Picko Troberg's mini which he raced with. Ref 1
Picko Troberg's mini. Ref 1
Car racing museum Karlskrona Sweden
Text and pictures Björn Bellander.
Pictures current 2008, 2015. 15 pages
Back  Swedish version  Official website

since 121111
© Björn Bellander
CadillacBMC MiniLaSalle, AmilcarFord Special,  Chevrolet Corvette Bayliss Thomas,
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Created 131218
Page 1


Swedish version

Cadillac 1957

Cadillac 1946. See text. Picture from collection series.
Cadillac 1946. See text. Picture from a collection series. Ref. 1


Henry M Leland

Charles F Kettering

C F Kettering
Interesting website

Hela Kettering story

Kettering, Delco, Freon

Sparreholms museum


Cadillac Eldorado 1957. Ref 1
Cadillac Eldorado 1957. Ref 1

Cadillac story

When people in Sweden during the 1940th saw His Majesty the King and Prince Bertil or other persons within the Swedish industry, driving Cadillac cars. There is two things one can be astonished for. First one can wonder over the comparison with the so called "cockroaches", the first taxi cars in Stockholm. Has this small car developed to this luxury car. Secondly the finest car today is not expensive. Price 1940, 19500 Skr. There were several other much more expensive and smaller car.

Noble traditions.

The name Cadillac has not so much to do with the origin of the car, instead the region where the car was produced. The Frenchman Cadillac was one of the explores who search the regions around the great lakes. Therefore this area got the name Cadillac.

Henry Leland. Ref. 1
 Henry Leland. Ref. 1
The construction of the car is also connected to the names Henry M Leland and Charles Kettering. The origin of the car is a page in the pre history of General Motors. Leland sold the Cadillac name rights to General Motors 1908.

From the beginning the name of the firm was Leland & Faulconer. They started to build a single cylinder engine surrounded by a water mantel by copper 1902. It was ready for production the same year. Compare the Swedish bomber engine Breguét 1912. The Cadillac engine was offered to Henry Ford and it was mounted into a Ford chassis 1902. The car was then named Cadillac. It became later an immediate success. It is said to have been the first silent running car. The Ford car was on the market 1903.

How the self-starter came to.

Cadillac built during the first years more cars than all other car builders in Europe together. The success was colossal. It should be greater.

The story tells this. Packard had invented the steering wheel and Cadillac was bound to construct the self-starter through Charles Kettering.

1910 the young Charles Kettering sat one day in his office with Leland.
He tells us."I was driving over the Bella Isle-bridge in Detroit and got to see a lady who tried to manually turn the crank of her car. She didn't have the strength to turn it. A god friend of mine tried to help her. But the nervous lady had put the ignition in high position. My friend got a backlash and the crank hit him in his face. He died of his wounds."

C Kettering in his workshop. Ref 48.Leland became very touched. But Kettering started to work with the problem to construct an electric starter. This became also a generator after the engine start rotating. The self-starter had come to the world 1911 and was a standard equipment on many cars from 1912. The invention was the cause of the world wide producer DELCO.

Kettering and engine knocks.

Charles Ketterring didn't only invent the self-starter. He also solved the knocking phenomenon in the engine which was caused by low octane petrol. Thanks to this invention modern cars petrol economy was solved. and the oil companies could deliver petrol with equal quality and the right octane.

It was also Kettring who invented the way to paint the cars, instead of using common oil paint by hand. This invention led also to the world wide company duPont and the development of  enemal.

Kettering became the leader of GM technical department 1919. From this time Cadillac is only a small part in the production of GM, but the classical badge was added as the finest car of all from GM.

Cadillac 452A 1930

Trying to dig info about Cadillac there is a must to first decide what to dig about. General about history, general development or engines. After much searching it became about engines as most websites talk about this subject and specially about the V16.
1970 Cadillac decided to bore the 472 engine to 500 cc (8.2 liter) engine just because Lincoln had announced an engine with 7.7 liter, just to get the biggest engine. In the 1930th it was due to that Marmon and Peerless was on the way to build a V16. Cadillac started to build together two straight 8 engines with a single crankshaft and one camshaft in the middle with pushrods and standing valves. One new invention were the hydraulic tappets. This was chosen to get a silent engine. Advertising said that a 16 cyl engine is very smooth running, but this is not true for 16 cyl. The reality for a good balanced engine should be 12 or 18 cylinders. The mathematical problem to count the counterweights must have been quite a challenge for the Cadillac engineers.
In the beginning it was quite easy to sell such an expensive car 1930. The first 7 month 2000 cars were sold. All these were offered with body according to catalogue or at customer wish. These were built by Fisher or Fleetwood. The 2 coach work companies were earlier bought by Cadillac just to get them inside Cadillac walls. Empty chassis were offered but only small sales. Same time the same bodies were sold with V12 engines and a few with straight 8:s.

After the first 2000 cars it took 10 years to sell another 2000 units. This car, the V16, is one of the most asked for. 
The V16 car was sold at a loss so they tried to change the engine to more cheaper one doing it into a L-head side valve and 135° V, instead of former 45°. The engine became in this way much broader. The chariots were though big enough to take this so there was no problem with space. The last V16 came 1940. America had not yet entered the war. It took 10 years to sell 4000 cars. This type from 1930 is one of the most sought after luxury cars on the market.

150 horsepower 1947.

Cadillac was the first facory that build a V8 engine. Still today the V-engine is kept. It is a precision built machine with close tolerances compared to the most expensive airplane engines 1947. The cylinder rows are configured in 90° angle and the power is 150 ps at 3400 rpm.

The length is 5.5 m is built to offer the passengers most possible comfort. Front wheels have separate spring feahers. The same as sister car Buick. This construction has  been used for 11 years. rear has semi elliptical type, good protected with wax isolated covered damasks.

1946 års Cadillac is equipped with automatic hydaulic gearbox. With this coupling and gearbox handle are not necessary, expect when at start. It has a special by Fleetwood and Fisher built chariot The passenger compartment has automatic temperature regulation and fresh air control.

Cadillac V16 in Sweden.
One V16 at the museum in Sparreholm. It was ordered by Torsten Krüger (not Ivar Krüger who committed suicide in Paris). Torsten got 1 years in prison because of an economical swindle 1933 and the car was sold to publisher Pettersson in Malmö and then to Helge Kaarinen, owner of Sparreholm Castle and car museum.. This car is original and never renovated. Another two 452B 1931 and 1932 are owned by Anders Läck in Sweden.

Page 2


Swedish version

BMC Cooper

Picko info. Ref 1
Picko info. Ref 1
Picko info. Ref 1
Picko info 1. Ref 1Picko info 2. Ref 1
Picko info 2. Ref 1Picko info 3. Ref 1
Picko info 3. Ref 1


Alec Issigonis

Pickos well used mini. No longer shown.  Ref 1
Pickos well used mini. No longer shown. Ref 1
The BMC Cooper owned and raced by Picko Troberg. With this very car he won several Swedish Championships. Totally 9 times in different classes. Only the Swedish skiers Mora-Nisse Karlsson won more and also in the same class, Vasaloppet.

The car was trimmed and all work was done by BLMC and later by Sport Cars in Stockholm. At this small workshop Picko left all his cars.

In the end of the racing period for Minis it became to heavy trimmed.

The cylinder casting could not stand the power, when Picko soon after start, at high rev, on number one gear made a quick gear change. The cylinder casting made an elastic move and was destroyed.

Exactly what caused this engine failure only BLMC know or Sport Cars. If you read about Mini Cooper you get to know that Cooper reinforced the casting. From the beginning it was only an original BMC A-engine.

After race was ended with this car it was garaged and then sold. Before it came to the garage of Bilsport several owner had raced it. Here you can se it in a sorrow and worn look.

Alec Issigonis

In England he was called "The Greek God". Alec was born 1906. His father was a Greek marine engineer. He became English citizens during the Turkish - Greek war 1922.

The family was evacuated during this period to Malta together with other English citizens from the place where they lived,on island Smyrna. Later Turkish area.

His father died 1922 at Malta and his mother who was descended from Bavaria in the not yet united Germany.

In England Alec educated at Battersea Polytechnic. He continued at other education places and travelled much. His first job was at Edward Gillet when 22 years old.

Here they were designing a new automatic gearbox. It was some kind of preselector gearbox. He worked also much with front end constructions which he used later in life.

Then he got job at Humber. They were interested in the work with the gearbox. He also worked much with front end constructions.

Then Alec moved to Morris design team 1936 and work with cars independent front end. It was here the car with the very well known name Morris Minor was designed. This car was produced from 1948 to 1971.

Before WWII he was involved in a project called Mosquito. They experimented with glued tree and aluminum.

With this knowledge the famous night fighter and reconnaissance Mosquito plane was built. It flew also over to Sweden and Gothenburg to catch up ball bearings.

The war stopped all developments on the private market. Alec was involved much in car racing and built together with George Dawson a car for the 750 cc formula, called the Lightweight Special.

With this they experimented much with independent wheel suspension and front end drive.

1952 work started at Alvis cars. Here his commission was to construct a new car. His aim was to construct a new V8 casted in aluminum. It had 3.5 litrs and 130 ps. For this car they used his gearbox with overdrive.

Together with Alex Moulton he also developed a new type of hydrolastic spring system. Alec and Moulton used this construction for the BMC 1100 and 1800.

Any new car was never produced at Alvis as cost became to high. Alvis was more a military deliverer, just as today.

1955 Alec was enrolled to BMC in order to construct a petrol stingy car. It was from these ideas it become "The Mini". His idea was to put the engine across. The cooler on the left side with reversed air flow.

The demand from the border for him was to use an original existing engine. He chose the well known A-engine. The gearbox was situated inside the oil pan and drive was on the front wheels.

The spring system was done very simple with a rubber bellow. This was Moulton´s design. The car became very compact. The development from start to first shown car 1959 took only three years.

Alec was dubbed a knight by the queen 1969 and was now addressed as Sir Alec. He withdrew from industry 1971. Sir Issigonis died 1988.

Totally 5.3 million Mini cars were built. It was this car that BMC Sweden put in the hands of Picko, in order to be made popular.

About new project for Picko you can  read in the link Picko and the Mill.

I bought 1962 a new BMC Cooper and redirected it to Sport Cars with order to lower it to look like Picko´s car. It was in this way the Mini became well known  on  the race track in Sweden.

Page 3


Swedish version

LaSalle 1927

LaSalle info. Ref 1
LaSalle info. Ref 1
LaSalle instrument board. Ref 1
LaSalle instrument board. Ref 1


LaSalle story


LaSalle 1927. Ref 1
LaSalle 1927. Ref 1


LaSalle was from the very beginning an economical fiasco. The name Alfred Sloan had fetched the part of a name from a French explorer in 1700 in America. René Robert Cavalier Sieur de LaSalle.

This man wrote the Mississippi map making several journeys starting from the north. France had at this time the possessions of Louisiana area where Mississippi river ended.

Cadillac had also got it's name from an explorer, sieur de Cadillac. He explored the area around the great lakes. But it was Henry Leland who started the production of Cadillac cars.

The LaSalle car was created 1927 as a part of Cadillac production.

General Motors saw that the price difference in the segment between Cadillac and Buick became too big and wanted for this reason a mark between.

This became LaSalle. The car should have about the same quality as Cadillac but had to be cheaper. In the beginning this car sold pretty god, but during depression 1930 the number of sold cars decreased heavily.

Then when economy recovered in USA the sales figure didn't affected the LaSalle badge. The buyers wanted the more luxurious car Cadillac.

LaSalle dropped to many buyers in the hard struggle for buyers 1930.

Most LaSalle cars was sold 1937, when 37000 cars were produced. In spite of this the badge was ceased.

Sid 4


Swedish version

Amilcar CGSS 1927

Drivers place Amilcar. Ref 1
Drivers place Amilcar. Ref 1
Info Amilcar. Ref 1
Info Amilcar. Ref 1



Amilcar CGSS 1927. Ref 1
Amilcar CGSS 1927. Ref 1

Amilcar was a very popular car in France and it was sold between 1921 to 1940. It's era of greatness was in the middle of 1920. This was not massive selling, instead it was a sport car model which was right in time. With this car the owner could have success on the race track.

The idea from the beginning was to produce a car, which fit in the tax system. The first car made became what was called a cycle car.

It was not allowed to have a bigger engine than 1100 cc and a max weight of 350 kg except all extras. If the car could fit within these rules it could take the name as a cycle car and tax was 100 franc pro year. If not it was in France called Voiturette.

France hade the same sort of classification according help engines (mopeds) in the end of WWII. A help engine with over 50 cc was taxed. Read more about ABG VAP4.

But back to Amilcar. The first Amilcar was a cycle car and presented at Paris Motor Show 1921. It was Jules Solomon and Edmond Moyet who constructed this car. The car type led to a boom of success for such cars. This was because the low taxation.

The car name came from the owners of the firm. Joseph Lamy and Emil Akar. from their names the car name Amilcar was derived.

Hotchkiss took over the firm 1939 and presented a developed Amilcar-Hotchkiss equipped with a chariot from Adler. It's name became Compound.

When Germany occupied France 1940 the production of Amilcar ceased and also for all sub partners.

During the 20th Amilcar hade a very popular sport model. It was named CGS "Grand Sport" 1924. It was developed into another car CGSS 1927, which of course was a winning one on the race tracks.

1930 the firm was up to what they could afford. The production was now so large that they had to move to larger areas in Paris. They were forced to sell more on the market with passenger cars.

The expense increased because of different engines with 8 cylinders and up to 2.45 litres started to be produced.

A finance company Sofia took over the power of Amilcar, mostly because of bad selling according to the production during 30th. The last car produced was an Amilcar Pegase. This car got an engine from Delahaye.

Page 5


Swedish version

Ford Special

Info Ford Special. Ref 1
Info Ford Special. Ref 1
Drivers place Ford Special. Ref 1
Drivers place Ford Special. Ref 1

Ford Special home built. Ref 1
Ford Special home built. Ref 1

Ford special.

This home built car is equipped, for the moment, with a Chrysler Hemi engine.

From the beginning it had a Ford 79 A V8, which simply translated means a side valve V8 100 ps from 1947.

The front end is a rigid axle from Ford.

Further info is not available.


Page 6


Swedish version

Chevrolet Corvette

Info Corvette. Ref 1
Info Corvette. Ref 1



An early Chevrolet Corvette. Ref 1
An early Chevrolet Corvette. Ref 1

Harry Earl was designer and engaged at General Motors. He was engaged already 1927. He talked much to produce sport cars. During WWII he worked in England for GM. Here he learned about all the well known English sport cars which were produced.

1951 Nash introduced a smaller compact car. They had produced this in cooperation with Nash-Healy and the chariot was designed by Pinin Farina.

Harry Earl turned on this and started to convince the lead of GM that it was time to produce a sport car in USA. By some reason this project was named "Project Opel". Anyway this led to a hand built prototype car. This car was shown on all car fairs with the name Corvette.

The reception for this in USA was overwhelming and for this reason GM decided to start production 1953.

The chariot was mould in the new material armed plastic. The same as Volvo used for their unsuccessfully car Volvo Sport.

The first Corvette series quantity was 300 and as bad as the Volvo. The chariot fastenings points could not hold. Doors opened during driving and so on.

GM had not any acceptable engine for the car. They chose the Nash 6 cylinder overhead valve engine. This Corvette got a rigid rear axle and a standard front end. With this the car got bad road holding ability and was easily driven away by the small Morgan car. GM tried to mount double carburettor and Paxton compressor. The only selling face was a violence appearance. Selling decreased.

This went on up to 1955, when Ford presented their first 2 seat sport car. It had the small V8. 1954 the first V8 came from Chevrolet. The pressure, caused by the car from Ford, made GM to develop a new construction for the Corvette. The Chevrolet V8 and the buyers could also chose a manual gearbox.

Now the Corvette model started to be sold in more copies up to 1963, when the new model Sting Ray was presented. Last production year 1962, 14531 Corvette were produced and sold for $4038.

Page 7


Swedish version

Bayliss Thomas


Thomas Bayliss

Excelsior Motor Co

Excelsior motorcycles




Bayliss Thomas på museet. Ref 1
Bayliss Thomas på museet. Ref 1

Bayliss Thomas 1919 - 1930, Cars were built 1922 - 1928
Excelsior 1896 - 1965

The company was established 1874 by John Thomas Bayliss. He merged early with Penny Farthing Bikes and changed name to Excelsior. This company now produced both cars and motorcycles.

As this name already was on the market both in Belgium and Germany and also America they had to sell under the name Bayliss-Thomas.

1920 the company was bought by R Walker & Sons in Birmingham. They did not produce their own engines. Instead there were Blackburn, JAP or Villiers.

A cheaper model was sold under the name of Monarch.

During WWII they were involved in the small mc for parachute troops. It was named Welbike or Corgi. Read Falkoping MC.

Page 8


Swedish version

Harley Davidsson

HD at the museum. Ref 1
HD at the museum. Ref 1Info about HD at the museum. Ref 1
Info about HD at the museum. Ref 1


Harley History

Harley Davidsson at the museum. Ref 1
Harley Davidsson at the museum. Ref 1

Harley Davidsson 1903 -

1953 it was on the way to be a catastrophe for HD when Norton was the name on all lips at Daytona Show.

HD could not accept this so their test driver Paul Goldsmith got order to bring back high speed record from Norton. To do that a 37 hp engine was mounted and the record for highest speed raised with 42 km/h.

HD was though created long before by the 2 mates William Harley and Arthur Davidsson. They started to produce motorcycles in Milwaukee.

The two men were a good combination and already after some years they had developed a V-twin, a layout that should remain till today.

They understood that in order to sell they must have several resellers and they created that. Already 1912 they had over 200 in America.

The models replace each other but engine type and layout were the same. To get the name known they joined all types of competitions in America.

Like dirt track and hill Climb. At these types of tracks the English bikes could not compete.

There only opposition was Indian, but this mark was ceased 1953. The main HD engine was designed 1926 and was still in production till 1972.

American Machinery Foundry bought the company 1969 and it came into finance difficulties because of the US Tariff Commission.

The company went down on number of employees and become in conflict with the labors.

The quality fell drastically and the cycle got the nickname "Hardly ablesome". AMF sold 1981 and HD got its good reputation back.

New models were developed and with background of nostalgia HD can sell cycles with a much higher price than the Japanese bikes and yet they have full time job.

Page 9


Swedish version

Triumph P 1925

Info about Triumph P25 at the museum. Ref 1
Info about Triumph P25 at the museum. Ref 1BSA HB24 1937 at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1
BSA HB24 1937 at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1


Triumph story

Triumph P25. Ref 1
Triumph P25. Ref 1

Triumph 1885-1983, 1990-

Triumph heritage is from the beginning a German firm founded by Sigfried Bettman, who immigrated to England from the German Empire.

Here he opened an import and export firm 1883. This was, 1885, named Triumph Cycle Company. The factory was placed in the industry town of Coventry.

He also started Triumph in Germany. This name was later c hanged to TWN in Germany. 1902 the first motorcycle was produced with a Belgian engine. Triumph has a very up and down history and among, it once went bankruptcy during time between wars.

Bettman disappeared from the board 1933 and Jacob Sangster bought the company 1936. The mark Trumpf-Adler office machine was a cooperation between Triumph and Adler.

During the period after WWII when the English taught Japan the last things for a motorcycle construction. How to build a frame, the whole English motorcycle industry was outclassed.

Government money was put in the industry to keep the production to continue and despite more money and joining companies the production decreased.

As the last death came when the unions didn't accept a movement of production and the company Norton-Villiers-Triumph went bankruptcy 1983.

The mark Triumph became in private hands and 1990 new production started 1990.


Page 10


Swedish version

Norton International 1935

Info about Norton at the museum. Ref 1
Info about Norton at the museum. Ref 1NORBSA at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1
NORBSA at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1


Norton story

Norton Wankel

MC museet i Surahammar

Norton. Ref 1
Norton. Ref 1


The man from salvation army, James Lansdown was the one who loved precision. He created Norton cycle, 1902. The firm was founded already 1898.

With this he sold parts for bicycles. In the beginning he used engines from Clement or Motor Rev. When Norton with Rem Fowler won the first Isle of Man TT, James decided to construct his own engine.

James had no good health and because of being away very much, the firm went bankruptcy and soon he died. Any way the firm was restarted and saved, by one of his part deliverers.

The time between wars was a continuing development and competition. Norton was a winning machine. The constructions from Norton were for the time advanced. Besides the cycle won Isle of Man more times than anyone else.


They had no competition from other producers. During WWII Norton got a army contract and delivered over 100000 single and side car cycles. Even a model with third wheel drive.

This is something one never heared of. The three wheel drive are only well known from BMW and Zündapp. After the war Norton continued their dominance, with Featherbed frame and the famous Manx models.

The company also put money for selling in America with a racing team. They won most competitions and had almost HD on knee. Difficulties, strikes and Japanese import pushed Norton out of money and with government money Norton was joined to NVT (Norton Villiers Triumph Group).

In spite of big reductions the market didn't succeed to kill Norton completely. At last the company was sold to a Canadian Company inclusive the name and later Norton Motorcycles of Canada was founded.

The goal of this company was to build nostalgia machines in small series.

Page 11


Swedish version

BSA M20 1944

Info about the BSA M20. Ref 1
Info about the BSA M20. Ref 1
BSA HB24 1937 at MC Museum i Surahammar. Ref 1
BSA HB24 1937 at MC Museum i Surahammar. Ref 1


BSA models

Private BSA

BSA M20at the museum. Ref 1
BSA M20at the museum. Ref 1

BSA 1903-1990

Birmingham Small Arms produced  10000 rifles a week and 145000 machine guns before WWI.

This was the result that William III in the end of 1600 century understood that he needed a war industry independent of foreign countries.

Already 1903 the first bike was built, although it had Belgian Minerva engine. These bikes were green which became the BSA color.

Till WWII several different models were sold with increasing volumes. Names as Sloper, Blue Star and the M-Range. The last well known for it's use by AAA as support bike on the English roads.

During WWII they delivered lots of model M20 for the defense. BSA took as war booty over the MC design apartment from Adler but didn't used the information. Instead Ariel got it in it's hands.

After the war BSA started with a cheap machine and sold ca 500000 till 1963. This was a copy of the DKW 2-stroke bike converted to inch and mirrored.

Well known are all A-engine models like A10, A65, Gold Star, Rocket, Spitfire and so on. The declining production from BSA forced action together with Triumph and Norton.

This turned out to be a failure when the employers wanted to decide themselves. Four years later all were fired and a national company NVT started to produce spare parts for these English bikes.

Some new production were made but with foreign engines in the end of 1990.

Page 12


Swedish version

Rudge Whitworth 1931

Infoabout Rudge Whitworth 1931. Ref 1
Infoabout Rudge Whitworth 1931. Ref 1Rudge at  MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1
Rudge at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1Rudge at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1
Rudge at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1
Ridge at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1
Ridge at MC Museum Surahammar. Ref 1


Rudge Whitworth

Rudge motor club

Rudge at the museum. Ref 1
Rudge at the museum. Ref 1


Most owners of motorcycles may know about the word "rudge". They don't think about the cycle, instead it is about spoke rim wheels. 1907, all sport cars were equipped with rudge wheels. Precise it was the company Rudge-Whitworth which had constructed the type quick locking of the rim. This was and is called "Rudge" fastening. The idea has taken up by the modern racing cars, but because a fully other cause. Rapid change of wheels.

Being Rudge company is an another story. As every other firms working with transport vehicles Rudge started with bikes. Accessories for bikes, rims for cars and motorcycles. One period Rudge also produced 3 wheeled cars. In England they were called "Cyclecars".

The progress started before 1850 when Daniel Rudge, who build high wheelers, invented the adjustable ball bearing. Equipped with this the bike got a better balance. Rudge contracted a French racing cyclist, Charles Terront. He won important races in France with his own bikes.

Note that France was the leading country for all sorts of racing, while they were more positive to build new roads and arrange competitions for bikes, cars and motorbikes.

The main idea of the bearing came from the time when Daniel made his military service in France. French German war 1870-71. Henry Clarke the fellow worker met a Frenchman whose bike seemed to be much better than all others. Daniel and his mate decided to find out the secret. It is said that they made the Frenchman drunk. Now they could dismount the bike to look at the secret. They found that the high wheel was mounted with ball bearings instead of  plain bearings. This was the bearing that Daniel made further development to a useful product for his own produced bikes.

Daniel was now lucky that among all other bike producers in England it was one company with the leaders of Walter Phillips and George Price. They searched for a capable engineer and they chose Daniel Rudge. Now the bikes were updated and a the merging of companies in several steps became the result. This was good and they earned much money.

Daniel became unfortunately ill, cancer, 1880 and died only 39 years old. The company was divided into two parts. The cycle part merged with another one and became The Tangent & Coventry Tricycle Company,. This became later D. Rudge Whitworth & Co and 1911 when the first motorcycle started to sell it became Rudge Whitworth Cycles Company.

The company showed many new ideas, like the multigear box. It was about the same construction as the Volvo 343. It is simple to explain it this way, but it was of course a construction for it's time. The most important thing was that the driving belt was adjustable in relation of the rear wheel. With this construction they won Isle of Man TT, 1913. This construction was not good when the engines power raised and 1923 they had to change for gearboxes of normal type. Just like Volvo did.

Rudge produced engines with IOE, (inlet over exhaust). The second update of engine was updating the cylinder head with 2 inlet and 2 outlet valves. They were placed parallel. This idea with multi valves had been tried on Triumph Ricardo head 1921. Well known is the Ricardo head for A-Ford engine.

This construction was developed in several steps and lastly Rudge had a cylinder head where the valves were placed radial. With this type Rudge won 1930 Junior TT. This winning mc got the name Ulster and was offered for sale as a replica.

During the depression 1930 the sales was reduced considerable in spite of several updates on the engine. The valves were placed semi radial. (parallel valves radial ports). The cylinder head was cast iron.

The valve arrangement was complete closed (see picture). The economy was still bad and may be the changeover to work for the war effort and producing radar equipments saved Rudge from shutting down 1939. Any new production didn't start after the war 1945.

Page 13


Swedish version


Info om Velocette på museet. Ref 1
Info om Velocette på museet. Ref 1Velocette på Arvika Bil & MC Museum. Ref 1
 Velocette på Arvika Bil & MC Museum. Ref 1


Velocette Club

Velocette pictures

Velocette wikipedia

Velocette på museet. Ref 1
Velocette på museet. Ref 1


Velocette motorcycles was established 1905, at that time the producer was Taylor & Gue.

Velocette was an English company between the years 1904-1968. It produced Veloce MC:s in Hall Green, Birmingham. The successes was mainly in road racing during the 50th.

The founder was John Goodman, born with the name Johannes Gütgerman. Changed later name to John Taylor before he formally changed to Goodman. His co worker was William Gue. The company name was up to 1905 Taylor & Gue. His sons Percy and Eugene were also members.

Their first mc was named Veloce. Later the same year it was changed to Veloce Limited. They had in mind to produce motorcycles, close up parts and give service. The first engine was a four stroke. The first two stroke came 1913 and got the name Velocette. The following models inherit this name.

1933 they decide to introduce a new mc with overhead four stroke engine. The main task was to cut cost in order offer mc:s which had big demand.

This serie was called the K-series. It was though more expensive to produce as the cylinder head had to be more manually produced because of it's camshaft drive.

It was now decided to change to a simpler cylinder head construction and this called for less work.

The first of these was MOW and they used a 250 cc engine. It had square cylinder, 68x69. This mc became an immediate success. 1934 the MAC 350 cc was introduced and this became even more popular and the company earned much money.

Now they got funds to develop the earlier more expensive engine, Velocette. This mc was offered on the market 1935, and named Velocette MSS 500 cc.

This last mc got also a more firm frame and could easy be completed with a side wagon.

The name Velocette became now the name on all mc:s that were produced. John Taylor change also name 1935 to Goodman.

The company ceased their production 1971.

Page 14


Swedish version



Rex på Teknik på Farfars tid. Ref 1
Rex på Teknik på Farfars tid. Ref 1


Rex Acme

Rex GB

Rex Acme lättviktare på museet. Ref 1
Rex Acme lättviktare på museet. Ref 1

Rex 1933 in picture

For this Rex with support engine information is hard to find. The motor has 84 cc. 2 hp and is stated to be driven maximum 65 km/h. Year is 1933.

Rex Acme GB
Rex Acme was the English version. It was produced by the brothers William and Harold Williamsson 1899.

They first made small cars in Coventry but went over to motorcycles 1904 and used engines from other producers like JAP.

Telescope front end was used already 1906. 1908 they leaned the cylinder unit in order to lower the height of the motorcycle.

As a "thank you" for their work the border fired the two brothers for their work 1911 and started to mount own produced engines. The company ceased mc production 1933.

Now Rex started to produce their own engine but still used other marks like JAP. Rex merged Acme 1922 and changed name to Rex ACME and had 1927 15 different models. The depression killed the company and it was taken over by Mills-Fulford, side car producer. 1932-33 the production ceased.
Rex-Acme used Blackburne, JAP, MAG, Villiers, Sturmey-Archer, and Barr & Stroud.

Rex 247 Sverige 1908-1957

The bicycle factory REX in Halmstad Sweden used Moto Sachs engines in the beginning, but serial production was not started until 1923 when they changed to Villiers and JAP engines. During WWII an electrical variant was produced. Later during the 50th also small motorcycles and mopeds.

Rex Acme was the English version. It was produced by the brothers William and Harold Williamsson. They first made small cars in Coventry but went over to motorcycles 1904. They used engines from other producers like JAP. Telescope front spring was used already 1906.

1908 they leaned the cylinder unit in order to lower the height of the motorcycle.

During a few years there were popular to mount two exhaust pipes from one port. But it showed that the cycle had a better run with only one pipe. Royal Enfield had such a model. The owner found that it was better with only one working pipe but kept the none working one.

The name Rex could be found in several European countries like Sweden, Germany, Italy and Rex Acme in England.

Sid 15


Swedish version

The exhibition hall 2015

Overview of mc collection. Ref. 1
Overview of mc collection. Ref. 1Over view of moped collection i 2 rooms. Ref. 1
Over view of moped collection i 2 rooms. Ref. 1


Overview of car collection. Ref. 1
Overview of car collection. Ref. 1

The exhibition hall of Bilsport 2015 is divided into 3 separate rooms. It is the old garage which has been used before. The entrance fee is 50 Skr and for this you also may get free entrance to the porcelain museum. This factory was was working in this building. The old oven is still left and can be seen.
Sorry to say I don't think that the car collection is worth seeing. It has not the expected level.
The motor cycles have good ages and are interesting.
The old Mini of Picko is not left and may be sold to some enthusiast.

Other Cars MC museums in this website

Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti 2000
Bugatti 2018
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz 2000
Mercedes Benz 2018
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
Munktell museum
Museum joerney 2018
My ArtGlas collection
NSU 2018
Otto Walz 2018
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Peugeot 2018
Porsche 2000
Porsche 2018
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum 2000
Sinsheim museum 2018
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volvo Industrial museum

Other sites
Military service
Travels (in Swedish)
My Heritage (in Swedish)

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

This web site handles Car Sport museum Karlskrona Sweden consist of 14 pages. © Copyright Björn Bellander 2006
Pictures from the following owners have been used in
bjorns-story.se with the necessary agreements:   
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander  bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 48:©Access from website
Reference 49: ©Picture from Wikipedia
This website deals with Tank museum Axvalla

© Copyright Björn Bellander 2006-