Översikt moped och mc. Ref. 1 Bynanders Car-MC museum Svenljunga
Cars
Text and pictures Björn Bellander. Pics current 2016
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See also website MC o moped
since 060110
Updated
2017-07-17
© Björn Bellander
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This fine car and MC museum use an older barn building just outside Svenljunga. The owner Sven Bynander, who is the owner of ICA food shop in Svenljunga, has chosen to use his money for this museum. He has renovated the barn up to an unbelieved level. There are 2 planes and the upper level is for motocycles and some cars. The entrance level has a nice cafeteria and almost all cars from former GEKAS motormuseumin Ullared, and some motorcycles. This presentation of Bynander's Car MC museum shows almost all car on exhibition. The motorcycles are mixed with mopeds and cross cycles. They are here shown in the order of photo takings. There were many moped and cross cycles. For them I have chosen a personel selection. MC och mopeder has got their own website.
 Sprint car, Excalibur, Chevrolet  Lincoln  Cadillac  Oldsmobile  Studebaker  Buick  Ford  LaSalle  Willys  Links
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Created 20160110

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Swedish version

Excalibur

Sprintcar 1956. Ref. 1

Info about this sprint car. Ref. 1
Sprintcar. Ref. 1

Driver's seat. Note gearbox with 2 gears. Ref. 1
Sprintcar. Ref. 1

Rigid rear end with spring absorbers. Ref. 1
Det av stötdämpare Ford 47. Ref. 1
Part of front end. Shock absorbers from Ford -47. Ref. 1
En Speedster på Motala museum. Ref. 1

Speedster at Motala museum. Ref. 1

Indy 500

Indy Museum

Indy crashes

Indy sprint car racing 

Sprint car history

Race Nov 1895
Sprint car. Ref. 1

Midget Racing

About car racing in America most people think that it was a ford car which won the first race competition. This was the case. 1895 Henry Ford was still testing his self going car.

There were another man or two, as they were brothers, Frank and Charles, who were very active from beginning of 1890. Their firm existed as far as up to 1920.

They sent an entry form to the first known competition which was held in November 1895. The race started in Chicago and went on to Evanston in Wisconsin. Their opponents were 3 Benz cars and 2 electric driven ones, The average speed was 7.3 mph and the goal wa reach after 10 hours of driving.

But there were cars from Ford that made the competitions popular and the development. The car of the line was usual a T-Ford and it started to be delivered in mass from factories after WWI.

In America where race escalted before WWI with re-built early T-Fords. They were called speedster and used in different kind of competitions, mostly on the local horse track.

The market produced a huge amount of trim equipments for the engines. Louis Chevrolet started a company placed in Canada which sold parts for T-Fords.


The way was to find a used T-Ford, demount the coach and use the flat frame to build a floor. This area got all necessary stuff to be able to drive. Futhermore wheel covers were taken away. Eventually small covers against water splash were put on. Mostly there were nothing to cover the wheels.

As all wanted to win development went on rapidly. Ford sold later the A and B models and from B the V8 engine was used.

The cars were developed after WWI and trim part were common in the speed shops. But for a long time the A engine was the most common.

The race cars got first the name Sprint Cars on the roads but for competition it became midget racing. This was the most cheap formula when the Indy 500 cars became the leading variant for the racers. The Indy 500 cars got special engines from Miller or Duesenberg.

During the 1930 and 40th the Midget cars got a new name and were rechristened as Big Cars and they became the leading concept far into 1950th.

The car at Bynanders is the development which one could see in the end and their name became Sprint Cars again. Now since middle of 1950 Chevrolet V8 was the most used and the race enthusiast could buy lots of trim stuff.

After WW2 the organizer started to think more of the security and roll bars became written in the reglements.

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Swedish version

Excalibur Ser. I

Ingemar Johansson. The Champ. Ref. 1

Ingemar Johansson. The Champ. Ref. 1
Info om Excalibur. Ref. 1

Info about Excalibur. Ref. 1
Info om Excalibur. Ref. 1

Info about Excalibur. Ref. 1
Framvagn Excalibur. Ref. 1

Front end Excalibur. Ref. 1
Excalibur SS. Ref. 1

Excalibur SS 69. Ref. 1

Links

Excalibur Corp.

Excalibur

Excalibur Club

Design

Brooks Stevens

Brooks car museum

Wienermobile

Clenet cars

Stutz blackhawk

Zimmer cars

35947-49 owner stories
 
Known owners

Ingemar Johansson Excalibur. Ref. 1

Excalibur

During the years 1965 up to 1990 there were several producers of so called neo classical cars. All had coachwork design from sport car in different design.

Excalibur, specially, had the design of Mercedes S Sport Pheaton from 1928 as and had 30-th, as a coach model. Other cars as Auburn, Duesenberg and Cord were build in less number of copies as separte badges and were not a design copy. Other were Clenet, Shay model A, Shay Thunderbird and Zimmer. These badges only existed on the marked for some years.

But now start from the beginning. 1911 Brooks Stevens was born. He had during his childhood polio and this fact pointed his education. Lying in bed he learned to draw. This became his main ground for future profession as an industiral designer.

He was educated for architect and in industrial design.  He had the side profession as teacher at Milwaukee Institute of Art and design up to his dead 1995. He started his first design firm 1934 and worked mainly in the beginning with furniture.

When he died, he left wife Alice, the sons Kipp, William and David and doughter Sandra.

His son Kip worked with his design firm up to 2008 when he withdraw.

Stevens design works have influenced the whole industrial word. For exampel Studebaker Hawk Grand Tourismo 1962. 1949 he made design for the Harley Davidsson motorcycle, which became the main model for all future Harley cycles. 1942 the Allisson-Chalmers tractor. Steam flat iron 1939 and many others.

As a designer he was engaged by American Motors, Volkswagen, Alfa Romeo and Studebaker. At Volkswagen he was involved in the type 3 411. Studebaker Lark was tested with VW engine mounted in the rear luggage room, but did not reach the marked. One outstanding design was the Wienermobile.

His interest for cars and car racing started in the beginning of 1950, when he in cooperation with Kaiser Motors designed the first Excalibur J. This was a pure racing car. Several models were built. Compare with Chaparall som years later.

With all these successes he of course earned a lot of money. He invested some in a car museum 1959. Here he gathered his design procucts, cars and dream cars. Among them he owned a Mercedes S Pheaton 1928. This Mercedes was earlier owned by Al Jolson. He bought two of them, one for his wife and one for himself. Chassie no 35947, 35949. The first became the basis for his neo classical car. This was paid by his royalties from his designed products. They were sold in over a million units. His museum existed for the public as far as 4 years after his dead, which means 1999. 

1944 Brooks Stevens created together with Raymond Loewy an association for industrydesigners in America.
Brooks Stevens och Raymon Loewy were engaged at Studebaker. He was asked by there president Sherwood Egberg to create a show car. This was aimed to be used as a strong attraction at car fairs.

Stevens had the idea to make an old car type but built on a modern chassie. The coach should be a type of 30th model with sport design. He used the Mercedes Benz S Sport Pheaton 1928. In his museum he had just this type of car.

The first one which was built was ordered by Studebaker and he took a Lark Daytona. Stevens made a complete redesign, prolonged rear, bucket seats and mounte a middle consol. It's name became Studebaker Daytona 1962.

Such a convertble car became the start to build the new Mercbaker. It was aimed to be introduced  one year later 1963 on a car fair in New York.

Bot much happened. Studebaker´s president was replace because of sickness with Burlingame. This man had the opinon that a car which would not be for sale was not interesting for the exhibition where Studebaker was the name. In this time the understanding for a show car was not important.

Stevens succeeded to get a place for his Mercbaker in front of a hot dog sale. Here the car made succees and Stevens people got several askings and offers to buy a copy. Even if the painting on the hood was Studebaker SS.

Now Stevens understood that it was possible to sell such a car in sufficient number of copies and it was possible to get a high prize. A company was started to produce this car and the name became Excalibur.

Problem arosed at once when Studebaker as a producer disappeared from the market. But Stevens had good contacts with Genaral Motors and he chose instead a model from Chevrolet to be the main basis for his Excalibur.

There were some problems when changing to Chevrolet as GM didn't want to have a Excalibur with Studebaker engine could be seen under the hood.

This was not a big problem as it was easy to replace Studebaker engine with a GM V8. In this way it was only one car which was built with the Studebaker "clothes". The car was equipped with small wheel covers and step in without doors and the coach was formed by hand in aluminium. The design for the first series 1 cars started with this and the exception that the coach was formed with extra thick armed plastic. The Ingo car is just this serie 1 which was produced between 1965 - 1969 with a total of 359 copies.

Now the sale rolled on and much money was noted in the company books up to 1984. After this year the sale decreased and after several reorganizations up to 1990 when the production ended by different owner's hands.

Steven's wife Astrid started a spare part company for the 3166 procuced Excaliburs. This lived up and down far into the 2000. A spare part company still exist today and has the following website.

Ingemar Johansson Excalibur. Ref. 1

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Swedish version

Chevrolet 1954
Info Chevrolet 1954. Ref. 1


Links

Chevy Bel Air

Bel Air Concept cars


 

 

 

Chevroltet 1954 cab. Ref. 1
Hallo if you are interested in Chevrolet.

Let's start with knowledge about Switzerland. this country is organized in cantons. In one of these clock manufactures had by time assembled. In Neuchatêl a man was born 1878, second son to Joseph-Félicien, clock manufacture. He got the name Louis-Joseph Chevrolet.

Louis was not aimed to be a clock manufacturer. Instead he was interested for cycle competitions and the mechanical things around. He worked at a mechanical workshop 1895 till 1899, when he moved to Paris.

Perhaps he was not so lucky here because he emigrated already 1900 to Montreal Canada where he stayed one year before moving to NewYork. Here he got work at DeDion's American company.

He got employed at FIAT America as a racing driver and was involved in developing a front wheel drive car in Philadelphia. He also drove competitions for Buick. William Durant was the leader for this mark.

Louis Chevrolet as a test and race driver. Ref. 56We have now reached 1909 and Louis, who didn't have any schooling education in cars, started also to develop engines, at Buick.

This was the beginning for the 6 cylinder Chevrolet engine, which always has supplied overhead valves. This cylinder head was lubricated by dripping oil from a felt lying on the rockers.

Louis started his own company 1911, named Chevrolet Motor Car Co together with Durant.

Several people, working with Durant, had different views about how to construct cars. This was also the case with Louis. He quite and sold all his shares in Chevrolet Car.

Durant continued and sold Chevrolet cars and earned so much money that he could buy himself into the lead of General Motors again 1917.

The company which Louis had started became now the most important source of income for Durant. Louis Chevrolet who lost the chance to be a millionaire, started instead a new company, Frontenac Motor Co, in order to produce trim parts for Ford cars. Louis disappeared now from the front of car history and kept his name only as the creator of car badge Chevrolet. He died 1941.

The car Chevrolet within GM went ahead with great success and not even the depression could stop the success of the badge.

1916, 70000 Chevrolet were sold. 1927 when Ford changed between A and B models, Chevrolet hade the highest figures. 1929 came a new 6 cylinder engine and 1 million cars were sold. 1934 GM had reached 10 millions and Chevrolet was the most common car sold and 1939 GM reached 15 millions.


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Swedish version

Lincoln 1956
Lincoln 1958. Ref. 1
Lincoln 1956. Ref. 1
Lincoln 1958. Ref. 1
Lincoln 1956. Ref. 1
2 st Lincoln 1958. Ref. 1

2 st Lincoln 1956 Ref. 1
Lincoln V12. Ref. 1

Lincoln V12 -47. Ref. 1


Links

Lincoln history

Mark IV

Continental MKII

Licoln Zephyr V12


 

 

Lincoln 1958 Ref. 1
 Lincoln Continental MKII 1956
Lincoln

Henry Leland created the Cadillac car 1900. When General Motors took over the Cadillac name 1917 Leland withdraw with all his money.

He wanted to use this money to create a new luxury car. He gave it the name Lincoln. The first car entered the market 1921. The car had several new constructions such as pressure lubrication and removable cylinder heads. The engine was a side valve V8 5.8 litre and had the maximum speed of 100 km/h. This mark was very popular by gangsters of that time. They often ordered trimmed cars. 
President Coolidge hade a special ordered car. But Henry Leland was not able to generate money from the factory.

He had economical problems already 1922. During his time with Cadillac he cooperated with Ford. When Lincoln was for sale Henry Ford took over the Lincoln factory and name. Henry did this doing it as a bold stroke when the factory was auctioned. Henry Ford had planned to produce a luxury car to compete with Cadillac. Henry Leland and his son was allowed to continue with Lincoln but Leland could not agreed with the hard hands of Ford. and months later was Lelands family was out.

A Swedish inventor is deeply involved in the production of the first Cadillac, Ford and the entire American military industry.
Henry Leland realized already at that time when he was working with Ford and Cadillac. Producing spare parts was a hard chapter to get the part able to be fully changeable

In order to solve this he started to produce part with the help of C.E Johansson's patent.

This was proven at the Brookland circuit. Three Cadillac cars were moved there and totally reassembled, mixed ad put together again. These three cars were then driven for many laps. Now it was proved that it was possibly to produce parts with sufficient precision. This was possible by using the Swedish inventor C. E. Johansson patent. He had opened a resell firm in USA. He got the patent already 1901 and selling was started 1907.

It became an immediate success. Anyway he had to sell his company to Henry Ford after WWI. Henry  realized  that this patent was necessary to produce spare parts. Although Johansson was fully detached at Ford Factory. When creating Cadillac Ford owned the creation of Cadillac and here the patent had been tested already 1907.

Leland opened his new firm 1917 after that GM with Durant had taken over Cadillac. The goal of Leland was to take over the production of the Liberty engine which was needed for WWI. For this Johansson's set of gauge blocks had to be used. Henry Ford didn't start to use the patent until 1910 and 1914 it was used for the entire production line at Ford factory.

Well known is the quotation from Henry Leland "There are only two men I lift my hat for, the President of United States and Mr Johansson from Sweden".
It was also C E Johansson who introduced the overarching measure for 1 " to 25,400 mm.


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Swedish version

Cadillac 1960

 

Links

Henry M Leland

Charles F Kettering

C F Kettering

Hela Kettering story

Kettering, Delco, Freon

Sparreholms museum

Cadillac 1960
 


 

Cadillac 1960. Ref. 1
 Cadillac cab 1960. Ref. 1

Cadillac story

When people in Sweden during the 1940th saw His Majesty the King and Prince Bertil or other persons for the Swedish industry, driving Cadillac cars. There is two things one can be astonished for. First one can wonder over the comparison with the so called "cockroaches", the first taxi cars in Stockholm. Has this small car developed to this luxury car. Secondly the finest car today is not specially expensive. Price 1940, 19500 Skr. There were several other much more expensive and smaller car.

Noble traditions.

The name Cadillac has not so much to do with the origin of the car, instead the region where the car was produced. The Frenchman Cadillac was one of the explores who explored the regions around the great lakes. Therefore this region got the name Cadillac.

Bynander museum. Ref. 1To the construction of the car is also the name Henry M Leland and Charles Kettering connected. The origin of the car is a page in the pre history of General Motors. Leland sold the rights to the name Cadillac to General Motors 1908.

From the beginning the name of the firm was Leland & Faulconer. They started to build a single cylinder engine surrounded by a water mantel by copper 1902. It was ready for production the same year. Compare the Swedish bomber engine Breguét 1912.  The engine was offered to Henry Ford and was mounted into a Ford chassis 1902. The car was then named Cadillac. It became later an immediate success. It is said to have been the first silent running car.

How the self-starter came to.

Then Cadillac built during the first years more cars than all other car builder in Europe together. (Note DeDion). The success was colossal. It should be greater.

Packard had invented the steering wheel and Cadillac was bound to construct the self-starter through Charles Kettering. The story tells this. 1910 the young Charles Kettering sat one day in his office with Leland. He tells us.

C Kettering in his work. Ref 48. "I was driving over the Bella Isle-bridge in Detroit and got to se a lady who tried to manually turn the crank of her car. She didn't have the strength to turn it. A god friend of mine tried to help her. But the nervous lady had put the ignition in high position. My friend got a backlash and the crank hit him in his face. He died of his wounds."

Leland became very touched. But Kettering started to work with the problem to construct an electric start engine. This became also a generator when the engine start rotating. The self-starter had come to the world 1911 and was a standard equipment on many cars from 1912. The invention was the cause of the world wide producer DELCO.

Kettering and engine knocks.

Charles Ketterring didn't only invent the self-starter. He also solved the knocking phenomenon in the engine which was caused by low octane petrol. Thanks to this invention the modern cars petrol economy was solved. and the oil companies could deliver petrol with equal quality and the right octane.

It was also Kettring who invented the way to paint the cars, instead of using common oil paint by hand. This invention led also to the world wide company duPont and the development of Ouen enemal.

Kettering became the leader of GM technical department 1919. From this time Cadillac is only a small part in the production of GM, but the classical badge was add as the finest car of all from GM.

Cadillac 452A 1930

Trying to dig info about Cadillac there is a must to first decide what to dig about. General about history, general development or engines. After much searching it became about engines as most websites talk about this subject and specially about the V16.
1970 Cadillac decided to bore the 472 engine to 500 cc (8.2 liter) engine just because Lincoln had announced an engine with 7.7 liter, just to get the biggest engine. In the 1930th it was due to that Marmon and Peerless was on the way to build a V16. Cadillac started to build together two straight 8 engines with a single crankshaft and one camshaft in the middle with pushrods and standing valves. One new invention were the hydraulic tappets. This was chosen to get a silent engine. Advertising said that a 16 cyl engine is very smooth running, but this is not true for 16 cyl. The reality for a good balanced engine should be 12 or 18 cylinders. The mathematical problem to count the counterweights must have been quite a challenge for the Cadillac engineers.
In the beginning it was quite easy to sell such an expensive car 1930. The first 7 month 2000 cars were sold. All these were offered with body according to catalogue and customer wish. These were built by Fisher or Fleetwood. The 2 coach work companies were earlier bought by Cadillac just to get them inside Cadillac walls. Empty chassis were offered but only small sales. Same time the same bodies were sold with V12 engines and a few with straight 8:s.

After the first 2000 cars it took 10 years to sell another 2000 units. This car, the V16, is one of the most asked for. 
The V16 car was sold at a loss so they tried to change the engine to more cheaper one doing it into a L-head side valve an a 135° instead former 45°. The engine became in this way much broader. The chariots were though change to take this so there was no problem with space. The last V16 came 1940. America had not yet entered the war. It took 10 years to sell 4000 cars. This type from 1930 is one of the most sought after luxury cars on the market.

150 horsepower 1947.

Cadillac was the first facory that build a V8 engine. Still today the V-engine is kept. It is a precision built machine with close tolerances compared to the most expensive airplane engines 1947. The cylinder rows are configured in 90° angle and the power is 150 ps at 3400 rpm.

The length is 5.5 m is built to offer the passengers most possible comfort. Front wheels have separate spring feahers. The same as sister car Buick. This construction has  been used for 11 years. rear has semi elliptical type, good protected with wax covered damasks.

1946 års Cadillac is equipped with automatic hydaulic gearbox. With this coupling and gearbox handle are not necessary, expect when at start. It has a special by Fleetwood and Fisher built chariot The passenger compartment has automatic temperature regulation and fresh air control.

Cadillac V16 in Sweden.
One V16 at the museum in Sparreholm. It was ordered by Torsten Krüger (not Ivar Krüger who committed suicide in Paris). Torsten got 1 years in prison because of an economical swindle 1933 and the car was sold to publisher Pettersson in Malmö and then to Helge Kaarinen, owner of Sparreholm Castle and car museum.. This car is original and never renovated. Another two 452B 1931 and 1932 are owned by Anders Läck in Sweden.


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Swedish version

Oldsmobile 1967

 Oldsmobile 1967 Ref. 1
 Info Olds 1967 front drive. Ref. 1
 

Links

Ransom Eli Olds 1

Ransom Eli Olds 2

Roy D. Chapin

Samuel L. Smith

Fredric L Smith

George B. Selden

Edward S. Jordan

Nucor Iron
Olds 2013

Curved Dash Olds 1901

Curved Dash Olds 1902

Curved Dash Olds 1903

Curved Dash Olds 1904

Kort om Curved Dash Olds

Olds Michigan story

Early cars story

Olds Museum

Oldsmobile Wiki

Oldsmobile cars

REO Motor cars

Jordan Motor Cars

Winton Motor Cars

REO Gold Comet

Diamond T


 

 

 

Oldsmobil 1967. Ref. 1
 
Ransom Eli Olds
Ransom Eli Olds. Ref 49.
Ransom was the first generation child after his parents who immigrated from Dorset in England. He was one of fourth sons and born 1864. His father was named Pliny Fiske Olds (1828-1908) worked as a black smith and married to Sarah Whipple. He had settled in Geneva Ohio. The family had four sons and 2 daughters. Ransom was the younger and one older brother was Wallace born 1856.
In this text I use the following names: Ransom=Ranny= Olds

Lansing and Detroit just south of the Great Lakes. Ref. 49 At the age of 22 1886, the family moved to Lansing Michigan. Ohio and Michigan situated in connection with the three great lakes on the border to Canada. It was in this area all car factories established. His father continued with his business and brought it in line with the needs in the area. Ransom had both in Geneva and Lansing done missions for the farmers. It is said that he by time didn't like horses and his most wish was to be spared from go by horse wagon. His father opened a firm named P.F.Olds and son (Wallace). Later Ransom took over Wallace place by paying him $1000. Ransom didn't go in the schools for it's days. Instead he educated according time went on.

In the company Ransom worked eagerly and created a horseless wagon. At this time it was steam engine Ransom Oldssteam car. Ref Se länk "Early cars story". Ref. 49 that was important. He succeeded 1887 produce a wagon with 3 wheels. It was possible to drive it in 30 km/h. Next version was a gas driven vehicle with four wheels. This one was bought by an English firm for transferring to India. This transport was not succeeded as the steamer probably sank on it's way. Ransom was a good mechanics. He had learned the job during his time when he worked with his father. He got his first patent 1886. It was about a producer gas engine which he had developed by himself. The engine was meant to be mounted as a help engine for boats. During the 1880 about 2000 of this type was sold and the company earned lots of money. This type of engine was tried in a horseless wagon already 1887. His father Pliny Olds didn't believe in this project but he didn't stop it. Now it was time to start a company for production of the horseless wagons. The old firm was abandoned and Ransom started Olds Motor Vehicle Company in Lansing 1897.

Olds första bensindrivna bil. Ref se länk "Early cars story". "Ranny" visited the Chicago Fair 1893 where he saw a petrol/kerosene driven engine. He understood that this was a solution which could be used. An intensive work started now in order to develop the gas engine in order to change gas for petrol/kerosene. He had a ready solution for such an engine 1896. For this construction he searched for patent the same year. His activities of course cost much money and Ransom understood that he could not afford all that money. He came in contact with a restaurant owner in Lansing, Edwar W. Sparrow. He invested money but didn't understand the way how to develop an engine to mount in a wagon. Sparrow demanded result from his invested money. Olds and Sparrow were not agreed on the way to work and Olds company almost went bankruptcy. Olds merged, 1899, now his father's gas generated engines and got a new investor.

Fredrick L. Smith. son til Samuel.  Ref 49. It was a cooper and lumber merchant, Samuel L. Smith in Detroit. Olds Motor Works now moved to Detroit where a new factory building was set up. This became the first factory in order to build cars in Detroit. The meaning was that the Olds runabout 1901 should be build here and it was equipped with Ranny's engine.

The car got the name Olds Curved Dash. He had orders for 300 and planed to sell it for $650. The weight was 650 pounds and it was advertized as $1 per pound. There were also other prototypes made to show different models.

Curved Dash Olds at Motala museum. Ref 1 Now it happened that the factory was on fire and most of the production locals were destroyed. Several different rumours about that all prototypes and drawings had burned but it is not true because these had been stored in basement where they were protected. The production now started in the way to get sub production in surrounding companies and during this year 400 cars were produced. During the time when the factory was rebuild with help of the insurance money. All this made that Ransom was overstrained and had to slow down on his intensive work. In order to be able to do this a smaller factory was build in Lansing and Ranny took care of this. The selling of the car now went on without trouble 1905 and the production was 5000 cars a year. The last car rolled of the line 1907. (Note my reminder about Åtvidaberg car in Sweden.)

Samuel Smith's son Fredric had 1902 taken over the lead in Detroit. Fredric and Ransom were not agreed and this ended up with that Ransom left his membership in Olds Motor in Detroit. In big companies it is said that a leader had resigned on his own demand. Anyway Fredric was president and he had naturally forced Ranny to resign. Ranny sold all his shares and withdraw to Lansing. With this money he started a new car production under the name REO Motor Car Company. This was the initials in his own name. Olds had all basis to be able to start a new production and 1905 till 1909 he succeeded to sell several cars of different models. In order to put Fredric on press he also sold a runabout for $650. Ransom's old company in Detroit, Smith-Olds Motor Works was already 1908 sold to the new car producer REO Royale Eight 1932. Ref 49 General Motors. With this money he started a new car production under the name REO Motor Car Company. This was the initials in his own name. Olds had all basis to be able to start a new production and 1905 till 1909 he succeeded to sell several cars of different models. In order to put Fredric on press he also sold a runabout for $650. Ransom's old company in Detroit, Smith-Olds Motor Works was already 1908 sold to the new car producer General Motors. Olds now let his employers run the work in Lansing and instead he worked with banking. He only interfered when his company 1934 almost was bankruptcy. 1936 he withdraw from REO and instead started to produce larger lorries.

REO runabout 1905. Ref 49. The company REO was later bought by White Trucks and REO was merged into Diamond T in order to win effects for common productions. Volvo lorries show up as a partner in White Diamond T. Ref 49. in the end of 1990. During the WWII there were no production problems but after the war there were REO Bus. Ref 49. troubles for the company. During a period they produced garden machines and marine engines and had also other types of  activities.

Olds creation which ended in a restructured company in scrap (recycling) line of business. May be a hard word but Nucor Corporation works with recycling of iron scrap. (Interesting site). The recycling for Nucor 2007 represent a recycled SUV car every fourth second.

The Ransoms car mark Oldsmobile was laid down by General Motors 1990.

Wonder if Ransom Eli Olds, who died 1950 is sufficient what became of his creation.Ransom Old race car "Pirate" Ref 49.

 


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Swedish version

Studebaker Commander Cab 1953


Studebaker 1957. Ref. 1
Studebaker 1953. Ref. 1
Studebaker 1957. Ref. 1

Studebaker 1953. Ref. 1

Links

Studebaker museum

Studebaker

Virgil Exener

Raymond Loewy

Avanti car Studebaker

Avanti Studebaker

Bendix Woods

Studebaker-Worthington

McGraw Edison

 

 

Studebaker Commander 1953. Ref. 1

There is no doubt that America have had advantage from all people that has immigrated.

Several immigrators were coming entrepreneurs, had good idéas and even had the strength to realize them.

From Solingen in Germany came a family Staudenbecker. They landed i Philadelphia 1736. They settled down and worked for living as black smith and woodworker. Later there name is Americanized to Studebaker. There were Peter and Clement, wife Anna and son Peter.

From this family grew as time to 5 brothers in the middle of 1800.

You would now remember that large changes happened in USA according to the civil war. At this time transport equipment were needed. All communications for ex. was done with stagecoaches.

The brothers took advantage of this, produceing horse drawn vehicles and sold a great many. The family became wagon makers.

Large order came from military and also from private side. They became one of the largest producers and also got orders from the President.

This high business activity change naturally, but in a slow way, when 1800 became 1900. There most difficult competitor was the engine driven vehicles. For ex. by Holsman and Dureya brothers.

The Studebaker Brothers who had cooperations with elctrical companies, produced in the beginning cars with electrical drive. This gave no good result and instead they got in cooperation with E-M-F (Everit-Metzger-Flanders).

Studebaker got chassis on which they built the chariot. These were sold over their old sales organisation. They started also to produce engines. Although they had difficulties to make this a goo business.

1910 Studebaker took over through their president Fred Fish all shares in E-M-F  from the owner J.P. Morgan. This transaction was mediated by those during 2000 not unfamiliar bankers Goldman Sachs and Lehman Brothers. 1911 the Studebaker was established at a vehicle badge. Yet they still produced electrical vehicles.

Now WWI broke aout. Studebaker started early before the war  to produce vehicles for several countries. For ex. England. 1913 their brilliant motor technical engineers were employed. Fred Zede, Owen Skelton and Carl Breer. They were newly examined from university. They were called "the three musketeers" and would for many years make much for the American motor technical industry in USA.

After WWI the wagoon production almost disappeared and the new were busses, lorries and the strong growing private motorism.

1926 Studebaker built a test area outside south Bend Ohio, Bendix Hill. Here in South Bend a factory center was also built. One of the Detriot factories was moved here. Studebaker became the very first car producer who used a test works.

Up to WWII Studebaker had 7 factories in USA and one in Canada.

Studebaker was well known for their lorries during WWII. They also offered many special vehicles like the Snow Car. The Swedish defence bought some of these types. This Snow Car was first built to be used in Norway war.

After the war a designer, Raymond Loewy was hired. His mission was to design the cars to come after the war. Studebaker was the only manufacturer which had complete new models. The others like Chrysler, Ford and GM offered only updated cars from 1942.

From 1951 the production sank notably in spite of  big efforts to offer interesting models. All remember models like Champion after the war, 1953 Commander Starliner, Golden Hawk, Lark and the last concentration on Avanti. This car was designed by Virgil Exener.

All these model was going to be famous, but were only good seller during a short time. Their competitors changed quickly to meet the new Studebaker. Compare with Lark and Falcon.

The death struggle for Studebaker was prolonged through cooperation with Curtis Wright by building aircraft engines. These were needed for the growing passenger air market 1956. Even the merging with Packard where equivalent activities not were taken advantage of.

Nothing helped Studebaker in the long run and the factory in South Bent was closed 1963 and production was moved to Canada for two years. Here the last 1200 Avanti cars were produced equipped with Packard engines, before also this factory was closed 1966. Some cars were later mounted from left over parts. The Avanti tools were then sold to private manufacturer and cars got Chevrolet V8 engines.

All sub companies of Studebakers were sold to Wagner Electric. Studebaker was then merged with Worthington & Co. There was money left and this was used for reductions possibilities for tax expenses. Thats the way to slaughter a company.

The sub companies made floor machines, STP oil and more. This became Studebaker  Worthington Co. This company was kept as long as capital income was positiv. The left over units were then sold to McGraw-Edison Electric.

The name Stududebaker disappeared now from market 1979. Yet after 126 years an old company had been plundered of it's whole capital.

The Studebaker brothers from Solingen in Germany, who started wagon production in USA 1852, one of them a black smith the other chariot builder were now gone.


Sprint car, Excalibur, Chevrolet  Lincoln  Cadillac  Oldsmobile  Studebaker  Buick  Ford  LaSalle  Willys  Links
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Swedish version

Buick

Info Buick Ser. 80 1931
Info Buick Ser. 80 1931. Ref. 1
 Buick ser. 60 1937. Ref. 1
Info Buick Ser. 60 1937. Ref. 1
Buick Ser. 60 1937. Ref. 1

Buick Ser. 60 1937. Ref. 1

Links

Buick Special

Durant

Buick Century

Buick History

Sparreholms museum

Technic at grandfather's time

 

Buick Sedan 1947. Ref. 1
 Buick Sedan 1947. Ref. 1
About Buick

Buick Motor Company has a long story and can be referred back to 1890.

Engines were sold to the farmers around. The man behind the name was David Buick. His company changed name several times before Buick Motor Company got it's present name.

David was born in Scotland 1854 and moved to Detroit 1880. He was a clever engineer and work within plumbing. He invented how to protect pipes with china cover. He sold this to be able to start up car production and was tremendous eager to replace horses with an engine.

He was already producing engines as he had sold them to farmers already 1890. He started carefully but he had not sufficient with money and was forced to sell his business to his economical backups such as Benjamin Briscoe and the banks. (Read about Chrysler).

The new owners started to move the factory to the former locals of Flint Wagons. David had a new model ready and it was tested by David's son Thomas.

In the same time the bank and their boarder forced him to let the best businessman take over the lead. William Durant.

This man owned a patent for a spring system for horse wagons. He was very impressed of the spring system of Buick and accepted the lead offer at once.

Durant took the first car to New York Auto Show 1905 and took the lead himself in the exhibition case. Then he returned to Flint Works with several orders. 1908 Buick produced 8820 car under the Durant's lead.

Buick became the largest car producer in America this year. Durant then created the holding company which later should be General Motors.

David Buick became just a spectator and could only see how Buick grew to a large car factory and died miserably poor.


Sprint car, Excalibur, Chevrolet  Lincoln  Cadillac  Oldsmobile  Studebaker  Buick  Ford  LaSalle  Willys  Links
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Swedish version Ford Special

Ford Boat tail 1929. Ref. 1

Ford boattail 1929. Ref. 1
Ford 1929. Ref. 1

Ford 1929. Ref. 1
Ford Roadster 1929. Ref. 1

Ford Roadster 1929. Ref. 1
Ford 1929 med trimsats. Ref. 1

Ford 1929 med trimsats. Ref. 1
Ford V8 60. Ref. 1

Ford V8 60. Ref. 1
Ford last 1935. Ref. 1

Ford V8 last 1935. Ref. 1

Links


 

 

 

Ford Spedial. Ref. 1
 
About how Ford started his production.

In Detroit many companies were created inorder to produce cars.

Detroit Wheeler Manufacturing 1904.
Detroit Auto Vehicle Co. 1904.
Detroit Cyclecar Co. 1913 - 14.
Detriot Dearborn 1910 - 11.
Detroit Electric Car Co 1907 - 1942.
Andersson Electric Car Co 1907 - 1942.
Detroiter, Briggs Detroiter Car Co 1912 - 1915.

and

Detroit Vehicle Company 1899 - 1901.
This was the investing company which 1901 was reorganized to Ford Motor Co.

Detroit Vehicle Company is a interesting company as it had to deal with the production of Ford cars. It was activated 1899 as an investing company. It was owned by three persons in Detroit. The mayor
William Maybury, William Murphy, the largest owner of land around Detroit and Senator Thomas W Palmer.

The test car of Ford Quadracycle. Ref. 56 1896 Henry Ford was out testing his Quadracycle and with this car he kept on testing upp to 1899. William Murphy got to know this and hired Henry Ford as engineer at the factory of the investment company in order to produce the coming cars there. Henry Ford accepted this offer in spite of that he had since several years worked at Thomas Edison.
 
A big production program including several models was planed, but this plan was not started. Ford didn't want to give ok until he was satisfied with his car construction.

The stock holders didn't like this and forced the company bankruptcy after 2 years. The name was still Detroit Vehicle Company.

This company became out of money already 1901. Now it became reorganized to Ford Motor Company 1901. Several investers had joined and Ford could continue his development. Will Murphy was one of the persons behind this.

Ford became ready with his evaluation 1903 and this year the production started with the first car.

The first Ford model A 1903. Ref. 561903 was also the year when Old Curved Dash came out on the marked an this car had a prize of $1 a pound, which became a total of $650. The investers had seen how Olds both built a factory and succeeded to bring the car out on the market and by all it gave profit.

Ford was parter with Henry Leland who created Cadillac. In the beginning Leland had engines from Ford in model A of Cadillac, just as Olds had. When Ford grew out of his factory Cadillac took over and moved in there.

The reorganizing of Detroit Vehicle was ready 1901 and the new factory got the name Henry Ford Company. Henry became the chief engineer and he had constructed a car for all people and it outclassed all other cars on the market.

Will Murphy was a economist and was responsible for this. All other in the board were Clarence A. Black as president, Albert E.F. White vice president, Lem. W. Bowen secretary. The capital in the company was $60000.

This production was placed at 1343 Cass Avenue, Detroit Mass, and the car was sold for $850 and named Ford model A. Then followed several model names up to N to T. When model T to was to be replaced the letter models started with A, B again and so on.

George Selden demostrating his patent car. Ref 56 Another problem was that a man George Selden had constructed a car on paper 1879 and also got a patent for this. This situation became a large income source for many lawyers at this time.

Henry Ford solved this in a simple manner when he refused to pay and after a time this patent was declared canceled. But how this happened is a complicated story and was not settled until 1911.

A possible explanation is that Ford kept his foot maneauvred 2 geared planet gearbox. This made that America got two types of drivers licenses, one for Ford and one for the rest of the car badges.


Sprint car, Excalibur, Chevrolet  Lincoln  Cadillac  Oldsmobile  Studebaker  Buick  Ford  LaSalle  Willys  Links
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Swedish version LaSalle

LaSalle V8 1927. Ref. 1

Info LaSalle 1927. Ref. 1
LaSalle 1927. Ref. 1

LaSalle 1927. Ref. 1

Links

LaSalle story

LaSalle



 

 

 

LaSalle. Ref. 1
 
LaSalle

LaSalle was from the very beginning an economical fiasco. The name Alfred Sloan had fetched the part of a name from a French explorer in 1700 in America. René Robert Cavalier Sieur de LaSalle.

This man wrote the Mississippi map making several journeys starting from the north. France had at this time the possessions of Louisiana area where Mississippi river ended.

Cadillac had also got it's name from an explorer, sieur de Cadillac. He explored the area around the great lakes. But it was Henry Leland who started the production of Cadillac cars.

The LaSalle car was created 1927 as a part of Cadillac production.

General Motors saw that the price difference in the segment between Cadillac and Buick became too big and wanted for this reason a mark between.

This became LaSalle. The car should have about the same quality as Cadillac but had to be cheaper. In the beginning this car sold pretty god, but during depression 1930 the number of sold cars decreased heavily.

Then when economy recovered in USA the sales figure didn't affected the LaSalle badge. The buyers wanted the more luxurious car Cadillac.

LaSalle dropped to many buyers in the hard struggle for buyers 1930.

Most LaSalle cars was sold 1937, when 37000 cars were produced. In spite of this the badge was ceased.


Sprint car, Excalibur, Chevrolet  Lincoln  Cadillac  Oldsmobile  Studebaker  Buick  Ford  LaSalle  Willys  Links
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Swedish version

Willys

Willys Knight 70-A 1928. Ref. 1
Info Willys Knight 70-A 1928. Ref. 1

Links

Willys

Knight engine

Sleeve valve engine picture

Maxwell Automotive

Stearns Automotiv

Russel Car Company

Chalmers Automotive


Durant 

Willys Knight. Ref. 1
 Willys Knight 70-A 1928. Ref. 1
Several old car marks got birth from a energetic contractor when he bought a car producer which had economical problems. This was the way for Johan Willys who 1908 bought Overland Automotive of Standard Wheel Company.

This company became the next biggest car producer after Ford in America. This went on from 1912 up to 1918. Remember that all production for civilian market went down tremendously when war started. This was not bad for Willys because he earned much money from the military production.

John Willys used all his money to develop his company and products. When he earned much money he had to place them by buying other companies, who had interesting products. He also bought smaller companies who had developed special cars.

In this way he bought several car producers and put his own production of different Willys cars there. Such a place was for Willys Knight produced in Cleveland by Stearns. There were several different car factory here. Here the marked got the sleeve valve car. This type was patented by Knight. Stearn had earlier bought a license for this engine type. This engine characterized by high moment and silent running. It was rather expensive to produce. For this it was sold as a luxury car.

Then some companies were established in Canada  like Russel Cooperation and New Process Gears. Even Maxwell Automotive came under the wings of Willys. All John's companies became now so big that it was reconstructed as a Holding company. All parts became their own economical unit, but free to cooperate.

Duesenberg came also in Willys holding company and also Auburn and Cord.

The main important product was though the 4 cylinder Overland and Whippet. You can find a Whippet at Torsby Car museum. But in the whole the goal was to produce a 6 cylinder engine. The car on the picture is a 4 cylinder Overland Touring from 1923-24. A six cylinder car can be seen at Arvika car museum with the remarkable registration number S 1. I was living i Grums some kms nearby and could often see this car at the end of 1940th. Why remember this, my parents telephone number was number 1.

As all companies which grow to fast without a good connection to market and relationship to it's size. Willys Holding started to decline during the end of 1920th. Several companies were sold to get money. Factories were bought by Holding Units and then rented by Willys. Compare the selling of factory buildings in all countries all over the world during 1970 an 80th. Normally these were rented by former owner. For example ABB in Vasteras.

Well how did the 6 cylinder manage? The banks engaged Walter P Chrysler to make everything profitable. He was also like Willys interested to take over investing objects for his own earnings. Specially the 6 cylinder engine which was not ready developed. Of course it was several tours before Willys created his own company. This was later bought by GM with the 6 cylinder Willys engine.

Willys Overland Motor Company was reorganized, 1936, which still was a large producer. They got now together with Ford order to produce the famous JEEP. The construction company Bantam had not the capacity to produce so many units. You can see a Bantam at Sparreholm and Rydaholm museums Sweden. This made that Willys was bought by Kaiser-Frazer together with the license for Jeep.

1955 it was decided that the remaining of the production from Willys with tools should be moved to Brazil where the last cars of the mark Willys were put together. Later models from Willys like Aero were also done here. Ford continued the Brazil Willys adventure since they had bought the rests of Willys Overland. In America the name Willys disappeared when Kaiser was reorganized to Kaiser Jeep Cooperation. Everything ended up when the Chrysler Concern bought Kaiser and put their hands on the Jeep license. Chrysler was for a while Daimler-Chrysler before it was sold and became just Chrysler again.

Today the memory of Willys is hidden in all these sales at Chrysler, which fate in 2010th economical crises is unsure.

A beautifull day, maybe saturday or sumday, you can see this nice and rare Overland park in front of the museum.



Other Car MC museums in this website

Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti
BiancoRosso
BMW
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
Ladenburg
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
MotorTechnica
Munktell museum
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Porsche
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
SSK-series
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volkswagen
Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

Other sites
Military service
Travels
My Heritage

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the necessary allowance:
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander 
 bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 49: ©Picture from Wikipedia
Reference 56: Early American cars. www.earlyamericanautomobiles.com/index.htm
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