was driven over the main crankshaft. This was a system he later used for Auto Union race cars. This car has the biggest engine with 7.1 liter. 42 cars were built from which 20 have survived. This car has been driven by Karl Ebb and Caracciola mainly in Europe during 1930 th and came to Sweden during the 40 th. In Sweden it changed owners several times (Ebb?). Was finally in a scrap yard found in a terribly stand in the middle of 1950 by Bertil Lindblad. Then he worked 20 years to put it back in the present state. Reading the link SSK clutch came into trouble. This made that a new type of clutch was installed. Sorry for this car had hardly been driven after complete renovation. See link.


Page 2

Panhard Levassor 1912

Other sleeve valve engines

2-row sleeve valve engine for fighter aeroplane. Picture from  Duxford. The largest engine of this type with over 2000 hp I have found. Ref 1

Swedish air fighter engine, sleeve valve, in Malmö technical museum. Ref 1


Sleeve valve engine

Panhard Levassor X18 1912. Ref 23

This car is equipped with a sleeve valve engine giving 70 ps. 1912 it was a very powerful car at that time. A sleeve valve engine has no traditional valves. The car was ordered by the speaker in Swedish parliament count Bonde. He traveled to Paris himself to fetch the Photot from my visit 2001. Ref 1car and then drove it home to Stockholm. At that time it was considered the finest car in Sweden and was often lend to the Swedish King Gustav V when he got high ranked visitors from other countries. It was used up to 1929 when it was stored. Bertil Lindblad got the opportunity to buy the car from Brita Bonde in the middle of 1950. Then he started a full renovation. The car is the only surviving copy of the total of 20 cars that were made. Most of those were sold to the Russian aristocracy. The internet has no pages and therefore it is likely that this is the only car.


Page 3

Pierce-Arrow Model 48-B-5 


Pierce story

Pierce mc

Pierce Arrow 1919. Ref 22

The Pierce family shared the production units in the way that the son took care of motorcycles and the father cared about bicycles and lorries. In the first hand fire lorries.  The first motorcycle came 1909 with a 4 cylinders engine. This was very costly. 1910 they sold single cylinder engines. Engine and bicycles went bankruptcy 1914. Fire lorries were manufactured up to 1932. Pierce also produced a luxurious car under the name of Pierce Arrow. They could be recognize by the special design for head lamps. They were built in the front fenders in an easy recognized way. Read the good link about Pierce that tell you everything.
John Bryntesson, nicknamed the Gold King, was a man that emigrated to America from Dalsland Sweden in the end of 1800 in order to search for gold. He was one of them who succeeded and went back to Sweden with a fortune of 300 million dollars. When he went back this Pierce Arrow was in his baggage. It is a copy of President Woodrow Wilson's car. It is a high class car and the coachwork is made of cast aluminum. The car was presented to the Lindblad foundation during 1990 and a complete restoration was done. Last time the car was used was in the beginning of 1950 for at student celebration.


Page 4





Nagant Liege 1910. Ref 25

Nagant was a Belgian company which was specialized for arms. They had near contact with the Russian Tsars. From there they got a rifle model, Mosin-Nagant, and produced it in large series.
Nagant company was controlled by two brothers. The produced from 1900 till 28 or 29 a car model on license from French Rochet-Schneider. The factory was taken charge 1931 by Imperial. The engine is the usual unit at that time with a cast crankshaft house and 2 cylinder blocks without included valve system and 2 cylinders in each. Have a look at my Mercedes museum about Lightning Benz.


Page 5

Overland 1917


Overland 1

Overland models

Overland Wiki

Willys Overland 1915. Ref 26

The car on the picture is from 1915. Overland was from the beginning the company Standard Wheels, went over to be named Overland and last Willys Overland started 1908. They had several different engine types like 4, 6 inline and Knight sleeve types. The Knight engines were double in cost of what a normal valve engine. Yet quite many were sold. For a while they had a 5 liter V8 sleeve valve which cost $1950. The car in the museum is a model which quite often called Runabout and had a 4 cylinders engine with only 36 hp. It was sold for $495. The great period for Willys was during the first part of the 1920 th when they sold almost 20000 cars. During the end of 1930 th the production went down and the company was almost bankruptcy. As a luck the war started 1939 when the construction company Bantam got the responsibility together with Ford and Willys to produce the Jeep. After the war they continued production with a civilian model. Ordinary cars were not manufactured until 1952.  The Willys company was bought 1953 by Kaiser corporation and the car production continued in Sao Palo up to 1956. The name Willys was changed 1963 to Kaiser Corporation.


Page 6

Voisin C5 1924

Photo from my visit 2001. Ref 1


Voisin car

Voisin C20 1931

Charles Voisin

Voisin Wiki

Voisin C5 1924. Ref 27

Gabriel Voisin was the elder of two brothers. The younger, Charles, started with air plane constructions together with Bleriot in the beginning of 1900. He quit from Bleriot and offered his older brother to be part owner in his air plane factory which was opened 1907. This year he succeeded in his first flying and the length was 60 meters. This airplane was developed and made even longer tours. Charles died 1912 in a car crash and Gabriel took over. The first world war was of course a success for this kind of production and lots of airplanes were sold to the French government. After the war he started with car production through a cooperation with Citroen, license?. Gabriel had special opinions on how to build and use different modern material at that time like aluminum and wood. He combined the materials to get light constructions. The engine type he used was a sleeve valve. Voisin is considered as a very luxurious car. Of all 20000 cars produced there are only about 100 survivors. Those who have seen the movies about Indiana Jones may remember the Voisin car and the French officer in the Sahara fort. It was used heavily, something a Voisin owner today never should do.


Page 7

Renault 1901

Photo from my visit 2001. Ref 1

Renault ca 1903. Can be seen at the museum in Ziegenhagen. Ref1

Renault 1903 Svedino museum. Ref 1


Renault story

Early Renaults

Renault at Ivars museum

Renault Voiturette 1901. Ref. 28

Louis Renault started 1898 to fabricate a car with DeDion engine and 1,75 ps. Air cold with transmission and differential, 3 step gearbox and reverse gear. A very advanced construction. He sold 179 ex. From 1902 engine volume increased to 6,3 l. because of the demand from competition cars. From 1904 to 1928 Renault kept the main construction of L-top cylinder casting in pair, magnet ignition, thermo siphon cooling and the cooler placed behind engine. 1905 the models AX and AG came. They were the base for all Renault cars, even the famous Taxis de la Marne. The taxi cabs of Paris helped to move the French army during the battle of Marne. The Germans were stopped. 1908 a 6 cyl car was announced. 1911 removable tires and pressure lubrication. More than 10000 cars were produced. Renault has not have any down periods of importance. A dark chapter is that Louis Renault died in prison 1944 after been accused for collaboration with the Nazis. After his dead the company was nationalized. During and after the war a small car was developed, CV4, with the help? of Ferd. Porsche who was in jail for war crime. Although it was announced that he could go free for 500000 franc. His son earned money for construction of the Cisitalia car and paid this sum. For a long time Renault did not make their own bodies, instead there were left to different body firms in France.
This Renault has the complete name of Type D Series B Voiturette. Typically for the mark after 1902 was that the cooler was place behind the engine. Perhaps driver got warm air for the coupé. About the car in the museum there are not so much information, more than it has been owned by the Renault reseller, Erik Lundvik, in Stockholm and that the car has been on display in the Marble Halls 1925.  The car was left for restoring in 1990 th in Stockholm.


Page 8

Bentley 8 liter 1930Photo from my visit 2001. Ref 1

Bentley Speed Six på Bugattimuseet. Ref 1



Bentley story

Bentley Race story


Photo from my visit 2001. Ref 1

Torsten Krüger's (not to be mixed up with Ivar Krüger) Bentley 1930, after his dead, was taken care of after some time at the Technical museum Stockholm. In this museum it just standing and collected dust as the museum board was not so interested in this large car. It had an engine with 6 cylinders and 8 liter volume. The car could go for 100 mph and this speed was not possible for Rolls Royce to reach. As this model saw the market when depression was on it's highest level only 100 copies were sold before the company 1931 ceased production. Most delivered models had the body on the picture. This car is now on display in Köping. It is still in a bad stand and of course the Lindblad foundation cannot put money on the car. This car was paid new with almost 2000£ and is today 2009 paid on auction up to $900000. Torsten Krüger also owned a Duesenberg which later was sold to a Swede Martin Strömberg. Read about this.


Page 9

Delage D8Photot from my visit 2001. Ref 1

Photo from my visit 2001. Ref 1

Delage D6 II på Bugattimuseet. Ref 1


Delage picture

Delage D8 1931. Ref 21

This impressive Delage was build on special order for a French fighter pilot. Pellerine was married with a Swedish girl bought the car. The car was used for their driving from Särö, outside Gothenburg, to Paris and the Riviera. 1958 Björn Lind got the, privilege to buy the car. He used it some years before it was stored for life. To get the opportunity to buy such a car is always an advantage.
The mark Delage started 1905 and through successes in competitions at that time it got good reputation. This was mainly caused by the 8 cylinders 1.5 liter engine. 1935 Delage was bought by Delahaye and production stopped 1954. Only 2000 Delage cars were build and from them there are an unknown survivors.


Page 10

Buick eight 1924

Buick 1930 at Nostalgimuseum Grängesberg. This car is sold. Ref 1


Buick cars


Buick. Photo from my visit 2001. Ref 1

Buick was one of the more powerful cars in the 1920. It could be delivered with either 6 or 8 cylinders engine. It gave a powerful moment and could be rebuild to support different kind of machines. The Buick in Köping was bought by a farmer who rebuild it for his patented way to drill holes in a tree trunk. Those were used for draining peat mosses in Sweden. This was a type of pipes that later were replaced by the well known earthenware pipes. Today only special plastic pipes are used.  Those tree trunk pipes were also used in mines to pump water in this case much longer. One can study such equipment for long way drilling in Falu copper mine. These wooden pipes never become rotten either in a peat moss or a mine. The car on small picture comes from Nostalgi museum Grängesberg Sweden. This car has been sold.


Page 11

Bugatti type 44 1928

Photo from my visit 2001. Ref 1



Bugatti Type 44 Cab 1928. Ref 29

Bertil Lindblad is one of the men behind the car museum in Köping, even if it's not the official name. He was a machine engineer and worked at the Mechanical Workshop of Köping. Here he got his main engine education much for the possibility to use work machines for his renovations for many of his interesting cars in the museum. Type 44 Bugatti was one of the first cars he bought. At that time these type of cars had no high money value. They were only of interest for those who understood that special cars in the future had a cultural, historical value and must be preserved. To keep on with this kind of interest one must have a complicated and comprehensive education. His network with important persons for this was quit big. Among them Curt Borgenstam who often travelled in Europe as a navy attaché could change his route to visit different old car producers. Lindblads collection became with time rather large and was during a short time on display at Nacka Strand museum. On the contrary Köping was his place in life and in order that his collection should not be widely spread after his dead a foundation was created and the locals became his old working place. Here also the supporting club twice every year arrange markets for old car spares. 


Page 12

Bugatti type 57 Stelvio 1936

Photot from my visit 2001. Ref 1

Bugatti 57S i Dorlisheim museet Frankrike. Ref 1

Bugattimotorn till 57S. Ref 1

Bugatti Atlantic på Autostadt Tyskland. Ref 1

Bugatti Atlantic på från Autostadt Tyskland. Ref 1


Driving an Atlantic
Unloading Atlantic

Bugatti Type 57 Coupé 1936. Ref 30

The beautiful blue/black Bugatti in the museum was bought by Borgenstam 1951 and was often used for long travelling in Europe. The car was renovated after his dead and incorporated in Lindblad foundation.
In the small pictures to the left you can see the same type although a cab. A photo taken at my visit in Dorlisheim, It is pity that the handsome type 57 Stelvio cabriolet from 1936 never will come out and rev up with the nice sound from the 8 cylinders engine and with the lines of it body melt into the landscape around Dorlisheim. It is true that the car has a good place in the dry air in this little museum, although it was raining outside the museum. The opening where they have taken the car inside is bricked. The engine is lifted out of the car and can bee seen behind. It is a 3.3 single cam. This type of car came the first time 1934 and could be purchased with three different body types. Stelvio, Ventoux and Atalante On special order one could order between 4 doors Galibier or Atlantic Coupé (only 3 were built). Generally speaking people could get anything if they just paid the price. It was for type 57 that Jean built the individual front end but was refused to fulfill from his father. From type 57 was 905 copies built (there are different opinions).


Page 13

Isotta Fraschini 1955

Caproni Isotta Fraschini motor på Flygmuseet i Linköping. Ref 1

Caproni motor från fd Skoklostermuseet. Ref 1

Capronimotor vänd åt fel håll på fd Skoklostermuseet. Ref 1

Info skylt på fd Skoklostermuseet. Ref 1


Isotta Fraschini

About Swedish Torpedo boats

Torpedbåtsmotor på fd Skoklostermuseet. Ref 1

There are some names that a car interested person in Sweden must know and these they proudly mention in discussions during club meetings. One of these names is Curt Borgenstam, navy attaché for Sweden. He was the man who built up the Swedish torpedo boats defense. Having such a work he could travel much and also was one of the men who bought the unhappy destroyers from Italy. The engines that later were mounted in the Swedish built boats were Isotta Fraschini and one of them can be seen at this museum. It has three rows of 6 cylinders and is often called a W6 engine and had an output if 1500 ps. In those boat that were built in late 1950 three of these engines where working. Have a look in the picture far back you can see "the handbrake level" which handles the coupling for idle running. Later the output was raised to 1800 ps. One type of torpedo boat engine, is T-100, had no reverse gear. This boat had three V-20 diesel engines with 2500 ps each. Instead one engine stopped and the camshafts pushed so the engine turned in opposite direction, when started. This was done for example every time the boat made port. Isotta Fraschini engines were often built in airplanes which Sweden bought from Italy. Among them the Caproni bomber/reconnaissance. Jan Blomkvist who was my boss during my time at Hedemora Diesel for some years, is today a reseller for Isotta Fraschini, placed in Hälsingborg.

Other Car MC museums in this website

Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
Munktell museum
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volvo Industrial museum

Other sites
Military service
My Heritage

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story with the necessary permission:   
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander 
Reference 21: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren
GNU Free Documentation License
Reference 22: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren
GNU Free Documentation License

Reference 23: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren GNU Free Documentation License
Reference 24: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren GNU Free Documentation License
Reference 25: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren GNU Free Documentation License
Reference 26: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren GNU Free Documentation License
Reference 27: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren GNU Free Documentation License
Reference 28: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren GNU Free Documentation License
Reference 29: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren GNU Free Documentation License
Reference 30: © Wikipedia Göran Lindgren GNU Free Documentation License
This website handles Carmuseum Köping. Pictures current 2001
cover 13 pages.

© Björn Bellander 2006-