Morgan front wheel. Ref 1
Morgan front wheel. Ref 1

My museum visits to England 2003
Haynes (The red Collection)

Text and pictures Björn Bellander 2003
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  Swedish version

Updated
2019-02-26

©Copyright
Björn Bellander
Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 1

Official website

Links

Alvis

Alvis story
 

Marendaz 13/70

Marandez picture

Anzani
 



 

 

 

Jensen Healey

Jensen Story

Jensen picture
 

Daimler SP 250

Daimler SP

Daimler picture

Alvis Speed 20/25 1934. Ref 1
1934 Alvis Speed 20/25.
Speed 20 was the first model in a long row with this classic design. This type was called a tourer. It had a 2.5 litre engine and a fully synchronized gearbox.
It was a gearbox with a Alvis type of synchronized system just to simplify the gearing. The main construction was to get the gear wheels to rotate in the same speed to get them in place with each other. It became an automatic mechanical mechanism.
This made the revolution for driving and even today most manual gearboxes use this system. Alvis factory don't produce cars anymore. Instead they make military vehicles under the flag of BAE  and is also owner of the Swedish Hägglund factory.

Jensen Healy 1975. Ref 1
Jensen Healey 1975.
Jensen were two brothers who in the beginning rebuilt Austin Seven cars into a more sporty style. They started a company, Jensen Motors, which purpose was to build these cars from Standard Motors components.  1970 Kjell Qvale asked Jensen to design a sport car which should be build by British Leyland components and when Qvale took control over Jensen factory 1970, Jensen Healey was born. From the beginning it was prepared for Vauxhall Viva GT engine and driveline, but in the end it got the 2 liter Lotus engine with 16 valves based on a Vauxhall forced to 140 hp.
The car had a good looking outwards design for it's time, but inside it had lots of bad engineering as cavities where damp and mud could be stored. This made the car easy to rust apart. The result is that a Jensen Healey in good order is hard to find today.

Marendaz 1934. Ref 1
1934 Marendaz 13/70 special.
History of cars is full of interesting persons and Captain Donald Marendaz is no exception. He produced his cars in a exceptional high level of quality and equipment. In the beginning he shared working locals with a reseller for Bugatti and a cabriolet manufacturer in London.  Marendaz cars conquered several records at Brookland, Monthlery and Shelsley Walsh and his prices are gathered in the museum.
His company was cancelled 1936 and after WWII he moved to South Africa. There he was lucky and succeeded to be a multimillionaire producing diesel engines. He went back to England 1971 and died at 91 years of age 1988.

Daimler Sp 250 Dart 1963. Ref 1
Daimler SP 250 Dart 1953.
Daimler Dart is representing the beginning of a new outlook design for Daimler. With it's dissipated chariot it is a sidestep of the traditional Daimler design. The car was built on a Triumph TR3 chassis and equipped with the new Edward Turner 2.5 liter V8 engine.
The police in London needed a stronger car in order to catch the terrorizing youngster in Mile End of London in the 50 and 60th. That's why Daimler Darts became the first police sport cars. It was up to what to be expected and the youngsters motorcycles of the time were caught.
The Daimler Dart career was short because the police leaders realized that their men were human and also had fun.


Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 2

Links

Turner Sport cars

Turner cars
 


Riley

Riley Nine


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alfa Romeo Tourismo

Alfa Romeo SS
 


AC Bristol

AC Sport Cars








 

Turner Sports 1951. Ref 1
Turner Sports 1951.
This car is one of the most rare model of Jack Turner sport cars and was specially ordered by Ken Rose, son to Hugh Rose. He was the designer of Lea Francis. Ken was going to take part in club competitions in the early 50th.
Ken wanted a copy of the famous Ferrari 160 Barchetta which still was very popular but hopeless expensive at that time. A Lea Francis engine was of course installed. With this he took part in many race competitions and also other drivers were behind the wheel. After that 800 cars had been built and Turner withdrew 1965.
Alfa Romeao GT 1929. Ref 1
Alfa Romeo Gran Tourismo 17/75 1929.
In the true feeling for words, this is a Grand Tourer. Developed from competition successes during the early 20th. When Vittorio Jano took over as chief designer 1926 became the single and double camshaft engines well known.
This car can be driven in 100 mph and is one of Haynes favorite cars to bring out on roads for his tours.  It is a really potent car and demand a good driver. Gearbox is not synchronized and it is hard to manage the gearbox. The clutch is a typical racing one and gets in contact as quick as an electrical switch.
Only 1130 cars were produced between 1929 and 1933.
 
Riley Brooklands Special 1934. Ref 1
Riley Brooklands Special 1934.
From the beginning Riley was a family name as in the end of 1800 had a company which built among other things cycles. 1905 they announced their first four wheel car. About 1930 was this company in control of Lord Nuffield's hands and was then sold to Morris also owned by Nuffield.
The shown car is build 1948 by Performance Cars. The engine of this shown car has a cylinder head taken from Riley Nine. It is a modified version of this famous hemispherical head. It's 4 cylinders, ohv in 45°,
It's 4 cylinders, ohv in 45 °, double cams operating short pushrods to the valves. This types were perfect for trial competitions. There was no possibility to use this car on regular roads because the clutch was as direct as an electrical switch.
AC Ace Bristol 1956. Ref 1
AC Ace Bristol 1956.
This typical 2 seater British sport car is produced by the famous car designer John Tojeiro. The coach work is aluminum carried by a trust frame with separate wheel suspension all around. With this he often competed in club races. The car got a second name Ace. During the time this coach was produced it had many different engines which included 2.2 Bristol. AC factory is one of the oldest English car companies. They started to build cars already 1908.
Their factory has been situated in the same area at Thames Dirton Surrey since 1911. This type of AC car became the base for the more famous AC Cobra.
 

Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 3

Links

Morgan Unique

Morgan
 


Allard

Nya Allard

Allard register

Allard owner's club


 

 

 

 

 

Turner cars


Alvis story

Alvis TD21

Morgan Supersport 1938. Ref 1
Morgan front end 1938. Ref 1
Morgan Supersport 1938.
Morgan is today the last car producer from the genuine British school and has built cars since 1910.
Up to 1935 Supersport had a notified rear end design and it looked like at beetle. After this date  the rear end was more like a barrel which included a reserve tire.
Morgan acted for the cheap part of the car marked and had a key price of only £135. Today this type of car is sold for £17500.
Turner 950 Sport 1959. Ref 1
Turner 950 Sport 1959.
Turner was one of the smaller kit car companies that sold cars in small series during the 50th. For many owners it acted as a cheap way to become a sport car owner. It was build with the help of Austin A30 parts and included even the A engine series.
The car was advertised using a young woman model who later became world known as radio, singer and TV star, Petula Clark. As payment she got a car of her own with registration no. PET 1.

Allard K1 1947. Ref 1
1947 Allard K1 Two Seater Sports.
This is the only surviving rally Allard V8  in original shape.
This was the third car in the red-blue-white team which started in 1947 Alpine rally. The car took fifth place in hands of Leonard Potter. The engine was a powerful Ford side valve engine under it's hood.
For it's time the car was a really cool sport car. 
Read about Allard K2 which was driven at  Karlskoga veteran competition 1966.
Alvis TD 21 1960. Ref 1
Alvis TD 21 Serie 1 H.H.C 1960.
When TD 21 was announced it was a development of the Swiss Graber's TC108G. This car was dated from the "Grey Lady". In the beginning Alvis models had coach work both from Graber and Willowbrook. All TD21 had coach from Park Ward equipped with BMC gearboxes instead of Alvis gears, which was used in the beginning. This car is one of the 75 drophead coupés which were built. Meantime totally 784 saloon cars were sold on the market.
Baseprice 1960 for a drophead coupé was £31130. At that time this was an expensive car.

Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 4

Links

Ellwood Haynes

Haynes Apperson

Haynes Automobile Company

Charles Duryea Haynes

Haynes picture 1

Haynes picture 2

Haynes International

Haynes museum


Stanley steam car

Stanley Museum

Other Manufacturer

Stanley cars

 

Bristol 401

Bristol 401-403

Bristol owners Club
 

Haynes Light 12 1917. Ref 1
Haynes Light 12 1917.
Ellwood Haynes was an American inventor and chemist. The beginning of his fortune was the invention of stellite material and also his taken out of stainless steel. He was also interested to build a car because his work on a gas field in Indiana he travelled very much during daytime. In this way he became the first to produce a good working car. Nevertheless there were also the Duryea brothers making him this title disputable. He started a car company in Kokomo Indiana, which produced cars during the 1910 and 1920. At that time this V12 car was build 1917. After several company sales when his company came in the hands of Union Carbine. That was the international company that let gas come out in India and killed between 8000-12000. Today it's name is Haynes International and produce metal alloys. The shown car was found on an old overgrown market place in the jungle of Java.
You can follow Ellwood Haynes life in the links I have given.
Stanley Steamer 1921. Ref 1
Stanley Steamer 1921. Ref 1
Stanley Steamer Car 1921.
Steam cars were an useful alternative all the time till the self starting motor was a natural option for all petrol cars. One of the most popular mark was Stanley Steamer. It was the twin brothers Stanley who were working with photo. They were influenced by the times demand and sold there photo company to Eastman Kodak. The car they started to produce was in the beginning not near the most sold but the production survived from 1896 to 1924 when they sold their production unit. Later the steam car production disappeared in economical downs and rivalry from other more cheaper cars with petrol engines. One of the later trial with steam engines was investigated by SAAB during oil crisis 1977. Among the links you can find an informative video which starts with a short add.
Stearns Knight S. Ref 1
Stearns Knight Model S.
Stearn was an engineer working at Ford factory, but change instead to Willys. They had at that time a car equipped with a 4 cyl sleeve valve engine. He started to work with this car and started soon his own company. He introduced the Stearns Knight car. With this model he made good profit. But WWI made a stop in production and America which was on the way to mass-produce a V12 air plane engine which had it's base concept from Packard Motors. This production became partly to be done at Stearns because they were bound to close tolerances because of the sleeve engine. After the war Stearns continued with 4, 6, 8 cyl sleeve engines. Now Stearn became sick and the new VD didn't manage to bring the company profitable.  Stearns company went backwards and when the stock exchange crash happened the company ceased their production. The world had lost another fine luxury car as well as a good type of engine. This sleeve valve engine was not tried again until Bristol and Junkers built sleeve valves during WWII.
Bristol 403 1953. Ref 1
Bristol 403 Saloon 1953.
Bristol Aeroplane Co started to built cars in order to take the place of military production. The construction department was deeply influenced by BMW 328 cars. 1953 they announced the model which is shown. It was an developed model of the former 401. Engine was based on the 6 cyl BMW engine with al. top giving 100 hp. The car were proportionately expensive and only few units were sold and for this reason it is not so many to be found on market today. The nice lines on the car is the result of the Italian design and the car got the best engine of that time, the German 328 2 liter BMW engine. This was used by several marks like AC, Frazer-Nash and Cooper. Production ceased 1955.

 

Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 5

Links

Jensen C-V8

Jensen Story Jensen owners club Jensen outside town hotel in Karlstad 1952. Ref 1
Jensen outside town hotel in Karlstad 1952. Ref 1
Jensen outside town hotel in Karlstad 1952. Ref 1
Jensen outside town hotel in Karlstad 1952. Ref 1
 
Triumph Spitfire
  Jaguar MkV

Jaguar Mk IV 


Bentley

Bentley 4,5 liter

 

Jensen CV8 1962. Ref 1
Jensen CV8 Mk1 1962
Jensen cars had earlier been equipped with Bristol/BMW engines. Now they put on the big shut and 1962 came a new car with Chrysler V8 with over 5.9 liter and 330 hp. Any way the car still had a plastic body. This new series was called model 541. 500 car of this C-V8 were built and the last MKIII came 1966. One of the MKII cars which was not sold in USA was sent to Italy to get a new design for it's al body. The name became Interceptor.
About Jensen pics to the left. I went in school at Karlstad during early 1950 and during lunch I went and took photos with a box camera. Prob. 1937 Dual Cowl.
Jaguar 3.5 1949. Ref 1
Jaguar 3.5 liters Saloon 1949
Jaguar was announced 1922 under the name Swallow Sidecar and the name SS Cars 1934. The name Jaguar was used for the first time 1935. 1945 the company changed to Jaguar Cars. 1960 they bought Daimler from BSA and was then overtaken by BMC. This resulted into British Motor Holding BMH 1966. 1968 BMH and Leyland were merged together because of economical difficulties. This became BLMC and as an end all changed to BL, British Leyland 1975. Now the owners hoped that this organization should make some profit to the English state, but already 1984 it was time again, during Thatcher's privatizing period, Jaguar was sold to Ford 1999 together with some other marks. 2007 Ford started to sell marks like Aston Martin and 2010 Volvo. Poor famous English marks.
 
Triumph Spitfire frame 1955. Ref 1
Triumph Spitfire frame 1955
From all different models of Triumph Spitfire totally 249022 were built. Largest production got the model with 1500 cc engine. Most criticism got the legacy of the rear axle from the Herald model.
Bentley 4.5 1929. Ref 1
Bentley 4.5 liters Drophead Coupe 1929
Bentley was not in the same bad situation as Jaguar. The last model Bentley Speed Six was built before Rolls Royce took over. The Bentley name became known for the Blower Bentley. This model won LeMans several times by the team later named Bentley Boys. Bentley of course lost it's image during the Rolls Royce time and became a cheaper car for Rolls even if it was almost a Rolls. 1990 the English car industry were down on it's knees and the Bentley name was sold to Volkswagen as well as VW succeeded to by the Bugatti name from the relatives. This was good, for both marks having cars in the luxury market 2009.

Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 6

Links

Jordan Motor Cars

1936 Auburn 8SC


Auburn


Cord

Erret Lobban

Deusenberg


1946-1950 Healey

Healey Silverstone
Daimler Limousuine 1905. Ref 1
Daimler Detachable Top Limousine 1905.
Daimler was from the beginning a German mark. It was introduced to England when Fredrick Simms met Gottlieb Daimler in Germany 1890. They made an agreement that Simms should import one Daimler Engine. The car that was built in England got a well known sign in the upper end of it's cooler, during all years. Total part of the roof for this car could be taken away or only the quarter rear part. This was done with the help of a lifting device. The licenses was sold to Rover. The car had rear drive by chains and these had to be dismantled every other day to be cocked in a mixture of tallow an graphite. This was a dirty job and very long-winded. From 1905 to 1953. Daimler was the mark for the English Royal Family. The Swedish Royal Family has in their garage 2 Daimler cars. One of them has a double rear seat made to get room for the Queen's party gown.
Auburn 852 Boat Tail. Ref 1
Auburn 852 Supercharged Boat Tail Speedster 1936.
In the end of the lifetime of Auburn cars Gordon Beurig was employed as consulting designer in order to create something that would save the company. Now the design "Boat Tail Speedster" was created. It was not to any help in the long run of course, but the model became widespread famous and is so even today. Many replicas are sold today. In Las Vegas a replica can be rented. Auburn tried to live up to it's famous times with a V12 or a straight side valve 8 from Lycoming with compressor and 150 hp. This car was sold so cheap that people thought it was a humbug and didn't buy it. The company had a long giddying lifetime for 40 years. The car was sold with a 100 mph guarantee and it was printed on a steel plate put on dashboard. From the start 1904 by the Eckhart brothers, the production ceased 1937 under the ownership the creator of Duesenberg and Cord, Lolland Cord.
Jordan Playboy 1928. Ref 1
Jordan Playboy Roadster 1928.
There is little known from the production of Jordan cars. Ned Jordan was an excellent salesman who could catch the buyer's interest. It was his good advertizing way. The car got also a second model name like cars in the 50th, as for ex. Tomboy, Playboy, Friendly and Sport marine. Besides the buyer could choose between 10 different colors and upholstery for this. These colors took long time to dry. Compare with Ford that offered only black color named Japan Black which dried in a few hours. Jordan had only one building line and all components were bought from outside deliverers. The engine was a 8 cyl Continental. The company manage the stock market crash good but was forced to cease production by their banks 1931. Ned Jordan died 1958. There is no figures how many cars that were produced but probably about 30000.
Healey Silverstone 1950. Ref 1
Healey Silverstone 1950.
Donald Healey started his life in motoring as a driver of rally cars in the 20th. Doing this he had notably successes. This made that he was engage for several different marks whose owner wanted to be noticed. In this way he got a main education about competition cars. In the 30th he became chief engineer at Triumph. He helped Riley and Invicta to get a well known name. These contacts should later show in his further car building. After the war 1946 he had got close knowledge how a sport/racing car should be built. He opened his own car company in Warwick and it was here all his cars were built. Money for expensive complicated tooling was not to think about. The cars were built from standard part from other suitable marks.  One of these were Riley. Though he designed his own rear end where he took inspiration from ERA and Audi/Mercedes racing cars. The engine became a Riley which was the most modern at that time and could brake 100 hp. The body did one of the close placed coachwork companies with some wishes from Donald. He made 4 prototypes and 105 cars for the market during the time 1949 up to 1950.

Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 7

Links

Cadillac V16

Cadillac V16 engine

Cadillac 452 V16

Cadillac V16 1930

Photo from Sparreholm museum. Ref 1
Photo from Sparreholm museum. Ref 1
Cadillac V16. Ref 1
Cadillac V16. Ref 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Duesenberg

Last Duesenberg

Duesenberg story 1

How Duesenberg Works

Rickenbacker

Miller engine

Duesenberg engine

Cadillac V16. Ref. 1 Cadillac 452 V16. Ref 1

Cadillac 452A 1930
Trying to dig info about Cadillac there is a must to first decide what to dig about. General about history, general development or engines. After much searching it became about engines as most websites talk about this subject and specially about the V16.
1970 Cadillac decided to bore the 472 engine to 500 cc (8.2 liter) engine just because Lincoln had announced an engine with 7.7 liter, just to get the biggest engine. In the 1930th it was due to that Marmon and Peerless was on the way to build a V16. Cadillac started to build together two straight 8 engines with a single crankshaft and one camshaft in the middle with pushrods and standing valves. One new invention were the hydraulic tappets. This was chosen to get a silent engine. Advertising said that a 16 cyl engine is very smooth running, but this is not true for 16 cyl. The reality for a good balanced engine should have 12 or 18 cylinders. The mathematical problem to count the counterweights must have been quite a challenge for the Cadillac engineers.
In the beginning it was quite easy to sell such an expensive car 1930. The first 7 month 2000 cars were sold. All these were offered with body according to catalogue and customer wish. These were built by Fisher or Fleetwood.
The 2 coach work companies were earlier bought by Cadillac just to get them inside Cadillac walls. Empty chassis were offered but only small sales. Same time the same bodies were sold with V12 engines and a few with straight 8.
The V16 car was sold at a loss and they tried to make the engine cheaper. The engine was rebuild to a 135° V and side valves, but rated the same 185 hp. This engine became much simpler and cheaper. These heads were called L-Head. The engine was named 90 and came 1938 to 1940. The engine became much broader but the bodies had changed design and there was no problem with space. The last V16 car was delivered 1940 to a buyer in Germany. America had not yet entered the war.
After the first 2000 cars it took 10 years to sell another 2000 units. This car, the V16, is one of the most asked for.

Cadillac V16 in Sweden.
One V16 at the museum in Sparreholm. It was ordered by Torsten Krüger (not Ivar Krüger who committed suicide in Paris). Torsten got 1 years in prison because of an economical swindle 1933 and the car was sold to publisher Pettersson in Malmö and then to Helge Kaarinen, owner of Sparreholm Castle and car museum, now living i London. This car is original and never renovated. Another two 452B 1931 and 1932 are owned by Anders Läck in Sweden.

Duesenberg 8. Ref 1 Duesenberg J 1932.  Ref 1
 
Duesenberg 1932
No one should believe that a Cadillac 452, for a car enthusiasts, is the very finest and imposing car. Though Duesenberg had "only a straight 8", but nevertheless it had double camshafts which worked direct on the four valves on each cylinder. Besides it had better material which was widely better than what Cadillac used. Which one to choose?
You can recognize a Duesenberg on the slightly rounded ventilations on the side of the hood. It is the first impression that decide your choice. Cadillac tried to make the car cheaper when they went over to a side valve engine with only 185 compared to 265 hp. No good!!
The Duesenberg brothers, August (Augi) 1879-1955, Fred 1876 (1878?)- 1932, were both born in Germany. Augi got a son Fritz, 1908-1976. There were also an older brother Henry, 1843- 1940. When their father died all three moved to America. Fred died in a car accident when he drove his car into a rock face. About the years mentioned, there is great confusion on internet, but my years should be quite true because I have read on their tombstones.
They settled in Rockford Indiana near Mason City. Fred worked as a salesman for a day care home and also selling seed to the farmers. For this he needed a cycle. Soon they opened a cycle/work shop and built also their own petrol engine which was mounted on the cycle. Now it became easier to move around and sell his stuff. They understood soon that the future was to build cars. A new engine was developed and they put their interests in car competitions. No less than Indianapolis 500. In the beginning they didn't won with their arrow formed race car. Their engine was developed and a racing driver, Rickenbacker, was employed. They drove against cars like Peugeot, Mercer, Stutz, Mercedes and Isotta Fraschini. As time went on they won three races and the most difficult opponent was Miller who won 4 races. Now they earned money and also sold an engines to the American marine. They had close contact with
Miller and Charles King (Charles Wiggins) when testing Bugatti engine King Bugatti. No one of these men had learned business and soon they had no money left because of all racing competitions and trial to produce a private car.
L. Cord bought Duesenberg company  and succeeded to get the business in order. Auburn - Cord - Duesenberg was founded. Racing ended and work started to bring the best car ever built under the supervise of L Cord. Fred started to design the engine. It became an straight 8 with double OH camshafts and 4 valves pro cylinder giving up to 400 hp equipped with compressor, only in the model SSJ. The weight of the car was near 3 tons. Now the stock market crash occurred just as the first cars were announced for selling. Cord stood there with 480 chassis all produced 1929. These were all sold up to 1937 as different year models. The Cord firm had not the large economical resources as General Motors and Ford so Cord's finances crashed 1937. Fred died in a car accident 1940 and Auigi who lived to 1955 withdraw and started with cars competitions again. He was always on place at Indianapolis 500. In museums in Europe I only know about 2 Duesenbergs. They are Sinsheim museum in Germany and Haynes in England.
 
Note. About Duesenbergs cars in Sweden only 2 were imported through Philipson car agency 1930. One of them by Torsten Krüger (not Ivar Krüger Swedish Match) and the other by publisher Erik Åkerlund. The Krüger car was bought after some owners by Martin Strömberg in Hedemora 1938. He paid 1500 Skr plus 230 for taxes. He has told us about this car in the book Bilar och Brudar (Cars and Babes). He used the car for long trips in Europe up to late 1939 and in Sweden during the war driving on wood gas. After an accident and when the engine started to consume oil he left it to a scrap merchant in Falun. The Åkerlund car was scrapped after a heavy accident by Bil & Metallprodukter in Stockholm. This engine was bought by Strömberg as reserve but never used. and also scrapped together with his car.
About Rickenbacker. He was a famous fighter pilot during WWI.

Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 8

Links
 
Connaught

 Connaught

 B-Type


Picture gallery
 

Delahaye

 Delahaye models        
Lotus

Colin Chapman



Kougar cars

Kougar 1961

Connaught 1952. Ref 1
Connaught 1952
The A-type was perhaps one of the most successful British race cars at the time when Grand Prix wins were few. A young dentist student, Tony Brooks was invited do drive car B1 at Syracuse Grand Prix 1955 Sicily. He made a new lap record and drove away from the other factory cars like Maserati and won his first Grand Prix win in formula 1. The secret with the engine in his Connaught was the first ever direct injection engine.  The success at Sicily made the Italian manufacturer of soft drinks to buy car B6 and started to race it. But after several broken races the car was sent back to Connaught factory in England. When factory closed 1957 this car was moved to Technical Museum. In their hands the car was kept in original shape. 4 cyl, 2470 cc DOHC.
I raced in the historical race 1966 and managed to end up second after a Connaught at Karlskoga Sweden with my Ferrari Monza 1955. Kougar 1990. Ref 1
Kougar 1990
This sport car was sold in kit form. and had the Frazer Nash as a model. It had Jaguar 4.2 liter racing trimmed engine giving about 220 hp. The car is said to reach a top speed of 170 mph, but probably it was only 130 mph if not windscreen was removed. The car was also popular in America. Compare with Healy Silverstone.
Delahaye 1936. Ref 1
Delahaye 1936
The development of Delahaye grand prix cars got the design ideas from its sister's sport cars. The cars have a 3.5 liters 6 cylinder engine. Drivers like Prins Bira of Siam who won 12 hour sport car meeting at Donington 1937. The car is today owned by Rob Walker's last GP Team. That team had famous members like Stirling Moss, Jack Brabham, Jo Bonnier and others. Last time the car was in action was in a remembering race at Goodwood 1999.
Lotus Elise 1996. Ref 1
Lotus Elise 1996
This Lotus car was styled by Julian Thompson with the thought it should give the impression of high speed. This is well known for Lotus. This design might be a tribute for the Lotus founder Colin Chapman. The car has no upholstery for seats and interior. As standard it is only covered by aluminium plates. This is a typical way for Lotus to deliver cars. Maybe this equipment are extra options.

 

 


Alvis 1934, Marendaz 1934, Healey 1975, Daimler Sp 1953, Turner 1951, Riley 1934, Alfa Romeo 1929, AC 1956, Morgan 1938, Allard 1947, Turner 1959, Alvis 1960, Haynes 1917, Stearns, Stanley 1921, Bristol 1953, Jensen 1962, Jaguar 1949, Triumph 1955, Bentley 1929, Daimler 1905, Jordan 1928, Auburn 1936, Healey 1950, Cadillac 1930, Duesenberg 1932, Connaught 1952, Delahaye 1936, Kougar 1990, Lotus 1996, Lagonda, Lanchester, Rover, Horstman, Links
Page 9

Links


Lagonda

 Lagonda owner's club

 

Fredrick Lanchester

 Lanchester story


Lanchester owner's Club


























Rover museum

TATA motors



Sidney Horstman

Horstman suspension








 

 


Lagonda 1937. Ref 1
Lagonda 1937
Wilbur Gunn, 1859 - 1920, moved from Ohio to England and there he started to work at Singer Sewing Machines. Private he did as many others to mount engines on cycles. The name he chose was a simple rewriting of a water course in Ohio "La Ohonda". This will easy be changed to Lagonda. 1905 he had a car ready which he sold in St. Petersburg Russia and there he also won a contest for driving between Moskva and St. Petersburg. This gave him several orders 1910. During WWI Lagonda produced artillery grenades. Now Wilbur Gunn died 1920 and his old firm continued cooperation with Maybach, Crossley and also got the new Meadows engine, and others. 1935 Lagonda get into an economical crises but was rescued when Allan Good bought it. He had just missed the opportunity to buy Rolls Royce. Instead W.O. Bentley started to work for Lagonda and a 6 cyl. and a V12 engines saw daylight. 1947 the company was involved in David Brown's empire. Lagonda now became more and more an Aston Martin. This name is still alive in spite of that David Brown has passed away. Sometimes it is said that Lagonda will rise again.

Rover 8 1922. Ref 1 Rover 8 1922
Rover was a company that just as Wilbur Gun at Lagonda started with Sewing Machines and it's name was Coventry Sewing Machines 1881. 1904 E.W. Lewis was employed. He came from Daimler. Up to WWI they produced 2 and 4 cyl models. 1919 John Sangsters started to work at Rover. He came from MC manufacturer Ariel. Here he designed the Rover 8 hp air cooled model. This must of course have been a copy of a Ariel mc engine. This car was sold for £180. In the end of 1900 it went backwards for Rover and the company became a sales firm between different car producers. Rover was bought by BMW in the 80th which later sold the name including MG to a Chinese factory.

Lanchester 1929. Ref 1
Lanchester 1929
There are often brothers starting a firm. The Lanchester brothers, Fredrick Gorge and Frank. Of these three boys Frank was the one that pushed hardest. This happened 1899, but already 1895 they had started with Horseless carriages. The first car was sold 1901 and after that they had a full signed order book. All of these early motoring people had some specialty of their own. Lanchester cars had central  pressurized lubrication and epicyclical gears in their gearboxes. Fredrick went over to other business 1913 and then it was Frank that became the leader. During the WWI Lanchester produced grenades like Lagonda and armed military vehicles. As all those small firms they had money problem 1931 and merged with Daimler which was owned by BSA at that time. Up to 1956 Lanchester produced typically English after war cars for the English market and then the production ceased. Daimler was "swallowed" by Ford together with Jaguar. Then Ford sold Jaguar to TATA in India and there the Lanchester mark may be hidden behind some pagod.

Horstman 1915. Ref 1
Horstman 1915
Sidney Horstman had always been interested by cars and engines. His first job was at a workshop just to get experience. 1913 he showed his first car. In this he had built used many of his ideas. Among these he had early advance ignition and a kick start which was activated from drivers seat. Other car builder bought parts from standard cars in production while Horstman made almost everything himself. There are six unit still existing today and the car at Haynes is the second that was built. Today the company still exist and has bought Coventry Climax Engines 1990.

 


Other Cars MC museums in this website
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Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
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Falkoping MC Museum
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Outbordmuseum Varb.
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Regnsjo, SAF cars
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Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
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Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

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Vasteras Airmuseum
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Karlskrona Marina

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