Front side of the museum. Ref 1 Gråfors collection Sparreholm
Text and picture Björn Bellander.
Picture current 2012
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since 121111
Updated
2017-06-19
© Björn Bellander
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You can find opening times in official website.

Entrance to the museum. Ref 1

In the small community Sparreholm you can if when driving through choosing main driveway see this house. If you are lucky and there is a beautiful sunny day it may be open. This is not for sure every day. If you plan to visit Gråfors Collections you have to carefully inform yourself about opening times. A nice parking area is arranged behind the house. Furthermore there is an old industrial area if your drive around. I went there twice to be informed about opening times and to be sure I took a photo of the note the second time for my visit. The collection are built up by Stefan and Britt-Marie. They have also an old shop of nostalgi type in Hågelby park Tumba. www.hagelby.se.

Owner Stefan Gråfors. Ref 1After going around among all odds and ends which Stefan collected you can buy a cup of coffee and cake. This handle Britt-Marie. At this opportunity Stefan played on his old barrel organ and ground a melody on the organ. The sun was shining and everything was under control.
He has organized his museum with different kind of tableaus. Old shops for different kind of wares, like old shops, music machines, motorcycles and early cycles with help engines. They have a slight larger cylinder volume. there are also a lot of odd things.

Telephone device for coupling station used 1924 to 1984.  Ref 12 interesting things things. The one to the left is an automatic telephone selector which Ericsson constructed and earned much money for. It was used with the automatic telephone system in Sweden. If you remember there was a wheel with ten numbers were you dialed the telephone number. You got some crushing noise in the receiver. Just like sliding a pin on an old washboard. This happened when the long arm in the middle noted every dialed number. There were as many devices as there was numbers in the number. These units had very long term of life. This was installed 1924 and worked up to 1984 when it was exchanged by the digital AXE system.. All these mechanical equipments became old fashioned when this happened.

Machine to get chickens from eggs. Ref 1If we went further back in time he has an old  sit on eggs device. This type was very important for the farmer who had a chicken farm. All eggs had to be hatched about at the same time. This one is from 1929 and was warmed by kerosene burner. The time wa 22 days. A nice coupling is Assar Gabrielsson, the Volvo inventor, whose father was a large importer of eggs from Russia. These eggs were only for reseller and were imported  from St. Petersburg area.

Smith (Johnson) used for snow device. Ref 1This kick-sledge is equipped with a help engine. This was the forerunner for the snowmobile. In Dalarna and Småland counties private handy people build these stuff for fun and daily use. This one is equipped with a so called Smith wheel. It was normally used as help engine for cycles. The engine worked as a separate wheel in the rear.

Boxcar. Ref 1In a magazine outside the museum I found this boxcar. As I once organized boxcar racing during the boxcar great times 1978 - 1984 at Elmia fair, I became interested. I could not remember that this car had taken part in these competitions. This car was well built with the main importing thing making it to role fast. Narrow light wheels and a hard thin rolling thread surface. The steering facility seemed to be of an exact type. Sorry to say that Stefan could not tell more than he had bought it for 50 Skr.

This engine type wwas supposed to be a choice for Volvo 1927. Ref 1This engine has grat historical interest. If the note is right. Probably Volvo and their technical boss Gustaf Larson had many inquiries for engines when deciding the motor choice for the first Volvo. Now Volvo constructed their own engine for the Volvo car delivered 1927. The engine was produced in Skövde at Pentaverken. Maybe Penta bought this engine from Örebro and rebuilt it to en boat engine for kerosene. Penta made also boat engines from the Volvo construction. May be some Volvo historical may know more about this.

Remember streamer from visiting uboat Nautilus. Ref 1Once USA built the first atomic driven submarine. The boat sailed under the north pole. This sailing trip became very famous all over the world. Stefan has apparently visited this ship. The streamer is a proof of that.

Säffle boat engine. Ref 1This small compression ignition engine delivered from Säffle had to be shown outside. May be because running the motor. It looked like the motor hade done it's last working stroke. Interesting though it was equipped with a cooler container. The engine is from early 19th and lastly was installed in a private boat on lake Båvern. With it's 12-15 hp it was puffing good , when owner was out fishing. See info page 2.


Smith (Johnson) wheel mounted on a winter transporter. Ref 1 Gråfors collection Sparreholm 
Local shop tableaux
Page 2
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Info Säffle compression ignition engine 1920. Ref 1
Iron shop. Ref 1This is a photo of an iron shop and the model is a shop in Tumba hardware store. The Gråfors family have even today an old grocery shop in Tumba. This shop is handled by one of the family members. The hardware store in the photo might have been one that Gråfors owned in Tumba.

Chemical shop. Ref 1The chemical shop just as in old times. Shell Dilutin is one of the names for kerosene at that time. This was just for cleaning and for lamps. Do you remember that Martin Ljung played a role as Viking Chemical shop. Ref 1(name).  In this he was so weak that he could not turn a somersault. This character was played at Ide'on theatre Stockholm. Before he could not lift a brick. I was there. Sunlight, Radion, Fenom and Caustic soda. The last was the best cleaning means for the kitchen at that time.

Ladies hairdresser. Ref 1The hairdresser had terrible things for help. The were also highly dangerous. The electric cables at that time became easily worn. Just look at an old flat iron. This old fashion hair blower to make the hair curly was impressing for all customers.

Mineral water from Tumba brewery. Ref 1
Tumba Special is sa soft drink which is sold at Gråfors museums. This pearling drink was popular around 1950 and was then forgotten for 50 years. The widow after the shut downed Tumba brewery found the secret recipe and gave it to the local pension union. As time went on Gråfors got it in his hands and now they produce it in small scale after this recipe through brewery in county of Dalarna. Tumba Special has the same taste and also the same label as before. The taste is reminding of a mixture with Champis, Trocadero, citron and secrete flavour. The last component is up to the drinker.... Text after Gråfors website.

Petrol station. Ref 1Behind the museum there is a nice old petrol station. A small car has "just rolled in" in order to fill up. I don't think it was good petrol in the container of the tank filler. The liguid Petrol station shop. Ref 1was quite dark. Dream away to the Castrol oil container, sweet glas containers from which the children got a piece when the seller was in good mode. STP, methylated spirit, oil can and spare parts for Amal carburetors. This type was general for motorcycles.


Early Harley Davidsson 1903. Ref 1 Gråfors collection Sparreholm
MC and helpengines
Page 3
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Engine from Bunis Dalarna. Ref 1

History about lights for cycles. Ref 1This is the story how cycle light was developed. Carbide was a poisoned and dangerous gas. As son as the dynamo was ready to be sold the carbide disappeared. During the war carbide was used as propelling force in smaller boats.


 

Harley Davidsson. Ref 1

Harley Davidsson 1903 -
1953 it was on the way to be a catastrophe for HD when Norton was the name on all lips at Daytona Show. HD could not accept this so the gave their test driver, Paul Goldsmith, order to bring back record from Norton, to drive again with a 37 hp bike and raised the record for highest speed with 42 km/h. HD was though created long before by the 2 mates William Harley and Artur Davidsson. They started to produce motorcycles in Milwaukee. The two men were a good combination and already after some years they had developed a V-twin, a layout that should remain till today. They understood that in order to sell they must have several resellers and they created that. Already 1912 they had over 200 in America. The models replace each other but engine type and layout were the same. To get the name known they joined all types of competitions in America. Like dirt track and hill Climb. At these types of tracks the English bikes could not compete. There only fighter was Indian, but this mark was ceased 1953. The main engine was designed 1926 and was still in production till 1972. American Machinery Foundry bought the company 1969 and it came into finance difficulties because of the US Tariff Commission. The company went down on number of employees and become in conflict with the labors. The quality fell drastically and the cycle got the nickname "Hardly ablesome". AMF sold 1981 and HD got its good reputation back. New models were developed and with background of nostalgia HD can sell cycles with a much higher price than the Japanese bikes and yet they have full time job.

DKW. Ref 1DKW 1916-
DKW was a name formed by the words "Dampf-Kraft-Wagen". It was founded 1916 by the Dane Jörgen Skafte Rasmussen who from 1920 built light 2-stroke bikes. During time between the wars DKW was the largest mc producer. After WWII the Zschopay factory was in the east zone and cycles from here were named MZ. Compare with the BMW situation. East Germany was not allowed to use the name DKW. In 1949 production started in Ingolstadt in the west zone, using the name DKW, main place for Auto Union to produce mc and cars. In the 50th DKW designed several models which were copied on the terms of war compensation claims and were sold almost identically. For ex. the RT 125 cc was copied by BSA to a new name Bantam. Several fusions took place on the market and when those have ended, DKW as a mark came to a halt. DKW is replaced by Auto-Union with parent VAG concern 1964. The last 2-stroke engine was made 1976.

EBE help engine. Ref 1EBE 184 cc 2 hk
equipped with snifting valve 1919. Was produced by EBE factory in Åmål. The cycle was a copy of Furir and

EBE 184 cc detail from engine. Ref 1equipped with free hand operated free wheel. The original Furir had not this. Involved in this was Carl Georg Lindkvist.

 

 

Panther
Panther. Ref 11900 Johan Phelon and Harry Rainer shared their MC patent. The idea was that the cylinder replaced the front frame pipe as far as the cylinder reached. This was a distinctive mark for a Panther mc. All their mc:s had this construction. The shown panther must be a homebuilt pedal cycle with a panther engine. Harry Rainer died in a traffic accident already 1903. He was replaced by Richard Moore. He had constructed a two gear unit working with two chains and a coupling. The company was named P&M and the motorcycle was developed slowly with better constructions. Production was reduced considerable during the 60th and the last Panther was delivered from the factory in Cleackheaton 1967.

Colibri 1919. Ref 1Colibri
Colibri was also available as a frame mounted engine 1919. It had several similarities with FN from this time. 1921 a twin was

Cokibri engine detail. Ref 1manufactured. This was mounted across in the frame. The company went out of money 1923 and the remaining spare parts were sold and advertised as long as to 1928.

Nimbus. Ref 1For once the Nimbus production didn't start by a company that earlier began with bicycles. 1919 Nielsen and Fisker merged to produce a motorcycle. They had already earlier established a company which 1910 started with vacuum cleaners. The main plan was that together with their already established product trying to earn more money through a motorcycle. This won't be any problem as the market at this time was positive.
Now any problem didn't show up as their motorcycle Nimbus was well looked forward and totally 12000 machines were sold.
The Swede Song Group Swe-Danes, included among the three singers Alice Babs, told once why they had got popular with "You got to have your own style".
Nimbus had this unusual style. No other cycle had the same construction. 4 cylinders engine, engine block from Austin seven, telescope in front, shaft drive and a frame of flat iron which were riveted together. This became their developed model named Nimbus C.
The interest for this Nimbus didn't raise until a company with the name Nimbus was officially started. After 1920 the sales started to expand. This was of course why buy a motorcycle by a vacuum cleaner salesman.
Selling a motorcycle in Denmark was though not easy when government in Denmark often put on taxes for motor vehicles. The luck for Nimbus factory was that they got a rolling contract from the Danish army. This made them continue with production despite low civil sales.
As long as this contract was working Nimbus continued, but when it came to an end 1960 the production ceased.

Cyclemaster. Ref 1Cyclemaster Motor wheels were not new. When the Cyclemaster was presented the idea came form the French  "Bicycletten" from 1892. This one had a 5 cylinders star engine in the rear. The English Singer produced it'e motor wheel 1900. There was also the ÖWA-wheel, mounted on the front wheel. This engine was kopied by many. Cyclemaster was produced in Holland by Plubier. The engine was much alike the front drive Berini. 1952 was the price 450:- or 690:-. Shop Manual.


Blomster motorcykel från 1902. Ref 1The two stroke engine was from the beginning invented 1881 by the Scotsman Dugald Clerk. A new and better construction was shown by Joseph Day 1892. Even a new way came 1901 Bkomster motorcycle from 1902. Ref 1from different producers. Blomster in Sweden built his mc already 1902. The engine was French built by the firm Ixion. It was meant to be placed on the steering wheel of the pedal cycle, but Bild på motorinstallationen Blomster 1902. Ref 1Blomster mounted it in the frame to get a better weight ratio. Cylinder volume was 50 cc. It had dry-cell battery and coil. The electricity ignition was activated by a cam on it's engine Denna bild visar detalj av motorn. Ref 1crankshaft. A ratio with a v-belt was there down to a lower pulley. From this it was a chain to the coupling and then a v-belt further to the rear wheel. A brake was mounted in the rear nave and also a brake block on one of the pulleys. It is quite complicated.
One note. Stefan Gråfors intend to take the cycle over to England in order to drive the Brighton run. I think it will be difficult to get the cycle in order and accepted as original. It is very accurate in this run.

Visar tändspolens originaldelar. Ref 1Original details for the ignition coil are in this picture dismantled. It is made of one iron core and copper plates which i wrapped and isolated with glasswork pieces. All these are placed in a wooden box which is placed just under the saddle. See picture. Inside the box all was covered with stearin. Because the spark was too bad when renovation was done all this original stuff were replace by an ignition coil from a moped by Lennart Nordström 2002.

The motorcycle was made by a man in Kinna Sweden. His name was Blomster. He use an engine from Ixion in France. It was suposed to be mounted above the front wheel and give power by a friction wheel. Blomster didn't like this placement and instead placed it inside the frame most because of a better center of gravity and center of weight. Then he converted it for belt-driving. The engine is probably the first commercially produced two stroke engine.

It had dry battery and ignition coil. Just like T-Ford. The ignition breaker was activated by a cam lope which was placed on the crankshaft. One gearing with a belt left power to a lower belt pulley, which is also the coupling. From this point it is chain over to the rear wheel. Brake is mounted in the rear wheel hub and also on one brake block. This is quite complicated.

The oldest two stroke engine in Sweden.
The above cycle with 50cc is made 1902. The principle fro two stroke engine was invented 1901. During 25 years the construction of this cycle was changed. Documentation says that Blomster drove it to the Gothenburg Fair 1923. The carburettor was made from a cycle pump by Blomster's son.

This cycle is bought by Stefan Gråfors 1982. Renovated by Lennart Nordström i Tillberga 2001. He has built a new carburettor and others. Gråfors says that he has in mind to drive London Brighton run in England some day. This is less likely.

Engine: Ixion one cylinder 50 cc two stroke.
Ignition: Dry cell battery and coil. Vraker on crankshaft by a cam.
Carburettor: Float chamber carburettor equipped with adjustable jet and and carburettor strangler.
Transmission: Belt drive from crankshaft to the lowere drive. Then chain to coupling and then belt drive over to rear wheel.
Tyre: Clincher rim 28x1.5 inch clincer tyre.
Brakes: Usual rear brake in hub and one kloss actiing on one of the belt pulleys.

Other motorcycles/moped at Gråfors collection.

Flying 1905.
Flying 1905. Ref 1






Flying 1905. Ref 1






ÖWA engine wheel.
ÖWA engine wheel. Ref 1

Moped BD 1952.
Moped BD 1952. Ref 1Hub and part of the V-belt. Ref 1

Home made fotball play.
This play work with a vacuum cleaner and is made 1960. Type writer tangents has been used to activatre the players.

Football play acting with a vacuum cleaner. Ref 1


3-wheeler with Huskvarna engine. Ref 1 Gråfors collection Sparreholm
3-wheelers
 Page 4
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Automatic piano. Ref 1

3-wheelerfrom Gråfors in Hågelby Tumba. Ref 1

Stored beside the petrol station Gråfors has gathered som  3 wheelers. These kind of transport lorries were very common during the war and 50th. The first types came before war from Germany and already before WW1, but sson Swedish producers constructed own types. During the war most of them were rebuilt to electric power up to 2hp. There was a Swedish importer already 1913, Johannes Källander.

3-wheeler. Ref 1Info. Ref 1

3-wheelerhjuling. Ref 1Steering arm. Ref 1

Info. Ref 1
 



3-wheeler. Ref 1Hågelby in Tumba Gråfors old time shop. Ref 1

Info about 3-wheeler. Ref 13-wheeler. Ref 1

3-wheeler. Ref 13-wheeler. Ref 1

Info. Ref 1

Other Car MC museums in this website

Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti
BiancoRosso
BMW
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
Ladenburg
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
MotorTechnica
Munktell museum
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Porsche
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
SSK-series
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volkswagen
Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

Other sites
Military service
Travels
My Heritage

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Pictures from the followint owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the necessary allowance.
Referens 1: © Björn Bellander 
bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
 
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