The museum building is located at the northern road through München. On the other side of the main road old Olympic Stadium is located. You can see the impressing main office. When I visited I turned of course towards the main office building in order to search for parking place. Of course it was impossible. If there was a place free it was not allowed. At last I drove over to the Olympic Stadium. Here we found a paying parking place. Before that we had asked several guards at factory entries. They were not happy to help us although we had a foreign car. But no. A shorter walk over to the museum past by Pizza Hut where we later decided to eat after the visit. This picture is taken from the Olympia side quite close to Pizza Hut. The museum was opened 1973.
Karl Rapp 1882-1960 founder and owner of this motor factory. After fusion he withdraw and had cooperation with August Piccard with his air space laboratory.
Gustav Otto 1883-1926 was the son of Nicolaus August Otto. The founder of the Otto-engine. Gustav's aircraft factory was located in the Olympic park of today in München. It had a strategically position for testing their constructions. Otto's factory was building double decks air planes. They were used as school planes. A note about Gustav Otto. Ernst Udets father gave Otto's flying school a generous sum off money to get his son in there. In this way Ernst Udet took his Flying certificate 1915 and became later the most victorious pilot with 62 shoot downs during the first world war. The factory went bankruptcy 1916 and was united with Rapp Motorenwerke to BFW, Bayerishe Flugzeugwerke.
1923 BFW opened again in the old factory of Rumpler Augsburg and was 1927 united with Messerschmidt AG. 1938, the name was changed to Messerschmidt AG. Car manufacturing started 1928. Today 2003 BMW makes cars and equipment for air planes.
Twelve cylindricals V-engines were manufactured during the years of 1926-1936. Look at the simple crankshaft not equipped without any counterbalances. At this time the engine already had 560 hp. This was a carburetor engine and was mounted in tandem by Dorniers. Dornier was a manufacturer well known for their unusual designs. These planes had several different engines among them from Hispano Suiza and Rolls Royce. 1930 traffic was opened over the Atlantic. These engines were mounted also in Messerschmitt 111 whose first models were traffic air flights. The engine was also built on license both in Russia and Japan. One of the salesmen in the 20th was named Herman Göring. Okay his reputation was not yet affected by Nazi membership.
Nothing is really new in the world. Well yes of course, but all new inventions had to be developed. Pratt&Whitney in America had developed a star engine, Hornet, which BMW build on license. Later BMW had their 9 cylinders called 132.
BMW 132 was the most common engine for Junkers 52 "Tante Ju". The 52:nds were also equipped with an alternatively straight in line engine. 16154 engines were built. With such a plane they flow over the Atlantic to New York in 45 hours.
The 2 rows 14 cylinders variant is a development of the 132-engine. This engine was later developed to fit for among others in Focke-Wulf 190. It gave as best over 2000 hp. The constructor Kurt Tank suggested to use it in an air fighter. It was unusual at that time for a star engine in these kind of airplanes. BMW succeeded to minimize the frontal area by a fan just behind propeller for cooling of engine. In this way it became a success. It is possibly to study the design of engine behind the propeller. See enlargement of picture.
The compressor was of a single type and used two stages design directly driven by the engine. BMW had developed a hydraulic system to automatic give variable amount of petrol, propeller angle and ignition according to throttle level and altitude. This made it much easier to control the engine. It was a design that far later came in our computer controlled engines. Externally one cannot do anything else than admire the skill of craftsmanship that was demanded for all plates and pipes in the prototypes.
This engine, BMW 003, was projected already 1939. BMW had great difficulties to get it in order. It was tried on several air crafts as extra supply. 1944 one had reach sufficient power so it became fit for use. From the beginning it was supposed to be used for Heinkel 162, but the most known fit was in Messerschmitt 262, known as Schwalbe. At this time there were too less German pilots skilled enough. It was nothing wrong with production. After the war lots of 262:nds were placed in the forests of southern Germany. Alternatively the fighters were equipped with Junkers Jumo 004 engine. One fighter division with 262:nds is well known. The fighter ace Adolf Galland was its boss. This was the man that answered Herman Göring when he asked what to be needed to defeat the English fighters. "One division of Spitfires". Galland became after the war General of the German airforce defence. He died 1990.
After the war Stalin sent his son Vasilij to gather, home to Russia from the captured areas, all aircraft technical informations. This included lots of designers who were supposed to work for the Russians. Besides this he stole huge amount of culture treasures which he brought to Russia for private use. He was also the background developer of the Russian ice hockey teams in Moscow. After Stalin's dead he was prosecuted and isolated. Died 1962 seriously alcoholized.
The airplane Klemm L25 was equipped with a 5 cyl. star engine. Only 32 where built. Normally Klemm had an in line engine.
Austin Seven was a popular small car. It was build on license or copied in many countries. BMW had license to build it. It was called Dixi 3/15 and was produced in Eisennach. Lucien Rosengart was employed by BMW to modernize the 3/15 Dixi. Next model was called AM4 with an engine on 20 hp. Covered and 4 seats. Lucien Rosengart had 1927 built his own Seven under the name LR2.
BMW 328 was the prestige car. It was announced 1936 and got great confidence. It had an engine with high positioned camshaft and spherical compression rooms. The valves were activated by push rods in two stages. First from camshaft to either valve and to the other valve by a horizontal push rod. Between the valves there were 3 carburetors placed. It was for this time a qualified design which gave the 328 an advantage on the race tracks. Simpler models for daily use were also produced named BMW 326 and 327. In Sweden had among others the Captain of Swedish Air Force Björn Atterberg one 328 which he competed with.
BMW luxury limousine was officially announced 1954 and produced till 1961. This according to BMW sign board. Different statements circulates in various websites. The car was forced to production without that BMW didn't had the money to develop what was required. The economy was very bad in the beginning of the 50th. The car was quite advanced and could be delivered with an aluminum V8 with 100 hp depending of year model. The car was called the "Barock angle" with the first production no 501. BMW never reached sufficient number of sold examples and during the whole period only 15000 were produced. A series of pictures from Auto-Saloon. Note that this link can differs according the Auto Saloon sales. Anyway it is interesting because there are always BMW 500s for sale.
BMW's constructor Max Friz designed the first motorcycle. BMW R32. It was equipped with a 2 cyl. boxer engine which was mounted crosswise in the frame. The cycle had a separate gearbox and propelled the rear wheel by a shaft. BMW has kept this principle since then. A single cyl. cycle was also produced although still with separate gearbox and propeller shaft. After R32 R39 and R2 came. R39 had hard soldered frame and plate spring for the front wheel. During WWII they delivered a model R75 with side carriage. See also R75 from Sinsheim. It had also drive for the third wheel. Zündapp had also a similar cycle. With a 500 cc BMW got first price VM 54 and 56. You can find all different BMW models here.
Other Car MC museums in this website
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
MC museum Hedemora
Porsche Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Swe.
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Skokloster car museum
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm Car Museum
Sagen Technical museum
Swedish Air force m
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb.
Technical museum Stockholm
Volvo Industrial museum
from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the
Reference 1: ©Björn Bellander bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 3: ©Auto-Saloon-Singen www.auto-salon-singen.de/
Reference 4: ©Sinsheim Auto Museum www.museum-sinsheim.de
Website deals with BMW Museum München
cover 11 pages.
© Copyright Björn Bellander 2006-