Chassie for Volvo 1927-1930. Ref 1 Assa museum Atvidaberg buggy car
Text and pictures Björn Bellander.
Pictures current 2012, 15, 17
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Åtvidabergbuggy car 1911. Ref 1

The  buggy of Åtvidaberg 1911.

Already in the end of 1800 there were self rolling vehicles built. The first car from Benz, which according to the story, Copy of Benz first carl. Ref 6was out on a trial drive by his daughter Clara 1886. The roads at that time were only horse wagon paths. The city roads were not covered by stones so the streets only consisted of dried clay mixed with horse dung. Now when the first engines were produced vehicles were built with large diameter wheels just like the personal horse transport wagons. Out on the country side the trails were very uneven and stony. This was the reason why the first buggies were equipped with large wheels and connected to soft springs. Noted that air rubber wheels wheels were not invented until 1888. It was the Englishman John Boyd Dunlop who came up with the new air rubber cover on the wheels. This so called Hi Wheeler had only a slim rubber ring as tire thread. Most vehicle alike had this type of cover on their wheels from 1886 and up to 1899, when the pneumatic rubber wheel became common in large scale.
Why didn't the Åtvidaberg buggy became modern for it's time 1911.

Were all these persons in Åtvidaberg, who worked with this buggy, not well informed about what was modern when speaking about car constructions?

This was what had happened.
1902 a Swedish engineer Martin Eriksson moved to USA in order to work with car constructions. He came in contact Photo in museum of Åtvidaberg buggy car, Ref 1with the left over Holsman Hi Wheelers that still were able to be bought in the area around Chicago where Holsman had the factory, between 1900 and 1909. He apprehend that the roads in America Olds Curved Dash 1903 at Motala museum. Ref 1where comparable with Swedish roads. This was the reason why he was sure that high wheels were a good construction for cars. Remarkably enough he didn't came in contact with Olds Curved Dash Holsman buggy?. Probably a short variant of Atvidabergs car. Ref Wikipedia.which started to be delivered 1902 in Detroit/Lansing. Anyway he had contact with owners of cars from Holsman in Chicago and he became very interested in this type.
When Martin later 1908 traveled back home to Sweden, he had a Holsman car in his baggage. I have not found where he first settled in Sweden but the car was trial driven in county of Hälsingland before he settled down in Åtvidaberg. After the trial drives he found that the car managed good on the Swedish roads. There were no written lines so he had to copy the car and it is almost on the point like the Holsman. As Holsman since long time had closed down their production there were no danger for prosecution.

The factories that were situated around Åtvidaberg were structural reorganization.
A merge of most companies in the area and the united Industries of Åtvidaberg were created. As a detached part was Wagon factory of Åtvidaberg. The meaning was that the Holsman copy should be produced there. There was also since time before a wheel factory in Åtvidaberg. All these changes was good for Martin Eriksson. He had now only to get the owner Baron Theodor Adelswärd to put money in order to produce the car/buggy. For the car Martin had prepared all basic drawings for the production.

Holsman 2 cycle engine. Reworked. Ref. 50All details would be produced in Sweden.
Two sizes of engines. A 2 and 4 cylinder four stroke engines. There are different statements. The engine crankcases Chain drive. Ref 1would be casted at Överums foundry. The wheels came from the wheels factory while the chariot was build by the Wagon factory. The steering function was by a handle. The engine was mounted under the passenger seats and air cooled. The power was transferred by two chain belts to each rear wheel. There was no gearbox and in order to change speed was made by moving the whole engine package Front and rear "drive" gear and variator. Ref 1front or rear with the help of a handle. The variator pulley was alike the DAF construction, but of course much simpler. If the engine was moved further back another pulley came in contact with the car wheel. A simple way of turning the car wheel backwards. See picture.

Original four cylinder two stroke? engine. Ref 1The production was prepared for 35 car. But sorry to say the buyer's resistance was compact and only 12 were sold.

Railway trolley. Ref 1This resistance was due to that the T model from Ford could be bought for a lower prize. The cars that was not sold were converted to railway trolleys. You can see on the picture a trolley and a hardly recognizable buggy. It has got an engine hood and probably a Ford T engine hides under.

Artikel om Åtvidabergsbilen av Svante Kolsgård. Renskriven. Ref. 1  Artikel om Åtvidabergs Vagnfabrik av Gert Ekström m.fl. Ref.1

Both these articles are transferred to separate text in Swedish, This because my photos didn't gave readability. Click on respective article.

Railway barrier was one product. Ref 1 The united Industries had close contact with railway production. Parallel there were production of railway system and parts.

Teodor Adelswärd. Ref 48 For it's time this buggy was too late. If Martin Eriksson had come 10 years earlier it might has been much better.
Twice the industrial leaders had formed their decision wrong in Åtvidaberg. The first one was  Theodor Adelswärd. He didn't understand that the Holsman car was completely out of date. If Eriksson might have brought an Olds Curved Dash instead. But it might have been too late for that car also.

The second was when the Facit border with Elof Ericsson in the lead didn't understand the importance of electronics for Åssa calculators. When production ceased for the car it was not serious for the workers but to continue with mechanical calculators became catastrophic.

Perhaps it was unavoidable for Sweden had not enough with electronic engineers with computer knowledge enough.

Below some pictures from my photos from the museum.
One mini build car of the buggy. Ref 1
Family test  drive. Ref 1
The two foot pedals. Ref 1
One delivery ready car outside the factory. Ref 1
Photo of family and tourist cahriot. Note 2 headlights. Ref 1
 Schacht på Rydaholms museum. Ref 1
In the Rydaholm car museum I have seen a high wheeler, with the name Schacht 1903.

Holsman 1908 at Arvika museum. Ref 1 Holsman 1908 at Arvika
Text about Åtvidaberg United industries and articles about car and original shop manual for the car can be found in the Swedish version.

Sista ägaren av sista existerande bilen. Ref. 1  4 sidor om Tekniska museets köp av sista ägaren. 

Above the first paper about the last owner Arthur Olsson. The second about the buying of the car by Technical Museum. 4 pages. page 2, page 3, page 4.
Letter to Åssa Industries from Brita Vighagen whose mother's father owned the car.
The printed car instructions for the car 1911.
page 1, page 2, page 3, page 4, page 5, page 6, page 7, page 8, page 9, page 10, page 11, page 12, page 13.

Styrspaken. Ref. 1
Steering column.
Drivkedja. Ref. 1
Drive chain.
Back function. Ref. 1
Solution of rear gear function.
Vad man gjorde av lagret eftr konkursen. Ref. 1
What was mad of the rest store after bankruptcy.

2 cylinder engine from Holsman. Ref 50 Assa factory museum other cars.
Page 2
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Volvo takgök. Ref 49
Austin Seven. Ref 1
In the museum there are some other interesting cars.

The first one is an Austin Seven Cab in mint condition. Surely the owner is a club member. He has his car here just for free garage. The car is placed very nice in order to roll out in the summer for meetings. Another Austin Seven enthusiast is Ahlkvist who is the owner of museum in Rydaholm.

Volvo PV 444 cab. Ref 1Next car is a Volvo PV 444 Cab. Volvo never build a cab of their own. Instead they sold cars without chariot. Sweden had quite many firms that rebuild or build new chariots on special order. Among them Nordbergs is well known. They build some PV 444 cabs and one sport cab. For more info look in the two links.

Träkaross till Volvo. Ref 1Lastbilshytt nder byggnad. Ref 1The wagon factory in Åtvidaberg was the chariot maker for the buggy. They got large orders from Volvo and their first car 1928 and later. The picture shows a ready made chariot for Volvo and a Lorry chariot.

Volvo Lastbil 1930. Ref 1
In the row of exhibited cars there are also 2 lorries.
I show one here.
In this row of cars there is also an early standard car from 1928. If you look closely you see brakes mounted in the front wheels. Another thing is that the engine cover has more openings than the first model 1927. This might also show that this car has a 6 cylinder engine.
Volvo 1928. Ref 1

Other Car MC museums in this website

Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
Munktell museum
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volvo Industrial museum

Other sites
Military service
My Heritage

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Pictures from the following owners have been used in with the necessary agreements:

Referens 1: © Björn Bellander
Reference 49: ©Bild från Wikipedia.
Reference 50:
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