Scania Vabis trucks, as today during 2000 is a badge that
inspires respect. It is owned 63 % by Volkswagen and and the
way to be incorporated. Volkswagen is also the owner
of Man. This might be a future problem.
The history how Scania Vabis was developed up to a large
company. Here is may matter of opinion.
It started 1820 when David Ekenberg moved from
Nyköping to Södertälje. He was a black smith and wagon
maker. here he started wagon building. Much happened i
Södertälje. The channel was built and western railroad was
built across the city. The first train arrived 1860 with the
Ekenberg understood that here it was a possibilities to
start production for railroad wagons. He had 1848 50
employees. The only industry in town.
Enskilda Banken with A.O. Wallenberg started a new
producer AB Atlas for railroad wagons. He wanted to expand
this activity as the need for railway wagons was tremendous.
He gave Ekenberg a profitable offer for his company and
Ekenberg accepted. Everything should be moved to Stockholm
At the wagon workshop in Södertälje a efficient man,
Philip Wersén, worked. He was the leader for wagon workshop.
He followed to the new factory in Stockholm but got a lower
position. He didn't accept this and quit his work and moved
back to Södertälje 1891.
He was educated at Technical Elemtar in Örebro. At this
school both Sven Winquist and Gustaf Larsson had been examined. Sven
invented the spherical ball bearing. Gustaf together with
Wersén now prepared production for rail road wagons in
Södertälje. After an aggrement with
Surahammar Iron works he started production in
Surahammars Iron Works
In Surhammar the most ruling person was Peter Petersson.
He was called "Disponent" at the works from 1883. The works
earned much money while producing railway wagon wheels. This
at first hand that they had production of iron with what was
vedpuddelmethod. From this iron they got much more
durable wheels. The works had also got the mission for this
production from the Railroad government.
Since earlier Surahammer had started to develop an engine
for automobiles 1896. It was
Gustaf Eriksson who was the brain behind this. But he
could not succeed with this until he changed petrol type
from kerosene till gasoline petrol.
Petersson saw the
possibility to start production of railway wagons. But when
Srahammer didn't have any railway connection the project was to
build a production unit in Västarås.
Now Surahammer got suggestion from Wersén, who needed
money, much money, for his investment in Södertälje.
and his board agreed to Wersén's proposal, but without any
influence for Wersén. It bacame different meanings about
this and Petersson had to withdraw. The company got the name
Wagon Factory AB Södertelge.
As Wersén already had a
contract for the factory area and also had en order for 86
wagons the work was quickly started. Already 1892 the
company showed a profit.
Now Gustaf Eriksson got the task
to construct the engines for the vehicles at the Wagon
factory. The first should not be used in a car. Instead it
became an engine to be mounted in a trolley. It became a
good product for the Wagon Factory.
Petersson and Wersén could not stand each other and when
the time for contract ended Surahammar didn't want to extend
the contract. Wersén now quit and instead started a new
company Södertelge Works. This continued to be large as long
as the boom for railroad wagons was still needed. But it was later bankruptcy after trail to build airplanes and
engines. Philip Wersén died miserably poor in Stockholm.
The positive production of the factory
continues till 1907. Now Swedish railroad companies had
filled there needs and order went down every year.
wagon factory and Surahammar realized now that they had to
invest serious in vehicles. Instead of engines for private
cars they change for lorries and soon the first one was
This invest cost money, much money and the
wagon factory showed for the first time negative result.
In county of Skane there was another manufacturer, which had
been established by the
manufactuer Humber & Co as a subsidiary to the
Englsih one. This was taken over by Machinery AB Scania in
Malmo. All what they made had as a pattern from French
They had great successes with passenger cars and lorries. Scania
needed new ideas and search a new partner. This ended with
Wagon factory i Södertelge. This new company became Scania
The passenger cars disappeared in the coming years
and the lorries were developed quickly. In the first hand
there was knowledge to develop engines. There were also big
success to develop different kind of special vehicles like
fire care and busses.
Now we have reached 1928. When our
lorry on the main picture 1929 was started to sell on the
market. Another lorry like this one was the "Fryken" lorry.
It was equipped with a front and side plow. It was drowned
on the lake Fryken during plowing one winter 50 years ago.
It can now been seen at
city of Torsby.