Museum entrance. Ref. 1
Museum entrance. Ref. 1

Härnösands Car Museum
Veteran Cars
Text and pictures Björn Bellander 13 pages pictures current 2015, 16   
Back  Swedish version  Museum website

since 060106
Updated
2017-12-07
© Björn Bellander
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See also my other websites from the museum
American cars, Future exhibition cars, English cars, Separate engines, Russian cars, German cars,
Veteran cars, Mopeds MC

Video about Härnösands Bilmuseum. Here Calle Lundkvist has collected his dreams and tells you about this  and also his need to save old cars.
Video

Nash -29, A-Ford -29, A-Ford -31, Chevrolet -22, T-Ford -10, Nash 1932, T-Ford, Ford last -37,
Rolls Royce -28, Brandbil, T-Ford, A-Ford -31, T-Ford -20, Links

Created 060105

Page 1

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Swedish version

Nash 1929

Info Nash 1929. Ref. 1
Info Nash 1929. Ref. 1

Links

Rambler cykel

Thomas B. Jeffery

Nash

Nash Advanced

Ajax Car

Nash Lafayette

Nash info

John Boyd Dunlop

 

 

Nash 1929. Ref. 1
 
Nash didn't start with the badge Nash, instead the first car cot the name Rambler.

Thomas Jeffery, b 1845, emigrated from England 1862 at 17 years old to America. He settled down in Chicago and started as a patent engineer and produced also telescope.

He started his constructive line by presenting an example of the security cycle. This had the same size of wheels contrary to the so called High Wheelers which were common.

This cycle was build by brazed welding pipes. The name was Rambler. Read about English cycle production

Air rubber wheel was already partly invented in England by a Scotch and made better by the Englishman John Boyd Dunlop. This invention was the ground for Company. There was still one problem that the rubber part was not enough fasten on the rim. Still it was just glued.

This was a problem that irritated Jeffery and he delivered a solution. The tire was so constructed to consist by an inner and outer part. The outer border had a casted wire in both sides. The rim was reworked so that the outer tire was hold to an edge by the pressure from inner tube. Now the tire could not role off.

This was a construction which got the name "the clincher tire". 1882 it got patent. A similar idea was given by Walter Chysler, when he reconstructed the car rims. It is still today called the J-profile..

Now a quick development started and engines with two and four cylinders came 1906. As general manager Edwar Jordan was hired. This man created later the car badge Jordan 1917.

Jeffery had merged with the cycle producer Philip Gormully and they had a shared company. It was the next largest supplier of cycles in America after Albert Pope. As the third supplier came The Dureya brothers.

1900 Jeffery's partner Philip Gormully died. Their company was then sold to Albert Pope, but the name Rambler was kept.  Now Jeffery had money to start development of the car he had worked on since 1890.

A factory building was bought in Kenosha. Here Thomas developed his first car for the market 1902. It had as all other cars at that time a one cylinder engine mounted in the front and steered by a steering wheel.

This construction was quickly changed when R.E.Oldspresented his "Curved Dash". Thomas son reworked the car with an engine placed in the middle under the seat and steering with a handle bar.

This Rambler car started to be produced 1903 and Jeffery became the next largest producer after Olds.

The working intensity for Thomas Jefferey became to high and he got a hart attack and passed away 1910. During a short time from 1914 to 1917, the Rambler car carried the name Jeffery.

His son Charles became now president and the man who run the company up to 1917 when he sold it to Charles W. Nash. This man hade earlier been working for General Motors and had a doubtful cooperation with Durant.

Now a new era started for Jeffery's company. It got the new name Nash. Several clever engineer came from GM. One such person was Nils Erik Wahlberg.

This man was born in Finland 1885 and educated at Helsingfors Polytechnical university. The sources say that he first emigrated to Switzerland in order to study this time at the well known technical high school. Here he read engine knowledge. The cause to go there was that Russia made Finland to a vassal country under the Russian Empire.

He emigrated to America 1909 and worked among others for Packard and Thomas Motor Co, before he entered General Motors. From this place he followed Charles Nash to the Nash factory. Nils worked with Nash till 1952, when he retired. He lived till the age of 91 and didn't die until 1976.

The demand for Nash cars were very big and Charles W Nash opened a new company LaFayette in Indianapolis. Here he produced  the car seen left picture 1936 among others. The LaFayette was no success.

Continue page 6.


Page 2

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Swedish version

A-Ford 1929

Info Ford Pick up 1929. Ref. 1
Info Ford Pick up 1929. Ref. 1

Links

Ford A

Ford A. 1929. Ref. 1
A-Ford

När A-Forden avlöste den gamla modell T blev den en succé.

Den sålde bra tills Ford kom med den välkända V8 1932. Mer än 5 millioner A-Fordar tillverkades och modellen som monterades i flera länder blev också basen till den Ryska biltillverkningen.

Den stora nyheten på A-Ford var att hel och halvfart systemet byttes mot det nya, som skulle bli den vanligt förekommande, 3 växlade lådan.

Redan 1929 var denna modell den mest sålda i Sverige. Motorn var på 3.3 liter och 4 cyl. och 40 hk. Man kunde köra 100 km/tim med bilen.  


Page 3

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Swedish version

A-Ford 1931

Info Ford A Cab 1931. Ref. 1
Info Ford A Cab 1931. Ref. 1

Links

A-Ford

A-Ford 1931. Ref. 1
A-Ford 1931

Tillverkades mellan 1927-1931. Denna bil var den andra stora framgången för Ford fabriken efter föregångaren T-Ford.

Den första bilen kom 20 Oktober 1927 och ersatte då den gamla T-Forden som hade tillverkats i 18 år. Denna nya modell A, en tidigare modell hade tidigare blivit årets bil, redan 1903-1904. Nu utsågs A-ford till årets bil 1927 och fanns i 4 standardfärger, men inte svart!

Modell A kom i en mängd olika karosser, Standard- DeLuxe, Bussines Coupé, Convertible, Town Car 2 fönster Standard och De-Luxe. Den tillverkades fram till 1931.

Motorn är vattenkyld med 3,3 liters volym. Den gav 40 hk. När produktionen upphörde, mars 1932 hade 4.849.340 A-Ford tillverkats.

 

Page 4

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Swedish version

Chevrolet 1922

Info Chevrolet 1922. Ref. 1
Info Chevrolet 1922. Ref. 1Drivers place Chevrolet 1922. Ref. 1
Drivers place Chevrolet 1922. Ref. 1

Link

Louis Chevrolet

History of Louis Chevrolet

Chevrolet

Chevrolet story

 

Chevrolet 1929. Ref. 1
Hallo if you are interested in Chevrolet.

Let's start with knowledge about Switzerland. this country is organized in cantons. In one of these clock manufactures had by time assembled. In Neuchatêl a man was born 1878, second son to Joseph-Félicien, clock manufacture. He got the name Louis-Joseph Chevrolet.

Louis was not aimed to be a clock manufacturer. Instead he was interested for cycle competitions and the mechanical things around. He worked at a mechanical workshop 1895 till 1899, when he moved to Paris.

Perhaps he was not so lucky here because he emigrated already 1900 to Montreal Canada

Here he stayed one year before moving to NewYork. Here he got work at DeDion's American company.

He got employed at FIAT America as a racing driver and was involved in developing a front wheel drive car in Philadelphia. He also drove competitions for Buick. William Durant was the leader for this mark.

We have now reached 1909 and Louis, who didn't have any schooling education in cars, started also to develop engines, at Buick. This was the beginning for the 6 cylinder Chevrolet engine, which always has supplied overhead valves. This cylinder head was lubricated by dripping oil from a felt lying on the rockers.

Louis started his own company 1911, named Chevrolet Motor Car Co together with Durant.

Several people, working with Durant, had different views about how to construct cars. This was also the case with Louis. He quite and sold all his shares in Chevrolet Car.

Durant continued and sold Chevrolet cars and earned so much money that he could buy himself into the lead of General Motors again1917.

The company which Louis had started became now the most important source of income for Durant. 

Louis Chevrolet who lost the chance to be a millionaire, started instead a new company, Frontenac Motor Co, in order to produce trim parts for Ford cars. Louis disappeared now from the front of car history and kept his name only as the creator of car badge Chevrolet. He died 1941.

The car Chevrolet within GM went ahead with great success and not even the depression could stop the success of the badge.

1916, 70000 Chevrolet were sold. 1927 when Ford changed between A and B models, Chevrolet hade the highest figures. 1929 came a new 6 cylinder engine and 1 million cars were sold. 1934 GM had reached 10 millions and Chevrolet was the most common car sold and 1939 GM reached 15 millions.


Page 5

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Swedish version

T-Ford 1910

Info T-Ford 1910. Ref. 1
Info T-Ford 1910. Ref. 1T-Ford. Ref. 1
T-Ford. Ref. 1

Links

T-Ford

T-Ford. Ref. 1
About how Ford started his production.

In Detroit many companies were created inorder to produce cars.

Detroit Wheeler Manufacturing 1904.
Detroit Auto Vehicle Co. 1904.
Detroit Cyclecar Co. 1913 - 14.
Detriot Dearborn 1910 - 11.
Detroit Electric Car Co 1907 - 1942.
Andersson Electric Car Co 1907 - 1942.
Detroiter, Briggs Detroiter Car Co 1912 - 1915.

and

Detroit Vehicle Company 1899 - 1901.
This was the investing company which 1901 was reorganized to Ford Motor Co.

Detroit Vehicle Company is an interesting company as it had to deal with the production of Ford cars. It was activated 1899 as an investing company. It was owned by three persons in Detroit. The mayor
William Maybury, William Murphy, the largest owner of land around Detroit and Senator Thomas W Palmer.

Fords testbil Quadracycle. Ref. 561896 Henry Ford was out testing his Quadracycle and with this car he kept on testing up to 1899.

William Murphy got to know this and hired Henry Ford as engineer at the factory of the investment company in order to produce the coming cars there. Henry Ford accepted this offer in spite of that he had since several years worked at Thomas Edison.

A big production program including several models was planed, but this plan was not started. Ford didn't want to give ok until he was satisfied with his car construction.

The stock holders didn't like this and forced the company bankruptcy after 2 years. The name was still Detroit Vehicle Company.

This compny became out of money already 1901. Now it became reorganized to Ford Motor Company 1901. Several investers had joined and Ford could continue his development. Will Murphy was one of the persons behind this.

Ford became ready with his evaluation 1903 and this year the production started with the first car.

Continue on page 13.


Page 6

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Swedish version

Nash 1932

Chevrolet drivers place 1930. Ref. 1
Chevrolet drivers place 1930. Ref. 1

Links

Nash

Nash 1932

Nash Metropolitan

Nash-Healey

Nash-Healey pictgures

Nils Erik Wahlberg

See also English cars page 5
 

Chevrolet 1930. ref. 1
cont. from page 1.
The Rambler car which Nash took over was immediately sold under the name Nash with several different chariot variants.

Nils Erik Wahlberg who had worked at his GM time Louis Chevrolets very well and his development of a new 6 cylinder engine with overhead valves. Therefore he could quickly work out a new 6 cylinder for Nash. This had pressurized lubrication and even crankcase ventilation.

In Indianapolis Nash also produced a model named Ajax. Here also the Nash Light six was built up 1920 by Ajax and sold as a rework kit.

1928 a new model Nash 400 came, which had an engine with six or 8 cylinders. The 8 had furthermore double ignition system and gave 100 hp. The engines were mounted on rubber blocks in 4 points.

1929 the depression struck and production reduced notable. Anyway Nash had a acceptable price and good reputation on the market and his company had no problem to continue.

To get new buyers the Nash cars were built with extra accessories. The car could be easily be changed to get two sleeping places. 1936.

The cars got also blower heating. The engine warm water was used and this gave an over pressure in the passenger compartment. This gave also cleaner air to breath.

Nash merged with George Mason and his company Kelvinator which produced refrigerators. Now Nash could offer air condition 1938. Heat and cooler packets were mounted under the front seats. It had no god function and the adverts for the system were on a low level.

1942 Wahlberg constructed a new type of frame which more or less was alike a self supporting car. See link.

Further more he worked with chariot streamlining. All this gave a lighter car and less air resistance and of course less petrol consumption.

In the beginning of 50th Nash was in contact with the English sportcar producer Donald Healey when he travelled by boat over to Europe.

Donald Healey had been in USA to buy Cadillac engines for his sport cars, but GM had refused to sell.

Now a cooperation was established with Nash to use their 6 cylinder engine, front and rear axles.

This 6 cylinder engine became for sure later the main construction for the Austin Healey 6 cylinder model in the middle of 1960.

The Nash Healey became after 2 years work a nice car with the help of Pinin Farina. But out of the price it could not compete with Corvette and Thunderbird.

The problem was a very long winded production logistic. The engine, front and rear axles were sent to England and then to Italy, where the chariot was mounted. The car was then transported to USA. It became naturally expensive.

Nash also constructed the small Metropolitan car 1954. It was built with component from Austin. The pressure in USA to offer a small cheap car was great. The talking was about Compact cars. This car could only take two persons and was also made simpler in the way that right and left doors were alike except the places of the hinges.

The engine was the small A-engine from Austin/Morris, 57 ps. This production was not so large and was made in England. The economy for this was not a burden for Nash in USA. This production ceased 1962.

We have now come to the postwar period. Nash and the other alone standing companies as Packard, Hudson and Studebaker had great difficulties.

Trials to merging these didn't succeed. Only in couples and the marks disappeared during the beginning of 1960.

Hudson and Packard became American Motors, AMC, as the merged companies were named. They could not live up to the new economical pressure and Nash was bought by GM. Nash was laid down. This together with the others so called free producers.

Now it was only GM, Ford and Chrysler left of the big producers.


Page 7

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Swedish version

T-Ford

Prova mig

Links

T-Ford

T-Ford. Ref. 1
 


Page 8

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Swedish version

Ford V8 37 Last

Info Ford V8 Lorry 1937. Ref. 1
Info Ford V8 Lorry 1937. Ref. 1

Links

Ford V8

Ford V8 Lorry 1937. Ref. 1
 


Page 9

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Swedish version

Rolls Royce Silver Cloud 1927

Rolls Royce. Ref. 1

Rolls Royce. Ref. 1
Info Rolls Royce Silver Cloud 1908. Ref. 1
Info Rolls Royce Silver Cloud 1908. Ref. 1Rolls Royce stored. Ref.1
 Rolls Royce stored. Ref.1

Links

Rydaholms Museum

 Sparreholm museum

Rolls Royce Phantom II

Wiki Rolls Royce

 

Rolls Royce 1927. Ref. 1
Rolls Royce Silver Cloud 1927

This car is very special as the first owner in England was no more than Malcom Campell. One of the few record breaker who died a natural death 1963. He owned the world record in speed for cars with his Blue Bird which can be seen at Bealieu museum, situated on the south coast in England. Rolls Royce cars are to be found on almost every museum which I have visited.

Two persons owning knowledge and a goal in their life were not met by a coincidence. They were persons that had to be presented to each other.


Ser Henry Royce, Photo from Wikipedia.Henry Edmunds had invited them to Midlands Hotel in Manchester on the 4 of May 1904. One named Henry Royce, a splendid engineer and Charles Rolls, a reseller of cars. Sir Henry Royce had built a car already 1902, the Royce 10. He considered that it was a splendid product, but it Charles Royce. Photo from Wikipedia.was able to be done better specially consider it's engine. The car was equipped with a two cylinder engine. Charles Rolls had been a reseller of cars in the first hand French marks. Other countries seldom exported their. He was also busy with car competitions and acted also as a pilot. He was not satisfied with cars quality at this time. Royce had proved the quality of his car by controlling tests. At this meeting they agreed that Rolls should sell all cars Royce could produce.
This agreement was not put on paper until December that year.
Sir Henry Royce was besides a car builder even an inventor. One of his patents was the light bulb for cars. This was given the bottom shape with a bayonet mounting. Most car lamps are still produced in this way.

Charles Rolls was an educated mechanic in Cambridge. He studied here for engineer. He was one of the first to buy a car and also trained to get a pilot license.
 
At my visit at the museum with a funny name "Technical museum at grandfathers time" situated in Helsingborg, I saw a bicycle with the name Rolls. Cycle with the badge Rolls at Technical museum Helsingborg. Ref 1










During the mid war period Rolls Royce developed air plane engines and also succeeded to make the best at that time.

This engine was called the R-engine and gave 810 ps. The problem was that England had no suitable air plane to use the engine. In Germany it was just the reverse. Heinkel had built a plane which was called the Heinkel Blitz. Rolls Royce wanted to buy such a plane. The meaning was to use it with the R-engine and bring the Schneider trofé back to England. Ernst Heinkel suggested that they should do an exchange, which Rolls Royce agreed in. Sorry, but RLM (Reichluftministerium) didn't supported that but agreed to a one time license. Heinkel doesn't tell how this ended in his book Stormy Life.

Page 10

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Swedish version

May be a Chrysler
 

Links

Old fire car in Härnösandsl. Ref. 1
 


Page 11

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Swedish version

T-Ford
 

Links

T-Ford

T-Ford stored. Ref. 1
 


Page 12

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Swedish version

A-Ford 1931

Links

A-Ford 1931

A-Ford 1931 stored. Ref. 1
 


Page 13

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Swedish version

T-Forad 1920

Info Calles show car. Ref. 1
Info Calles show car. Ref. 1

Link

T-Ford

T-Ford. Ref. 1

cont. from page 5

Ford första bil modell A. Ref. 56 1903 was also the year when Old Curved Dash came out on the marked an this car had a prize of $1 a pound, which became a total of $650. The investers had seen how Olds both built a factory and succeeded to bring the car out on the market and by all it gave profit.

Ford was partner with Henry Leland who created Cadillac. In the beginning Leland had engines from Ford in model A of Cadillac, just as Olds had. When Ford grew out of his factory Cadillac took over and moved in there.

The reorganizing of Detroit Vehicle was ready 1901 and the new factory got the name Henry Ford Company. Henry became the chief engineer and he had constructed a car for all people and it outclassed all other cars on the market.

Will Murphy was a economist and was responsible for this. All other in the board were Clarence A. Black as president, Albert E.F. White vice president, Lem. W. Bowen secretary. The capital in the company was $60000.

This production was placed at 1343 Cass Avenue, Detroit Mass, and the car was sold for $850 and named Ford model A. Then followed several model names up to N to T. When model T to was to be replaced the letter models started with A, B again and so on.

George Selden med sin patentbil. Ref 56Another problem was that a man George Selden had constructed a car on paper 1879 and also got a patent for this. This situation became a large income source for many lawyers at this time.

Henry Ford solved this in a simple manner when he refused to pay and after a time this patent was declared canceled. But how this happened is a complicated story and was not settled until 1911.

A possible explanation is that Ford kept his foot maneauvred 2 geared planet gearbox. This made that America got two types of drivers licenses, one for Ford and one for the rest of the car badges.


Page 14

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Swedish version

Links

 
   

Other Car MC museums in this website

Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti
BiancoRosso
BMW
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
Ladenburg
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
MotorTechnica
Munktell museum
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Porsche
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
SSK-series
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volkswagen
Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

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Hagfors Industrimuseum
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Pictures from the following owners have been used in
bjorns-story.se with the necessary agreements:   
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander 
 bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 39: © Hasse Carlsson Signalhornet


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