Anders Arnesson museum owner. Ref 1 Bjorkenas museum motorcycles
Text and pictures Björn Bellander. Pictures current 2013
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since 060105
Updated
2017-12-06

© Björn Bellander
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Page 1

Created 131201

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  Swedish version

Huskvarna Silver Arrow

Husqvarna Gulddpilen 200  cc. Ref 1
Husqvarna Gulddpilen 200 cc. Ref 1


Links

Silver Arrow

Sixten Sason

50-tal på Huskvarna museum

Husqvarna Siver arrowl exportmodel. Ref 1 
 
Husqvarna Silver Arrow

The Silver Arrow was a model designed by Sixten Sason. This mc was sold between 1955-1965.

It had a two stroke engine 175 cc and 9,5 ps, and a kerb weight lower than 75 kg.

This kerb weight meant that in the 1950th and 60th it was allowed for 16 years old teenager to drive.

The cylinder casting is aluminum and a hard chromed cylinder bore. Main bearing got it's lubrication from gearbox oil.

The two stroke engine works with the flushing system type by Schnurle and the piston has a flat top. The cylinder is angled 15° forward and offset 3.5 mm from the center of crankshaft.

This mc has only three gears. The gear pedal is situated on the right side of engine. A small pointer indicates which gear is working.

On the same side at gearing system you find Bosch electrical system. Under the flywheel the magnet is creating electric current both for ignition and alternating current for lights.

The double type Bing carburettor is imported from Germany. In the oval house there are  two throttles for each channel.

The left throttle opens first. If continued the right follows.

The production continued up to 1965. At that time 11000 copies was produced at the price of 2675 Skr.

The frame is by light chrome molybden pipes which are welded together without sockets.

The rear spring legs are covered with springs and oil dampfer. Front fork is a simple model with rubber elements as medium. In order to keep the weight, only light metal is used among wheel covers, rims and wheel centers.

The model was built for a curb weight of 75 kg and with this the mc was allowed to that times' law for light mc:s. The mc was the big dream for most 16-17 year old teenagers.

The price for a Silver Arrow was 1890 Skr 1955. 1959 the export model was presented as 282E with a new design of the tank, new sadel, new steering handle, flywheel made of steel. Price 2190.

During 1962 a new model came. The Gold Arrow. Only 380 copies were sold in Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Norway and the prognosis for 800 was reduced to 100 for 1963.

The Golden Arrow was stopped for sale by the invention from authority when it was supposed to be dangerous.
Text from Wikipedia.

It is told about a Silver Arrow on stand at the Husqvarna museum. This Silver Arrow was driven 650000 km.

Torsten Ljunggren bought 1962 a Silver Arrow and he kept it his whole life. He used it every day in all kind of weather from his house 15 km east of Ystad driving 40 km to Tomelilla. In the winter he used motorcycle skies.

His sister Margaretha Mattsson tells us that Torsten read much and had a special humor. He never changed his views. He always helped other people but very seldom asked for help himself. He went always his own way.


Page 2

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  Swedish version

Husqvarna 281 Dreambow Sport ca 1953

Drömcycle in alterative taking out. Ref 1
Drömcycle in alterative taking out. Ref 1


Links

Husqvarna mc:s

About Husqvarna mc:s page. 8

50-tal på Huskvarna musset

Monark Dreambow. Ref 1 
 
Husqvarna Dreambow from 1953

1952 Husqvaran presented a new mc "the Dreambow". It's heritage the 175 cc engine from model 30, the "Redqvarna".

The designers had constructed a new engine and frame. Several things are well known from earlier models equipped with 118 cc engine. For example the Redqvarna with it's rubber spring or the models 28, 30 and 31. The spring system is uprated and one can see that the goal was to make a powerful mc for a low price.

The front fork had got a reworked bottom link of swing type. It was hold by two rubber bands. Through the characteristics of the irreversible rubber it was supposed that any damper was not needed. Husqvarna had experiences. For brake through a rubber stop guarded.

The engine was a two stroke one cylinder but equipped with two exhaust ports for exhaust pipes. Also an one pipe system was offered.

Rear spring was of swing arm type and it worked together with a spiral feather. On this spring a rubber sleeve was pressed on.

For the same reason as the front fork it took care of rubber characteristics, no damper needed for the rear wheel.

Several different models on the main type were offered. For example exhaust pipes mounted high, modern mc seat or the most extreme if cross driving without register the mc for road. In this last case it was not needed with lamps and others for registration necessary things.

1953 the cycle should be offered on the market at the resellers. Husqvarna counted that it would be high rush for this mc. The production was state for 10000 mc:s.

The cycle can be recognized for the special front fork.


Page 3

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  Swedish version


Husqvarna model 30 1952

Rödqvarna, Svartkvarna och Änglavingen

Huskvarna Svartkvarna. Cheap model from 1950-52. Ref 1

Huskvarna Svartkvarna. Cheap model from 1950-52. Ref 1 Angle wing. Ref 1
Angle wing. Ref 1

Links


50-th at Huskvarna museum


 

Husqvarna mod 30, Redkvarna. Ref 1
 
Huskvarna model 30

It is not curious that the mc part at Bjorkenas museum have so many mc:s from Husqvarna. The factory is situated just 20 km away.

At the museum you can find 7 different models and the oldest is seen to the right of the rubber equipped Redqvarna on the large picture. Note that it is equipped with the old type of parallell fork. The spring is two spiral springs.

One of the large selling models were 28 and 30 with 118 cc engine.

This type was equipped with, for the time, very advanced rubber springs mounted on the front fork. This would be a heritage to the dream bow.

The most special was that gearbox with 3 gears. It was activated with a handle mounted on the left side of the tank.

This indicated that the cycle was meant for common use as driving to work.

Blackqvarna had 1949 a 118 cc, Svartqvarna had 1949 118 cc normal 3 geared engine.

Husqvarna factory had during the war been working with weapon production. The factory changed quickly for mass production of daily used mcs. The market really wanted cheap vehicles. During 1946 to 1949 30000 Blackqvarna was manufactured.

Redqvarna 118 cc Lyx, 1950, flushing system and 3 geared. Lyx meant chromed tank sides for extra 50 Skr. Husqvaran museum tells that a carpenter used this model year around driving to his different works.

The tool box which consisted all his tools and the mc was used up to 1967 when he changed to a moped.


Page 4

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  Swedish version

Husqvarna 250 cc 1929

Husqvarna. Ref 1
Husqvarna. Ref 1

 

Links






 


 

Husqvarna 250 "Catbaby" 1929. Ref 1
 
Husqvarna 1903 -

The company started to sell bicycles and later they put in a small engine.

Already 1920 they had their own 550 engine and later a 1000cc. With this they went into competitions. It was a success mostly due to the brilliant designer Folke Mannerstedt.

Husqvarna won several World Championships. During the 30th they brought in line with what people wanted. Cheap 2 stroke bikes were sold. With successful models of these types Husqvarna managed till end of 50th.

With the help of world known drivers like Bill Nilsson, Håkan Carlqvist and Torsten Hallman Husqvarna became a Cross machine with a high reputation.

The bad luck for Husqvarna was that they had an extremely wide production program and among these product they had freezers. Eletrolux was also a freezer producer and had to invest overflow money.

Huskvarna was bought and all products that didn't suit Electrolux were sold. The motorcycle part was bought by Cagiva in Italy 1986.

Sorry to say all these kind of fusions are leading to that the mark disappears from market some time later. In this case Husqvarna, as a company, ended all production and lots of good engineers and workers went out of job.

The end result of the fusion with Electrolux, became only a short time higher book-keeping finances for Electrolux. For some time Husqvarna only produced freezers and alike.

The best ad at that time was "Do as Electrolux buy Husqvarna". Several of the designers and drivers started their own production. Husaberg!

They had difficulties with money and had big problems to economically fight the Japanese dragoons.

Today in the honorable workshops of Huskvarna city it is only a very nice museum. Pity, Sweden might have had a mc producer with a high standard.

Husqvarna 175/250 cc

When Husqvarna presented this model which was numbers 20 and 25, but all owners now that is was nick named "Cat baby".

It was a nickname and no one knows from where it came. 1927 the first cycles was for sale. The cycle had 175 cc side valve engine from JAP, but got later 250 cc.

Husqvarna made as many other producers, manufactured only the frame and bought the rest from other companies.

Gearbox was bought from Sturmey-Archer, carburettor from AMAC, magnet from Bosch Bosch. Front fork is not known today but some think it is a DRUID-fork and it is just alike. The difference is that Husqvarna has draw spring.

The engine for Cat Baby gave 5,5 ps with it's conventional sidevalve.


Page 5

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  Swedish version

Parilla scooter

Parilla annons av Husqvarna. Hämtad från Teknk för alla.
Parilla annons av Husqvarna. Hämtad från Teknk för alla.

Links

MC98 Motor Show

MC Motor Show

Parilla story

Parilla test paper  Technic
 


 

Parilla scooter. Ref 1
 
Husqvarna Parilla scooter.

Production 1955-1959. The Scooter had large wheels and mid mounted engine. Husqvarna got chassis from Italy and in Sweden 118 cc engine was mounted..

Huskvarna Parilla is very much a copy of Lambretta. Specially over design and engine.

It was appreciated for the several things and posses for some bad qualities like placement of handles.

Good things were brakes and road ability. Wheel suspension was god for passenger.

Front suspension could not bottom.  The scooter had double silencer and this gave a good low sound.

Complaint was for gaswire and signal horn button placement. It was equipped with the Huskvarna engine with 118 cc and 4.3 ps.

 


Page 6

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  Swedish version


Lightweight 98 cc 1939 -1951

Info Lightweigt mc. Ref 1
Info Lightweigt mc. Ref 1 2 Lightweight mc. Gripen and unknown. Ref 1
 2 Lightweight mc. Gripen and unknown. Ref 1

Links

Husqvarna leightweight mc

MC98 Motor Show


 


 

Husqvarna 98 cc lättviktsmotorcykel. Ref 1
 
Husqvarna Lightweight

The name lightweight mc gave people on countryside the possibility to go and met people around.

It is said thet the "Lightweight" saved Sweden from inbreeding on the countryside. The mc was called  "Farmhand cycle" or "Head cracker". Or some other deadly name.

It was 1930 when this type of mc broke through. The class differences between people were beginning to brake down and most class differences between industrial and farm hand people. The workers could for first time buy something which was not absolutely necessary.

Cars or a proper motorcycle was not to think about. But the lightweight one could be made cheap.

A common cycle frame and broad balloon tires, mount an engine packet from German Sachs, Ilo or Swedish Husqvarna.

Furthermore a gear handle, one handle for accelerator which looked like a pin, another

handle for clutch and also a blow cock, which means decompression.

Braking was done on the earlier model by pedals, just as an ordinary cycle. In heavy down hills by engine. The fully concept was simple. To own one one needed no bigger knowledge to start mount one.

The common marks like Monark, Husqvarna and Rex were sold in many different badges like Gripen, Svalan, Hinden, Örnen, Sverker, Snapp-hanen, Rusch. Nordstjärnan and many others.

German NSU and DKW were the foreign rival to Husqvarna, like Czech Jawa and French Peugeot.

In the end of 1930 there was 75000 lightweight mcs in Sweden.

One advance was that this mc didn't demand drivers licence. The owner didn't need to pay tax or other penalties. Only demand, that the driver must be 16 years old.
Text from New Technic


Page 7

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  Swedish version

Carfield



Carfield det. of engine. Ref 1
Carfield det. of engine. Ref 1

Links

Carfield MC
 



 

Carfield. Ref 1
 
Carfield 1919-1927

The company was started by two mates Carter and Field. Therefore the name was easy to give the mc.

The production was localized just outside Birmingham. In the beginning they bought 269 cc Villiers two stroke engine for their mc.

Carfield was directly driven, with a 2 geared Albion. All transferred power to the rear wheel with a belt.

They bought engines where they were cheapest and they had no engine standard. One could mount Villiers, JAP and Coventry-Victor.

The front fork was of a Druid type.
 
They had a developing time when different suppliers were tested. This went on until 1925. After that they had only one model which found many buyers. It was Carfield Baby which had 172 cc or 247 Villiers engines.

In spite of that it was good with Villiers they changed to JAP and a 2 stroke AZA engines.

The last model was chain driven 175 cc AZA two stroke.  The company went bankruptcy about 1927. Number of mcs is unknown.


Page 8

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  Swedish version

Albin M/42

Info Albin M/42. Ref 1
 Info Albin M/42. Ref 1

Links

Eds mc museum

Ivars museum Hoting

Union



 


 

M/42 Albin. Ref 1
 
Army mc m/42 Sweden

This mc was produced by Monark/Albin.
Motor 500 cc. 19,6 hp. Cylinder diameter 79 mm. stroke 101,2. Dry sump lubrication. 3 gear box, activated by a pedal combination with clutch.
 

Front and rear wheel exchangeable.
Adjustable hydraulic absorber inbuilt in the front parallel spring fork.
 

Rear spring of plunger type.
Electric system Bosch, later SEN with a magnet generator.
As fuel a combination mixture of spirit-petrol called motyl was used.
A special pump with petrol for easy start when engine was cold.

This engine became later the model for a later construction of an army mc. This project was not brought to an end. After the war the 2 prototypes built by NV which were used as idea for the project by Birger Berggren and his Union mc.


Page 9

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 Swedish version

Rumi Sport 1953

Rumi petrol tank. Ref. 1

Rumi petrol tank. Ref. 1
Rumi motor. Ref 1
Rumi motor. Ref 1


Links

Rumi Classic

Rumi wikipedia



 

Rumi Sport. Ref 1
 
Rumi 1940-slutet av 1960.

From the beginning Rumi was a foundry for details to the textile industry.

During WWII Rumi got job for details to submarines and torpedoes. When war was over Rumi decided 1950 to start producing smaller motorbikes.

For engine it should be a 2 cylinders. Motor is 2-stroke and 125cc. This one fits very well also for the, at that time, popular scooter.

During 1960 they got economical trouble and the company was liquidated. The owner  Donnino Rumi went back to what he liked best to be a  sculptor.


Page 10

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  Swedish version

TWN

TWN 350 1952. Ref 1
TWN 350 1952. Ref 1

Links

TWN aus Nürnberg

TWN

Dubelcylinder engine

Pictures



 


 

TWN. Ref 1
 
TWN, Triumph 1885-1957

Triumph was founded by a German businessman, Siegfrid Bettman, who immigrated 1884 to England from the German Empire.

He opened an import and export company 1886 and it was named Triumph Cycle Company.

The factory was started in the industry city of Coventry. 1902 the first motorcycle was produced with a Belgian engine.
 
He started also TWN in Germany 1896 and production start was 1903.

TWN is in fact short for Triumph Werk Nürnberg. This factory was initiated by Sigfried and his bank supports in the beginning of 1910. In order to produce Triumph mc in Germany. The engine was manufactured by Triumph Werke and was a two stroke double piston engine. Cylinder diameter was 2x53 mm, stroke 38 mm, cylinder volume 344 cc, compression 6,1:1, power 16 hp. Top speed was given as 45 km/h, weight 177 kg.
 

1929 the two companies were divided. The shown picture shows a TWN Boss 1953.

Brakes were hydraulics drums with diameter of 160 mm and full hub. Swedish agent was AB Motorkraft and price 3150 Skr 1953.

Triumph has a very odd history and was bankrupt between the wars. Bettman disappeared from the board 1933 and Jack Sangster bought the company 1936.

1956 the Nürnberg factory was united with Adler in Germany which produced type writers and MC by the owner Max Grundig. MC production was terminated.

In spite of government money and combining no one did not succeed  to keep the production running in England. As the last nail the English unions refused to let the company merge to Triumph-Norton-Villiers and Triumph went bankrupt 1983

As the mark stayed in private ownership new production could start 1990.

The mark TWN had been disappeared already 1956.

Page 11

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  Swedish version


NSU Super Fox

NSU Lux 200 cc. 1955. Ref. 1
NSU Lux 200 cc. 1955. Ref. 1

Links

NSU Bison


 

NSU Super Fox. Ref 1
 
In the 1930th NSU was the largest manufacturer of motor bikes in Europe.

On the other hand this firm started 1900 in the city of Neckarsulm to produce knitting machines and their name was Neckarsulm Strickmachinen.

The name of the bike became first Neckarsulm Fahrradwerke, but it was supposed to be a difficult name for a bike. Instead it was called NSU.  Compare with Yamaha which from the beginning was a company making music instruments and Suzuki which was a textile company.

During the period between the wars they designed a motorcycle like a band wagon equipped with Opel engine. This small "motor band car" helped the farmers after the war to save the growth of the year, when all tractors had been taken as war booty by the Russians. See Sinsheim military.

In the beginning NSU started to use Zedel v-twins, but thought they could make a better one themselves. In the 50th NSU was much involved in competitions and record driving. They built special models for this.

They also produced a scooter of their own and had licenses for Vespa and Lambretta. In the 60th NSU bought a license to build Wankel engine, developed and produced mc:s and cars for this concept.

This was very expensive and was the direct cause for NSU to run into economical problems. VW-Porsche bought the NSU company.

Today the big factory locals, which was not so much damaged during the war, are rebuilt with a nice museum, locals for other companies and living apartments.


Page 12

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  Swedish version

Wall Auto Wheel


Det. Wall Auto Wheel. Ref 1

Det. Wall Auto Wheel. Ref 1
Carfield ads. Ref collected from website.
Carfield ads. Ref collected from website.

Links

Autowheel

Briggs Stratton

Hjorted mopedmuseum





 

Wall Auto Wheel. Ref 1
 
Wall Auto Wheel. The helpwheel on the cycle is a separate construction which was named Wall Auto Wheel. A.O.

Smith in USA took over the rights to manufacture and by time several more saw the market like Briggs&Stratton and Johnson.

The cycle could easily have been another mark.


Other Car MC museums in this website

Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti
BiancoRosso
BMW
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
Ladenburg
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
MotorTechnica
Munktell museum
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Porsche
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
SSK-series
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volkswagen
Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

Other sites
Military service
Travels
My Heritage

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Pictures from the following owners has been used in bjorns-story with the appropriate allowance:   
Reference 1:
©Björn Bellander  bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 48:
©Collected from website

Reference 49: ©Picture/text from Wikipedia
Website about Bjorkenas Moped MC museum
12 pages.


© Copyright Björn Bellander 2006