BMC MG. Ref 1
BMC MG. Ref 1

Adalen Car & MC Museum
Text and pictures Björn Bellander
Pictures current 2010, 16, 17

Official website
  Swedish version


Björn Bellander

See also my other websites Car gallery, Motorcycles gallery.

Fiat,  Austin Seven,  Chevrolet,  Plymouth,  Dodge,  Scania Vabis,  Buick,  Steyr Rugby,
Peugeot, Mini Marcos, Links

Page 1

Created 131210


Swedish version

Fiat 503 1926

Fiat 503 front. Ref 1
Fiat 503 front. Ref 1
Drivers place. Ref 1
Drivers place. Ref 1
Fiat (Ceirano) car 1901. Ref 49
Fiat car 1901. Ref. 1


Fiat cars

Fiat story

Ceirano Battista

Ansaldo car

OM car


Fiat 503 Torpedo. Ref 1
Fiat 503 Torpedo 1926
For a long time I search in books and internet about the birth of Fiat. It seemed to be impossible to find the real startup for this company.

Ceirano Battista. Ref 49But, suddenly the name   Ceirano Battista 1860-1912 showed on my screen and here I had the solution. This man who was the oldest of three brothers had moved to Turin about 1890 to get education. With his brothers John and Matthew the rented a small place in order to produce cycles. Here another 2 men worked, who later should be famous racing drivers. Felice Nazzarro and Vincenso Lancia.

These men knew the construction of a car at this time and also another person Aristide Faccioli. He designed a car in which they mounted  a 633 cc engine. This car became a miner amount of success.

But now the real birth for Fiat. There were a carand 4 competent persons and they covered the branch from construction, design and production.

Now a man showed up. A man with money. Giaovanni Agnelli and Carlo Biscaretti. Carlo had more money. They realized that it was possibilities to build up a new industry.

These two men take over the Ceirano's business and also the patents which Faccioli owned for the car. The name Ceirano was still left as he continued with his work up to 1924, before a name change was made.

Agnelli now created Fiat 1899. The first thing to do was to start producing Ceirano's first car, with the change for engine to a 2 cyl. boxer 679 cc. The car was presented on the market 1899. On this theme FIAT continued to develop cars. A car with engine mounted in the front and 4 cyl came already 1901.

FIAT started also with lorries, 1903 and 1905 they started the ball bearing business RIV. Large cargo ships, large ship engines 1910, airplanes 1915 and railroad materials. Other companies were bought like Ansaldo and OM.

Fiat was not afraid to make copies of other producers. Mainly from Mercedes. 1902 FIAT introduced an engine with pair casted cylinders and self working inlet valves.

Fiat Mefistofeles. REf 19.The only way to get more power was to have larger cylinder volume. This went on till the famous racing car Mefistofeles model was produced. It's engine had 4 cyl. and 18.2 litres.

Now FIAT had not found it's place among all models they made. This should not come until series building of cars started. Beginning with this came 1919 when a 1.5 litre model 501 was presented.

To enlarge the company FIAT offered licenses for other producers in Europe. One factory started in Austria, in France Simca  made FIAT cars and also NSU in Germany.

Fiat 500 Topolino 1938. Ref 49FIAT became the largest car producer in Europe and went also close to the American factories. Later it was also understood after WWII that people needed small cheap cars and FIAT had such a car in the popular Fiat 500 Topolino.

FIAT has survived all crisis and depressions and has cooperation agreements among others with Chrysler. The Russian Lada is from the beginning a complete factory sold to Russia.

Page 2


Swedish version

Austin Seven 1929

Adalen museum. Ref. 1
Info Austin Seven. Ref. 1
Austin 16. Ref. 1
Austin 16. Ref. 1
Austrin 16. Ref. 1
Info Austin 16. Ref. 1


Herbert Austin

Rydaholm Museum

Austin Seven. Ref 1
Austin Twenty/Twelve/Ten/Seven
Austin Seven 1929

The history about Austin is jus like to tell the story about Herbert Austin and end up with Austin seven and Mini.

Herbert Austin started his business as a mechanics at Wolseley works. Here he had the feeling that he could build a better car 1896. He had bought a 3 wheeler from Paris a Léon Bollés. This car had an engine which run on gas. He reconstructed this car. At this time he was one of the owners in Wolseley. The first rebuild car became not a good product. The second updated car came later with 4 wheels and 3.5 ps. It made a good job in the 1000 miles trial test which was running in England. This car was manufactured from 1897 and 6 years ahead with the support of Vickers. Already 1914 they had sold 3000 copies. During WWI the car production was ceased. Herbert Austin was a good businessman and also a clever organizer. Up to WWI he cooperated with J.P. Siddely and the cars were named Wolseley Siddely.

The obstinacy of Herbert Austin to use a horizontal 2 cyl engine made that he came in conflict with his board and because of this he resigned and opened e new firm which got the natural name Austin Motors.

The car type that has been widely spread and copied is Austin Seven. Herbert Austin was a self taught car enthusiast in the beginning of early 1900. In this time a quick person could learn by private work and studies to work with car constructions. In this way one could learn to create successful products.

Herbert Austin worked with tools at Wolseley. He thought he had better ideas for a car. 1905 he started his own making of a car called Austin. Those car types he made in the beginning was ordinary family cars. They were called Austin Twelve and twenty. He had also cooperation with Hotchkiss to whom he sold engines. He didn't made profit enough and realized that a small car was the right one for England.
A car was taxed after it's engine power. The motor fuel was also expensive. During the WWI he earned much money. 

He started 1922 to developed a car which would suite English people. It became an Austin Seven. This car had an engine with 850 cc and 13 ps, two seats and an extra seat in the rear. Engine had 4 cylinders and only 2 main bearings in the beginning. Whole England bought this car model. I am sure they mostly used it to go for pub rounds. Herbert Austin established this car in the whole of Europe.
Those cars producers that bought licenses  in order to make copies was BMW-Dixi, Rosengart, Danish Nimbus, Japanese Datsun, and even the American Bantam. Jaguar Swallow was also involved. Totally 375000 Seven were built.
Now Herbert looked with interest on the export market  in America. Here he started the firm American Austin in Butler Pennsylvania. 
Back home in England the small Seven sold so good that many small special car builder started with a Austin and many of them became small car producers. As Lotus with mainly the Lotus Seven and other sport cars.

Austin Seven became later the main idea for the small Mini.

Page 3


Swedish version


Chevrolet 1930. Ref 1
Chevrolet 1930. Ref 1
Chevrolet. Ref. 1
Chevrolet. Ref. 1



Chevrolet story

Louis Chevrolet
Chevrolet. Ref 1
Chevrolet 1930
Hallo if you are interested in Chevrolet.

Let's start with knowledge about Switzerland. this country is organized in cantons. In one of these clock manufactures had by time assembled. In Neuchatêl a man was born 1878, second son to Joseph-Félicien, clock manufacture. He got the name Louis-Joseph Chevrolet.

Louis was not aimed to be a clock manufacturer. Instead he was interested for cycle competitions and the mechanical things around. He worked at a mechanical workshop 1895 till 1899, when he moved to Paris.

Perhaps he was not so lucky here because he emigrated already 1900 to Montreal Canada where he stayed one year before moving to NewYork. Here he got work at DeDion's American company.

He got employed at FIAT America as a racing driver and was involved in developing a front wheel drive car in Philadelphia. He also drove competitions for Buick. William Durant was the leader for this mark.

Louis Cherolet test/tävlingsförare hos Buick. Ref. 56We have now reached 1909 and Louis, who didn't have any schooling education in cars, started also to develop engines, at Buick.

This was the beginning for the 6 cylinder Chevrolet engine, which always has supplied overhead valves. This cylinder head was lubricated by dripping oil from a felt lying on the rockers.

Louis started his own company 1911, named Chevrolet Motor Car Co together with Durant.

Several people, working with Durant, had different views about how to construct cars. This was also the case with Louis. He quite and sold all his shares in Chevrolet Car.

Durant continued and sold Chevrolet cars and earned so much money that he could buy himself into the lead of General Motors again 1917.

The company which Louis had started became now the most important source of income for Durant. Louis Chevrolet who lost the chance to be a millionaire, started instead a new company, Frontenac Motor Co, in order to produce trim parts for Ford cars. Louis disappeared now from the front of car history and kept his name only as the creator of car badge Chevrolet. He died 1941.

The car Chevrolet within GM went ahead with great success and not even the depression could stop the success of the badge.

1916, 70000 Chevrolet were sold. 1927 when Ford changed between T and A models, Chevrolet hade the highest figures. 1929 came a new 6 cylinder engine and 1 million cars were sold. 1934 GM had reached 10 millions and Chevrolet was the most common car sold and 1939 GM reached 15 millions.

Page 4


Swedish version


Plymouth 1938. Ref 1
Plymouth 1938. Ref 1



Chrysler story

Plymouth. Ref 1
Plymouth 1938
When Walter P Chrysler had come so far that he was main owner of his company Chrysler Co. Now he created several new car badges and bought other which was near to be bankruptcy.

Now buyers could find DeSoto and Plymouth in the sellers windows 1927, while Chrysler put it's hands on Dodge and saved it from disaster. The coming luxury car from Chrysler got the name Imperial.

About new car badges at Chrysler Cooperation can be said that a man, later involved in Kaiser and Frazer cars, Joseph Frazer was working for Chrysler. He was the man who suggested the name Plymouth for one of the new car badges. This name was supposed to wake up national proud among farmer on the American countryside.

Now it was important to have lots of money. In such a situation everything could be done. Specially during depression in the end of 1920.

A new engine had been constructed. It had 4 cylinders and pressurized lubrication. The engine was mounted on rubber just as the chariot. Braking was on 4 wheels. It had oil filter and air cleaner.

1929 Chrysler offered automatic gearbox. Wheels had also a new type of rim. It had the quality for the tires not to come loose, when puncture happened. This rim the J-type profile is today standard over the whole world.

Maxwell 1925 senare Chrysler. Bild från till salusida.The first car Chrysler made had still the name Maxwell, but when this company became part of the Corporation, when production started

1925 the mark Maxwell was gone and one could only read Chrysler in front.

The first model of Plymouth was presented with the new engine. It was produced at Maxwell. It had 4 cylinders 1928 and was sold in 100000 copies and became a hard concurrent for Ford.

1933 Plymouth presented the workhorse of all engines. It was the 6 cylinder side valve engine, 3,3 liters cylinder volume. Almost all volume cars in America had this engine type up to 1955, when V8 engine with 157 ps was presented.

Plymouth now sold so many cars that the badge had the third place on selling list, but GM with Buick sold a few more.

Now up to WWII the models of Chrysler started to be old fashioned and the same happened for Plymouth. But all new Chrysler models like Dodge, Plymouth and DeSoto that came out on the market 1946, 47 became very popular.

After 2001 time for Plymouth as a badge was over. Chrysler had tried with different kind of  taking out, but no interest. The last models were named Prowler and Neon.

Page 5


Swedish version

Dodge open tourer 1926

Dodge 1926. Ref 1
Dodge 1926. Ref 1



Dodge Ford

Dodge Chrysler

Dodge 1929. Ref.1
Dodge 1926
Two hot-headed brothers Dodge, Horace and John started a firm 1900 in order to deliver engines for Oldsmobile and for Ford production.

For this Dodge was made partner in Ford. Because of the large delivering, rules said that they had to be joint owner.

1914 they decided to start their own production of cars. The first model presented was a 4 cylinder model 30. It was a light scaled Ford T.

It had a fully steel chariot unlike other cars built with wooden chariot. Furthermore it had something so unusual as a 12 volt electrical system.

The car got the reputation to be qualitatively very good. The selling of Dodge cars was already from 1916  in second place.

Some stock market rule arrangements made that Ford had to get rid of Dodge brothers ownership in Ford and for this Dodge got $25 millions, which they could invest in Dodge company.

Dodge had a good reputation and such a cars were needed in the American army. General Pershing, who had got the task to fight against the Mexican revolution lead by Mexican Pacho Villa.

Pershing recommended to buy Dodge cars for this mission. Lieutenant Patton led a group of soldiers who moved with their Dodge care during an assault. Note that later during WWII Dodge transport and lorries were most common.

The leading Mexicans were taken prisoners. They were bound and put on engine front cover. In this position they were transported to the American headquarter.

The names Pershing and Patton were two warriors who was known for the American Expeditionary Corps during WWI in Europe and Patton made his name during WWII.

The Dodge brother past away during 1920. John died in a serious of flu and Horace who was the most hot-headed died from cirrhosis of the liver. Whether he was an alcoholic or not is not sure.

The activity of Dodge factory changed of course in a negative way when the leaders were gone. Selling was reduced although the company could continue production. During a time when the widows were owners, Dodge hade a cooperation with Graham.

A Large stock business arose with Dodge and Dillon shares. This had naturally the effect that selling cars were reduced.

It was now easy to buy the company and Walter Chrysler who at this time was building and consolidating his company put an offer on Dodge and incorporated it in his Chrysler Corporation 1928.

Dodge was a strong and solid, generally well managed company continued to develop cars within Chrysler Cooperation.

Now Dodge became a volume car which in price was placed between Plymouth and DeSoto. Later 1933 Dodge and DeSoto changed place.

Dodge had now as standard a 6 cylinder side valve engine and offered also a straight side vale 8. During the Chrysler time more and more bigger cars were built equipped with many extras. Dodge became a luxury variant among the cars.

When America became involved in WWII because of the Japanese attack on Hawaii  1942, all civil production were stopped in America and instead military equipment were treated with special favor.

Dodge became most well known for the larger military truck. This was also built as an ambulance and had the id WC54. This production lasted between 1942 and 1945.

1946 the new type of past WWII showed from Chrysler and the badges Plymouth, DeSoto, Dodge and Chrysler. These cars differed strikingly from the last models 1942. All had 6 cylinder side valve engines and Chrysler had also an 8 cylinder.

Page 6


Swedish version

Scania Vabis 3251 1928

Scania Vabis. Ref. 1 Info Scania Vabis. Ref. 1


Bruksmuseet i Surahammar

Scania Vabis

Scania Vabis trucks

Philip Wersén

Södertelge Verkstäder

Scania Vabis. Ref 1
Scania Vabis
Scania Vabis trucks, as today during 2000 is a badge that inspires respect. It is owned 63 % by Volkswagen and and the way to be incorporated.  Volkswagen is also the owner of Man. This might be a future problem.

The history how Scania Vabis was developed up to a large company. Here is may matter of opinion.

It started 1820 when David Ekenberg  moved from Nyköping to Södertälje. He was a black smith and wagon maker. here he started wagon building. Much happened i Södertälje. The channel was built and western railroad was built across the city. The first train arrived 1860 with the Royal Family.

Ekenberg understood that here it was a possibilities to start production for railroad wagons. He had 1848 50 employees. The only industry in town.

Enskilda Banken with A.O. Wallenberg started a new producer AB Atlas for railroad wagons. He wanted to expand this activity as the need for railway wagons was tremendous. He gave Ekenberg a profitable offer for his company and Ekenberg accepted. Everything should be moved to Stockholm 1888.

At the wagon workshop in Södertälje a efficient man, Philip Wersén, worked. He was the leader for wagon workshop. He followed to the new factory in Stockholm but got a lower position. He didn't accept this and quit his work and moved back to Södertälje 1891.

He was educated at Technical Elemtar in Örebro. At this school both Sven Winquist and Gustaf Larsson had been examined. Sven invented the spherical ball bearing. Gustaf together with Sven started Volvo.

Wersén now prepared production for rail road wagons in Södertälje. After an aggrement with Surahammar Iron works he started production in Södertälje.

Surahammars Iron Works

In Surhammar the most ruling person was Peter Petersson. He was called "Disponent" at the works from 1883. The works earned much money while producing railway wagon wheels. This at first hand that they had production of iron with what was called vedpuddelmethod. From this iron they got much more durable wheels. The works had also got the mission for this production from the Railroad government.

Since earlier Surahammer had started to develop an engine for automobiles 1896. It was Gustaf Eriksson who was the brain behind this. But he could not succeed with this until he changed petrol type from kerosene till gasoline petrol.

Petersson saw the possibility to start production of railway wagons. But when Srahammer didn't have any railway connection the project was to build a production unit in Västarås.

Now Surahammer got suggestion from Wersén, who needed money, much money, for his investment in Södertälje.

Petersson and his board agreed to Wersén's proposal, but without any influence for Wersén. It bacame different meanings about this and Petersson had to withdraw. The company got the name Wagon Factory AB Södertelge.

As Wersén already had a contract for the factory area and also had en order for 86 wagons the work was quickly started. Already 1892 the company showed a profit.

Now Gustaf Eriksson got the task to construct the engines for the vehicles at the Wagon factory. The first should not be used in a car. Instead it became an engine to be mounted in a trolley. It became a good product for the Wagon Factory.

Petersson and Wersén could not stand each other and when the time for contract ended Surahammar didn't want to extend the contract. Wersén now quit and instead started a new company Södertelge Works. This continued to be large as long as the boom for railroad wagons was still needed. But it was later bankruptcy after trail to build airplanes and engines. Philip Wersén died miserably poor in Stockholm.

New times

The positive production of the factory continues till 1907. Now Swedish railroad companies had filled there needs and order went down every year.

The wagon factory and Surahammar realized now that they had to invest serious in vehicles. Instead of engines for private cars they change for lorries and soon the first one was delivered.

This invest cost money, much money and the wagon factory showed for the first time negative result.

In county of Skane there was another manufacturer, which had been established by the cycle manufactuer Humber & Co as a subsidiary to the Englsih one. This was taken over by Machinery AB Scania in Malmo. All what they made had as a pattern from French constructions.

They had great successes with passenger cars and lorries. Scania needed new ideas and search a new partner. This ended with Wagon factory i Södertelge. This new company became Scania Vabis.

The passenger cars disappeared in the coming years and the lorries were developed quickly. In the first hand there was knowledge to develop engines. There were also big success to develop different kind of special vehicles like fire care and busses.

Now we have reached 1928. When our lorry on the main picture 1929 was started to sell on the market. Another lorry like this one was the "Fryken" lorry. It was equipped with a front and side plow. It was drowned on the lake Fryken during plowing one winter 50 years ago. It can now been seen at Vehicle museum in city of Torsby.

Page 7


Swedish version


Info Buick 1927. Ref. 1
Info Buick 1927. Ref. 1
Buick. Ref 1
Buick. Ref 1


Buick Century

Buick History

Ullared museum

Nostalgia museum

Buick. Ref 1
Buick Motor Company has a long story and can be referred back to 1890.

Engines were sold to the farmers around. The man behind the name was David Buick. His company changed name several times before Buick Motor Company got it's present name.

David was born in Scotland 1854 and moved to Detroit 1880. He was a clever engineer and work within plumbing. He invented how to protect pipes with china cover.

He sold this to be able to start up car production and was tremendous eager to replace horses with an engine. He was already producing engines as he had sold them to farmers already 1890. He started carefully but he had not sufficient with money and was forced to sell his business to his economical backups such as Benjamin Briscoe (read about Chrysler) and the banks.

The new owners started to move the factory to the former locals of Flint Wagons.

David had a new model ready and it was tested by David's son Thomas. In the same time the banks and his boarder forced him to get the best businessman to take over the lead. It was William Durant.

This man owned a patent for a spring system for horse wagons. He was very impressed of the system of Buick springs and accepted the lead offer at once.

Durant took the first car to New York Auto Show 1905 and took the lead himself in the exhibition case. Then he returned to Flint Works with several orders. 1908 Buick produced 8820 car under the Durant's lead. Buick became the largest car producer in America this year.

Durant then created the holding company which later should be General Motors. David Buick became just a spectator and could only see how Buick grew to a large car factory and died miserably poor.

Page 8


Swedish version


Adalen museum. Ref. 1
Info Steyr. Ref. 1
Adalen museum. Ref. 1
Driver's place. Ref. 1 Adalen museum. Ref. 1
Close up generator and ignition system. Ref. 1 Adalen museum. Ref. 1
6-cylinders motor. Ref. 1 Adalen museum. Ref. 1
Transferral behond gearbox. Ref. 1 Besiktningsmärke. Ref. 1
Security inspection mark 1972. Ref. 1



Karl Jenscke 1

Steyr 220

Steyr Werke

Steyr Automobile

Steyr 50

Steyr AHK

Ernst Kaltenbrunner

George Meindl

Hans Ledwinka

Karl Jenscke 2

Tatra V570
Adalen museum. Ref. 1
Steyr Type V 1924

In Austria there is a town named Steyr. It has had great importance for the development of cars in Europa. The city is situated between Wien and Salzburg.

Here a company was started 1864 with the name Josef und Werndl und Company. It was important to name all investors at that time. Their program was to produce handheld weapons.

There were many differnt wars in the end of 1800. Like French-German war 1970-71, wars against the Turks, South Africa and the America Civil Wars.

In the beginning of 1900, when world was tired of wars, Steyr bought a licence for bicycle from England, but the tendency was that all was to turn against war again.

All these developments influenced the Steyr production and the company was growing rapidly. The most influence had WWI which made the company to grow hiring 14000 empoyees.

1917 an important step was taken for the Steyr factory when they recruited Hans Ledwinka as chief director. He was going to be one of the leading vehicle designers in Europa. The board understood that development should face vehicles.

Other great engine designers were Karl Jenschke, Edmund Rumpler and Ferd. Porsche. The successes for these engineers were depending on large vehicle producers which had money enough to invest.

Ledwinka became the leading designer at the company. The first car was out on the market 1920. It was a 6 cylinders car, big and powerfull built. One can say rather graceless. Another car producer in Austria was Gräf & Stift. Such a car was saved from a channel in central Stockholm. It is now shown at Svedino museum unrestored.

But back to Steyr. The company needed more money and a reorganisation was made. The name was changed 1924 from Steyr-Werk AG, was merged 1934 it was with Austro-Daimler-Puch and became Steyr-Daimler-Puch. In this turbulence of different ideas Ledwinka quite his employment and moved to Tatra in Czeko-Slovakai. The main reason was that Steyr wanted to develope luxury cars. The small model which was designed by their design office, now was taken over by Karl Jenschke. The production was started 1936 with a 1 liter 4 cylinder watercold engine. This streamlined design got the name Steyr 50 Baby. Furthermore Steyr had a 2.3 liters, Steyr 220. Baby was sold in 13000 copies.
Karl Jenschke was offered work at Adler, 1935. There he designed the new streamlined Adler 2.5 Type 10. More known as Adler Autobahn. Compare with the Chrysler and Volvo models with the same design.

WWII came and Austria was annexed by Germany and Hitler. The Austria industry was rearrenged for war and a new director came with George Meindl. There was hard to get labour beacuse most people was in the army as soldiers. He rearranged the company to use war prisoners as slaves taken from the near by Mauthausen concentration camp. It was situated 30 km away. This demanded guarded transportations which was a problem and expensive.

On his suggestion to Ernst Kaltenbrunner, a Austrian lawyer which had the task, under Reynard Heydrich, to organize labour for the industry.

On his suggestion camps were built by prisoners and slaves near by the production units 1942.

One important engine which was used in military vehicles, was an aircold V8 3.5 liter. Tatra, the Czech car factory offered 1949 a conspicuously model with an aircold V8. Hans Ledwinka controlled this project. He had together with Porsche designed the engine at Steyr. But he was fired in an early stage. It is close to say that Ferd. Porsche had worked with this engine.

After the war Geroge Meindle was murdered or comitted suicide in a fire at Steyr factory. The factory had no civil project and instead they bought license to produce FIAT cars. They implemented own products in the cars as engine and spring systems. Most know became their product FIAT 500 which was sold in many copies as Puch 500.

The company now started to be very large and the decision was made to split up the company in production units. MC part was sold to Piaggio.

In 1980 several new units was organized like lorries, busses and tractors. Centrally there was a designer part with Steyr engine technics. The military part was sold to a Austrian civilan investment group.

Steyr had many cooperations with Mercedes and Man, during the end av 1900. Today 1916 the Steyr factory is producing the BMW-X model for the European market..

Page 9


Swedish version


Rugby 1924. Ref. 1
Rugby 1924. Ref. 1
Rugby Touring 1926. Ref 1 Rugby at Torsby museum


Rugby pictures

Rugby Durant

Star England

Star automobile

Durant motors

Durant cars

William C Durant

Adalen museum. Ref. 1
Rugby 1924

The car Rugby is a part of the story about William Durant 1861-1947.

Durant created the first part of General Motors and during this time he also merged several well known car badges.

There were Cadillac, Oldsmobile, Buick, Oakland and Chevrolet.

He was a difficult person to cooperate with. Chrysler happened to start his business work with Durant.

This behavior should strike back on Durant and 1920 he was forced out of GM.

Durant was a wealthy person and had no difficulties to start as a new car producer.

He named his new company Durant Motors. He organized this firm as good as with GM.

This meant that he should offer the whole line of different car types and price ranges.

All production was done through sub delivers. This was as long as the volume was not too big.

Among all his models there were Durant, Flint, Eagle and Star. Every model should be a concurrent to the matching GM car.

Star was a model that was exported to Europe from1923 with 4 cyl engine. The models from Durant's segment. All 6 cylinder engines were produced by Continental and was presented on the market 1926.

In England there was already a registered badge Star. It existed between 1898 and 1932. Therefore the Star car instead got the name Rugby as the export name.

Durant Motors company sold cars between 1921 and 1933, when the company went bankruptcy. After this Durant went over to act with exchange business on Wall Street. At 75 years of age he was personally bankrupt.

Now he lived for a small pension together with his wife. He got a stroke 1942 and was partly invalid. In this condition he owned a bowling hall up to 1947 when William C Durant dies 85 years of age, the same year an Henry Ford.

Sid 10


English version

Peugeot 202 1947

Peugeot Info Peugeot Peugeot
Peugeot Voiturette 1900 at Brooklands museum. Ref. 1


Peugeot pictures

Peugeot BeBe

Brooklands museum

Peugeot Peugeot 202 1947

Peugeot is the next oldest car make in the world. The first one is as everybody know, Benz. Although Peugeot is dated already from 1810.

At that time the company was producing springs, saws and those things that were modern for women, corsets. It was plate springs that made their bodies beautiful for men's eyes.

In the beginning of 1900 this were mad by the bards from blue wale. The Peugeot family consisted of Arman, his cousins Eugéne, Pierre, Robert and Jules. They shared the production of, bicycles and motorcycles, while Armand took care of the car production.

He made his first car attempts trying to sell a steam car running on three wheels 1888. The interest for buying this car was not what he had hoped and Armand understood that this was not the right sort of engine.

He agreed to cooperate with Panhard-Levassor about getting a production license for Daimler's V2 engine. In his first car this was mounted in the rear. 1890.

At that time advertising was done by driving a spectacular long way. For Peugeot it was to follow a cycle competition Paris-Brest-Paris as a service car, 2040 km.

The car was driven on roads at that time with an average speed of 24 km/h.

He had sold 4 cars 1894. 1896 he had produced an engine of his own with 2 cylinders and it was mounted in type 14 and both car and engine was produced in his new factory.

With this car he took part in most car competitions at that time. Anyway he didn't produce special race cars. This was not done until after WWI. In the year 1900 Peugeot was the largest car factory in Europe.

Ettore Bugatti  made his name known by offering a car construction on license 1910. He went among others to Wanderer and Peugeot. From these Peugeot bought a license.

The car was a development of his car Type 10. The original for this car was shown at the Paris Fair 1908. Peugeot was ready to show it 1912 and production continued up to 1916. The demand for it was so big that this car took 80% of the capacity of Peugeot's workshop. The car was named BeBe.

1975 Peugeot bought Citroén and also the French production of Chrysler as Simca. Next was Rootes group with Hillman, Humber and Sunbeam Talbot.

About early car production one can think that it should have been in Germany. When both Benz and Daimler had succeeded to mass produce cars and parts.

Because of this Germany should have been the best country for this, but it was not the case. People were not interested by cars in Germany. It was easier to sell cars and parts in France. 

Sid 11


Swedish version

Mini Marcos

Mini Marcos. Ref. 1
Info Mini Marcos. Ref. 1 Elmhorn Mini Marcos. Ref. 1
This is Bo Elmhorn racing his Mini Maracos at Skarpnäck. Ref. 1
Enlarge the picture and you can see indication of chin beard which he had at that time.
All who pretend ownership of the picture had to consider that I am the owner of the 24x36 photo negative and can be found in my photo collection. It is taken 12/5 1967. Picture is from the high speed curve.

Slide with Elmhorn. Ref. 1
The slide.


Mini Marcos Story 1

Mini Marcos Story 2

Marcos Wiki

Marcos cars 1959-2007

Bo Elmhorn Marcos

Elmhorn Marcos Article

Mini Marcos. Ref, 1
Mini Marcos GT 196?
Mini Marcos

The year was 1959 when Jem Marsh had enought money to start his dream project, which he had inmind for a long time. This was to produce a racing car built on English car components.

For this he needed an engineer who could meke a car construction lighter than all other cars on the track.

This became Mike Costin who had worked wit the English Night fighter/bomber Mosquito during WWII. This fighter had ad body built up with marine plywood.

The agreed to christen the car to the name Marcos, which were the three letters together in their surname.

Their first model 1960 had a chassi built by marine plywood. On this the had formed a body in armed plastic forming it from Austin Healy Frog Eye. The wind screen was put together by 4 flat glasses. Tis was of course a cheap way.

The driver coupé was made rather high because of Jem Marsh long body. Soon it got the nickname "Ugly Duckling".
The door was of Gull Wing type and the car was sold mainly for racing.

This was succesfull and 1965 a new car was presented namet Maracos GT. This was in first hand a street car and equipped with a 1800 cc Volvo engine and in the rear a DeDion rear axle. his was of course an expensive construction an had later to be made cheaper.
They changed this with a Ford V4 and a rigid rear axle, but as option a Ford 3 litres V6 or Volvo 6 cyl could be ordered. This was mainly for the us market and their regulations.

Now the production rolled on 1965 and the next was to find a cheap chassi. Thsi was the popular Mini Cooper. This chassi was dressed with a self-supporting armed plastic body and it was named MiniMarcos.

This was just the car that Bo Elmhorn became reseller for in Sweden 1966. He bought of course on for himself for advertising racing. Without engine. This mattar was let to Sport Cars.

Now Marvos i England was running good and new models had to be show every year, just to keep the market 1971.

1971 theoutgoing started to rise and incom was not good enought. Marcos had to withdraw from market.

But Jem Marsh could 1976 buy the name Marcos back. Up to 1984 he worked wit a GT model which was equipped wit the popular Rover AL V8. Mini Marcos was adjusted for export to Japan 1991.

The last mode was what all raceing car producers was fond of. Big GT cars with massive V8 engines. The marcos car was named LM with the additon of engine volume. This was bound to that all money went out of the company and tht Marcos firm was ceased 2007 and wnt into liquidation.

Other Cars MC museums in this website

Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti 2000
Bugatti 2018
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz 2000
Mercedes Benz 2018
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
Munktell museum
Museum joerney 2018
My ArtGlas collection
NSU 2018
Otto Walz 2018
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Peugeot 2018
Porsche 2000
Porsche 2018
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Swedish pansarmuseum_eng
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum 2000
Sinsheim museum 2018
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volvo Industrial museum

Other sites
Military service
Travels (in Swedish)
My Heritage (in Swedish)

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Pictures from the following owners have been used in with the apropriate permission:
Reference 1: © Björn Bellander  bjorn.bellander(at)
Reference 48:©Access from website

Reference 49: ©Picture from Wikipedia
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